Table 1: Human Development Index and its components

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Human Development Index (HDI) Life expectancy at birth Expected years of schooling Mean years of schooling Gross national income (GNI) per capita GNI per capita rank minus HDI rank
HDI rank Country Value (years) (years) (years) (2011 PPP $)
2014 2014 2014 a 2014 a 2014 2014
VERY HIGH HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
1 Norway 0.944 81.6 17.5 12.6 b 64,992 5
2 Australia 0.935 82.4 20.2 c 13.0 42,261 17
3 Switzerland 0.930 83.0 15.8 12.8 56,431 6
4 Denmark 0.923 80.2 18.7 c 12.7 44,025 11
5 Netherlands 0.922 81.6 17.9 11.9 45,435 9
6 Germany 0.916 80.9 16.5 13.1 d 43,919 11
6 Ireland 0.916 80.9 18.6 c 12.2 e 39,568 16
8 United States 0.915 79.1 16.5 12.9 52,947 3
9 Canada 0.913 82.0 15.9 13.0 42,155 11
9 New Zealand 0.913 81.8 19.2 c 12.5 b 32,689 23
11 Singapore 0.912 83.0 15.4 f 10.6 e 76,628 g -7
12 Hong Kong, China (SAR) 0.910 84.0 15.6 11.2 53,959 -2
13 Liechtenstein 0.908 80.0 h 15.0 11.8 i 79,851 g,j -10
14 Sweden 0.907 82.2 15.8 12.1 45,636 -1
14 United Kingdom 0.907 80.7 16.2 13.1 d 39,267 9
16 Iceland 0.899 82.6 19.0 c 10.6 e 35,182 12
17 Korea (Republic of) 0.898 81.9 16.9 11.9 e 33,890 13
18 Israel 0.894 82.4 16.0 12.5 30,676 16
19 Luxembourg 0.892 81.7 13.9 11.7 58,711 -11
20 Japan 0.891 83.5 15.3 11.5 e 36,927 7
21 Belgium 0.890 80.8 16.3 11.3 d 41,187 0
22 France 0.888 82.2 16.0 11.1 38,056 4
23 Austria 0.885 81.4 15.7 10.8 d 43,869 -5
24 Finland 0.883 80.8 17.1 10.3 e 38,695 0
25 Slovenia 0.880 80.4 16.8 11.9 27,852 12
26 Spain 0.876 82.6 17.3 9.6 32,045 7
27 Italy 0.873 83.1 16.0 10.1 d 33,030 4
28 Czech Republic 0.870 78.6 16.4 12.3 26,660 10
29 Greece 0.865 80.9 17.6 10.3 24,524 14
30 Estonia 0.861 76.8 16.5 12.5 e 25,214 12
31 Brunei Darussalam 0.856 78.8 14.5 8.8 e 72,570 k -26
32 Cyprus 0.850 80.2 14.0 11.6 28,633 3
32 Qatar 0.850 78.2 13.8 l 9.1 123,124 g -31
34 Andorra 0.845 81.3 h 13.5 f 9.6 m 43,978 n -18
35 Slovakia 0.844 76.3 15.1 12.2 d 25,845 5
36 Poland 0.843 77.4 15.5 11.8 23,177 10
37 Lithuania 0.839 73.3 16.4 12.4 24,500 7
37 Malta 0.839 80.6 14.4 10.3 27,930 -1
39 Saudi Arabia 0.837 74.3 16.3 8.7 d 52,821 -27
40 Argentina 0.836 76.3 17.9 9.8 d 22,050 k 11
41 United Arab Emirates 0.835 77.0 13.3 o 9.5 d 60,868 -34
42 Chile 0.832 81.7 15.2 9.8 21,290 11
43 Portugal 0.830 80.9 16.3 8.2 25,757 -2
44 Hungary 0.828 75.2 15.4 11.6 d 22,916 3
45 Bahrain 0.824 76.6 14.4 p 9.4 b 38,599 -20
46 Latvia 0.819 74.2 15.2 11.5 d 22,281 4
47 Croatia 0.818 77.3 14.8 11.0 19,409 11
48 Kuwait 0.816 74.4 14.7 l 7.2 83,961 g -46
