Life expectancy at birth (years)

Life expectancy at birth (years)

Number of years a newborn infant could expect to live if prevailing patterns of age-specific mortality rates at the time of birth stay the same throughout the infant’s life.

Source: UNDESA (2013a).2012 Revision. World Population Prospects. Population Division Database. Detailed Indicators. Accessed June, 14.2013.

http//:esa.un.org/unpd/wpp/unpp/

Data in the tables are those available to the Human Development Report Office as of 15 November, 2013, unless otherwise specified.

HDI Rank

Country

1980

1985

1990

2000

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

.. Very high human development

73.3

74.4

75.4

77.6

78.8

79.0

79.2

79.4

79.6

79.7

79.9

80.1

80.2

.. High human development

66.1

67.6

68.9

71.2

72.9

73.1

73.3

73.5

73.7

73.9

74.1

74.3

74.5

.. Medium human development

56.9

59.0

60.8

64.0

65.6

65.9

66.2

66.5

66.8

67.1

67.4

67.6

67.9

.. Low human development

49.6

51.2

52.1

53.6

55.7

57.3

57.8

58.3

58.8

58.2

58.6

59.0

59.4

1 Norway

75.6

75.9

76.5

78.7

79.9

80.2

80.4

80.7

80.9

81.1

81.2

81.4

81.5

2 Australia

74.4

75.7

76.8

79.6

81.1

81.3

81.6

81.8

81.9

82.1

82.2

82.4

82.5

3 Switzerland

75.7

76.7

77.6

79.9

81.2

81.4

81.6

81.9

82.0

82.2

82.3

82.5

82.6

4 Netherlands

75.7

76.5

77.0

78.2

79.4

79.7

80.0

80.2

80.4

80.6

80.8

80.9

81.0

5 United States

73.8

74.6

75.2

76.8

77.6

77.8

78.0

78.2

78.4

78.5

78.7

78.8

78.9

6 Germany

73.0

74.4

75.4

77.9

79.2

79.4

79.7

79.9

80.1

80.2

80.4

80.6

80.7

7 New Zealand

73.1

74.0

75.3

78.2

79.7

79.9

80.1

80.3

80.5

80.7

80.8

81.0

81.1

8 Canada

75.0

76.3

77.2

79.1

80.1

80.3

80.5

80.6

80.8

81.0

81.2

81.3

81.5

9 Singapore

72.0

73.9

76.0

78.3

80.2

80.6

81.0

81.3

81.6

81.8

82.0

82.2

82.3

10 Denmark

74.4

74.6

75.0

76.6

77.9

78.2

78.4

78.6

78.8

79.0

79.1

79.3

79.4

11 Ireland

72.5

73.6

74.7

76.7

78.6

79.0

79.4

79.7

79.9

80.2

80.3

80.5

80.7

12 Sweden

75.8

76.7

77.5

79.7

80.6

80.8

81.0

81.1

81.3

81.4

81.6

81.7

81.8

13 Iceland

76.6

77.1

78.1

79.7

81.0

81.2

81.3

81.5

81.6

81.7

81.8

82.0

82.1

14 United Kingdom

73.5

74.6

75.6

77.7

79.0

79.3

79.5

79.7

79.9

80.1

80.2

80.4

80.5

15 Korea (Republic of)

66.1

68.9

71.7

