Gender Inequality Index

Gender Inequality Index

A composite measure reflecting inequality in achievements between women and men in three dimensions: reproductive health, empowerment and the labour market. See Technical note 3 at http://hdr.undp.org for details on how the Gender Inequality Index is calculated.

Source: HDRO calculations based on data from UN Maternal Mortality Estimation Group (2013), UNDESA (2013a),IPU (2013), Barro and Lee (2013), UNESCO Institute for Statistics (2013) and ILO (2013a).

Data in the tables are those available to the Human Development Report Office as of 15 November, 2013, unless otherwise specified.

HDI Rank

Country

2000

2005

2010

2013

.. Very high human development

..

..

..

..

.. High human development

..

..

..

..

.. Medium human development

..

..

..

..

.. Low human development

..

..

..

..

1 Norway

0.106

0.085

0.075

0.068

2 Australia

0.158

0.139

0.134

0.113

3 Switzerland

0.100

0.084

0.067

0.030

4 Netherlands

0.078

0.069

0.050

0.057

5 United States

..

0.288

0.285

0.262

6 Germany

0.132

0.117

0.097

0.046

7 New Zealand

0.191

0.193

0.198

0.185

8 Canada

..

0.141

0.139

0.136

9 Singapore

..

0.137

0.094

0.090

10 Denmark

0.079

0.068

0.068

0.056

11 Ireland

0.204

0.195

0.169

0.115

12 Sweden

0.062

0.053

0.050

0.054

13 Iceland

0.140

0.121

0.096

0.088

14 United Kingdom

0.228

0.216

0.197

0.193

15 Korea (Republic of)

..

0.116

0.102

0.101

15 Hong Kong, China (SAR)

..

..

..

..

17 Japan

0.136

0.149

0.122

0.138

18 Liechtenstein

..

..

..

..

19 Israel

0.192

0.171

0.143

0.101

20 France

0.182

0.157

0.125

0.080

21 Luxembourg

0.169

0.176

0.178

0.154

21 Belgium

0.123

0.104

0.093

0.068

21 Austria

0.160

0.129

0.121

0.056

24 Finland

0.088

0.089

0.077

0.075

25 Slovenia

..

0.141

0.131

0.021

26 Italy

0.184

0.175

0.123

0.067

27 Spain

0.119

0.118

0.113

0.100

28 Czech Republic

0.205

0.153

0.136

0.087

29 Greece

..

0.179

0.160

0.146

30 Brunei Darussalam

..

..

..

..

31 Qatar

..

..

0.547

0.524

32 Cyprus

..

0.150

0.138

0.136

33 Estonia

0.290

0.241

..

0.154

34 Saudi Arabia

..

0.685

0.656

0.321

35 Poland

0.208

0.160

0.164

0.139

35 Lithuania

..

0.193

0.167

0.116

37 Slovakia

0.249

0.195

0.195

0.164

37 Andorra

..

..

..

..

39 Malta

..

0.270

0.267

0.220

40 United Arab Emirates

0.625

0.604

0.234

0.244

41 Portugal

0.189

0.170

0.138

0.116

41 Chile

0.437

0.396

0.363

0.355

43 Hungary

..

0.234

0.281

0.247

44 Cuba

0.419

0.379

0.361

0.350

44 Bahrain

..

0.340

0.272

0.253

46 Kuwait

0.581

0.373

0.264

0.288

47 Croatia

0.208

0.194

0.184

0.172

48 Latvia

0.300

0.214

0.252

0.222

49 Argentina

0.425

0.381

0.384

0.381

50 Uruguay

0.403

0.386

0.357

0.364

51 Montenegro

..

..

..

..

51 Bahamas

..

..

..

0.316

53 Belarus

..

..

..

0.152

54 Romania

..

0.330

0.331

0.320

55 Libya

..

0.339

0.279

0.215

56 Oman

..

..

..

0.348

57 Russian Federation

0.425

0.351

0.327

0.314

58 Bulgaria

..

0.222

0.230

0.207

59 Barbados

0.358

0.349

0.357

0.350

60 Palau

..

..

..

..

61 Antigua and Barbuda

..

..

..

..

62 Malaysia

0.310

0.290

0.269

0.210

63 Mauritius

..

0.356

0.381

0.375

64 Trinidad and Tobago

..

0.349

0.325

0.321

65 Panama

..

0.486

0.511

0.506

65 Lebanon

..

..

..

0.413

67 Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)

..

0.474

0.469

0.464

68 Costa Rica

0.446

0.391

0.351

0.344

69 Turkey

..

0.518

0.420

0.360

70 Kazakhstan

0.407

0.369

0.338

0.323

71 Seychelles

..

..

..

..

71 Mexico

0.494

0.428

0.407

0.376

73 Sri Lanka

..

0.445

0.408

0.383

73 Saint Kitts and Nevis

..

..

..

..

75 Iran (Islamic Republic of)

0.622

0.527

0.535

0.510

76 Azerbaijan

..

..

..

0.340

77 Serbia

..

..

..

..

77 Jordan

0.639

0.572

0.502

0.488

79 Grenada

..

..

..

..

79 Georgia

..

..

..

..

79 Brazil

0.515

0.473

0.446

0.441

82 Peru

..

0.442

0.384

0.387

83 Ukraine

..

0.357

0.351

0.326

84 The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

..

..

..

0.162

84 Belize

0.525

0.489

0.452

0.435

86 Bosnia and Herzegovina

..

..

..

0.201

87 Armenia

0.458

0.392

0.337

0.325

88 Fiji

..

0.387

..

..

89 Thailand

0.458

0.405

0.379

0.364

90 Tunisia

..

0.335

..

0.265

91 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

..

..

..

..

