Dashboard 1: Life-course gender gap

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Childhood and youth Adulthood Older age
Gross
enrolment ratio, female
Sex ratio at birth a Adolescent birth rate Pre-primary Primary Secondary Youth unemployment rate Maternal mortality ratio Population with at least some
secondary education
Total unempoyment rate Share of paid employment in
non-agriculture, female
Female legislators, senior
officials and managers
Share of seats in
parliament
Life expectancy at age 50,
female
Old-age pension recipients
HDI rank Country (male to female
births)
(births per
1,000 women ages 15-19)
(% of pre-school
age femaple population)
(% of primary
school-age female population)
(% of secondary
school age female population)
(female to male ratio) (deaths
per100,000 live births)
(female to male ratio) (female to male ratio) (% of total paid
employment in non-agriculture)
(% of total) (% held by
women)
(years) (female to male ratio)
2015 b 2015 b 2015 c 2015 c 2015 c 2015 2015 2005-2015 d 2015 2015 c 2014 e 2015 2015 b 2006-2013 d
VERY HIGH HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
1 Norway 1.06 5.9 98 100 111 0.87 5 1.02 0.84 48.7 31.5 39.6 34.5 1.00
2 Australia 1.06 14.1 108 106 134 0.94 6 1.00 0.99 47.4 36.7 30.5 35.7 1.13
2 Switzerland 1.05 2.9 104 103 98 0.96 5 0.99 1.06 47.6 33.0 28.9 35.9 1.00
4 Germany 1.06 6.7 110 103 100 0.92 6 0.99 0.83 48.3 30.3 36.9 34.3 1.00
5 Denmark 1.06 4.0 97 101 132 0.95 6 0.90 1.04 49.1 27.8 37.4 33.1 1.00
5 Singapore 1.07 3.8 .. .. .. 1.32 10 0.92 1.13 48.2 33.9 23.9 36.7 ..
7 Netherlands 1.05 4.0 95 104 130 1.07 7 0.95 0.91 48.3 29.6 36.4 34.4 1.00
8 Ireland 1.07 10.4 110 103 127 0.90 8 1.06 0.76 51.0 33.3 19.9 34.0 0.66
9 Iceland 1.04 6.1 97 99 111 0.82 3 1.03 1.10 51.5 40.0 41.3 34.8 1.00
10 Canada 1.06 9.8 73 101 110 0.88 7 1.00 0.84 49.5 35.8 28.3 35.2 ..
10 United States 1.05 22.6 72 99 98 0.92 14 1.00 0.96 47.7 43.4 19.5 33.4 0.96
12 Hong Kong, China (SAR) 1.07 3.2 108 110 99 0.89 .. 1.08 0.83 46.7 31.8 .. 37.5 ..
13 New Zealand 1.05 23.6 93 98 121 1.02 11 1.00 1.27 50.0 40.0 31.4 34.9 0.97
14 Sweden 1.06 5.7 95 124 142 0.94 4 0.99 0.97 50.0 34.6 43.6 34.8 1.00
15 Liechtenstein .. .. 102 102 103 .. .. .. .. .. .. 20.0 .. ..
16 United Kingdom 1.05 14.6 88 108 130 0.90 9 0.96 0.93 49.4 34.3 26.7 33.9 0.99
17 Japan 1.06 4.1 .. 101 102 0.99 5 1.03 0.89 43.9 .. 11.6 37.7 ..
