Health index

Health index

Life expectancy at birth expressed as an index using a minimum value of 20 years and a maximum value of 85 years.

Source:Calculated using Life Expectancy.

Data in the tables are those available to the Human Development Report Office as of 15 November, 2013, unless otherwise specified.

HDI Rank

Country

1980

1985

1990

2000

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

.. Very high human development

0.820

0.837

0.852

0.886

0.904

0.907

0.911

0.914

0.916

0.919

0.922

0.924

0.926

.. High human development

0.710

0.732

0.752

0.788

0.814

0.817

0.821

0.824

0.827

0.830

0.833

0.835

0.838

.. Medium human development

0.568

0.600

0.628

0.678

0.702

0.706

0.711

0.716

0.720

0.725

0.729

0.733

0.737

.. Low human development

0.455

0.480

0.493

0.518

0.549

0.574

0.581

0.589

0.597

0.587

0.594

0.600

0.605

1 Norway

0.855

0.860

0.868

0.903

0.922

0.926

0.930

0.933

0.937

0.939

0.942

0.944

0.946

2 Australia

0.837

0.856

0.874

0.917

0.940

0.944

0.947

0.950

0.953

0.955

0.957

0.959

0.961

3 Switzerland

0.856

0.872

0.886

0.921

0.941

0.945

0.948

0.952

0.954

0.957

0.959

0.961

0.963

4 Netherlands

0.857

0.869

0.877

0.895

0.914

0.919

0.923

0.927

0.930

0.933

0.935

0.937

0.939

5 United States

0.828

0.840

0.850

0.873

0.887

0.890

0.892

0.895

0.898

0.900

0.902

0.905

0.907

6 Germany

0.815

0.836

0.853

0.891

0.911

0.914

0.918

0.921

0.924

0.927

0.929

0.932

0.935

7 New Zealand

0.818

0.830

0.850

0.896

0.918

0.922

0.925

0.928

0.931

0.933

0.936

0.938

0.940

8 Canada

0.846

0.866

0.881

0.909

0.925

0.928

0.930

0.933

0.936

0.938

0.941

0.943

0.946

9 Singapore

0.799

0.829

0.862

0.898

0.927

0.933

0.938

0.943

0.947

0.951

0.954

0.956

0.959

10 Denmark

0.837

0.840

0.845

0.871

0.892

0.895

0.899

0.902

0.905

0.907

0.909

0.912

0.914

11 Ireland

0.808

0.825

0.842

0.872

0.902

0.908

0.913

0.918

0.922

0.925

0.928

0.931

0.934

12 Sweden

0.858

0.872

0.885

0.918

0.932

0.935

0.938

0.940

0.943

0.945

0.947

0.949

0.951

13 Iceland

0.871

0.879

0.893

0.919

0.939

0.941

0.943

0.945

0.947

0.949

0.951

0.953

0.955

14 United Kingdom

0.823

0.839

0.855

0.888

0.908

0.912

0.916

0.919

0.922

0.924

0.927

0.929

0.931

15 Korea (Republic of)

0.709

0.752

0.796

0.863

0.904

0.911

0.918

0.925

0.930

0.935

0.939

0.943

0.947

15 Hong Kong, China (SAR)

0.845

0.866

0.885

0.929

0.953

0.956

0.959

0.961

0.964

0.967

0.970

0.972

0.975

17 Japan

0.864

0.889

0.908

0.941

0.958

0.961

0.963

0.966

0.968

0.971

0.973

0.976

0.978

18 Liechtenstein

0.825

0.845

0.863

0.895

0.906

0.908

0.910

0.912

0.914

0.916

0.917

0.919

0.921

19 Israel

0.832

0.849

0.868

0.907

0.927

0.930

0.934

0.937

0.940

0.943

0.946

0.948

0.951

20 France

0.832

0.851

0.871

0.906

0.926

0.931

0.934

0.938

0.941

0.944

0.946

0.949

0.951

21 Luxembourg

0.802

0.826

0.849

0.887

0.907

0.910

0.914

0.917

0.920

0.923

0.926

0.929

0.931

21 Belgium

0.818

0.838

0.858

0.889

0.906

0.910

0.913

0.917

0.920

0.923

0.926

0.929

0.932

21 Austria

0.808

0.830

0.853

0.894

0.915

0.919

0.922

0.926

0.929

0.932

0.935

0.938

0.941

24 Finland

0.823

0.839

0.848

0.887

0.906

0.910

0.913

0.916

0.920

0.923

0.926

0.929

0.931

25 Slovenia

0.786

0.798

0.819

0.861

0.887

0.893

0.898

0.903

0.906

0.910

0.912

0.915

0.917

26 Italy

0.832

0.855

0.875

0.915

0.937

0.941

0.944

0.947

0.950

0.953

0.955

0.957

0.960

27 Spain

0.848

0.868

0.877

0.908

0.930

0.934

0.939

0.942

0.946

0.949

0.951

0.953

0.955

28 Czech Republic

0.779

0.784

0.797

0.842

0.864

0.868

0.872

0.876

0.878

0.881

0.883

0.885

0.888

29 Greece

0.826

0.847

0.871

0.901

0.914

0.917

0.919

0.921

0.924

0.927

0.929

0.932

0.935