76.1

78.7

79.2

79.7

80.1

80.5

80.8

81.0

81.3

81.5

15 Hong Kong, China (SAR)

74.9

76.3

77.5

80.4

81.9

82.1

82.3

82.5

82.7

82.8

83.0

83.2

83.4

17 Japan

76.2

77.8

79.0

81.2

82.3

82.5

82.6

82.8

82.9

83.1

83.3

83.4

83.6

18 Liechtenstein

73.6

74.9

76.1

78.2

78.9

79.0

79.1

79.3

79.4

79.5

79.6

79.8

79.9 1

19 Israel

74.1

75.2

76.4

79.0

80.2

80.5

80.7

80.9

81.1

81.3

81.5

81.6

81.8

20 France

74.1

75.3

76.6

78.9

80.2

80.5

80.7

81.0

81.2

81.4

81.5

81.7

81.8

21 Luxembourg

72.1

73.7

75.2

77.7

78.9

79.2

79.4

79.6

79.8

80.0

80.2

80.4

80.5

21 Belgium

73.2

74.5

75.8

77.8

78.9

79.1

79.4

79.6

79.8

80.0

80.2

80.4

80.5

21 Austria

72.5

74.0

75.5

78.1

79.5

79.7

80.0

80.2

80.4

80.6

80.8

81.0

81.1

24 Finland

73.5

74.6

75.2

77.7

78.9

79.1

79.4

79.6

79.8

80.0

80.2

80.4

80.5

25 Slovenia

71.1

71.9

73.2

75.9

77.7

78.0

78.4

78.7

78.9

79.1

79.3

79.4

79.6

26 Italy

74.1

75.5

76.9

79.5

80.9

81.1

81.4

81.6

81.8

81.9

82.1

82.2

82.4

27 Spain

75.1

76.4

77.0

79.0

80.4

80.7

81.0

81.3

81.5

81.7

81.8

82.0

82.1

28 Czech Republic

70.7

71.0

71.8

74.7

76.2

76.4

76.7

76.9

77.1

77.3

77.4

77.6

77.7

29 Greece

73.7

75.1

76.6

78.5

79.4

79.6

79.7

79.9

80.1

80.2

80.4

80.6

80.8

30 Brunei Darussalam

70.8

72.2

73.6

75.9

77.0

77.2

77.4

77.6

77.8

78.0

78.2

78.4

78.5

31 Qatar

72.7

74.2

75.2

76.7

77.3

77.4

77.6

77.7

77.8

78.0

78.1

78.2

78.4

32 Cyprus

74.8

75.7

76.6

78.0

78.6

78.8

78.9

79.0

79.2

79.3

79.5

79.7

79.8

33 Estonia

69.2

70.0

69.4

70.3

72.6

73.0

73.4

73.7

73.9

74.1

74.2

74.3

74.4

34 Saudi Arabia

63.0

66.6

69.0

72.4

73.7

74.0

74.2

74.4

74.6

74.8

75.0

75.3

75.5

35 Poland

70.8

71.0

70.9

73.7

75.1

75.3

75.4

75.6

75.7

75.9

76.1

76.2

76.4

35 Lithuania

70.5

71.2

70.7

71.0

71.5

71.5

71.5

71.5

71.5

71.6

71.8

71.9

72.1

37 Slovakia

70.5

70.8

71.2

73.3

74.3

74.5

74.6

74.8

74.9

75.0

75.1

75.3

75.4

37 Andorra

74.9

75.8

76.5

78.9

80.2

80.3

80.5

80.6

80.7

80.8

80.9

81.1

81.2 1

39 Malta

73.0

74.2

75.3

77.4

78.3

78.5

78.7

78.9

79.1

79.2

79.4

79.6

79.8

40 United Arab Emirates

67.6

69.8

71.5

74.2

75.3

75.5

75.8

76.0

76.1

76.3

76.5

76.7

76.8

41 Portugal

71.3

73.2

74.3

76.6