18 Korea (Republic of) 1.07 1.6 92 99 97 0.92 11 0.94 0.94 43.5 9.6 16.3 35.9 ..
19 Israel 1.05 9.7 111 104 103 1.05 5 0.97 1.01 49.4 32.1 26.7 35.0 ..
20 Luxembourg 1.05 5.9 94 97 104 0.85 10 1.01 1.29 45.9 24.2 28.3 34.6 0.56
21 France 1.05 8.9 109 105 111 0.98 8 0.93 0.93 50.5 39.4 25.7 36.2 1.00
22 Belgium 1.05 8.2 118 105 175 0.96 7 0.95 0.85 48.8 29.9 42.4 34.4 0.68
23 Finland 1.05 6.5 79 101 152 0.87 3 1.00 0.86 51.8 32.0 41.5 34.7 1.00
24 Austria 1.06 7.1 101 102 97 0.96 4 0.99 0.89 48.6 27.2 30.3 34.7 1.21
25 Slovenia 1.05 3.8 92 99 111 0.90 9 0.98 1.25 47.3 38.5 27.7 34.3 0.86
26 Italy 1.06 6.0 99 101 101 1.07 4 0.95 1.12 45.6 25.0 30.1 36.2 0.69
27 Spain 1.06 8.4 98 105 130 0.99 5 0.92 1.15 48.6 29.8 38.0 36.1 0.48
28 Czech Republic 1.06 9.9 104 99 105 1.09 4 1.00 1.41 46.7 25.8 19.6 32.4 1.00
29 Greece 1.06 7.5 76 98 106 1.11 3 0.89 1.36 46.2 23.0 19.7 34.8 0.55
30 Brunei Darussalam 1.06 21.0 74 108 99 1.09 23 0.97 1.13 .. 33.7 .. 31.8 ..
30 Estonia 1.06 13.1 87 100 108 0.95 9 1.00 0.97 50.9 36.2 23.8 32.7 0.99
32 Andorra .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.98 .. 49.3 .. 39.3 .. ..
33 Cyprus 1.07 5.0 77 100 99 0.91 7 0.93 0.89 51.3 13.6 12.5 33.1 0.57
33 Malta 1.06 16.6 119 95 81 0.85 9 0.90 0.98 42.0 23.4 12.9 33.1 0.33
33 Qatar 1.05 10.7 58 99 103 2.13 13 1.05 13.26 13.4 12.2 0.0 31.1 ..
36 Poland 1.06 13.4 77 101 107 1.02 3 0.93 1.06 47.3 38.4 24.8 32.6 0.95
37 Lithuania 1.05 11.0 88 103 105 1.02 10 0.95 0.77 .. 38.5 23.4 30.9 1.00
38 Chile 1.04 47.8 126 99 101 1.19 22 0.99 1.29 40.1 .. 15.8 36.0 0.96
38 Saudi Arabia 1.03 8.8 18 108 94 1.36 12 0.88 6.89 15.0 6.8 19.9 28.5 ..
40 Slovakia 1.05 20.2 91 100 92 0.98 6 1.00 1.26 47.6 31.0 18.7 31.3 1.00
41 Portugal 1.06 9.9 90 106 115 1.12 10 0.97 1.12 51.8 32.7 34.8 34.8 1.00
42 United Arab Emirates 1.05 29.7 92 107 .. 1.21 6 1.20 3.13 .. 9.9 22.5 29.6 ..
43 Hungary 1.06 18.0 83 101 107 0.95 17 0.98 1.10 48.1 40.4 10.1 30.4 0.90
44 Latvia 1.05 13.6 90 100 114 1.01 18 1.00 0.79 53.3 45.0 18.0 30.8 1.00
45 Argentina 1.04 63.8 72 110 110 1.13 52 1.03 1.46 44.8 23.1 37.1 f 32.6 1.07
45 Croatia 1.06 9.5 61 99 101 0.99 8 0.96 1.01 48.8 24.8 15.2 31.8 0.52
47 Bahrain 1.04 13.5 55 .. .. 2.01 15 1.11 8.28 .. .. 15.0 29.0 ..
48 Montenegro 1.07 12.2 54 93 90 1.00 7 0.90 1.11 47.8 30.3 17.3 29.9 ..
49 Russian Federation 1.06 23.4 83 99 100 1.05 25 1.00 0.88 50.1 38.4 14.5 29.0 1.00
50 Romania 1.06 34.6 91 95 94 1.02 31 0.93 0.74 44.6 31.2 12.0 30.3 0.88
