Adult literacy rate, both sexes (% ages 15 and older)

Adult literacy rate, both sexes (% ages 15 and older)

Percentage of the population ages 15 and older who can, with understanding, both read and write a short simple statement on their everyday life.

Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (2013). Data Centre. Accessed November, 2013

http://stats.uis.unesco.org

Data in the tables are those available to the Human Development Report Office as of 15 November, 2013, unless otherwise specified.

HDI Rank

Country

1980

1985

1990

2000

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

.. Very high human development

93.9

74.8

89.1

84.9

97.0

93.3

97.6

97.6

97.8

97.4

97.5

97.2

.. High human development

77.2

77.3

78.7

90.5

89.5

88.1

90.7

90.0

92.2

94.6

95.0

94.2

.. Medium human development

71.8

92.2

83.9

88.1

71.7

67.8

85.3

89.2

88.0

74.9

83.4

71.7

.. Low human development

27.6

..

37.4

71.0

42.3

53.2

53.3

54.4

55.3

62.1

69.2

58.2

1 Norway

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

2 Australia

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

3 Switzerland

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

4 Netherlands

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

5 United States

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

6 Germany

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

7 New Zealand

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

8 Canada

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

9 Singapore

82.9

..

89.1

92.5

..

..

..

..

..

95.9

..

95.9 1

10 Denmark

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

11 Ireland

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

12 Sweden

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

13 Iceland

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

14 United Kingdom

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

15 Korea (Republic of)

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

15 Hong Kong, China (SAR)

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

17 Japan

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

18 Liechtenstein

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

19 Israel

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

20 France

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

21 Luxembourg

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

21 Belgium

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

21 Austria

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

24 Finland

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

25 Slovenia

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

99.7

99.7 1

26 Italy

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

99.0

99.0 1

27 Spain

..

..

..

..

97.8

..

97.9

97.6

97.7

97.7

..

97.7 1

28 Czech Republic

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

29 Greece

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

97.3

97.3 1

30 Brunei Darussalam

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

95.4

95.4 1

31 Qatar

..

..

..

..

..

..

93.1

94.0

94.7

96.3

..

96.3 1

32 Cyprus

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

98.7

98.7 1

33 Estonia

..

..

..

99.8

..

..

..

..

..

..

99.8

99.8 1

34 Saudi Arabia

..

..

..

79.4

..

..

..

..

..

..

87.2

87.2 1

35 Poland

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

99.7

99.7 1

35 Lithuania

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

99.7

99.7 1

37 Slovakia

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

37 Andorra

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

39 Malta

..

88.0

..

..

92.4

..

..

..

..

..

..

92.4 1

40 United Arab Emirates

..

71.2

..

..

90.0

..

..

..

..

..

..

90.0 1

41 Portugal

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

95.4

95.4 1

41 Chile

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

98.6

98.6

..

..

98.6 1

43 Hungary

98.9

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

99.0

99.0 1

44 Cuba

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

99.8

99.8 1

44 Bahrain

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

94.6

..

94.6 1

46 Kuwait

67.5

74.5

..

..

93.3

93.3

93.7

93.9

..

..

..

93.9 1

47 Croatia

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

98.9

98.9 1

48 Latvia

..

..

..

99.7

..

..

..

..

..

..

99.8

99.8 1

49 Argentina

93.9

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

97.9

97.9 1

50 Uruguay

..

95.4

..

..

..

97.8

97.9

98.2

98.3

98.1

..

98.1 1

51 Montenegro

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

98.5

98.5 1

51 Bahamas

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

53 Belarus

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

99.6

..

..

99.6 1

54 Romania

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

97.7

97.7 1

55 Libya

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

89.5

89.5 1

56 Oman

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

86.6

..

86.9

..

86.9 1

57 Russian Federation

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

99.7

..

99.7 1

58 Bulgaria

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

98.4

98.4 1

59 Barbados

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

60 Palau

91.9

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

61 Antigua and Barbuda

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

99.0

99.0 1

62 Malaysia

69.5

..

..

88.7

..

..

..

..

..

93.1

..

93.1 1

63 Mauritius

..

..

79.9

84.3

..

..

..

..

..

..

88.8

88.8 1

64 Trinidad and Tobago

95.0

..

96.9

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

98.8

98.8 1

65 Panama

88.1

..

88.8

91.9

..

..

..

..

..

94.1

..

94.1 1

65 Lebanon

..

..

..

..

..

..

89.6

..

..

..

..

89.6 1

67 Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)

..

..

89.8

..

..

..

95.2

..

95.5

..

..

95.5 1

68 Costa Rica

..

..

..

94.9

..

..

..

..

..

..

96.3

96.3 1

69 Turkey

65.7

76.0

79.2

..

88.2

88.1

88.7

..

90.8

92.7

94.1

94.1 1

70 Kazakhstan

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

99.7

..

..

99.7 1

71 Seychelles

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

91.8

91.8 1

71 Mexico

83.0

..