78.0

78.3

78.6

78.8

79.1

79.3

79.5

79.7

79.9

41 Chile

69.1

71.9

73.7

76.9

78.3

78.4

78.6

78.7

78.9

79.2

79.4

79.7

80.0

43 Hungary

69.3

69.2

69.3

71.8

73.3

73.5

73.7

73.9

74.1

74.2

74.4

74.5

74.6

44 Cuba

73.8

74.5

74.6

76.7

77.7

77.9

78.2

78.4

78.6

78.7

78.9

79.1

79.3

44 Bahrain

69.5

71.2

72.4

74.5

75.4

75.6

75.8

75.9

76.1

76.2

76.3

76.5

76.6

46 Kuwait

69.5

71.0

72.1

73.1

73.6

73.6

73.7

73.8

73.9

74.0

74.1

74.2

74.3

47 Croatia

70.3

71.3

72.3

74.8

75.5

75.7

75.9

76.1

76.4

76.5

76.7

76.9

77.0

48 Latvia

68.8

70.0

69.1

69.7

71.3

71.4

71.5

71.6

71.7

71.8

71.9

72.0

72.2

49 Argentina

69.5

70.6

71.6

73.8

74.8

75.0

75.2

75.4

75.6

75.8

76.0

76.1

76.3

50 Uruguay

70.3

71.6

72.6

74.8

75.9

76.1

76.3

76.5

76.6

76.8

76.9

77.1

77.2

51 Montenegro

73.1

73.8

74.5

74.1

73.7

73.8

74.0

74.2

74.3

74.5

74.6

74.7

74.8

51 Bahamas

68.5

69.7

70.7

72.4

73.8

74.0

74.2

74.4

74.6

74.8

74.9

75.1

75.2

53 Belarus

70.2

70.9

70.7

67.4

68.5

68.8

69.1

69.3

69.5

69.6

69.7

69.8

69.9

54 Romania

69.7

69.6

69.5

70.5

72.4

72.7

72.9

73.1

73.3

73.5

73.6

73.7

73.8

55 Libya

64.2

66.6

68.5

71.9

73.5

73.8

74.0

74.3

74.5

74.7

74.9

75.1

75.3

56 Oman

59.8

63.9

67.2

72.1

74.2

65.4

65.6

65.8

65.9

75.7

76.0

76.3

76.6

57 Russian Federation

67.4

68.5

68.1

65.1

66.0

66.4

66.8

67.1

67.4

67.6

67.8

67.9

68.0

58 Bulgaria

71.2

71.3

71.3

71.4

72.6

72.7

72.9

73.0

73.1

73.2

73.3

73.4

73.5

59 Barbados

68.4

69.8

71.1

73.1

74.0

74.2

74.4

74.5

74.7

74.9

75.0

75.2

75.4

60 Palau

59.2

60.4

62.3

67.6

69.8

70.1

70.5

70.9

71.2

71.5

71.8

72.1

72.4 1

61 Antigua and Barbuda

68.9

70.2

71.4

73.5

74.5

74.7

74.9

75.1

75.3

75.4

75.6

75.8

76.0

62 Malaysia

68.1

69.5

70.7

72.8

73.7

73.8

74.0

74.1

74.3

74.5

74.7

74.8

75.0

63 Mauritius

67.0

68.4

69.4

71.2

72.5

72.6

72.7

72.9

73.0

73.1

73.3

73.5

73.6

64 Trinidad and Tobago

67.0

67.5

68.0

68.5

69.0

69.1

69.2

69.3

69.4

69.6

69.7

69.8

69.9

65 Panama

70.2

71.7

73.0

75.1

76.0

76.1

76.3

76.5

76.7

76.9

77.1

77.3

77.6

65 Lebanon

68.0

68.9

70.2

74.4

77.0

77.5

78.0

78.4

78.8

79.1

79.4

79.7

80.0

67 Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)