91 China

0.572

0.219

0.209

0.202

93 Dominica

..

..

..

..

93 Algeria

0.621

0.552

0.505

0.425

95 Albania

..

0.367

0.269

0.245

96 Jamaica

0.457

0.465

0.463

0.457

97 Saint Lucia

..

..

..

..

98 Ecuador

0.507

0.485

0.447

0.429

98 Colombia

0.522

0.506

0.466

0.460

100 Tonga

0.664

0.468

0.476

0.458

100 Suriname

..

..

..

0.463

102 Dominican Republic

0.524

0.514

0.506

0.505

103 Turkmenistan

..

..

..

..

103 Mongolia

..

0.401

0.406

0.320

103 Maldives

..

0.424

0.350

0.283

106 Samoa

..

..

..

0.517

107 Palestine, State of

..

..

..

..

108 Indonesia

..

0.551

0.508

0.500

109 Botswana

0.529

0.535

0.497

0.486

110 Egypt

0.660

0.604

..

0.580

111 Paraguay

0.541

0.518

0.480

0.457

112 Gabon

..

0.547

0.517

0.508

113 Bolivia (Plurinational State of)

0.576

0.542

0.478

0.472

114 Moldova (Republic of)

..

0.311

0.320

0.302

115 El Salvador

..

0.517

0.466

0.441

116 Uzbekistan

..

..

..

..

117 Philippines

0.477

0.458

0.430

0.406

118 Syrian Arab Republic

..

0.561

0.546

0.556

118 South Africa

0.513

0.507

0.470

0.461

120 Iraq

..

0.797

0.548

0.542

121 Viet Nam

0.363

0.332

0.329

0.322

121 Guyana

0.528

0.531

0.536

0.524

123 Cape Verde

..

..

..

..

124 Micronesia (Federated States of)

..

..

..

..

125 Kyrgyzstan

0.490

0.676

0.349

0.348

125 Guatemala

..

0.577

0.547

0.523

127 Namibia

0.519

0.503

0.471

0.450

128 Timor-Leste

..

..

..

..

129 Morocco

0.664

0.513

0.486

0.460

129 Honduras

..

0.516

0.504

0.482

131 Vanuatu

..

..

..

..

132 Nicaragua

..

0.528

0.505

0.458

133 Tajikistan

0.452

0.385

0.380

0.383

133 Kiribati

..

..

..

..

135 India

..

0.621

0.590

0.563

136 Cambodia

0.599

0.552

0.494

0.505

136 Bhutan

..

..

..

0.495

138 Ghana

..

0.582

0.569

0.549

139 Lao People's Democratic Republic

0.604

0.568

0.542

0.534

140 Congo

0.613

0.618

0.620

0.617

141 Zambia

..

0.635

0.614

0.617

142 Sao Tome and Principe

..

..

..

..

142 Bangladesh

..

0.587

0.539

0.529

144 Equatorial Guinea

..

..

..

..

145 Nepal

0.658

0.630

0.496

0.479

146 Pakistan

..

0.613

0.561

0.563

147 Kenya

0.682

0.642

0.606

0.548

148 Swaziland

0.613

0.577

0.542

0.529

149 Angola

..

..

..

..

150 Myanmar

..

..

0.459

0.430

151 Rwanda

0.544

0.472

0.428

0.410

152 Nigeria

..

..

..

..

152 Cameroon

..

0.666

0.635

0.622

154 Yemen

0.814

0.778

0.743

0.733

155 Madagascar

..

..

..

..

156 Zimbabwe

..

0.576

0.562

0.516

157 Solomon Islands

..

..

..

..

157 Papua New Guinea

0.664

0.686

0.674

0.617

159 Tanzania (United Republic of)

..

0.585

0.556

0.553

159 Comoros

..

..

..

..

161 Mauritania

0.763

..

0.651

0.644

162 Lesotho

0.600

0.582

0.561

0.557

163 Senegal

0.621

0.592

0.554

0.537

164 Uganda

0.634

0.597

..

0.529

165 Benin

..

0.650

0.610

0.614

166 Togo

..

0.629

0.595

0.579

166 Sudan

..

0.680

0.641

0.628

168 Haiti

..

0.574

0.596

0.599

169 Afghanistan

..

0.743

0.720

0.705

170 Djibouti

..

..

..

..

171 Côte d'Ivoire

..

0.669

0.651

0.645

172 Gambia

0.718

0.614

0.623

0.624

173 Ethiopia

..

..

..

0.547

174 Malawi

..

0.654

0.599

0.591

175 Liberia

0.688

0.675

0.657

0.655

176 Mali

0.707

0.706

0.686

0.673

177 Guinea-Bissau

..

..

..

..

178 Mozambique

0.672

0.683

0.666

0.657

179 Guinea

..

..

..

..

180 Burundi

0.597

0.532

0.506

0.501

181 Burkina Faso

..

..

..

0.607

182 Eritrea

..

..

..

..

183 Sierra Leone

..

0.658

0.649

0.643

184 Chad

..

..

..

0.707

185 Central African Republic

..

0.682

..

0.654

186 Congo (Democratic Republic of the)

..

0.673

0.672

0.669

187 Niger

0.818

0.729

..

0.674

.. South Sudan

..

..

..

..

.. Tuvalu

..

..

..

..

.. Somalia

..

..

..

..

.. San Marino

..

..

..

..

.. Nauru

..

..

..

..

.. Monaco

..

..

..

..

.. Marshall Islands

..

..

..

..

.. Korea (Democratic People's Rep. of)

..

..

..

..


Footnotes

Symbols
.. Data not available
(.) Greater (or less) than zero but small enough to be rounded off to zero at the displayed number of decimal points
< Less than
- Not applicable
T Total