51 Kuwait 1.04 9.8 80 103 99 0.91 4 0.98 0.77 .. 13.9 1.5 27.3 ..
HIGH HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
52 Belarus 1.06 18.2 103 99 106 1.03 4 0.94 0.58 .. 46.3 29.2 29.3 ..
52 Oman 1.05 8.1 55 115 98 1.22 17 1.05 2.78 17.6 .. 8.2 30.8 ..
54 Barbados 1.04 40.7 86 94 111 1.09 27 1.03 1.06 .. 48.2 19.6 30.0 ..
54 Uruguay 1.05 56.1 70 108 100 1.10 15 1.07 1.52 48.7 43.9 19.2 33.2 1.04
56 Bulgaria 1.06 37.7 83 99 99 1.03 11 0.97 0.82 49.7 36.9 20.4 29.9 0.96
56 Kazakhstan 1.06 27.9 64 111 111 1.16 12 1.00 1.34 50.6 38.4 20.1 27.5 ..
58 Bahamas 1.06 29.6 .. 109 95 1.16 80 1.00 1.08 .. 51.6 16.7 32.2 ..
59 Malaysia 1.06 13.6 .. .. .. 1.09 40 0.95 1.17 39.3 25.0 13.2 28.8 ..
60 Palau .. .. 77 112 117 .. .. .. .. .. .. 10.3 .. ..
60 Panama 1.05 74.5 72 104 78 1.14 94 1.06 1.56 44.6 46.0 18.3 34.1 0.59
62 Antigua and Barbuda 1.03 44.8 72 93 103 .. .. .. .. .. .. 25.7 31.1 ..
63 Seychelles 1.06 57.4 93 105 75 .. .. .. .. 55.1 .. 43.8 30.5 1.00
64 Mauritius 1.04 28.5 104 104 99 1.21 53 0.92 2.30 41.2 23.1 11.6 30.6 1.00
65 Trinidad and Tobago 1.04 31.5 .. 104 .. 1.26 63 1.03 1.41 .. 43.5 31.5 28.5 ..
66 Costa Rica 1.05 56.5 53 110 124 1.15 25 1.01 1.44 43.0 35.2 33.3 33.9 0.75
66 Serbia 1.05 19.0 59 101 95 1.04 17 0.90 1.12 47.0 32.7 34.0 29.5 0.93
68 Cuba 1.06 45.6 99 96 101 1.03 39 0.97 1.28 44.8 .. 48.9 33.3 ..
69 Iran (Islamic Republic of) 1.05 26.7 42 112 88 1.17 25 0.95 2.04 16.0 13.3 3.1 28.8 ..
70 Georgia 1.10 39.7 .. 118 100 1.04 36 0.99 0.76 47.3 34.0 11.3 30.6 ..
71 Turkey 1.05 27.6 27 107 99 1.13 16 0.67 1.33 27.5 10.0 14.9 31.7 ..
71 Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 1.05 79.4 73 100 95 1.16 95 1.12 1.20 43.7 .. 17.0 31.1 0.72
73 Sri Lanka 1.04 14.8 95 100 102 1.32 30 1.00 2.37 27.1 28.4 4.9 30.5 ..
74 Saint Kitts and Nevis .. .. 92 84 93 .. .. .. .. .. .. 13.3 .. 0.77
75 Albania 1.08 21.7 87 111 93 0.93 29 1.00 0.84 44.7 22.5 20.7 32.5 0.61
76 Lebanon 1.05 12.4 82 93 68 1.07 15 0.96 1.94 .. 8.4 3.1 32.9 ..
77 Mexico 1.05 62.8 70 103 93 1.07 38 0.95 1.06 40.1 30.7 40.6 32.3 0.50
78 Azerbaijan 1.14 59.8 24 105 102 1.11 25 0.96 1.39 42.7 7.1 16.9 28.5 0.96
79 Brazil 1.05 67.0 86 107 106 1.26 44 1.07 1.65 47.7 37.5 10.8 31.4 0.92
79 Grenada 1.05 30.5 88 102 101 .. 27 .. .. .. .. 25.0 28.5 ..
81 Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.06 8.6 14 100 90 1.01 11 0.79 1.12 36.2 .. 19.3 30.6 ..