68.2

69.6

71.1

72.4

73.2

73.4

73.6

73.8

74.0

74.2

74.3

74.5

74.6

68 Costa Rica

72.5

74.5

75.7

77.7

78.4

78.6

78.7

78.9

79.1

79.3

79.5

79.7

79.9

69 Turkey

58.7

61.7

64.3

70.0

72.5

72.9

73.2

73.6

73.9

74.3

74.6

74.9

75.3

70 Kazakhstan

65.1

67.0

66.8

63.5

65.2

65.4

65.6

65.8

66.0

66.1

66.3

66.4

66.5

71 Seychelles

69.8

70.9

70.8

71.8

72.3

72.3

72.4

72.5

72.6

72.7

72.9

73.0

73.2

71 Mexico

66.6

68.8

70.8

74.4

75.6

75.9

76.1

76.4

76.6

76.8

77.1

77.3

77.5

73 Sri Lanka

68.2

69.1

69.5

71.1

73.6

73.6

73.6

73.6

73.7

73.8

73.9

74.1

74.3

73 Saint Kitts and Nevis

65.0

66.0

67.3

70.2

71.7

72.0

72.2

72.4

72.7

72.9

73.1

73.3

73.6 1

75 Iran (Islamic Republic of)

54.1

55.0

63.4

69.6

71.5

71.8

72.1

72.4

72.8

73.1

73.4

73.7

74.0

76 Azerbaijan

65.0

65.7

64.9

66.9

69.0

69.5

69.8

70.1

70.4

70.5

70.6

70.7

70.8

77 Serbia

69.9

70.7

71.5

72.1

72.8

73.0

73.2

73.4

73.5

73.7

73.8

73.9

74.1

77 Jordan

66.2

68.3

69.9

71.7

72.6

72.8

72.9

73.1

73.2

73.4

73.5

73.7

73.9

79 Grenada

66.6

67.7

68.6

70.3

71.5

71.7

71.9

72.1

72.2

72.4

72.5

72.6

72.8

79 Georgia

69.7

70.1

70.3

71.8

73.1

73.3

73.5

73.6

73.7

73.9

74.0

74.2

74.3

79 Brazil

62.7

64.5

66.5

70.3

71.7

72.0

72.3

72.6

72.8

73.1

73.4

73.7

73.9

82 Peru

60.1

63.0

65.5

70.5

72.4

72.7

73.0

73.3

73.6

73.9

74.2

74.5

74.8

83 Ukraine

69.3

70.0

69.9

67.3

67.7

67.8

67.9

68.0

68.1

68.2

68.3

68.4

68.5

84 The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

68.6

69.8

71.1

73.2

74.1

74.2

74.3

74.5

74.6

74.7

74.9

75.0

75.2

84 Belize

69.6

71.1

71.1

70.4

72.0

72.3

72.5

72.8

73.0

73.2

73.5

73.7

73.9

86 Bosnia and Herzegovina

70.4

72.0

67.2

74.9

75.2

75.3

75.5

75.6

75.8

75.9

76.1

76.2

76.4

87 Armenia

70.9

69.7

67.9

71.5

73.5

73.7

73.9

74.1

74.2

74.3

74.4

74.5

74.6

88 Fiji

63.0

64.3

65.5

67.6

68.4

68.6

68.7

68.9

69.1

69.3

69.4

69.6

69.8

89 Thailand

64.2

67.9

70.4

70.9

72.4

72.7

73.1

73.4

73.6

73.9

74.0

74.2

74.4

90 Tunisia

62.0

65.8

68.8

73.2

74.1

74.3

74.5

74.7

74.9

75.1

75.4

75.6

75.9

91 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

67.5

69.1

70.1

70.6

71.2

71.5

71.7

71.9

72.0

72.2

72.3

72.4

72.5

91 China

67.0

68.3

69.5

72.1

74.1

74.3

74.4

74.6

74.7

74.9

75.0

75.2

75.3

93 Dominica

70.6