30 Brunei Darussalam

0.781

0.803

0.824

0.860

0.877

0.880

0.883

0.886

0.889

0.892

0.895

0.898

0.901

31 Qatar

0.811

0.833

0.849

0.872

0.882

0.884

0.886

0.888

0.890

0.892

0.894

0.896

0.898

32 Cyprus

0.843

0.857

0.870

0.892

0.902

0.904

0.906

0.908

0.911

0.913

0.916

0.918

0.921

33 Estonia

0.758

0.768

0.760

0.773

0.809

0.815

0.821

0.826

0.829

0.832

0.834

0.836

0.838

34 Saudi Arabia

0.662

0.716

0.753

0.806

0.827

0.830

0.834

0.837

0.840

0.844

0.847

0.850

0.854

35 Poland

0.782

0.784

0.783

0.826

0.847

0.850

0.853

0.855

0.858

0.860

0.863

0.865

0.868

35 Lithuania

0.777

0.787

0.780

0.785

0.793

0.792

0.792

0.792

0.793

0.794

0.797

0.799

0.802

37 Slovakia

0.778

0.781

0.788

0.820

0.835

0.838

0.840

0.842

0.844

0.846

0.848

0.850

0.852

37 Andorra

0.844

0.859

0.869

0.906

0.926

0.928

0.930

0.932

0.934

0.936

0.937

0.939

0.941

39 Malta

0.816

0.834

0.851

0.883

0.897

0.900

0.903

0.906

0.908

0.911

0.914

0.917

0.919

40 United Arab Emirates

0.733

0.766

0.792

0.833

0.851

0.855

0.858

0.861

0.864

0.867

0.869

0.872

0.874

41 Portugal

0.789

0.818

0.835

0.870

0.893

0.897

0.901

0.905

0.909

0.912

0.916

0.919

0.922

41 Chile

0.756

0.799

0.826

0.875

0.896

0.899

0.901

0.904

0.907

0.910

0.914

0.918

0.922

43 Hungary

0.758

0.757

0.759

0.796

0.820

0.823

0.827

0.830

0.832

0.834

0.836

0.838

0.840

44 Cuba

0.828

0.839

0.841

0.872

0.888

0.891

0.895

0.898

0.901

0.904

0.906

0.909

0.912

44 Bahrain

0.762

0.788

0.806

0.838

0.853

0.855

0.858

0.860

0.862

0.865

0.867

0.869

0.871

46 Kuwait

0.761

0.784

0.801

0.817

0.824

0.825

0.827

0.828

0.829

0.831

0.832

0.834

0.835

47 Croatia

0.774

0.789

0.805

0.843

0.854

0.857

0.860

0.864

0.867

0.870

0.873

0.875

0.878

48 Latvia

0.751

0.769

0.755

0.765

0.789

0.791

0.793

0.794

0.796

0.797

0.799

0.801

0.802

49 Argentina

0.761

0.779

0.793

0.828

0.844

0.847

0.850

0.852

0.855

0.858

0.861

0.864

0.866

50 Uruguay

0.773

0.794

0.809

0.843

0.860

0.863

0.866

0.869

0.871

0.874

0.876

0.878

0.880

51 Montenegro

0.816

0.828

0.838

0.833

0.826

0.828

0.831

0.834

0.836

0.838

0.840

0.842

0.843

51 Bahamas

0.747

0.764

0.780

0.806

0.827

0.831

0.834

0.837

0.840

0.842

0.845

0.847

0.850

53 Belarus

0.772

0.783

0.779

0.729

0.747

0.751

0.755

0.758

0.761

0.763

0.765

0.767

0.768

54 Romania

0.765

0.763

0.762

0.776

0.805

0.810

0.814

0.818

0.820

0.823

0.825

0.826

0.828

55 Libya

0.680

0.718

0.745

0.798

0.823

0.827

0.831

0.835

0.839

0.842

0.845

0.848

0.851

56 Oman

0.612

0.676

0.726

0.802

0.833

0.698

0.701

0.704

0.707

0.857

0.862

0.866

0.870

57 Russian Federation

0.729

0.746

0.739

0.694

0.707

0.713

0.720

0.725

0.729

0.733

0.735

0.737

0.738

58 Bulgaria

0.788

0.790

0.789

0.791

0.809

0.811

0.813

0.816

0.817

0.819

0.821

0.822

0.824

59 Barbados

0.744

0.766

0.786

0.817

0.831

0.834

0.836

0.839

0.842

0.844

0.847

0.849

0.852

60 Palau

0.603

0.622

0.651

0.732

0.765

0.771

0.777

0.782

0.788

0.793

0.797

0.802

0.806

61 Antigua and Barbuda

0.752

0.772

0.790

0.824

0.839

0.842

0.845

0.847

0.850

0.853

0.856

0.858

0.861

62 Malaysia

0.739

0.761

0.781

0.812

0.825

0.828

0.830

0.833

0.835

0.838

0.841

0.844

0.846

63 Mauritius

0.723

0.744

0.760

0.788

0.808

0.810

0.812

0.813

0.815

0.818

0.820

0.822

0.825

64 Trinidad and Tobago

0.723

0.731

0.739

0.747

0.753

0.755

0.757

0.759

0.761

0.762

0.764

0.766

0.767

65 Panama

0.772

0.796

0.815

0.848

0.861

0.864

0.867

0.869

0.872

0.876

0.879

0.882

0.885

65 Lebanon

0.738

0.752

0.773

0.837

0.877

0.885

0.892

0.898

0.904

0.909

0.914

0.919

0.923

67 Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)

