Human development index (HDI)

Human development index (HDI)

A composite index measuring average achievement in three basic dimensions of human development—a long and healthy life, knowledge and a decent standard of living. See Technical note 1 for details on how the HDI is calculated.

Source: HDRO calculations based on data from UNDESA (2013a), Barro and Lee (2013), UNESCO Institute for Statistics (2013b), United Nations Statistics Division (2014), World Bank (2014) and IMF (2014).

Data in the tables are those available to the Human Development Report Office as of 15 November, 2013, unless otherwise specified.

HDI Rank

Country

1980

1985

1990

2000

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

.. Very high human development

0.757

0.775

0.798

0.849

0.870

0.874

0.877

0.879

0.880

0.885

0.887

0.889

0.890

.. High human development

0.534

0.552

0.593

0.643

0.682

0.691

0.701

0.710

0.715

0.723

0.729

0.733

0.735

.. Medium human development

0.420

0.448

0.474

0.528

0.565

0.573

0.580

0.587

0.593

0.601

0.609

0.612

0.614

.. Low human development

0.345

0.365

0.367

0.403

0.444

0.456

0.465

0.471

0.478

0.479

0.486

0.490

0.493

1 Norway

0.793

0.814

0.841

0.910

0.935

0.938

0.938

0.937

0.937

0.939

0.941

0.943

0.944

2 Australia

0.841

0.853

0.866

0.898

0.912

0.915

0.918

0.922

0.924

0.926

0.928

0.931

0.933

3 Switzerland

0.806

0.813

0.829

0.886

0.901

0.905

0.905

0.903

0.909

0.915

0.914

0.916

0.917

4 Netherlands

0.783

0.796

0.826

0.874

0.888

0.895

0.901

0.901

0.900

0.904

0.914

0.915

0.915

5 United States

0.825

0.839

0.858

0.883

0.897

0.900

0.903

0.905

0.905

0.908

0.911

0.912

0.914

6 Germany

0.739

0.752

0.782

0.854

0.887

0.896

0.899

0.902

0.901

0.904

0.908

0.911

0.911

7 New Zealand

0.793

0.806

0.821

0.873

0.894

0.896

0.899

0.899

0.903

0.903

0.904

0.908

0.910

8 Canada

0.809

0.822

0.848

0.867

0.892

0.894

0.895

0.896

0.894

0.896

0.900

0.901

0.902

9 Singapore

..

..

0.744

0.800

0.840

0.852

0.862

0.868

0.868

0.894

0.896

0.899

0.901

10 Denmark

0.781

0.797

0.806

0.859

0.891

0.893

0.895

0.896

0.895

0.898

0.899

0.900

0.900

11 Ireland

0.734

0.751

0.775

0.862

0.890

0.895

0.901

0.902

0.898

0.899

0.900

0.901

0.899

12 Sweden

0.776

0.786

0.807

0.889

0.887

0.889

0.891

0.891

0.888

0.895

0.896

0.897

0.898

13 Iceland

0.754

0.776

0.800

0.858

0.888

0.890

0.894

0.886

0.885

0.886

0.890

0.893

0.895

14 United Kingdom

0.735

0.747

0.768

0.863

0.888

0.885

0.887

0.890

0.890

0.895

0.891

0.890

0.892

15 Korea (Republic of)

0.628

0.681

0.731

0.819

0.856

0.862

0.869

0.874

0.876

0.882

0.886

0.888

0.891

15 Hong Kong, China (SAR)

0.698

0.741

0.775

0.810

0.839

0.847

0.860

0.877

0.879

0.882

0.886

0.889

0.891

17 Japan

0.772

0.794

0.817

0.858

0.873

0.877

0.879

0.881

0.880

0.884

0.887

0.888

0.890

18 Liechtenstein

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

0.882

0.887

0.888

0.889

19 Israel

0.749

0.771

0.785

0.849

0.869

0.872

0.877

0.877

0.878

0.881

0.885

0.886

0.888

20 France

0.722

0.741

0.779

0.848

0.867

0.870

0.873

0.875

0.876

0.879

0.882

0.884

0.884

21 Luxembourg

0.729

0.762

0.786

0.866

0.876

0.877

0.880

0.882

0.876

0.881

0.881

0.880

0.881

21 Belgium

0.753

0.773

0.805

0.873

0.865

0.868

0.871

0.873

0.873

0.877

0.880

0.880

0.881

21 Austria

0.736

0.754

0.786

0.835

0.851

0.857

0.861

0.868

0.870

0.877

0.879

0.880

0.881

24 Finland

0.752

0.771

0.792

0.841

0.869

0.874

0.877

0.878

0.873

0.877

0.879

0.879

0.879

25 Slovenia

..