73.4

75.6

76.5

76.9

77.0

77.1

77.2

77.3

77.4

77.5

77.6

77.7 1

93 Algeria

58.2

64.1

66.8

69.0

69.9

70.0

70.2

70.3

70.5

70.6

70.7

70.9

71.0

95 Albania

70.2

71.4

71.8

74.2

75.9

76.1

76.3

76.4

76.6

76.8

77.0

77.2

77.4

96 Jamaica

70.5

71.1

70.7

70.5

71.5

71.8

72.1

72.4

72.6

72.9

73.1

73.3

73.5

97 Saint Lucia

68.9

70.5

71.1

71.5

73.0

73.4

73.7

74.0

74.2

74.4

74.6

74.7

74.8

98 Ecuador

62.9

66.1

68.8

73.4

74.6

74.8

75.0

75.2

75.4

75.6

75.9

76.2

76.5

98 Colombia

65.5

67.6

68.3

71.0

72.3

72.5

72.8

73.0

73.2

73.4

73.6

73.8

74.0

100 Tonga

67.5

68.7

69.6

70.8

71.5

71.6

71.8

71.9

72.1

72.2

72.4

72.5

72.7

100 Suriname

65.9

66.9

67.4

67.9

68.8

69.1

69.4

69.7

70.0

70.3

70.6

70.8

71.0

102 Dominican Republic

63.0

65.2

67.9

70.6

71.6

71.8

72.1

72.3

72.5

72.7

73.0

73.2

73.4

103 Turkmenistan

61.0

62.4

62.8

63.9

64.4

64.5

64.6

64.7

64.9

65.0

65.1

65.3

65.5

103 Mongolia

56.9

58.4

60.3

62.9

65.2

65.6

65.9

66.3

66.6

66.8

67.1

67.3

67.5

103 Maldives

52.3

56.7

60.6

69.3

73.9

74.6

75.2

75.8

76.3

76.8

77.2

77.6

77.9

106 Samoa

59.8

62.3

64.9

69.3

70.8

71.1

71.4

71.7

72.0

72.3

72.6

72.9

73.2

107 Palestine, State of

62.8

65.9

68.1

70.9

71.8

74.5

74.8

75.1

75.4

72.6

72.8

73.0

73.2

108 Indonesia

58.6

61.2

63.5

67.3

68.9

69.2

69.4

69.7

70.0

70.2

70.4

70.6

70.8

109 Botswana

60.7

62.7

62.7

48.7 2

54.6 2

56.9 2

59.1 2

61.0 2

62.5 2

63.4 2

64.0 2

64.2 2

64.4 2

110 Egypt

58.4

61.8

64.6

68.6

69.5

69.6

69.8

70.0

70.3

70.5

70.7

70.9

71.2

111 Paraguay

66.8

67.3

68.0

70.1

71.3

71.5

71.7

71.8

71.9

72.0

72.1

72.2

72.3

112 Gabon

54.9

59.1

61.4

59.7

60.1

60.5

60.9

61.4

61.9

62.3

62.7

63.1

63.5

113 Bolivia (Plurinational State of)

52.0

55.7

58.8

63.0

64.7

65.1

65.4

65.7

66.0

66.4

66.7

67.0

67.3

114 Moldova (Republic of)

65.0

66.3

67.6

67.0

67.9

68.1

68.2

68.3

68.4

68.5

68.7

68.8

68.9

115 El Salvador

56.5

59.6

65.9

69.7

70.8

71.0

71.2

71.4

71.6

71.9

72.1

72.4

72.6

116 Uzbekistan

65.5

67.0

66.8

67.0

67.4

67.5

67.5

67.6

67.8

67.9

68.0

68.1

68.2

117 Philippines

62.2

63.8

65.2

66.8

67.5

67.6

67.7

67.9

68.0

68.2

68.4

68.5

68.7

118 Syrian Arab Republic

65.8

68.3

70.3

73.3

74.6

74.8

74.9

74.9

74.8

74.7

74.6

74.5

74.6

118 South Africa

56.9

59.9

