Expected years of schooling, males (years)

Expected years of schooling, males (years)

Number of years of schooling that a child of school entrance age can expect to receive if prevailing patterns of age-specific enrolment rates persist throughout life disaggregated by sex..

Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (2013). Data Centre. Accessed November, 2013 http://stats.uis.unesco.org

Data in the tables are those available to the Human Development Report Office as of 15 November, 2013, unless otherwise specified.

HDI Rank

Country

2000

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

.. Very high human development

15.1

15.3

15.4

15.5

15.5

15.6

15.8

15.9

15.8

15.8

.. High human development

11.8

12.6

11.6

11.9

12.2

12.5

12.8

13.0

13.1

12.5

.. Medium human development

9.5

10.1

10.5

10.9

10.8

11.1

11.7

11.7

11.8

11.3

.. Low human development

8.1

8.6

8.3

8.6

8.8

9.2

9.3

9.6

9.8

9.7

1 Norway

16.9

16.8

16.9

16.9

16.7

16.6

16.8

16.9

16.9 1

16.9 1

2 Australia

20.1

19.9

18.4

18.4

18.4

18.7

19.1

19.4

19.4 1

19.4 1

3 Switzerland

15.6

15.5

15.5

15.5

15.5

15.5

15.7

15.8

15.8 1

15.8 1

4 Netherlands

16.9

16.5

16.6

16.7

16.8

16.8

17.0

17.8

17.8 1

17.8 1

5 United States

14.8

15.1

15.2

15.3

15.5

15.5

15.6

15.7

15.7 1

15.7 1

6 Germany

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

16.4

16.4 1

16.4 1

7 New Zealand

16.6

18.3

18.4

18.8

18.5

19.5

18.8

18.5

18.5 1

18.5 1

8 Canada

15.4

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

15.4 1

15.4 1

9 Singapore

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

15.3 1

15.3 1

10 Denmark

15.7

16.3

16.1

16.2

16.1

16.1

16.3

..

16.3 1

16.3 1

11 Ireland

16.2

17.2

17.3

17.7

17.8

18.2

18.6

18.7

18.7 1

18.7 1

12 Sweden

17.3

15.2

15.1

15.0

15.0

15.0

15.2

15.1

15.1 1

15.1 1

13 Iceland

16.4

17.0

17.1

16.9

17.1

17.2

17.4

17.6

17.6 1

17.6 1

14 United Kingdom

15.8

16.1

15.5

15.4

15.7

16.0

16.4

15.8

15.8 1

15.8 1

15 Korea (Republic of)

16.8

17.4

17.5

17.6

17.7

17.7

17.7

17.8

17.8 1

17.8 1

15 Hong Kong, China (SAR)

..

13.4

13.6

14.3

15.3

15.4

15.5

15.4

15.4 1

15.4 1

17 Japan

14.8

15.1

15.2

15.2

15.2

15.2

15.3

15.4

15.4 1

15.4 1

18 Liechtenstein

..

..

15.8

15.7

16.0

15.7

15.9

16.4

16.4 1

16.4 1

19 Israel

14.7

15.4

15.3

15.4

15.1

15.2

..

..

15.2 1

15.2 1

20 France

15.4

15.6

15.6

15.5

15.5

15.5

15.6

15.6

15.6 1

15.6 1

21 Luxembourg

..

..

13.4

..

13.5

..

13.8

..

13.8 1

13.8 1

21 Belgium

17.6

15.6

15.6

15.6

15.5

15.7

15.8

16.0

16.0 1

16.0 1

21 Austria

15.4

14.8

14.9

14.9

15.0

15.1

15.4

15.3

15.3 1

15.3 1

24 Finland

17.1

16.6

16.6

16.5

16.5

16.2

16.3

16.4

16.4 1

16.4 1

25 Slovenia

14.1

15.9

16.0

16.0

16.0

16.0

16.1

15.8

15.8 1

15.8 1

26 Italy

15.0

15.6

15.7

15.7

15.7

15.6

15.6

15.8

15.8 1

15.8 1

27 Spain

15.6

15.5

15.6

15.6

15.8

16.0

16.4

16.8

16.8 1

16.8 1

28 Czech Republic

13.9

14.7

14.7

15.0

15.1

15.6

15.8

15.9

15.9 1

15.9 1

29 Greece

13.9

16.5

16.7

16.4

..