82 The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 1.05 17.6 29 85 81 0.96 8 0.72 0.93 43.0 27.9 33.3 29.2 ..
83 Algeria 1.05 10.6 79 115 102 1.15 140 0.96 1.95 19.2 10.6 25.7 31.1 ..
84 Armenia 1.13 23.0 60 .. .. 1.15 25 1.00 1.26 47.5 21.5 10.7 30.8 ..
84 Ukraine 1.06 24.1 103 105 98 0.95 24 0.98 0.71 50.8 37.8 12.1 28.7 ..
86 Jordan 1.05 23.2 31 88 86 1.19 58 0.95 2.13 .. .. 11.6 28.8 0.14
87 Peru 1.05 49.1 88 101 96 1.04 68 0.84 1.25 37.1 29.7 22.3 31.2 0.63
87 Thailand 1.06 44.6 73 104 89 1.12 20 0.89 0.91 45.6 25.1 6.1 31.1 1.09
89 Ecuador 1.05 75.9 62 113 106 1.31 64 0.98 1.61 38.5 39.7 41.6 32.6 0.92
90 China 1.16 7.3 82 104 95 0.94 27 0.88 0.79 37.7 16.8 23.6 29.5 ..
91 Fiji 1.06 44.8 .. 106 93 1.23 30 1.11 1.78 .. 23.8 16.0 26.8 ..
92 Mongolia 1.03 15.7 86 101 92 1.06 44 1.04 1.04 50.2 47.4 14.5 27.9 1.00
92 Saint Lucia 1.03 53.9 67 .. 86 1.39 48 1.15 1.77 .. 46.1 20.7 31.3 0.81
94 Jamaica 1.05 59.7 108 .. 72 1.28 89 1.13 1.80 .. .. 16.7 32.1 ..
95 Colombia 1.05 50.2 55 112 103 1.28 64 0.84 1.72 46.5 53.1 20.9 31.1 0.65
96 Dominica .. .. 82 118 100 .. .. .. .. .. .. 21.9 .. ..
97 Suriname 1.07 46.1 96 118 89 1.61 155 1.02 2.79 .. 35.8 25.5 28.5 ..
97 Tunisia 1.05 6.8 43 111 94 1.02 62 0.75 1.52 .. .. 31.3 30.1 ..
99 Dominican Republic 1.05 97.9 45 96 82 1.43 92 1.03 2.46 48.6 37.0 19.1 31.4 0.38
99 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1.03 51.0 70 103 103 1.13 45 .. 0.94 .. .. 13.0 29.1 ..