49 Montenegro 0.802 76.2 15.2 11.2 14,558 27
HIGH HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
50 Belarus 0.798 71.3 15.7 12.0 q 16,676 14
50 Russian Federation 0.798 70.1 14.7 12.0 22,352 -1
52 Oman 0.793 76.8 13.6 8.0 34,858 -23
52 Romania 0.793 74.7 14.2 10.8 18,108 10
52 Uruguay 0.793 77.2 15.5 8.5 19,283 7
55 Bahamas 0.790 75.4 12.6 r 10.9 21,336 -3
56 Kazakhstan 0.788 69.4 15.0 11.4 e 20,867 -1
57 Barbados 0.785 75.6 15.4 10.5 q 12,488 27
58 Antigua and Barbuda 0.783 76.1 14.0 9.2 r 20,070 -1
59 Bulgaria 0.782 74.2 14.4 10.6 d 15,596 13
60 Palau 0.780 72.7 h 13.7 12.3 f 13,496 18
60 Panama 0.780 77.6 13.3 9.3 18,192 1
62 Malaysia 0.779 74.7 12.7 l 10.0 22,762 -14
63 Mauritius 0.777 74.4 15.6 8.5 17,470 0
64 Seychelles 0.772 73.1 13.4 9.4 r 23,300 -19
64 Trinidad and Tobago 0.772 70.4 12.3 l 10.9 26,090 -25
66 Serbia 0.771 74.9 14.4 10.5 12,190 20
67 Cuba 0.769 s 79.4 13.8 11.5 q 7,301 t 47
67 Lebanon 0.769 79.3 13.8 7.9 l 16,509 -1
69 Costa Rica 0.766 79.4 13.9 8.4 13,413 10
69 Iran (Islamic Republic of) 0.766 75.4 15.1 8.2 e 15,440 4
71 Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 0.762 74.2 14.2 8.9 d 16,159 -2
72 Turkey 0.761 75.3 14.5 7.6 18,677 -12
73 Sri Lanka 0.757 74.9 13.7 10.8 b 9,779 29
74 Mexico 0.756 76.8 13.1 8.5 16,056 -4
75 Brazil 0.755 74.5 15.2 u 7.7 15,175 -1
76 Georgia 0.754 74.9 13.8 12.1 q 7,164 40
77 Saint Kitts and Nevis 0.752 73.8 h 12.9 8.4 r 20,805 -21
78 Azerbaijan 0.751 70.8 11.9 11.2 l 16,428 -11
79 Grenada 0.750 73.4 15.8 8.6 r 10,939 14
80 Jordan 0.748 74.0 13.5 9.9 11,365 11
81 The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 0.747 75.4 13.4 9.3 q 11,780 9
81 Ukraine 0.747 71.0 15.1 11.3 e 8,178 25
83 Algeria 0.736 74.8 14.0 7.6 13,054 -1
84 Peru 0.734 74.6 13.1 9.0 11,015 8
85 Albania 0.733 77.8 11.8 l 9.3 9,943 14
85 Armenia 0.733 74.7 12.3 10.9 e 8,124 22
85 Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.733 76.5 13.6 8.3 v 9,638 19
88 Ecuador 0.732 75.9 14.2 7.6 10,605 7
89 Saint Lucia 0.729 75.1 12.6 9.3 q 9,765 14
90 China 0.727 75.8 13.1 7.5 b 12,547 -7
90 Fiji 0.727 70.0 15.7 l 9.9 7,493 21
90 Mongolia 0.727 69.4 14.6 9.3 e 10,729 4
93 Thailand 0.726 74.4 13.5 7.3 13,323 -13
94 Dominica 0.724 77.8 h 12.7 w 7.9 r 9,994 4
94 Libya 0.724 71.6 14.0 l 7.3 e 14,911 k,x -19
96 Tunisia 0.721 74.8 14.6 6.8 q 10,404 1
97 Colombia 0.720 74.0 13.5 7.3 d 12,040 -9
97 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0.720 72.9 13.4 l 8.6 r 9,937 3
99 Jamaica 0.719 75.7 12.4 9.7 e 7,415 13
100 Tonga 0.717 72.8 14.7 10.7 e 5,069 32
101 Belize 0.715 70.0 13.6 10.5 7,614 9
101 Dominican Republic 0.715 73.5 13.1 7.6 11,883 -12