..

..

..

16.4 1

16.4 1

30 Brunei Darussalam

13.2

13.8

14.0

14.0

13.9

13.9

13.8

13.9

14.2 1

14.2 1

31 Qatar

..

13.9

..

..

..

..

..

..

13.9 1

13.9 1

32 Cyprus

12.2

13.3

13.5

13.7

14.2

14.8

14.1

13.9

13.9 1

13.9 1

33 Estonia

14.4

15.5

15.3

15.3

15.2

15.2

15.5

..

15.5 1

15.5 1

34 Saudi Arabia

..

12.6

..

..

13.3

13.8

14.7

15.2

15.4 1

15.4 1

35 Poland

14.4

14.6

14.6

14.6

14.6

14.6

14.7

14.7

14.7 1

14.7 1

35 Lithuania

14.0

15.6

15.7

15.8

15.9

16.2

16.2

16.0

16.0 1

16.0 1

37 Slovakia

13.2

14.0

14.1

14.2

14.3

14.3

14.4

14.5

14.5 1

14.5 1

37 Andorra

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

39 Malta

12.5

14.1

..

13.5

13.7

14.4

14.8

14.3

14.3 1

14.3 1

40 United Arab Emirates

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

12.9 1 2

12.9 1

41 Portugal

15.3

14.8

14.9

15.4

15.7

15.9

16.1

..

16.1 1

16.1 1

41 Chile

13.0

14.2

14.1

14.6

14.7

14.7

14.8

15.0

15.0 1

15.0 1

43 Hungary

14.0

14.7

14.8

14.8

14.9

14.9

15.1

15.1

15.1 1

15.1 1

44 Cuba

12.1

13.8

14.9

15.4

16.0

15.9

15.2

14.5

13.9 1

13.9 1

44 Bahrain

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

13.7 1 3

13.7 1

46 Kuwait

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

14.2 1

14.2 1

47 Croatia

12.1

13.5

13.6

13.7

13.7

13.6

13.7

13.9

13.9 1

13.9 1

48 Latvia

13.3

15.1

15.1

15.0

15.2

14.9

14.8

14.8

14.8 1

14.8 1

49 Argentina

14.1

14.4

14.5

14.6

14.7

15.1

15.4

..

15.4 1

15.4 1

50 Uruguay

13.5

14.3

14.4

15.0

14.4

14.5

14.4

..

14.4 1

14.4 1

51 Montenegro

..

12.8

13.2

13.8

13.9

14.6

14.8

..

14.8 1

14.8 1

51 Bahamas

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

53 Belarus

..

..

..

..

14.7

14.8

14.9

15.0

15.2 1

15.2 1

54 Romania

11.5

13.1

13.2

13.4

13.8

14.0

13.8

13.7

13.7 1

13.7 1

55 Libya

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

15.9 1

15.9 1

56 Oman

..

11.3

11.2

11.4

..

13.3

..

13.4

13.4 1

13.4 1

57 Russian Federation

..

13.1

13.2

13.3

13.4

13.5

..

..

13.5 1

13.5 1

58 Bulgaria

12.7

13.5

13.5

13.7

13.6

13.7

13.9

14.1

14.1 1

14.1 1

59 Barbados

12.9

..

..

13.5

..

13.9

13.8

13.8

13.8 1

13.8 1

60 Palau

12.9

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

12.9 1

12.9 1

61 Antigua and Barbuda

..

..

..

13.8

..

13.9

13.9

13.8

13.8 1

13.8 1

62 Malaysia

11.7

12.7

..

..

..

..

..

..

12.7 1

12.7 1

63 Mauritius

12.4

13.8

13.8

13.9

14.0

14.3

14.4

14.5

15.2 1

15.2 1

64 Trinidad and Tobago

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

12.1 1

12.1 1

65 Panama

11.7

12.1

12.1

12.1

12.1

12.0

12.1

11.9

11.9 1

11.9 1

65 Lebanon

14.6

13.5

13.1

13.1

13.2

13.3

13.3

13.6

13.3 1

13.3 1

67 Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)

10.0

..