101 Tonga 1.05 15.2 38 107 94 1.20 124 1.00 2.07 .. .. 0.0 29.3 ..
102 Libya 1.06 6.2 .. .. .. 1.20 9 1.48 1.73 .. .. 16.0 28.3 ..
103 Belize 1.03 65.9 51 109 82 1.55 28 1.01 2.61 43.4 41.3 13.3 26.7 ..
104 Samoa 1.08 25.0 39 106 92 1.14 51 1.11 1.30 37.6 36.3 6.1 29.9 ..
105 Maldives 1.09 6.7 .. .. .. 0.93 68 1.11 1.43 40.4 14.3 5.9 29.0 ..
105 Uzbekistan 1.06 17.7 25 96 95 1.05 36 1.00 1.00 .. .. 16.4 28.0 ..
MEDIUM HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
107 Moldova (Republic of) 1.06 22.6 83 93 88 0.83 23 0.98 0.67 56.1 44.1 21.8 27.9 1.21
108 Botswana 1.03 32.3 18 107 86 1.16 129 0.98 1.34 .. 38.6 9.5 25.7 1.00
109 Gabon 1.03 99.9 38 140 .. 1.16 291 1.36 2.00 .. .. 16.0 26.9 ..
110 Paraguay 1.05 57.4 38 104 79 1.27 132 0.98 1.62 42.8 33.8 16.8 30.4 0.80
111 Egypt 1.06 51.9 30 104 86 1.30 33 0.80 3.03 18.2 7.1 2.2 g 26.7 0.13
111 Turkmenistan 1.05 16.4 62 89 84 1.04 42 .. 0.99 .. .. 25.8 26.8 ..
113 Indonesia 1.05 49.6 59 104 82 1.06 126 0.83 1.22 35.8 23.2 17.1 26.0 ..
114 Palestine, State of 1.05 58.6 51 95 86 1.07 45 0.92 1.22 16.9 9.9 .. 28.3 ..
115 Viet Nam 1.11 38.6 80 109 .. 1.10 54 0.83 1.07 43.1 .. 24.3 33.6 ..
116 Philippines 1.06 61.7 .. 117 93 1.07 114 1.04 0.92 41.3 54.8 27.1 26.4 ..
117 El Salvador 1.05 65.2 73 110 81 0.98 54 0.88 0.58 37.0 37.1 32.1 31.1 0.33
118 Bolivia (Plurinational State of) 1.05 70.8 63 .. 84 1.20 206 0.84 1.55 .. 35.1 51.8 30.0 1.00
119 South Africa 1.03 45.5 76 97 104 1.07 138 0.97 1.18 45.7 31.3 41.2 h 24.5 ..
120 Kyrgyzstan 1.06 39.6 25 107 91 1.14 76 1.00 1.30 42.3 35.2 19.2 28.0 1.00
121 Iraq 1.07 84.0 .. .. .. 1.14 50 0.65 1.81 15.4 .. 26.5 26.9 ..
122 Cabo Verde 1.03 73.4 70 110 99 1.33 42 .. 1.36 .. .. 20.8 i 28.3 0.88
123 Morocco 1.06 31.7 53 113 64 0.98 121 0.77 1.05 21.5 12.8 15.7 28.4 ..
124 Nicaragua 1.05 88.8 59 123 79 1.14 150 1.04 1.04 .. 41.0 41.3 31.8 0.38
125 Guatemala 1.05 80.7 66 102 62 1.20 88 1.03 1.26 38.6 .. 13.9 30.7 0.57
125 Namibia 1.03 76.8 22 110 .. 1.11 265 0.98 1.22 .. 42.8 37.7 26.1 ..
127 Guyana 1.05 88.0 93 84 89 1.22 229 1.28 1.70 .. .. 30.4 24.4 1.00
127 Micronesia (Federated States of) 1.07 15.0 .. 97 .. .. 100 .. .. .. .. 0.0 26.1 ..
129 Tajikistan 1.05 38.1 10 98 83 0.90 32 1.11 0.85 .. .. 14.7 29.1 0.75
130 Honduras 1.05 65.0 48 108 74 1.30 129 1.07 1.48 41.7 .. 25.8 31.8 0.42
131 India 1.11 24.5 9 117 69 1.01 174 0.58 1.14 .. 13.8 12.2 26.6 ..
132 Bhutan 1.04 21.4 18 103 87 1.08 148 0.43 1.60 26.3 17.0 8.3 27.3 ..
133 Timor-Leste 1.05 46.6 17 136 76 1.28 215 .. 1.61 .. 10.3 38.5 26.0 1.00
134 Vanuatu 1.07 43.1 97 122 59 1.06 78 .. 1.31 .. 28.5 0.0 27.7 ..
135 Congo 1.03 117.7 14 115 51 1.08 442 0.90 1.20 .. .. 11.5 26.4 0.11