..

0.769

0.821

0.855

0.861

0.865

0.871

0.875

0.873

0.874

0.874

0.874

26 Italy

0.718

0.735

0.763

0.825

0.858

0.863

0.867

0.868

0.866

0.869

0.872

0.872

0.872

27 Spain

0.702

0.724

0.755

0.826

0.844

0.848

0.852

0.857

0.858

0.864

0.868

0.869

0.869

28 Czech Republic

..

..

0.762

0.806

0.845

0.848

0.853

0.856

0.856

0.858

0.861

0.861

0.861

29 Greece

0.713

0.739

0.749

0.798

0.853

0.859

0.857

0.858

0.858

0.856

0.854

0.854

0.853

30 Brunei Darussalam

0.740

0.757

0.786

0.822

0.838

0.843

0.844

0.843

0.844

0.844

0.846

0.852

0.852

31 Qatar

0.729

0.753

0.756

0.811

0.840

0.846

0.852

0.855

0.850

0.847

0.843

0.850

0.851

32 Cyprus

0.661

0.696

0.726

0.800

0.828

0.832

0.838

0.844

0.852

0.848

0.850

0.848

0.845

33 Estonia

..

..

0.730

0.776

0.821

0.827

0.832

0.832

0.827

0.830

0.836

0.839

0.840

34 Saudi Arabia

0.583

0.623

0.662

0.744

0.773

0.779

0.784

0.791

0.802

0.815

0.825

0.833

0.836

35 Poland

0.687

0.694

0.714

0.784

0.803

0.808

0.812

0.817

0.820

0.826

0.830

0.833

0.834

35 Lithuania

..

..

0.737

0.757

0.806

0.814

0.820

0.827

0.833

0.829

0.828

0.831

0.834

37 Slovakia

..

..

0.747

0.776

0.803

0.810

0.817

0.824

0.826

0.826

0.827

0.829

0.830

37 Andorra

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

0.832

0.831

0.830

0.830

39 Malta

0.704

0.717

0.730

0.770

0.801

0.801

0.802

0.809

0.818

0.821

0.823

0.827

0.829

40 United Arab Emirates

0.640

0.686

0.725

0.797

0.823

0.826

0.829

0.832

0.826

0.824

0.824

0.825

0.827

41 Portugal

0.643

0.674

0.708

0.780

0.790

0.794

0.800

0.805

0.809

0.816

0.819

0.822

0.822

41 Chile

0.640

0.664

0.704

0.753

0.785

0.784

0.792

0.805

0.804

0.808

0.815

0.819

0.822

43 Hungary

0.696

0.707

0.701

0.774

0.805

0.810

0.813

0.814

0.816

0.817

0.817

0.817

0.818

44 Cuba

0.681

0.714

0.729

0.742

0.786

0.806

0.822

0.830

0.832

0.824

0.819

0.813

0.815

44 Bahrain

0.677

0.718

0.729

0.784

0.811

0.808

0.809

0.810

0.811

0.812

0.812

0.813

0.815

46 Kuwait

0.702

0.739

0.723

0.804

0.795

0.795

0.797

0.800

0.804

0.807

0.810

0.813

0.814

47 Croatia

..

..

0.689

0.748

0.781

0.788

0.796

0.801

0.800

0.806

0.812

0.812

0.812

48 Latvia

..

..