..

..

13.1

..

..

..

13.1 1

13.1 1

68 Costa Rica

..

11.7

..

..

..

..

..

13.2

13.2 1

13.2 1

69 Turkey

..

12.8

13.2

13.4

13.2

13.6

14.5

15.0

15.0 1

15.0 1

70 Kazakhstan

12.3

14.5

14.6

14.5

14.5

14.4

14.4

14.6

14.7 1

14.7 1

71 Seychelles

12.3

13.2

..

12.9

12.7

11.2

11.2

11.1

11.1 1

11.1 1

71 Mexico

11.8

12.2

12.2

12.3

12.4

12.4

12.6

12.6

12.6 1

12.6 1

73 Sri Lanka

..

..

..

..

..

..

13.3

13.4

13.4 1

13.4 1

73 Saint Kitts and Nevis

..

..

..

..

12.4

..

..

..

12.4 1

12.4 1

75 Iran (Islamic Republic of)

12.3

11.6

12.0

12.2

12.8

13.1

13.3

13.8

15.3 1

15.3 1

76 Azerbaijan

..

..

..

11.8

11.8

11.7

11.8

11.9

11.9 1

11.9 1

77 Serbia

..

..

..

13.2

13.3

13.3

13.2

13.2

13.2 1

13.2 1

77 Jordan

12.4

13.6

13.5

13.5

13.8

..

13.2

13.1

13.1 1

13.1 1

79 Grenada

..

..

..

..

..

15.3

..

..

15.3 1

15.3 1

79 Georgia

11.7

12.6

12.3

..

12.8

..

..

..

12.8 1

12.8 1

79 Brazil

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

82 Peru

..

12.9

13.0

..

..

..

13.1

..

13.1 1

13.1 1

83 Ukraine

12.4

14.1

14.1

14.1

14.2

14.3

14.4

14.7

14.9 1

14.9 1

84 The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

11.6

11.5

..

12.0

13.1

13.1

13.2

..

13.2 1

13.2 1

84 Belize

..

12.9

13.3

13.1

13.1

12.9

12.9

12.9

13.3 1

13.3 1

86 Bosnia and Herzegovina

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

87 Armenia

10.6

..

..

11.3

10.9

11.2

..

..

11.2 1

11.2 1

88 Fiji

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

13.7 1

13.7 1

89 Thailand

..

12.2

12.1

12.5

12.6

12.7

..

..

12.7 1

12.7 1

90 Tunisia

..

13.7

13.8

..

14.0

13.9

14.0

..

14.0 1

14.0 1

91 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

12.3

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

13.1 1

13.1 1

91 China

..

..

11.0

11.4

11.8

12.2

12.5

12.8

12.8 1

12.8 1

93 Dominica

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

93 Algeria

..

11.9

12.0

12.1

..

13.1

13.4

13.8

13.8 1

13.8 1

95 Albania

10.1

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

10.3 1

10.3 1

96 Jamaica

10.7

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

11.5 1

11.5 1

97 Saint Lucia

..

11.8

12.2

12.1

12.5

12.5

12.2

12.4

11.8 1

11.8 1

98 Ecuador

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

98 Colombia

11.2

12.3

12.5

12.7

13.0

13.3

13.2

13.3

12.9 1

12.9 1

100 Tonga

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

13.4 1

13.4 1

100 Suriname

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

11.2 1

11.2 1

102 Dominican Republic

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

103 Turkmenistan

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

103 Mongolia

8.5

11.8

12.1

..

..

13.5

13.9

14.2

14.4 1

14.4 1

103 Maldives

12.3

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

12.5 1

12.5 1

106 Samoa

11.7

..

12.5 4

..

..

..

..

..

12.5 1

12.5 1

107 Palestine, State of

11.4

12.7

12.7

13.0

13.0

12.8

12.8

12.6

12.5 1

12.5 1

108 Indonesia

..

..

11.3

12.0

12.0

12.4

12.5

12.7

12.7 1

12.7 1

109 Botswana

11.7

11.8

11.6

..

..

..

..

..

11.6 1

11.6 1

110 Egypt

..

..

..

..

..

13.1

13.3

..

13.3 1

13.3 1

111 Paraguay

11.8

12.0

..