135 Equatorial Guinea 1.03 108.7 68 84 .. 1.10 342 .. 1.11 .. .. 19.7 25.1 ..
137 Kiribati 1.07 17.2 .. 115 .. .. 90 .. .. .. 36.5 8.7 25.9 ..
138 Lao People's Democratic Republic 1.05 64.1 31 113 55 0.78 197 0.71 0.75 .. .. 25.0 25.3 ..
139 Bangladesh 1.05 83.0 32 115 61 1.03 176 0.95 1.15 .. 5.4 20.0 27.6 ..
139 Ghana 1.05 66.8 122 110 69 1.12 319 0.76 1.14 .. .. 10.9 23.9 ..
139 Zambia 1.03 90.4 .. 104 .. 0.96 224 1.07 1.02 .. .. 12.7 26.1 ..
142 Sao Tome and Principe 1.03 84.3 54 111 89 1.13 156 0.69 1.35 .. 24.4 18.2 27.0 ..
143 Cambodia 1.05 51.6 18 113 .. 0.79 161 0.50 0.63 38.7 21.0 19.0 26.0 ..
144 Nepal 1.07 71.9 84 141 70 0.81 258 0.58 0.81 .. 18.3 29.5 26.3 ..
145 Myanmar 1.03 16.5 24 98 52 1.10 178 1.36 1.17 .. .. 13.0 25.5 ..
146 Kenya 1.03 90.9 73 112 65 1.03 510 0.82 1.35 35.7 .. 20.8 26.3 ..
147 Pakistan 1.09 38.7 66 86 37 1.12 178 0.57 2.16 11.1 3.0 20.0 26.2 ..
LOW HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
148 Swaziland 1.03 70.4 26 108 62 1.02 389 0.90 1.16 .. .. 14.7 24.1 ..
149 Syrian Arab Republic 1.05 39.4 6 79 51 1.25 68 0.80 3.27 16.3 9.2 12.4 29.7 ..
150 Angola 1.03 164.3 94 100 23 1.08 477 .. 1.21 .. .. 36.8 23.5 ..
151 Tanzania (United Republic of) 1.03 118.6 33 87 31 1.22 398 0.66 1.88 36.4 16.5 36.0 26.9 ..
152 Nigeria 1.06 110.6 13 81 41 1.27 814 .. 1.25 .. .. 5.8 21.2 ..
153 Cameroon 1.03 104.6 35 107 52 1.20 596 0.83 1.42 .. .. 27.1 24.1 0.29
154 Papua New Guinea 1.08 54.8 .. 109 35 1.08 215 0.60 1.30 .. .. 2.7 23.7 ..
154 Zimbabwe 1.02 109.7 43 99 47 1.12 443 0.80 1.37 36.6 .. 35.1 24.7 ..
156 Solomon Islands 1.07 48.4 98 112 47 1.00 114 .. 1.03 .. .. 2.0 25.9 ..
157 Mauritania 1.05 78.6 4 101 29 1.19 602 0.47 1.22 .. .. 22.2 25.2 ..
158 Madagascar 1.03 116.2 14 147 38 1.13 353 .. 1.67 37.3 25.1 20.5 25.4 ..
159 Rwanda 1.02 26.3 15 135 41 1.07 290 0.64 1.06 .. .. 57.5 26.5 ..
160 Comoros 1.05 68.3 24 102 60 1.02 335 .. 1.34 .. .. 3.0 24.8 ..
160 Lesotho 1.03 92.7 32 106 60 1.20 487 1.05 1.31 .. 36.1 24.8 21.6 1.00
162 Senegal 1.04 78.6 16 84 38 1.35 315 0.53 1.73 .. .. 42.7 25.7 ..
163 Haiti 1.05 39.3 .. .. .. 1.18 359 0.66 1.33 .. .. 3.5 26.5 ..
163 Uganda 1.03 111.9 11 111 26 1.04 343 0.81 1.31 29.8 .. 35.0 25.5 ..
165 Sudan 1.04 74.0 35 67 41 1.20 311 0.73 1.70 .. .. 31.0 26.2 ..
166 Togo 1.02 92.0 15 121 .. 1.10 368 0.64 1.21 .. .. 17.6 23.1 ..
167 Benin 1.04 83.2 21 120 44 1.56 405 0.51 1.33 26.0 .. 7.2 24.0 ..
168 Yemen 1.05 61.5 1 89 40 1.17 385 0.47 2.07 .. 5.2 0.5 24.9 ..
169 Afghanistan 1.06 74.0 .. 92 40 1.01 396 0.25 1.50 .. .. 27.4 24.0 ..
170 Malawi 1.03 136.2 .. 148 38 0.95 634 0.62 1.11 .. .. 16.7 28.3 ..
171 Côte d'Ivoire 1.03 135.5 7 84 33 1.24 645 0.51 1.27 .. .. 9.2 21.2 ..
172 Djibouti 1.04 21.5 4 62 42 .. 229 .. .. .. .. 12.7 25.8 ..