0.710

0.729

0.786

0.796

0.804

0.813

0.814

0.809

0.804

0.808

0.810

49 Argentina

0.665

0.688

0.694

0.753

0.758

0.766

0.771

0.777

0.789

0.799

0.804

0.806

0.808

50 Uruguay

0.658

0.661

0.691

0.740

0.755

0.759

0.769

0.773

0.774

0.779

0.783

0.787

0.790

51 Montenegro

..

..

..

..

0.750

0.760

0.771

0.780

0.780

0.784

0.787

0.787

0.789

51 Bahamas

..

..

..

0.766

0.787

0.789

0.791

0.791

0.788

0.788

0.789

0.788

0.789

53 Belarus

..

..

..

..

0.725

0.738

0.751

0.764

0.775

0.779

0.784

0.785

0.786

54 Romania

0.685

0.701

0.703

0.706

0.750

0.759

0.769

0.781

0.781

0.779

0.782

0.782

0.785

55 Libya

0.641

0.654

0.684

0.745

0.772

0.778

0.784

0.789

0.794

0.799

0.753

0.789

0.784

56 Oman

..

..

..

..

0.733

0.693

0.701

0.714

0.728

0.780

0.781

0.781

0.783

57 Russian Federation

..

..

0.729

0.717

0.750

0.757

0.765

0.770

0.770

0.773

0.775

0.777

0.778

58 Bulgaria

0.658

0.679

0.696

0.714

0.749

0.753

0.759

0.766

0.767

0.773

0.774

0.776

0.777

59 Barbados

0.658

0.688

0.706

0.745

0.761

0.764

0.771

0.776

0.782

0.779

0.780

0.776

0.776

60 Palau

..

..

..

0.741

0.771

0.773

0.773

0.772

0.773

0.768

0.770

0.773

0.775

61 Antigua and Barbuda

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

0.778

0.772

0.773

0.774

62 Malaysia

0.577

0.619

0.641

0.717

0.747

0.752

0.757

0.760

0.761

0.766

0.768

0.770

0.773

63 Mauritius

0.558

0.575

0.621

0.686

0.722

0.728

0.735

0.741

0.747

0.753

0.759

0.769

0.771

64 Trinidad and Tobago

0.658

0.663

0.658

0.697

0.745

0.751

0.759

0.764

0.766

0.764

0.764

0.765

0.766

65 Panama

0.627

0.648

0.651

0.709

0.728

0.742

0.747

0.752

0.754

0.759

0.757

0.761

0.765

65 Lebanon

..

..

..

..

0.741

0.738

0.745

0.750

0.756

0.759

0.764

0.764

0.765

67 Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)

0.639

0.643

0.644

0.677

0.716

0.731

0.748

0.758

0.757

0.759

0.761

0.763

0.764

68 Costa Rica

0.605

0.624

0.652

0.705

0.721

0.729

0.735

0.744

0.746

0.750

0.758

0.761

0.763

69 Turkey

0.496

0.542

0.576

0.653

0.687

0.698

0.706

0.710

0.716

0.738

0.752

0.756

0.759

70 Kazakhstan

..

..

0.686

0.679

0.734

0.740

0.743

0.744

0.746

0.747

0.750

0.755

0.757

71 Seychelles

..

..

..

0.743

0.757

0.760

0.763

0.766

0.744

0.763

0.749

0.755

0.756

71 Mexico

0.595

0.631

0.647

0.699

0.724

0.732

0.735

0.739

0.741

0.748

0.752

0.755

0.756

73 Sri Lanka

0.569

0.598

0.620

0.679

0.710

0.716

0.721

0.725

0.728

0.736

0.740

0.745

0.750

73 Saint Kitts and Nevis

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

0.752

0.747

0.745

0.749

0.750

75 Iran (Islamic Republic of)

0.490

0.502

0.552

0.652

0.681

0.691

0.703

0.711

0.718

0.725

0.733

0.749

0.749

76 Azerbaijan

..

..

..

0.639

0.686

0.703

0.715

0.724

0.736

0.743

0.743

0.745

0.747

77 Serbia

..

..

0.726

0.713

0.732

0.735

0.739

0.743

0.742

0.743

0.744

0.743

0.745

77 Jordan

0.587

0.616

0.622

0.705

0.733

0.736

0.741

0.746

0.746

0.744

0.744

0.744

0.745

79 Grenada

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

0.746

0.747

0.743

0.744

79 Georgia

..