11.6

11.7

11.7

11.7

..

11.7 1

11.7 1

112 Gabon

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

113 Bolivia (Plurinational State of)

..

..

..

13.4

..

..

..

..

13.4 1

13.4 1

114 Moldova (Republic of)

11.1

11.6

11.7

11.7

11.7

11.6

11.5

11.5

11.6 1

11.6 1

115 El Salvador

10.9

11.8

11.8

12.1

11.7

11.8

12.0

12.3

12.3 1

12.3 1

116 Uzbekistan

10.9

11.8

11.8

11.8

11.6

11.7

..

11.7

11.7 1

11.7 1

117 Philippines

..

11.3

11.1

..

11.4

11.1

..

..

11.1 1

11.1 1

118 Syrian Arab Republic

..

11.7

11.7

11.8

11.9

11.8

12.0

12.1

12.1 1

12.1 1

118 South Africa

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

120 Iraq

9.9

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

11.4 1

11.4 1

121 Viet Nam

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

121 Guyana

..

11.1

..

10.5

10.3

9.9

9.8

9.9

9.9 1

9.9 1

123 Cape Verde

..

11.6

12.1

11.9

12.3

12.2

12.5

12.8

12.9 1

12.9 1

124 Micronesia (Federated States of)

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

125 Kyrgyzstan

11.6

12.3

12.4

12.3

12.2

12.0

12.0

12.3

12.3 1

12.3 1

125 Guatemala

..

..

..

11.1

..

..

..

..

11.1 1

11.1 1

127 Namibia

11.5

11.4

11.3

..

..

..

..

..

11.3 1

11.3 1

128 Timor-Leste

..

..

..

..

..

12.1

12.0

..

12.0 1

12.0 1

129 Morocco

9.2

10.6

10.6

10.8

11.0

11.2

11.6

..

11.6 1

11.6 1

129 Honduras

..

..

..

..

10.7

..

11.2

..

11.2 1

11.2 1

131 Vanuatu

10.1

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

10.9 1

10.9 1

132 Nicaragua

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

10.3 1

10.3 1

133 Tajikistan

10.6

11.7

11.9

11.7

11.9

11.9

12.0

12.0

12.0 1

12.0 1

133 Kiribati

10.2

12.1

11.8

11.6

11.9

..

..

..

11.9 1

11.9 1

135 India

9.5

..

..

11.0

..

11.0

11.4

11.8

11.8 1

11.8 1

136 Cambodia

8.4

..

11.2

11.5

11.5

..

..

..

11.5 1

11.5 1

136 Bhutan

..

9.9

10.3

10.7

11.0

11.5

11.9

12.3

12.3 1

12.3 1

138 Ghana

8.5

9.2

9.6

10.2

10.9

10.9

..

11.6

12.1 1

12.1 1

139 Lao People's Democratic Republic

8.9

9.7

9.7

9.8

9.9

10.1

10.4

10.8

10.8 1

10.8 1

140 Congo

8.8

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

11.3 1

11.3 1

141 Zambia

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

13.9 1

13.9 1

142 Sao Tome and Principe

..

10.2

..

10.4

10.3

10.7

10.8

..

11.2 1

11.2 1

142 Bangladesh

..

8.3

8.4

8.5

8.3

8.9

..

9.7

9.7 1

9.7 1

144 Equatorial Guinea

10.0

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

10.0 1

10.0 1

145 Nepal

10.8

10.7

10.9

..

11.0

11.5

12.1

12.2

12.2 1

12.2 1

146 Pakistan

..

7.3

7.1

7.6

7.7

7.9

..

8.2

8.4 1

8.4 1

147 Kenya

8.5

9.9

10.1

10.7

..

11.3

..

..

11.3 1

11.3 1

148 Swaziland

9.5

10.2

10.7

..

..

..

..

11.8

11.8 1

11.8 1

149 Angola

..

..

..

..

..

..

11.5

14.0

14.0 1

14.0 1

150 Myanmar

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

151 Rwanda

..

..

..

..

..

9.3

9.5

9.8

10.2 1

10.2 1

152 Nigeria

8.8

9.8

..

..

..

..

..

..

9.8 1

9.8 1

152 Cameroon

..