173 Gambia 1.03 113.0 35 88 56 1.15 706 0.65 1.77 .. .. 9.4 23.7 ..
174 Ethiopia 1.04 58.4 24 96 35 1.61 353 0.52 2.71 38.8 22.1 37.3 26.3 ..
175 Mali 1.05 174.6 4 73 37 1.35 587 0.45 1.86 .. .. 8.8 23.0 0.44
176 Congo (Democratic Republic of the) 1.03 122.6 4 102 33 1.23 693 0.41 1.46 .. .. 8.2 24.8 ..
177 Liberia 1.05 108.8 .. 92 33 1.22 725 0.44 0.98 .. .. 10.7 23.7 ..
178 Guinea-Bissau 1.03 89.5 7 110 .. 1.08 549 .. 1.20 .. .. 13.7 23.2 ..
179 Eritrea 1.05 54.3 15 47 32 1.09 501 .. 1.21 .. .. 22.0 24.3 ..
179 Sierra Leone 1.02 118.2 10 130 40 0.70 1,360 0.57 0.47 .. .. 12.4 19.6 ..
181 Mozambique 1.03 139.7 .. 100 24 0.98 489 0.34 1.18 33.5 .. 39.6 25.1 0.80
181 South Sudan 1.04 65.9 6 67 .. .. 789 .. .. .. .. 24.3 24.1 ..
183 Guinea 1.02 140.6 15 84 31 0.69 679 .. 0.34 18.3 .. 21.9 23.0 ..
184 Burundi 1.03 28.3 7 128 35 1.07 712 0.74 1.50 .. .. 37.8 24.6 0.29
185 Burkina Faso 1.05 108.5 4 85 28 0.83 371 0.52 0.57 .. 31.0 9.4 23.2 0.07
186 Chad 1.03 133.5 1 88 14 1.21 856 0.17 1.48 .. .. 14.9 23.5 ..
187 Niger 1.05 202.4 7 65 16 0.80 553 0.43 0.71 .. .. 13.3 24.5 ..
188 Central African Republic 1.03 91.9 6 80 12 1.06 882 0.41 1.13 .. .. 12.5 g 23.7 ..
OTHER COUNTRIES OR TERRITORIES
Korea (Democratic People's Rep. of) 1.05 0.5 .. .. .. 1.01 82 .. 1.02 .. .. 16.3 27.9 ..
Marshall Islands .. .. 49 105 .. .. .. 0.99 .. .. .. 9.1 .. ..
Monaco .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 20.8 .. ..
Nauru .. .. 96 100 83 .. .. .. .. .. .. 5.3 .. ..
San Marino .. .. 108 93 96 .. .. .. .. 43.4 17.8 16.7 .. ..
Somalia 1.03 103.9 .. .. .. 1.06 732 .. 1.21 .. .. 13.8 24.0 ..
Tuvalu .. .. 93 102 90 .. .. .. .. .. .. 6.7 .. ..
Human development groups
Very high human development 1.05 17.0 83 102 106 1.01 14 0.99 1.06 46.9 35.3 25.8 34.0 0.93
High human development 1.11 27.4 74 105 97 1.05 36 0.90 1.10 38.9 32.3 21.6 30.0 ..
Medium human development 1.08 40.8 33 111 68 1.06 164 0.70 1.35 .. 16.4 19.9 26.9 ..
Low human development 1.04 101.8 18 94 36 1.16 553 0.57 1.54 .. .. 22.0 24.4 ..
Developing countries 1.08 48.8 41 105 71 1.07 231 0.82 1.28 .. 23.0 21.0 28.4 ..
Regions
Arab States 1.05 47.7 36 96 73 1.20 142 0.80 2.31 .. 8.6 15.5 28.0 ..
East Asia and the Pacific 1.12 23.1 73 105 90 0.99 63 0.88 0.87 .. 23.8 19.6 29.2 ..
Europe and Central Asia 1.06 26.6 44 104 97 1.04 24 0.91 1.03 40.6 28.7 19.0 29.6 ..
Latin America and the Caribbean 1.05 64.3 75 105 99 1.20 67 0.99 1.48 42.9 36.5 28.1 31.8 0.88
South Asia 1.10 33.7 23 112 65 1.04 175 0.63 1.37 .. 12.5 17.4 26.8 ..
Sub-Saharan Africa 1.04 103.0 26 97 40 1.12 551 0.74 1.34 .. .. 23.3 24.3 ..
Least developed countries 1.04 91.4 23 100 41 1.10 432 0.74 1.42 .. .. 22.3 25.8 ..