87.6

90.5

91.6

91.7

92.8

92.9

93.4

93.1

93.5

93.5 1

73 Sri Lanka

..

..

..

..

..

90.8

..

90.6

..

91.2

..

91.2 1

73 Saint Kitts and Nevis

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

75 Iran (Islamic Republic of)

..

..

..

..

82.4

82.3

..

85.0

..

..

..

85.0 1

76 Azerbaijan

..

..

..

..

..

..

99.6

..

99.8

..

..

99.8 1

77 Serbia

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

98.0

98.0 1

77 Jordan

..

..

..

..

91.1

..

92.2

..

..

92.6

95.9

95.9 1

79 Grenada

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

79 Georgia

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

99.7

99.7 1

79 Brazil

74.6

..

..

86.4

..

89.6

90.0

90.0

90.3

90.4

..

90.4 1

82 Peru

..

..

..

..

87.9

88.7

89.6

..

..

..

..

89.6 1

83 Ukraine

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

99.7

99.7 1

84 The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

97.4

97.4 1

84 Belize

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

86 Bosnia and Herzegovina

..

..

..

96.7

..

..

..

..

..

..

98.0

98.0 1

87 Armenia

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

99.6

99.6 1

88 Fiji

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

89 Thailand

88.0

..

..

92.6

93.5

..

..

..

..

..

..

93.5 1

90 Tunisia

..

..

..

..

..

..

77.2

77.6

..

79.1

..

79.1 1

91 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

91 China

..

..

77.8

90.9

..

..

..

..

..

95.1

..

95.1 1

93 Dominica

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

93 Algeria

..

..

..

..

..

72.6

..

..

..

..

..

72.6 1

95 Albania

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

95.9

..

..

96.8

96.8 1

96 Jamaica

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

87.0

87.0 1

97 Saint Lucia

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

98 Ecuador

..

..

88.3

..

..

..

84.2

..

84.2

91.9

91.6

91.6 1

98 Colombia

..

..

..

..

92.8

92.3

92.7

93.4

93.2

93.4

93.6

93.6 1

100 Tonga

..

..

..

..

..

99.0

..

..

..

..

..

99.0 1

100 Suriname

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

94.6

..

94.7

..

94.7 1

102 Dominican Republic

..

..

..

..

..

..

88.2

..

..

89.5

90.1

90.1 1

103 Turkmenistan

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

99.6

99.6 1

103 Mongolia

..

..

..

97.8

..

..

..

..

..

..

97.4

97.4 1

103 Maldives

..

92.2

96.0

96.3

..

98.4

..

..

..

..

..

98.4 1

106 Samoa

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

98.8

98.8 1

107 Palestine, State of

..

..

..

..

..

93.4

93.9

94.1

94.6

94.9

95.3

95.3 1

108 Indonesia

67.3

..

81.5

..

..

92.0

..

92.2

92.6

..

92.8

92.8 1

109 Botswana

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

85.1

85.1 1

110 Egypt

..

..

..

..

71.4

66.4

..

..

..

72.0

..

73.9 1

111 Paraguay

..

..

..

..

..

..

94.6

93.3

93.8

93.9

..

93.9 1

112 Gabon

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

89.0

89.0 1

113 Bolivia (Plurinational State of)

..

..

..

..

..

..

90.7

90.7

91.2

..

..

91.2 1

114 Moldova (Republic of)

..

..

..

96.7

..

..

..

..

..

..

99.0

99.0 1

115 El Salvador

..

..

..

..

..

83.6

82.0

84.0

84.1

84.5

..

84.5 1

116 Uzbekistan

..

..

..

98.6

..

..

..

..

..

..

99.4

99.4 1

117 Philippines

83.3

..

93.6

92.6

..

..

..

95.4

..

..

..

95.4 1

118 Syrian Arab Republic

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

84.1

84.1 1

118 South Africa

76.2

..

..

..

..

..

88.7

..

..

..

93.0

93.0 1

120 Iraq

..

..

..

74.1

..

..

..

..

..

..

78.5

78.5 1

121 Viet Nam

..

..

..

90.2

..

..

..

..

..

..

93.4

93.4 1

121 Guyana

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

85.0

..

..

85.0 1

123 Cape Verde

..

..

62.8

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

84.9

84.9 1

124 Micronesia (Federated States of)

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

125 Kyrgyzstan

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

99.2

..

..

99.2 1

125 Guatemala

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

75.9

75.9 1

127 Namibia

..

..

..

..

..

..

76.5

..

..

..

..

76.5 1

128 Timor-Leste

..

..

..

..

..

..

50.6

..

..

58.3

..

58.3 1

129 Morocco

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

55.1

56.1

..

67.1

67.1 1

129 Honduras

..

..

..

..

..

..

83.6

..

..

84.8

85.1

85.1 1

131 Vanuatu

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

83.2

83.2 1

132 Nicaragua

..

..

..

..

78.0

..

..

..

..

..

..

78.0 1

133 Tajikistan

..

..

..

99.5

..

..

..

..

..

..