0.741

0.763

0.786

0.807

0.819

0.822

0.825

0.828

0.831

0.833

0.836

0.838

0.841

68 Costa Rica

0.807

0.839

0.857

0.888

0.899

0.901

0.904

0.906

0.909

0.912

0.915

0.919

0.922

69 Turkey

0.595

0.641

0.681

0.769

0.807

0.813

0.819

0.824

0.830

0.835

0.840

0.845

0.850

70 Kazakhstan

0.693

0.723

0.720

0.669

0.696

0.699

0.702

0.705

0.707

0.709

0.712

0.714

0.716

71 Seychelles

0.766

0.783

0.782

0.796

0.804

0.805

0.806

0.808

0.809

0.811

0.813

0.816

0.818

71 Mexico

0.716

0.751

0.782

0.837

0.856

0.860

0.863

0.867

0.871

0.874

0.878

0.881

0.885

73 Sri Lanka

0.741

0.756

0.762

0.786

0.824

0.825

0.825

0.825

0.826

0.828

0.830

0.833

0.835

73 Saint Kitts and Nevis

0.693

0.708

0.728

0.772

0.795

0.799

0.803

0.807

0.810

0.814

0.817

0.821

0.824

75 Iran (Islamic Republic of)

0.525

0.539

0.667

0.763

0.792

0.797

0.802

0.807

0.812

0.817

0.822

0.827

0.832

76 Azerbaijan

0.692

0.703

0.690

0.721

0.754

0.761

0.767

0.771

0.775

0.777

0.779

0.780

0.781

77 Serbia

0.767

0.780

0.792

0.801

0.813

0.816

0.818

0.821

0.824

0.826

0.828

0.830

0.832

77 Jordan

0.711

0.743

0.767

0.796

0.809

0.812

0.814

0.817

0.819

0.821

0.824

0.826

0.829

79 Grenada

0.716

0.733

0.748

0.774

0.792

0.795

0.798

0.801

0.803

0.806

0.808

0.810

0.812

79 Georgia

0.765

0.770

0.773

0.798

0.817

0.820

0.822

0.825

0.827

0.829

0.831

0.833

0.835

79 Brazil

0.656

0.684

0.715

0.773

0.796

0.800

0.805

0.809

0.813

0.817

0.821

0.826

0.830

82 Peru

0.616

0.661

0.701

0.777

0.806

0.811

0.816

0.820

0.825

0.829

0.834

0.839

0.843

83 Ukraine

0.758

0.769

0.767

0.728

0.733

0.735

0.736

0.738

0.740

0.741

0.743

0.745

0.747

84 The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

0.748

0.766

0.787

0.819

0.832

0.834

0.836

0.838

0.840

0.842

0.844

0.847

0.849

84 Belize

0.763

0.786

0.787

0.776

0.800

0.804

0.808

0.812

0.816

0.819

0.822

0.826

0.829

86 Bosnia and Herzegovina

0.775

0.800

0.726

0.844

0.850

0.851

0.853

0.856

0.858

0.860

0.862

0.865

0.867

87 Armenia

0.784

0.765

0.737

0.792

0.823

0.827

0.830

0.832

0.834

0.835

0.837

0.838

0.839

88 Fiji

0.661

0.682

0.700

0.732

0.745

0.747

0.750

0.752

0.755

0.758

0.761

0.763

0.766

89 Thailand

0.680

0.736

0.776

0.783

0.806

0.811

0.816

0.821

0.825

0.828

0.831

0.834

0.837

90 Tunisia

0.646

0.705

0.750

0.818

0.833

0.836

0.839

0.842

0.845

0.848

0.852

0.856

0.860

91 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

0.731

0.755

0.771

0.778

0.788

0.792

0.795

0.798

0.801

0.803

0.804

0.806

0.808

91 China

0.724

0.744

0.761

0.802

0.832

0.835

0.837

0.840

0.842

0.844