..

..

..

0.710

0.714

0.726

0.730

0.735

0.733

0.736

0.741

0.744

79 Brazil

0.545

0.575

0.612

0.682

0.705

0.713

0.721

0.731

0.732

0.739

0.740

0.742

0.744

82 Peru

0.595

0.616

0.615

0.682

0.694

0.696

0.700

0.707

0.709

0.722

0.727

0.734

0.737

83 Ukraine

..

..

0.705

0.668

0.713

0.720

0.726

0.729

0.722

0.726

0.730

0.733

0.734

84 The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

..

..

..

..

0.699

0.705

0.708

0.724

0.725

0.728

0.730

0.730

0.732

84 Belize

0.619

0.620

0.640

0.675

0.710

0.708

0.707

0.710

0.712

0.714

0.717

0.731

0.732

86 Bosnia and Herzegovina

..

..

..

..

0.716

0.719

0.722

0.727

0.725

0.726

0.729

0.729

0.731

87 Armenia

..

..

0.632

0.648

0.693

0.707

0.721

0.722

0.717

0.720

0.724

0.728

0.730

88 Fiji

0.587

0.598

0.619

0.674

0.694

0.704

0.707

0.712

0.717

0.721

0.722

0.722

0.724

89 Thailand

0.503

0.542

0.572

0.649

0.685

0.685

0.698

0.704

0.708

0.715

0.716

0.720

0.722

90 Tunisia

0.484

0.537

0.567

0.653

0.687

0.694

0.700

0.706

0.710

0.715

0.716

0.719

0.721

91 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

0.717

0.717

0.715

0.717

0.719

91 China

0.423

0.457

0.502

0.591

0.645

0.657

0.671

0.682

0.693

0.701

0.710

0.715

0.719

93 Dominica

..

..

..

0.691

0.708

0.708

0.712

0.712

0.717

0.717

0.718

0.716

0.717

93 Algeria

0.509

0.551

0.576

0.634

0.675

0.680

0.686

0.695

0.703

0.709

0.715

0.715

0.717

95 Albania

0.603

0.602

0.609

0.655

0.689

0.694

0.699

0.703

0.705

0.708

0.714

0.714

0.716

96 Jamaica

0.614

0.616

0.638

0.671

0.700

0.702

0.707

0.710

0.709

0.712

0.714

0.715

0.715

97 Saint Lucia

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

0.720

0.717

0.718

0.715

0.714

98 Ecuador

0.605

0.627

0.643

0.658

0.687

0.690

0.692

0.697

0.698

0.701

0.705

0.708

0.711

98 Colombia

0.557

0.574

0.596

0.655

0.680

0.685

0.693

0.700

0.703

0.706

0.710

0.708

0.711

100 Tonga

0.602

0.617

0.631

0.672

0.695

0.696

0.697

0.696

0.698

0.701

0.702

0.704

0.705

100 Suriname

..

..

..

..

0.672

0.676

0.690

0.694

0.696

0.698

0.701

0.702

0.705

102 Dominican Republic

0.527

0.563

0.589

0.645

0.668

0.675

0.681

0.684

0.686

0.691

0.695

0.698

0.700

103 Turkmenistan

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

0.687

0.690

0.693

0.698

103 Mongolia

0.515

0.523

0.552

0.580

0.637

0.646

0.655

0.665

0.668

0.671

0.682

0.692

0.698

103 Maldives

..

..

..

0.599

0.659

0.661

0.674

0.675

0.686

0.688

0.692

0.695

0.698

106 Samoa

..

..

..

0.654

0.681

0.681

0.684

0.683

0.689

0.688

0.690

0.693

0.694

107 Palestine, State of

..

..

..

..