9.0

8.8

9.5

10.0

10.5

10.9

11.2

11.2 1

11.2 1

154 Yemen

..

10.9

..

..

10.1

..

10.1

10.6

10.6 1

10.6 1

155 Madagascar

..

9.3

9.5

9.6

9.9

10.4

..

..

10.5 1

10.5 1

156 Zimbabwe

10.2

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

9.5 1

9.5 1

157 Solomon Islands

7.0

8.8

9.4

9.7

..

..

..

..

9.7 1

9.7 1

157 Papua New Guinea

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

159 Tanzania (United Republic of)

..

..

..

..

..

..

9.4

..

9.3 1

9.3 1

159 Comoros

10.2

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

13.2 1

13.2 1

161 Mauritania

..

7.3

7.6

7.6

7.2

7.7

7.8

7.9

8.3 1

8.3 1

162 Lesotho

9.8

10.4

10.4

..

..

..

..

..

10.6 1

10.6 1

163 Senegal

..

..

7.2

..

7.9

..

8.1

..

8.1 1

8.1 1

164 Uganda

11.2

..

10.3

10.4

10.7

10.9

..

..

10.9 1

10.9 1

165 Benin

8.3

10.5

..

..

..

..

..

12.7

12.7 1

12.7 1

166 Togo

11.4

12.0

12.4

11.9

..

..

..

..

11.9 1

11.9 1

166 Sudan

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

168 Haiti

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

169 Afghanistan

..

..

..

..

..

10.9

..

11.3

11.3 1

11.3 1

170 Djibouti

3.4

4.9

5.2

5.5

5.9

6.1

..

6.9

6.9 1

6.9 1

171 Côte d'Ivoire

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

172 Gambia

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

173 Ethiopia

5.3

7.6

..

..

9.0

8.8

8.8

9.0

9.0 1

9.0 1

174 Malawi

10.7

9.8

9.8

9.6

..

..

10.6

10.7

10.7 1

10.7 1

175 Liberia

12.4

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

12.4 1

12.4 1

176 Mali

5.8

..

..

8.2

8.7

9.0

9.2

9.3

9.6 1

9.6 1

177 Guinea-Bissau

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

178 Mozambique

6.7

9.0

9.3

9.9

10.4

10.4

..

10.1

10.1 1

10.1 1

179 Guinea

..

8.6

9.1

9.5

9.6

9.6

..

10.0

10.1 1

10.1 1

180 Burundi

..

6.6

7.9

..

..

..

10.7

..

10.7 1

10.7 1

181 Burkina Faso

4.1

5.3

5.6

6.0

6.4

6.9

7.3

7.7

8.0 1

8.0 1

182 Eritrea

4.6

..

..

..

..

4.8

4.6

..

4.6 1

4.6 1

183 Sierra Leone

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

8.4 1

8.4 1

184 Chad

6.3

6.9

..

..

7.8

8.3

8.2

8.9

8.9 1

8.9 1

185 Central African Republic

..

..

..

..

..

8.0

..

..

8.6 1

8.6 1

186 Congo (Democratic Republic of the)

..

..

..

9.3

10.1

10.3

..

10.6

10.9 1

10.9 1

187 Niger

..

4.5

4.6

4.8

5.0

5.2

5.5

5.8

6.1 1

6.1 1

.. South Sudan

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

.. Tuvalu

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

10.3 1

10.3 1

.. Somalia

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

.. San Marino

..

..

..

..

..

..

14.7

14.7

14.7 1

14.7 1

.. Nauru

7.8

10.0

9.8

8.4

8.9

..

..

..

8.9 1

8.9 1

.. Monaco

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

.. Marshall Islands

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

11.4 1

11.4 1

.. Korea (Democratic People's Rep. of)

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..


Footnotes
1. Data refer to the most recent year available during the period specified.
2. Based on data from UNESCO Institute for Statistics (2011).
3. Based on data on school life expectancy from UNESCO Institute for Statistics, Data Center. Accessed in May 2013.
4. HDRO estimate based on 2006 Census.

Symbols
.. Data not available
(.) Greater (or less) than zero but small enough to be rounded off to zero at the displayed number of decimal points
< Less than
- Not applicable
T Total