0.847

0.849

0.851

93 Dominica

0.778

0.821

0.856

0.869

0.876

0.877

0.879

0.880

0.881

0.883

0.884

0.886

0.887

93 Algeria

0.588

0.679

0.720

0.753

0.767

0.770

0.772

0.774

0.777

0.779

0.781

0.783

0.785

95 Albania

0.773

0.791

0.798

0.834

0.861

0.863

0.866

0.868

0.871

0.874

0.877

0.880

0.883

96 Jamaica

0.778

0.786

0.780

0.777

0.792

0.797

0.801

0.806

0.810

0.814

0.817

0.821

0.823

97 Saint Lucia

0.752

0.777

0.786

0.792

0.816

0.822

0.827

0.831

0.835

0.837

0.839

0.841

0.843

98 Ecuador

0.660

0.709

0.751

0.821

0.840

0.843

0.846

0.849

0.852

0.856

0.860

0.865

0.869

98 Colombia

0.700

0.732

0.743

0.785

0.805

0.808

0.812

0.815

0.819

0.822

0.825

0.828

0.831

100 Tonga

0.730

0.749

0.763

0.782

0.792

0.794

0.797

0.799

0.801

0.803

0.806

0.808

0.810

100 Suriname

0.706

0.722

0.729

0.736

0.751

0.755

0.760

0.765

0.770

0.774

0.778

0.781

0.785

102 Dominican Republic

0.661

0.695

0.736

0.778

0.794

0.798

0.801

0.804

0.808

0.811

0.815

0.818

0.822

103 Turkmenistan

0.631

0.653

0.658

0.676

0.684

0.685

0.687

0.688

0.690

0.692

0.695

0.697

0.699

103 Mongolia

0.568

0.591

0.620

0.660

0.695

0.701

0.707

0.712

0.716

0.720

0.724

0.727

0.731

103 Maldives

0.497

0.564

0.625

0.758

0.829

0.840

0.850

0.859

0.867

0.874

0.880

0.886

0.891

106 Samoa

0.612

0.650

0.690

0.759

0.782

0.787

0.791

0.795

0.800

0.804

0.809

0.813

0.818

107 Palestine, State of

0.658

0.706

0.740

0.784

0.796

0.838

0.843

0.848

0.853

0.810

0.813

0.816

0.819

108 Indonesia

0.594

0.634

0.669

0.728

0.752

0.756

0.761

0.765

0.768

0.772

0.776

0.779

0.782

109 Botswana

0.626

0.656

0.657

0.442

0.532

0.568

0.602

0.631

0.653

0.668

0.677

0.681

0.683

110 Egypt

0.590

0.644

0.686

0.748

0.761

0.764

0.767

0.770

0.773

0.777

0.780

0.784

0.787

111 Paraguay

0.720

0.728

0.739

0.770

0.790

0.792

0.795

0.797

0.799

0.800

0.802

0.803

0.804

112 Gabon

0.537

0.601

0.636

0.611

0.616

0.623

0.630

0.637

0.645

0.651

0.657

0.663

0.669

113 Bolivia (Plurinational State of)

0.492

0.550

0.597

0.661

0.688

0.693

0.699

0.704

0.708

0.713

0.718

0.723

0.727

114 Moldova (Republic of)

0.692

0.713

0.733

0.723

0.738

0.740

0.741

0.743

0.745

0.747

0.749

0.750

0.752

115 El Salvador

0.562

0.610

0.706

0.765

0.781

0.784

0.787

0.791

0.795

0.798

0.802

0.806

0.809

116 Uzbekistan

0.700

0.723

0.720

0.723

0.729

0.730

0.731

0.733

0.735

0.736

0.738

0.740

0.742

117 Philippines

0.649

0.674

0.696

0.720

0.730

0.732

0.734

0.737

0.739

0.742

0.744

0.747

0.749

118 Syrian Arab Republic

0.705

0.743

0.773

0.820

0.840

0.843

0.844

0.844

0.843