0.649

0.658

0.668

0.672

0.679

0.671

0.679

0.683

0.686

108 Indonesia

0.471

0.510

0.528

0.609

0.640

0.645

0.650

0.654

0.665

0.671

0.678

0.681

0.684

109 Botswana

0.470

0.528

0.583

0.560

0.610

0.625

0.643

0.656

0.662

0.672

0.678

0.681

0.683

110 Egypt

0.452

0.501

0.546

0.621

0.645

0.652

0.659

0.667

0.672

0.678

0.679

0.681

0.682

111 Paraguay

0.550

0.567

0.581

0.625

0.648

0.648

0.653

0.661

0.661

0.669

0.672

0.670

0.676

112 Gabon

0.540

0.590

0.619

0.632

0.644

0.645

0.651

0.654

0.659

0.662

0.666

0.670

0.674

113 Bolivia (Plurinational State of)

0.494

0.510

0.554

0.615

0.636

0.640

0.643

0.649

0.653

0.658

0.661

0.663

0.667

114 Moldova (Republic of)

..

..

0.645

0.598

0.639

0.645

0.646

0.652

0.646

0.652

0.656

0.657

0.663

115 El Salvador

0.517

0.524

0.529

0.607

0.640

0.644

0.646

0.648

0.649

0.652

0.657

0.660

0.662

116 Uzbekistan

..

..

..

..

0.626

0.630

0.635

0.643

0.645

0.648

0.653

0.657

0.661

117 Philippines

0.566

0.578

0.591

0.619

0.638

0.638

0.644

0.648

0.647

0.651

0.652

0.656

0.660

118 Syrian Arab Republic

0.528

0.564

0.570

0.605

0.653

..

0.658

0.658

0.662

0.662

0.662

0.662

0.658

118 South Africa

0.569

0.584

0.619

0.628

0.608

0.611

0.617

0.623

0.631

0.638

0.646

0.654

0.658

120 Iraq

0.500

0.481

0.508

0.606

0.621

0.636

0.632

0.632

0.637

0.638

0.639

0.641

0.642

121 Viet Nam

0.463

0.473

0.476

0.563

0.598

0.604

0.611

0.617

0.622

0.629

0.632

0.635

0.638

121 Guyana

0.516

0.505

0.505

0.570

0.584

0.589

0.616

0.621

0.623

0.626

0.632

0.635

0.638

123 Cape Verde

..

..

..

0.573

0.589

0.602

0.607

0.613

0.617

0.622

0.631

0.635

0.636

124 Micronesia (Federated States of)

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

0.627

0.627

0.629

0.630

125 Kyrgyzstan

..

..

0.607

0.586

0.605

0.609

0.614

0.617

0.617

0.614

0.618

0.621

0.628

125 Guatemala

0.445

0.457

0.483

0.551

0.576

0.583

0.595

0.601

0.606

0.613

0.620

0.626

0.628

127 Namibia

0.550

0.564

0.577

0.556

0.570

0.580

0.589

0.598

0.603

0.610

0.616

0.620

0.624

128 Timor-Leste

..

..

..

0.465

0.505

0.521

0.552

0.579

0.599

0.606

0.606

0.616

0.620

129 Morocco

0.399

0.436

0.459

0.526

0.569

0.575

0.582

0.588

0.594

0.603

0.612

0.614

0.617

129 Honduras

0.461

0.490

0.507

0.558

0.584

0.590

0.597

0.604

0.607

0.612

0.615

0.616

0.617

131 Vanuatu

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

0.608

0.616

0.617

0.618

0.617

0.616

132 Nicaragua

0.483

0.491

0.491

0.554

0.585

0.590

0.595

0.599

0.600

0.604

0.608

0.611

0.614

133 Tajikistan

..

..

0.610

0.529

0.572

0.578

0.583

0.591

0.592

0.596

0.600

0.603

0.607

133 Kiribati

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

0.599

0.599

0.606

0.607

135 India

0.369

0.404

0.431

0.483

0.527

0.537

0.547

0.554

0.560

0.570

0.581

0.583

0.586

136 Cambodia

0.251

0.379

0.403

0.466

0.536

0.547

0.558

0.564

0.566

0.571

0.575

0.579

0.584

136 Bhutan

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

0.569

0.579

0.580

0.584

138 Ghana

0.423

0.433

0.502

0.487

0.511

0.521

0.532

0.544

0.549

0.556

0.566

0.571

0.573

139 Lao People's Democratic Republic

0.340

0.398

0.395

0.473

0.511

0.517

0.525

0.533

0.543

0.549

0.560

0.565

0.569

140 Congo

0.542

0.576

0.553

0.501

0.525

0.535

0.535

0.548

0.559

0.565

0.549

0.561

0.564

141 Zambia

0.422

0.420

0.407

0.423

0.471

0.480

0.486

0.505

0.526

0.530

0.543

0.554

0.561

142 Sao Tome and Principe

..