103 Suriname 0.714 71.1 12.7 l 7.7 y 15,617 -32
104 Maldives 0.706 76.8 13.0 l 5.8 z 12,328 -19
105 Samoa 0.702 73.4 12.9 f 10.3 f 5,327 24
MEDIUM HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
106 Botswana 0.698 64.5 12.5 8.9 e 16,646 -41
107 Moldova (Republic of) 0.693 71.6 11.9 11.2 5,223 23
108 Egypt 0.690 71.1 13.5 6.6 e 10,512 -12
109 Turkmenistan 0.688 65.6 10.8 9.9 r 13,066 -28
110 Gabon 0.684 64.4 12.5 l 7.8 y 16,367 -42
110 Indonesia 0.684 68.9 13.0 7.6 z 9,788 -9
112 Paraguay 0.679 72.9 11.9 7.7 b 7,643 -3
113 Palestine, State of 0.677 72.9 13.0 8.9 4,699 x 21
114 Uzbekistan 0.675 68.4 11.5 10.9 aa 5,567 10
115 Philippines 0.668 68.2 11.3 8.9 d 7,915 -7
116 El Salvador 0.666 73.0 12.3 6.5 7,349 -3
116 South Africa 0.666 57.4 13.6 9.9 12,122 -29
116 Viet Nam 0.666 75.8 11.9 w 7.5 e 5,092 15
119 Bolivia (Plurinational State of) 0.662 68.3 13.2 8.2 5,760 4
120 Kyrgyzstan 0.655 70.6 12.5 10.6 3,044 29
121 Iraq 0.654 69.4 10.1 6.4 e 14,003 -44
122 Cabo Verde 0.646 73.3 13.5 4.7 r 6,094 -1
123 Micronesia (Federated States of) 0.640 69.1 11.7 9.7 f 3,432 21
124 Guyana 0.636 66.4 10.3 8.5 e 6,522 -4
125 Nicaragua 0.631 74.9 11.5 l 6.0 e 4,457 12
126 Morocco 0.628 74.0 11.6 4.4 b 6,850 -8
126 Namibia 0.628 64.8 11.3 6.2 e 9,418 -21
128 Guatemala 0.627 71.8 10.7 5.6 6,929 -11
129 Tajikistan 0.624 69.4 11.2 10.4 y 2,517 27
130 India 0.609 68.0 11.7 5.4 e 5,497 -4
131 Honduras 0.606 73.1 11.1 5.5 3,938 7
132 Bhutan 0.605 69.5 12.6 3.0 q 7,176 -17
133 Timor-Leste 0.595 68.2 11.7 4.4 y 5,363 ab -6
134 Syrian Arab Republic 0.594 69.6 12.3 6.3 e 2,728 k,x 21
134 Vanuatu 0.594 71.9 10.6 l 6.8 aa 2,803 19
136 Congo 0.591 62.3 11.1 6.1 b 6,012 -14
137 Kiribati 0.590 66.0 12.3 7.8 r 2,434 21
138 Equatorial Guinea 0.587 57.6 9.0 l 5.5 y 21,056 -84
139 Zambia 0.586 60.1 13.5 6.6 e 3,734 2
140 Ghana 0.579 61.4 11.5 7.0 3,852 -1
141 Lao People's Democratic Republic 0.575 66.2 10.6 5.0 q 4,680 -6
142 Bangladesh 0.570 71.6 10.0 5.1 e 3,191 5
143 Cambodia 0.555 68.4 10.9 4.4 y 2,949 7
143 Sao Tome and Principe 0.555 66.5 11.3 4.7 y 2,918 8
LOW HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
145 Kenya 0.548 61.6 11.0 6.3 b 2,762 9
145 Nepal 0.548 69.6 12.4 3.3 e 2,311 16
147 Pakistan 0.538 66.2 7.8 4.7 4,866 -14
148 Myanmar 0.536 65.9 8.6 4.1 e 4,608 k -12
149 Angola 0.532 52.3 11.4 4.7 y 6,822 -30
150 Swaziland 0.531 49.0 11.3 7.1 b 5,542 -25
151 Tanzania (United Republic of) 0.521 65.0 9.2 5.1 e 2,411 8
152 Nigeria 0.514 52.8 9.0 l 5.9 y 5,341 -24
153 Cameroon 0.512 55.5 10.4 6.0 e 2,803 -1
154 Madagascar 0.510 65.1 10.3 6.0 q 1,328 24