62.1

55.9

51.7

51.7

52.1

52.8

53.6

54.5

55.5

56.3

56.9

120 Iraq

60.0

61.7

68.3

70.8

69.4

69.0

68.8

68.7

68.6

68.8

68.9

69.2

69.4

121 Viet Nam

67.6

69.0

70.6

73.8

74.8

74.9

75.1

75.2

75.3

75.5

75.6

75.8

75.9

121 Guyana

60.6

61.3

62.0

63.3

64.5

64.8

65.0

65.3

65.6

65.8

66.0

66.1

66.3

123 Cape Verde

60.3

63.8

66.1

69.8

72.1

72.5

73.0

73.4

73.7

74.1

74.4

74.8

75.1

124 Micronesia (Federated States of)

65.2

65.6

66.2

67.3

68.0

68.1

68.3

68.4

68.5

68.7

68.8

68.9

69.0

125 Kyrgyzstan

63.2

65.2

66.3

66.2

66.6

66.7

66.7

66.8

66.9

67.1

67.2

67.4

67.5

125 Guatemala

57.2

59.5

62.2

67.8

69.7

70.0

70.2

70.5

70.8

71.1

71.4

71.8

72.1

127 Namibia

57.7

59.9

61.3

55.2

56.0

57.4

58.9

60.3

61.5

62.6

63.4

64.0

64.5

128 Timor-Leste

34.4

43.5

48.4

59.5

63.1

63.7

64.3

64.8

65.4

66.0

66.5

67.0

67.5

129 Morocco

57.6

61.5

64.8

68.2

69.2

69.4

69.6

69.8

70.0

70.2

70.5

70.7

70.9

129 Honduras

59.6

63.6

66.7

70.5

71.5

71.7

72.0

72.2

72.5

72.9

73.2

73.5

73.8

131 Vanuatu

58.3

60.9

63.1

67.4

69.2

69.5

69.8

70.2

70.5

70.8

71.1

71.3

71.6

132 Nicaragua

58.5

60.7

64.1

69.7

71.9

72.4

72.7

73.1

73.5

73.8

74.2

74.5

74.8

133 Tajikistan

62.4

63.4

62.9

63.6

65.4

65.8

66.1

66.4

66.6

66.8

67.0

67.1

67.2

133 Kiribati

55.9

58.4

60.7

64.6

66.3

66.6

67.0

67.3

67.6

67.9

68.3

68.6

68.9

135 India

55.4

57.1

58.5

62.1

64.1

64.4

64.8

65.1

65.4

65.7

65.9

66.2

66.4

136 Cambodia

29.4

53.1

54.9

62.0

67.2

68.1

69.0

69.7

70.3

70.8

71.2

71.6

71.9

136 Bhutan

45.0

48.7

52.5

60.3

64.1

64.7

65.4

66.0

66.5

67.0

67.5

67.9

68.3

138 Ghana

52.3

54.1

56.8

57.0

58.7

59.2

59.7

60.1

60.4

60.6

60.8

61.0

61.1

139 Lao People's Democratic Republic

49.0

50.9

54.2

61.7

64.6

65.1

65.5

66.0

66.5

67.0

67.4

67.9

68.3

140 Congo

56.2

56.7

55.2

52.3

54.1

54.7

55.3

56.0

56.6

57.2

57.8

58.3

58.8

141 Zambia

51.2

48.3

43.8

41.8

47.2

48.6

50.1

51.6

53.1

54.5

55.9

57.0

58.1

142 Sao Tome and Principe

60.6

61.0

61.8

63.3

64.6

65.0

65.3

65.5

65.7

65.9

66.1

66.2

66.3

142 Bangladesh

54.9

57.4

60.0

65.3

67.5

67.9

68.3

68.6

69.0

69.4

69.9

70.3

70.7

144 Equatorial Guinea

43.0

44.8

46.5

47.7

48.8

49.3

49.8

50.3

50.9

51.5

52.0

52.6

53.1

145 Nepal

47.7

51.2

55.1

62.1

64.8

65.3

65.7

66.2

66.7