99.7

99.7 1

133 Kiribati

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

135 India

..

..

..

..

..

62.8

..

..

..

..

..

62.8 1

136 Cambodia

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

77.6

73.9

..

..

73.9 1

136 Bhutan

..

..

..

..

52.8

..

..

..

..

..

..

52.8 1

138 Ghana

..

..

..

57.9

..

..

..

..

..

71.5

..

71.5 1

139 Lao People's Democratic Republic

..

..

..

69.6

72.7

..

..

..

..

..

..

72.7 1

140 Congo

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

141 Zambia

..

..

65.0

..

..

..

61.4

..

..

..

..

61.4 1

142 Sao Tome and Principe

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

69.5

..

..

..

69.5 1

142 Bangladesh

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

57.7

57.7 1

144 Equatorial Guinea

..

..

..

88.3

..

..

..

..

..

..

94.2

94.2 1

145 Nepal

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

57.4

57.4 1

146 Pakistan

..

..

..

..

49.9

54.2

..

55.5

54.9

..

..

54.9 1

147 Kenya

..

..

..

82.2

..

..

72.2

..

..

..

..

72.2 1

148 Swaziland

..

..

..

81.7

..

..

..

..

..

..

87.8

87.8 1

149 Angola

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

70.4

70.4 1

150 Myanmar

..

..

..

89.9

..

..

..

..

..

..

92.7

92.7 1

151 Rwanda

..

..

..

64.9

..

..

..

..

..

65.9

..

65.9 1

152 Nigeria

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

51.1

..

..

..

51.1 1

152 Cameroon

..

..

..

68.4

..

..

70.7

..

..

71.3

..

71.3 1

154 Yemen

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

65.3

65.3 1

155 Madagascar

..

..

..

70.7

..

..

..

..

64.5

..

..

64.5 1

156 Zimbabwe

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

83.6

83.6 1

157 Solomon Islands

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

157 Papua New Guinea

..

..

..

57.3

..

..

..

..

..

..

62.4

62.4 1

159 Tanzania (United Republic of)

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

67.8

..

67.8 1

159 Comoros

47.9

..

..

68.5

..

..

..

..

..

..

75.5

75.5 1

161 Mauritania

..

..

..

51.2

..

..

..

..

..

..

58.6

58.6 1

162 Lesotho

..

..

..

86.3

..

..

..

..

75.8

..

..

75.8 1

163 Senegal

..

..

..

..

..

41.9

..

..

49.7

..

..

49.7 1

164 Uganda

..

..

..

..

..

71.4

..

..

..

73.2

..

73.2 1

165 Benin

..

..

..

..

..

28.7

..

..

..

..

..

28.7 1

166 Togo

..

..

..

53.2

..

56.9

..

..

57.1

..

60.4

60.4 1

166 Sudan

..

..

..

61.3

..

..

..

..

..

..

71.9

71.9 1

168 Haiti

..

..

..

..

..

48.7

..

..

..

..

..

48.7 1

169 Afghanistan

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

170 Djibouti

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

171 Côte d'Ivoire

..

..

..

48.7

..

..

..

..

..

..

56.9

56.9 1

172 Gambia

..

..

..

36.8

..

..

..

..

..

..

51.1

51.1 1

173 Ethiopia

..

..

..

..

29.8

..

39.0

..

..

..

..

39.0 1

174 Malawi

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

61.3

..

61.3 1

175 Liberia

..

..

..

..

..

..

42.9

..

..

..

..

42.9 1

176 Mali

..

..

..

..

..

26.2

..

..

..

31.1

33.4

33.4 1

177 Guinea-Bissau

..

..

..

41.4

..

..

..

..

..

..

55.3

55.3 1

178 Mozambique

27.1

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

50.6

..

..

50.6 1

179 Guinea

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

25.3

..

25.3 1

180 Burundi

..

..

37.4

59.3

..

..

..

86.9

..

..

..

86.9 1

181 Burkina Faso

..

..

..

..

23.6

..

28.7

..

..

..

..

28.7 1

182 Eritrea

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

68.9

68.9 1

183 Sierra Leone

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

43.3

43.3 1

184 Chad

..

..

..

25.7

..

..

..

..

..

..

35.4

35.4 1

185 Central African Republic

..

..

..

50.6

..

..

..

..

..

..

56.6

56.6 1

186 Congo (Democratic Republic of the)

..

..

..

..

..

..

61.2

..

..

..

..

61.2 1

187 Niger

..

..

..

..

28.7

..

..

..

..

..

..

28.7 1

.. South Sudan

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

.. Tuvalu

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

.. Somalia

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

.. San Marino

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

.. Nauru

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

.. Monaco

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

.. Marshall Islands

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

.. Korea (Democratic People's Rep. of)

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

100.0

..

..

..

100.0 1


Footnotes
1. Data refer to the most recent year available during the period specified.

Symbols
.. Data not available
(.) Greater (or less) than zero but small enough to be rounded off to zero at the displayed number of decimal points
< Less than
- Not applicable
T Total