155 Zimbabwe 0.509 57.5 10.9 7.3 e 1,615 13
156 Mauritania 0.506 63.1 8.5 3.8 e 3,560 -14
156 Solomon Islands 0.506 67.9 9.2 5.0 f 1,540 16
158 Papua New Guinea 0.505 62.6 9.9 r 4.0 e 2,463 -1
159 Comoros 0.503 63.3 11.5 4.6 y 1,456 16
160 Yemen 0.498 63.8 9.2 2.6 e 3,519 -17
161 Lesotho 0.497 49.8 11.1 5.9 z 3,306 -16
162 Togo 0.484 59.7 12.2 4.5 y 1,228 17
163 Haiti 0.483 62.8 8.7 r 4.9 y 1,669 4
163 Rwanda 0.483 64.2 10.3 3.7 1,458 11
163 Uganda 0.483 58.5 9.8 5.4 e 1,613 6
166 Benin 0.480 59.6 11.1 3.3 e 1,767 0
167 Sudan 0.479 63.5 7.0 3.1 b 3,809 -27
168 Djibouti 0.470 62.0 6.4 3.8 q 3,276 k -22
169 South Sudan 0.467 55.7 7.6 r 5.4 2,332 -9
170 Senegal 0.466 66.5 7.9 2.5 2,188 -8
171 Afghanistan 0.465 60.4 9.3 3.2 e 1,885 -7
172 Côte d'Ivoire 0.462 51.5 8.9 4.3 b 3,171 -24
173 Malawi 0.445 62.8 10.8 4.3 e 747 13
174 Ethiopia 0.442 64.1 8.5 2.4 1,428 2
175 Gambia 0.441 60.2 8.8 2.8 e 1,507 -2
176 Congo (Democratic Republic of the) 0.433 58.7 9.8 6.0 680 11
177 Liberia 0.430 60.9 9.5 l 4.1 e 805 7
178 Guinea-Bissau 0.420 55.2 9.0 2.8 r 1,362 -1
179 Mali 0.419 58.0 8.4 2.0 1,583 -8
180 Mozambique 0.416 55.1 9.3 3.2 y 1,123 1
181 Sierra Leone 0.413 50.9 8.6 l 3.1 e 1,780 -16
182 Guinea 0.411 58.8 8.7 2.4 y 1,096 0
183 Burkina Faso 0.402 58.7 7.8 1.4 y 1,591 -13
184 Burundi 0.400 56.7 10.1 2.7 e 758 1
185 Chad 0.392 51.6 7.4 1.9 2,085 -22
186 Eritrea 0.391 63.7 4.1 3.9 r 1,130 -6
187 Central African Republic 0.350 50.7 7.2 4.2 q 581 1
188 Niger 0.348 61.4 5.4 1.5 e 908 -5
OTHER COUNTRIES OR TERRITORIES
Korea (Democratic People's Rep. of) .. 70.3 .. .. .. ..
Marshall Islands .. .. .. .. 4,674 ..
Monaco .. .. .. .. .. ..
Nauru .. .. 9.3 .. .. ..
San Marino .. .. .. .. .. ..
Somalia .. 55.4 .. .. .. ..
Tuvalu .. .. .. .. 5,278 ..
Human development groups
Very high human development 0.896 80.5 16.4 11.8 41,584
High human development 0.744 75.1 13.6 8.2 13,961
Medium human development 0.630 68.6 11.8 6.2 6,353
Low human development 0.505 60.6 9.0 4.5 3,085
Developing countries 0.660 69.8 11.7 6.8 9,071
Regions
Arab States 0.686 70.6 12.0 6.4 15,722
East Asia and the Pacific 0.710 74.0 12.7 7.5 11,449
Europe and Central Asia 0.748 72.3 13.6 10.0 12,791
Latin America and the Caribbean 0.748 75.0 14.0 8.2 14,242
South Asia 0.607 68.4 11.2 5.5 5,605
Sub-Saharan Africa 0.518 58.5 9.6 5.2 3,363
Least developed countries 0.502 63.3 9.3 4.1 2,387
Small island developing states 0.660 70.1 11.4 7.9 6,991
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development 0.880 80.2 15.8 11.5 37,658
World 0.711 71.5 12.2 7.9 14,301

 

Notes
a. Data refer to 2014 or the most recent year available.