67.1

67.6

68.0

68.4

146 Pakistan

58.0

59.6

61.1

63.9

65.2

71.9

72.1

72.3

72.5

66.1

66.3

66.4

66.6

147 Kenya

57.8

59.5

59.1

52.9

54.7

55.6

56.6

57.6

58.6

59.6

60.4

61.1

61.7

148 Swaziland

54.3

57.5

59.5

48.7

45.9

46.3

46.8

47.4

47.9

48.4

48.7

48.9

49.0

149 Angola

40.2

40.8

41.2

45.2

48.6

49.0

49.5

49.9

50.3

50.7

51.1

51.5

51.9

150 Myanmar

55.0

56.9

58.7

62.1

63.5

63.8

64.0

64.3

64.5

64.7

64.8

65.0

65.2

151 Rwanda

48.0

49.4

32.6

47.7

55.2

57.0

58.7

60.2

61.3

62.3

63.0

63.6

64.1

152 Nigeria

45.6

46.4

46.1

46.6

48.7

49.2

49.8

50.3

50.8

51.3

51.7

52.1

52.5

152 Cameroon

51.2

52.9

53.6

52.0

51.9

52.2

52.5

52.9

53.3

53.7

54.2

54.6

55.1

154 Yemen

50.6

55.1

57.9

60.4

61.5

61.7

61.9

62.1

62.3

62.5

62.7

62.9

63.1

155 Madagascar

49.0

49.7

51.0

58.5

61.2

61.6

62.1

62.5

62.9

63.4

63.8

64.3

64.7

156 Zimbabwe

59.4

61.4

59.2

44.0

44.0

45.2

46.8

48.9

51.2

53.7

56.0

58.1

59.9

157 Solomon Islands

58.8

57.2

56.7

62.8

65.5

65.9

66.2

66.5

66.8

67.0

67.3

67.5

67.7

157 Papua New Guinea

52.8

54.7

55.6

58.7

60.6

61.0

61.3

61.6

61.8

62.0

62.2

62.3

62.4

159 Tanzania (United Republic of)

50.5

51.2

50.5

50.0

53.9

54.9

56.0

57.1

58.2

59.2

60.1

60.9

61.5

159 Comoros

52.0

54.0

55.6

57.9

59.1

59.3

59.5

59.8

60.0

60.2

60.4

60.7

60.9

161 Mauritania

54.3

56.9

58.4

59.7

60.3

60.4

60.6

60.7

60.9

61.1

61.2

61.4

61.6

162 Lesotho

53.8

56.4

59.4

47.3

43.7

44.2

45.0

45.8

46.7

47.6

48.3

48.9

49.4

163 Senegal

48.9

53.9

57.2

57.8

60.6

61.2

61.8

62.3

62.7

62.9

63.1

63.3

63.5

164 Uganda

49.5

49.2

47.5

48.1

52.9

53.8

54.7

55.6

56.5

57.3

58.0

58.7

59.2

165 Benin

47.3

50.0

53.5

55.3

57.1

57.5

57.9

58.3

58.6

58.8

59.0

59.2

59.3

166 Togo

52.3

54.7

55.9

53.6

54.2

54.4

54.6

54.9

55.2

55.5

55.9

56.2

56.5

166 Sudan

54.2

54.8

55.5

58.0

59.9

60.3

60.7

61.0

61.3

61.5

61.7

61.9

62.1

168 Haiti

50.8

52.6

54.5

57.5

59.3

59.8

60.4

60.9

61.4

61.9

62.3

62.7

63.1

169 Afghanistan

41.2

44.4

48.6

54.9

57.1

57.6

58.1

58.6

59.1

59.6

60.1

60.5

60.9

170 Djibouti

53.6

55.5

56.7

57.0

58.0

58.4

58.8

59.3

59.8

60.3

60.8

61.3

61.8

171 Côte d'Ivoire

50.6

52.5

52.5

46.4

47.2

47.7

48.2

48.8

49.2

49.6

50.0

50.4

50.7

172 Gambia

46.3

50.0

52.1

55.1

56.7

57.0

57.3

57.6