0.841

0.840

0.839

0.839

118 South Africa

0.568

0.613

0.648

0.552

0.487

0.488

0.494

0.504

0.517

0.531

0.546

0.558

0.568

120 Iraq

0.616

0.642

0.744

0.782

0.760

0.754

0.751

0.749

0.748

0.750

0.753

0.757

0.760

121 Viet Nam

0.732

0.754

0.779

0.827

0.843

0.845

0.847

0.849

0.851

0.854

0.856

0.858

0.861

121 Guyana

0.625

0.635

0.647

0.666

0.684

0.689

0.693

0.697

0.701

0.704

0.707

0.710

0.712

123 Cape Verde

0.620

0.673

0.709

0.767

0.802

0.808

0.815

0.821

0.827

0.832

0.838

0.843

0.848

124 Micronesia (Federated States of)

0.695

0.702

0.711

0.728

0.738

0.740

0.742

0.745

0.747

0.749

0.750

0.752

0.754

125 Kyrgyzstan

0.664

0.695

0.713

0.711

0.718

0.718

0.719

0.720

0.722

0.724

0.726

0.729

0.731

125 Guatemala

0.572

0.608

0.649

0.735

0.765

0.769

0.773

0.777

0.781

0.786

0.791

0.796

0.802

127 Namibia

0.581

0.614

0.635

0.541

0.554

0.575

0.598

0.620

0.639

0.655

0.668

0.677

0.684

128 Timor-Leste

0.222

0.361

0.437

0.607

0.663

0.672

0.681

0.690

0.698

0.707

0.715

0.724

0.731

129 Morocco

0.578

0.638

0.689

0.742

0.756

0.759

0.763

0.766

0.769

0.773

0.777

0.780

0.784

129 Honduras

0.609

0.671

0.718

0.777

0.792

0.795

0.799

0.804

0.808

0.813

0.818

0.823

0.828

131 Vanuatu

0.590

0.629

0.663

0.730

0.757

0.762

0.767

0.772

0.776

0.781

0.785

0.790

0.794

132 Nicaragua

0.592

0.625

0.679

0.764

0.799

0.805

0.811

0.817

0.823

0.828

0.834

0.839

0.844

133 Tajikistan

0.652

0.668

0.660

0.670

0.699

0.705

0.710

0.714

0.718

0.720

0.723

0.725

0.727

133 Kiribati

0.552

0.591

0.626

0.687

0.713

0.718

0.723

0.728

0.733

0.738

0.743

0.748

0.752

135 India

0.544

0.571

0.593

0.648

0.678

0.683

0.688

0.693

0.698

0.702

0.706

0.710

0.714

136 Cambodia

0.145

0.509

0.537

0.647

0.726

0.741

0.754

0.765

0.774

0.782

0.788

0.793

0.799

136 Bhutan

0.384

0.441

0.500

0.620

0.678

0.688

0.698

0.707

0.716

0.723

0.730

0.737

0.743

138 Ghana

0.496

0.525

0.565

0.569

0.596

0.603

0.610

0.616

0.621

0.625

0.628

0.630

0.633

139 Lao People's Democratic Republic

0.447

0.476

0.526

0.641

0.685

0.693

0.701

0.708

0.715

0.722

0.729

0.736

0.743

140 Congo

0.556

0.565

0.542

0.497

0.524

0.533

0.543

0.553

0.563

0.573

0.582

0.590

0.597

141 Zambia

0.480

0.435

0.367

0.335

0.418

0.440

0.463

0.487

0.510

0.532

0.552

0.570

0.586

142 Sao Tome and Principe

0.624

0.630

0.643

0.667

0.687

0.692

0.696

0.700

0.704

0.707

0.709

0.711

0.713

142 Bangladesh

0.536

0.575

0.616

0.697

0.730

0.736

0.742

0.748

0.755

0.761

0.767

0.773

0.779

144 Equatorial Guinea

0.353

0.381

0.408

0.427

0.443

0.450

0.458