Small island developing states 1.06 59.0 .. 104 74 1.24 204 0.95 1.73 .. .. 23.4 30.1 ..
Organization for Economic Co-operation
and Development
1.05 22.4 79 102 104 0.99 15 0.97 1.04 45.7 34.0 27.7 34.6 0.91
World 1.07 44.7 46 104 75 1.06 210 0.87 1.21 40.4 28.0 22.5 30.1 ..



Notes
Three-colour coding is used to visualize partial grouping of countries by indicator. For each indicator countries are divided into three groups of approximately equal size (terciles): the top third, the middle third and the bottom third. Sex ratio at birth is an exception—countries are divided into two groups: the natural group (countries with a value between 1.04–1.07, inclusive), which uses darker shading, and the gender-biased group (all other countries), which uses lighter shading. See Technical note 6 at http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/hdr2016_technical_notes.pdf for details about partial grouping in this table.
a. The natural sex ratio at birth is commonly assumed and empirically confirmed to be 1.05 male births to 1 female birth.
b. Data are the average of period estimates for 2010-2015 and projections for 2015-2020.
c. Data refer to 2015 or the most recent year available.
d. Data refer to the most recent year available during the period specified.
e. Data refer to 2014 or the most recent year available.
f. Refers to 2014.
g. Refers to 2012.
h. Excludes the 36 special rotating delegates appointed on an ad hoc basis.
i. Refers to 2013.

Definitions:
Sex ratio at birth: Number of male births per female birth.
Adolescent birth rate: Number of births to women ages 15–19 per 1,000 women ages 15–19.
Gross enrolment ratio: Total enrolment of girls in a given level of education (pre-primary, primary or secondary), regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the official school-age female population for the same level of education.
Youth unemployment rate, female to male ratio: Ratio of the percentage of the female labour force population ages 15–24 that is not in paid employment or self-employed but is available for work and is actively seeking paid employment or self-employment to the percentage of the male labour force population ages 15-24 that is not in paid employment or self-employed but is availlable for work and is actively seeking paid employment or self-employment.
Maternal mortality ratio: Number of deaths due to pregnancy-related causes per 100,000 live births.
Population with at least some secondary education, female to male ratio: Ratio of the percentage of the female population ages 25 and older that has reached (but not necessarily completed) a secondary level of education to the percentage of the male population ages 25 and older with the same level of education achievement.
Total unemployment rate, female to male ratio: Ratio of the percentage of the female labour force population ages 15 and older that is not in paid employment or self-employed but is available for work and is actively seeking paid employment or self-employment to the percentage of the male labour force population ages 15 and older that is not in paid employment or self-employed but is available for work and is actively seeking paid employment or self-employment.
Share of paid employment in nonagriculture, female: Share of women in paid employment in the nonagricultural sector, which comprises industry and services activities.
Female legislators, senior officials and managers: Share of legislators, senior officials and managers who are female.
Share of seats in parliament: Proportion of seats held by women in the national parliament, expressed as percentage of total seats. For countries with a bicameral legislative systems, the share of seats is calculated based on both houses.
Life expectancy at age 50, female: Additional number of years that a 50-year-old woman could expect to live if prevailing patterns of female age-specific mortality rates stay the same throughout the rest of her life.
Old-age pension recipients, female to male ratio: Ratio of the percentage of women above the statutory pensionable age receiving an old-age pension (contributory, noncontributory or both) to the percentage of men above the statutory pensionable age receiving an old-age pension (contributory, noncontributory or both).


Main data sources
Columns 1, 2, 13: UNDESA (2015a).
Columns 3-5: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (2016).
Columns 6 and 9: HDRO calculation based on ILO (2016a).
Column 7: UN Maternal Mortality Estimation Group (2016).
Column 8: HDRO calculations based on UNESCO Institute for Statistics (2016), Barro and Lee (2016), ICF Macro Demographic and Health Surveys and United Nations Children's Fund Multple Indicator Cluster Surveys
Column 10: ILO (2016b).
Column 11: World Bank (2016a).
Column 12: IPU (2016).
Column 14: HDRO calculations based on ILO (2016c).