b. Based on Barro and Lee (2013b).
c. For the purpose of calculating the HDI value, expected years of schooling is capped at 18 years.
d. Updated by HDRO based on data from UNESCO Institute for Statistics (2015) and Barro and Lee (2014).
e. Based on Barro and Lee (2014).
f. Based on data from the national statistical office.
g. For the purpose of calculating the HDI value, GNI per capita is capped at $75,000.
h. Value from UNDESA (2011).
i. Calculated as the average of mean years of schooling for Austria and Switzerland.
j. Estimated using the purchasing power parity (PPP) rate and projected growth rate of Switzerland.
k. HDRO estimate based on data from World Bank (2015a) and United Nations Statistics Division (2015).
l. Updated by HDRO based on data from UNESCO Institute for Statistics (2015).
m. Assumes the same adult mean years of schooling as Spain.
n. Estimated using the PPP rate and projected growth rate of Spain.
o. Based on data from UNESCO Institute for Statistics (2011).
p. Based on data on school life expectancy from UNESCO Institute for Statistics (2013).
q. Based on data from United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys for 2005–2014.
r. Based on cross-country regression.
s. The 2013 HDI value published in the 2014 Human Development Report was based on miscalculated GNI per capita in 2011 PPP dollars, as published in the World Bank (2014). A more realistic value, based on the model developed by HDRO and verified and accepted by Cuba’s National Statistics Office, is $7,222. The corresponding 2013 HDI value is 0.759 and the rank is 69th.
t. Based on a cross-country regression model and projected growth rates from ECLAC (2014).
u. HDRO calculations based on data from National Institute for Educational Studies of
Brazil (2013).
x. Based on projected growth rates from UNESCWA (2014).
v. Updated by HDRO based on data from UNESCO Institute for Statistics (2015) and a UNICEF Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey.
w. Based on data on school life expectancy from UNESCO Institute for Statistics (2012).
y. Based on data from ICF Macro Demographic and Health Surveys for 2005–2014.
z. Updated by HDRO based on data from UNESCO Institute for Statistics (2015), an ICF Macro Demographic and Health Survey and Barro and Lee (2014).
aa. Updated by HDRO based on data from a UNICEF Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey.
ab. Based on data from Timor-Leste Ministry of Finance (2015).

Definitions
Human Development Index (HDI): A composite index measuring average achievement in three basic dimensions of human development—a long and healthy life, knowledge and a decent standard of living. See Technical note 1 at http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/hdr2015_technical_notes.pdf for details on how the HDI is calculated.
Life expectancy at birth: Number of years a newborn infant could expect to live if prevailing patterns of age-specific mortality rates at the time of birth stay the same throughout the infant’s life.
Expected years of schooling: Number of years of schooling that a child of school entrance age can expect to receive if prevailing patterns of age-specific enrolment rates persist throughout the child’s life.
Mean years of schooling: Average number of years of education received by people ages 25 and older, converted from education attainment levels using official durations of each level.
Gross national income (GNI) per capita: Aggregate income of an economy generated by its production and its ownership of factors of production, less the incomes paid for the use of factors of production owned by the rest of the world, converted to international dollars using PPP rates, divided by midyear population.

Main data sources
Column 1: HDRO calculations based on data from UNDESA (2015), UNESCO Institute for Statistics (2015), United Nations Statistics Division (2015), World Bank (2015a), Barro and Lee (2014) and IMF (2015).
Column 2: UNDESA (2015).
Column 3: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (2015).
Column 4: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (2015), Barro and Lee (2014), UNICEF Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys and ICF Macro Demographic and Health Surveys.
Column 5: World Bank (2015a), IMF (2015) and United Nations Statistics Division (2015).
Column 6: Calculated based on data in columns 1 and 5.