0.467

0.476

0.484

0.493

0.501

0.509

145 Nepal

0.425

0.479

0.539

0.647

0.689

0.696

0.704

0.711

0.718

0.725

0.732

0.738

0.745

146 Pakistan

0.585

0.609

0.633

0.675

0.695

0.799

0.801

0.804

0.807

0.709

0.712

0.714

0.716

147 Kenya

0.582

0.608

0.602

0.506

0.534

0.548

0.563

0.579

0.595

0.609

0.622

0.633

0.642

148 Swaziland

0.528

0.577

0.607

0.441

0.398

0.404

0.412

0.421

0.430

0.437

0.442

0.445

0.446

149 Angola

0.310

0.320

0.325

0.388

0.440

0.447

0.453

0.460

0.466

0.472

0.478

0.485

0.491

150 Myanmar

0.538

0.568

0.596

0.647

0.670

0.674

0.677

0.681

0.684

0.687

0.690

0.692

0.695

151 Rwanda

0.430

0.452

0.194

0.426

0.542

0.570

0.595

0.618

0.636

0.650

0.661

0.670

0.678

152 Nigeria

0.393

0.405

0.402

0.410

0.441

0.450

0.458

0.467

0.474

0.481

0.488

0.494

0.500

152 Cameroon

0.481

0.506

0.517

0.492

0.491

0.495

0.500

0.506

0.512

0.519

0.526

0.532

0.539

154 Yemen

0.471

0.540

0.583

0.622

0.639

0.642

0.645

0.648

0.651

0.654

0.657

0.660

0.663

155 Madagascar

0.446

0.457

0.477

0.592

0.634

0.641

0.647

0.654

0.661

0.667

0.674

0.681

0.688

156 Zimbabwe

0.606

0.637

0.602

0.369

0.369

0.387

0.413

0.444

0.481

0.518

0.554

0.587

0.613

157 Solomon Islands

0.597

0.572

0.564

0.659

0.700

0.706

0.711

0.716

0.720

0.723

0.727

0.730

0.733

157 Papua New Guinea

0.504

0.534

0.547

0.596

0.625

0.630

0.635

0.640

0.643

0.646

0.648

0.651

0.653

159 Tanzania (United Republic of)

0.470

0.480

0.469

0.462

0.521

0.537

0.554

0.571

0.588

0.603

0.617

0.629

0.639

159 Comoros

0.492

0.524

0.548

0.583

0.601

0.605

0.608

0.612

0.615

0.619

0.622

0.626

0.629

161 Mauritania

0.527

0.568

0.591

0.611

0.620

0.622

0.624

0.627

0.629

0.632

0.634

0.637

0.639

162 Lesotho

0.520

0.559

0.607

0.419

0.365

0.373

0.384

0.397

0.411

0.424

0.436

0.445

0.453

163 Senegal

0.445

0.522

0.572

0.582

0.625

0.635

0.643

0.650

0.656

0.661

0.664

0.666

0.668

164 Uganda

0.453

0.450

0.423

0.433

0.506

0.520

0.534

0.548

0.562

0.574

0.585

0.595

0.603

165 Benin

0.420

0.462

0.516

0.542

0.571

0.578

0.584

0.589

0.593

0.597

0.600

0.603

0.605

166 Togo

0.498

0.533

0.552

0.517

0.526

0.529

0.533

0.537

0.541

0.546

0.552

0.557

0.562

166 Sudan

0.527

0.535

0.546

0.584

0.614

0.620

0.626

0.631

0.635

0.638

0.641

0.644

0.647

168 Haiti

0.473

0.501

0.530

0.576

0.605

0.613

0.621

0.629

0.637

0.645

0.652

0.658

0.663

169 Afghanistan

0.327

0.375

0.440

0.536

0.570

0.578

0.586

0.594

0.602

0.609

0.617

0.623

0.630

170 Djibouti

0.518

0.546

0.564

0.570

0.585

0.590

0.597

0.604

0.612

0.620

0.628

0.636

0.643