57.9

58.1

58.4

58.6

58.8

173 Ethiopia

43.8

44.6

46.9

52.2

56.6

57.6

58.7

59.7

60.6

61.5

62.3

63.0

63.6

174 Malawi

44.4

46.1

47.2

46.0

49.0

49.9

50.9

51.9

52.8

53.5

54.2

54.8

55.3

175 Liberia

46.0

47.3

47.2

52.4

55.1

56.2

57.2

58.1

58.9

59.5

59.9

60.2

60.6

176 Mali

39.6

43.5

46.5

49.1

51.5

52.0

52.5

52.9

53.4

53.8

54.2

54.6

55.0

177 Guinea-Bissau

45.9

47.3

49.1

51.5

52.4

52.6

52.9

53.1

53.3

53.6

53.8

54.1

54.3

178 Mozambique

42.9

42.9

43.6

47.5

47.9

48.1

48.3

48.6

48.9

49.2

49.6

49.9

50.3

179 Guinea

41.3

45.5

50.0

51.3

52.8

53.4

54.0

54.5

55.0

55.3

55.6

55.9

56.1

180 Burundi

47.3

48.7

47.4

48.3

50.0

50.5

51.0

51.6

52.1

52.6

53.1

53.6

54.1

181 Burkina Faso

46.0

49.3

49.5

50.6

52.8

53.2

53.7

54.2

54.6

55.1

55.5

55.9

56.3

182 Eritrea

43.3

45.0

48.2

56.1

58.7

59.2

59.7

60.2

60.8

61.3

61.8

62.3

62.9

183 Sierra Leone

40.6

40.3

37.4

38.1

42.2

42.9

43.5

44.1

44.5

44.8

45.1

45.3

45.6

184 Chad

44.7

45.9

46.4

46.7

47.7

48.1

48.5

48.9

49.3

49.8

50.3

50.7

51.2

185 Central African Republic

48.7

48.4

46.1

43.7

45.0

45.5

46.1

46.8

47.4

48.1

48.8

49.5

50.2

186 Congo (Democratic Republic of the)

46.1

47.0

47.5

46.4

47.9

48.0

48.2

48.5

48.7

49.0

49.3

49.6

50.0

187 Niger

39.4

41.7

44.0

50.7

54.1

54.7

55.3

55.9

56.4

57.0

57.5

57.9

58.4

.. South Sudan

39.0

40.4

43.5

49.2

51.1

51.5

51.9

52.4

52.9

53.5

54.1

54.7

55.3

.. Tuvalu

55.9

58.4

61.2

63.8

65.2

..

..

..

..

66.9

..

..

..

.. Somalia

44.7

46.2

45.4

50.9

52.4

52.7

53.0

53.4

53.7

54.0

54.4

54.7

55.1

.. San Marino

76.7

77.7

78.6

80.6

81.2

..

..

..

..

81.7

..

..

..

.. Nauru

71.5

73.2

75.1

78.2

79.1

..

..

..

..

79.8

..

..

..

.. Monaco

75.2

76.2

77.2

79.8

81.3

..

..

..

..

82.1

..

..

..

.. Marshall Islands

59.2

60.4

62.3

67.5

69.9

..

..

..

..

71.8

72.0

72.3

72.6

.. Korea (Democratic People's Rep. of)

66.2

67.9

69.9

65.3

68.5

68.6

68.6

68.7

68.9

69.1

69.4

69.7

70.0


Footnotes
1. Value from UNDESA (2011).
2. Unpublished provisional estimate from an October 2013 communication note from the United Nations Population Division.

Symbols
.. Data not available
(.) Greater (or less) than zero but small enough to be rounded off to zero at the displayed number of decimal points
< Less than
- Not applicable
T Total