171 Côte d'Ivoire

0.471

0.500

0.500

0.407

0.418

0.426

0.434

0.442

0.450

0.456

0.462

0.467

0.473

172 Gambia

0.405

0.461

0.495

0.540

0.565

0.570

0.574

0.578

0.582

0.586

0.590

0.594

0.597

173 Ethiopia

0.365

0.378

0.415

0.496

0.563

0.579

0.595

0.610

0.625

0.638

0.650

0.661

0.671

174 Malawi

0.376

0.402

0.418

0.401

0.446

0.461

0.476

0.490

0.504

0.516

0.526

0.535

0.543

175 Liberia

0.400

0.420

0.418

0.499

0.540

0.556

0.572

0.587

0.598

0.607

0.614

0.619

0.624

176 Mali

0.302

0.362

0.407

0.447

0.485

0.492

0.499

0.506

0.513

0.520

0.526

0.533

0.539

177 Guinea-Bissau

0.398

0.420

0.447

0.484

0.498

0.502

0.506

0.509

0.513

0.517

0.520

0.524

0.528

178 Mozambique

0.352

0.353

0.364

0.423

0.429

0.432

0.435

0.439

0.444

0.449

0.455

0.460

0.465

179 Guinea

0.327

0.392

0.461

0.481

0.504

0.513

0.522

0.531

0.538

0.543

0.548

0.552

0.556

180 Burundi

0.421

0.441

0.421

0.435

0.462

0.470

0.478

0.486

0.494

0.502

0.510

0.517

0.525

181 Burkina Faso

0.401

0.451

0.453

0.471

0.504

0.511

0.519

0.526

0.533

0.540

0.546

0.553

0.559

182 Eritrea

0.359

0.385

0.435

0.556

0.596

0.603

0.611

0.619

0.627

0.635

0.643

0.651

0.659

183 Sierra Leone

0.318

0.312

0.267

0.279

0.341

0.352

0.362

0.370

0.377

0.382

0.386

0.390

0.393

184 Chad

0.380

0.399

0.406

0.411

0.426

0.432

0.438

0.444

0.451

0.458

0.466

0.473

0.480

185 Central African Republic

0.442

0.438

0.401

0.365

0.385

0.393

0.402

0.412

0.422

0.433

0.444

0.454

0.464

186 Congo (Democratic Republic of the)

0.402

0.415

0.423

0.406

0.428

0.431

0.434

0.438

0.442

0.446

0.451

0.456

0.461

187 Niger

0.299

0.334

0.369

0.472

0.525

0.534

0.543

0.552

0.561

0.569

0.576

0.584

0.591

.. South Sudan

0.293

0.314

0.362

0.450

0.478

0.485

0.491

0.499

0.507

0.515

0.524

0.533

0.543

.. Tuvalu

0.552

0.591

0.634

0.673

0.695

..

..

..

..

0.721

..

..

..

.. Somalia

0.381

0.403

0.391

0.475

0.498

0.503

0.508

0.514

0.519

0.524

0.529

0.534

0.539

.. San Marino

0.872

0.887

0.902

0.932

0.941

..

..

..

..

0.949

..

..

..

.. Nauru

0.793

0.818

0.847

0.896

0.910

..

..

..

..

0.920

..

..

..

.. Monaco

0.850

0.865

0.879

0.919

0.943

..

..

..

..

0.955

..

..

..

.. Marshall Islands

0.602

0.621

0.651

0.731

0.768

..

..

..

..

0.796

0.801

0.805

0.809

.. Korea (Democratic People's Rep. of)

0.711

0.737

0.768

0.696

0.745

0.747

0.748

0.750

0.752

0.756

0.760

0.765

0.769


Footnotes

Symbols
.. Data not available
(.) Greater (or less) than zero but small enough to be rounded off to zero at the displayed number of decimal points
< Less than
- Not applicable
T Total