..

..

0.495

0.520

0.520

0.531

0.537

0.543

0.543

0.548

0.556

0.558

142 Bangladesh

0.336

0.357

0.382

0.453

0.494

0.502

0.510

0.515

0.527

0.539

0.549

0.554

0.558

144 Equatorial Guinea

..

..

..

0.476

0.517

0.528

0.533

0.543

0.543

0.559

0.553

0.556

0.556

145 Nepal

0.286

0.330

0.388

0.449

0.477

0.487

0.492

0.501

0.513

0.527

0.533

0.537

0.540

146 Pakistan

0.356

0.384

0.402

0.454

0.504

0.527

0.535

0.536

0.545

0.526

0.531

0.535

0.537

147 Kenya

0.446

0.459

0.471

0.455

0.479

0.487

0.500

0.508

0.516

0.522

0.527

0.531

0.535

148 Swaziland

0.477

0.516

0.538

0.498

0.498

0.505

0.513

0.518

0.523

0.527

0.530

0.529

0.530

149 Angola

..

..

..

0.377

0.446

0.465

0.478

0.490

0.491

0.504

0.521

0.524

0.526

150 Myanmar

0.328

0.355

0.347

0.421

0.472

0.483

0.493

0.500

0.507

0.514

0.517

0.520

0.524

151 Rwanda

0.291

0.312

0.238

0.329

0.391

0.414

0.423

0.432

0.443

0.453

0.463

0.502

0.506

152 Nigeria

..

..

..

..

0.466

0.471

0.480

0.483

0.488

0.492

0.496

0.500

0.504

152 Cameroon

0.391

0.422

0.440

0.433

0.457

0.459

0.468

0.477

0.485

0.493

0.498

0.501

0.504

154 Yemen

..

..

0.390

0.427

0.462

0.465

0.468

0.471

0.478

0.484

0.497

0.499

0.500

155 Madagascar

..

..

..

0.453

0.470

0.476

0.480

0.487

0.496

0.494

0.495

0.496

0.498

156 Zimbabwe

0.437

0.517

0.488

0.428

0.412

0.417

0.424

0.422

0.439

0.459

0.473

0.484

0.492

157 Solomon Islands

..

..

..

0.475

0.483

0.493

0.498

0.506

0.500

0.489

0.494

0.489

0.491

157 Papua New Guinea

0.323

0.341

0.363

0.423

0.441

0.452

0.454

0.467

0.474

0.479

0.484

0.490

0.491

159 Tanzania (United Republic of)

0.377

0.366

0.354

0.376

0.419

0.430

0.440

0.451

0.457

0.464

0.478

0.484

0.488

159 Comoros

..

..

..

..

0.464

0.468

0.471

0.474

0.476

0.479

0.483

0.486

0.488

161 Mauritania

0.347

0.355

0.367

0.433

0.455

0.465

0.467

0.466

0.474

0.475

0.475

0.485

0.487

162 Lesotho

0.443

0.475

0.493

0.443

0.437

0.441

0.448

0.456

0.464

0.472

0.476

0.481

0.486

163 Senegal

0.333

0.364

0.384

0.413

0.451

0.456

0.466

0.474

0.478

0.483

0.483

0.484

0.485

164 Uganda

0.293

0.309

0.310

0.392

0.429

0.437

0.446

0.458

0.466

0.472

0.477

0.480

0.484

165 Benin

0.287

0.323

0.342

0.391

0.432

0.439

0.446

0.454

0.461

0.467

0.471

0.473

0.476

166 Togo

0.405

0.389

0.404

0.430

0.442

0.448

0.446

0.447

0.454

0.460

0.467

0.470

0.473

166 Sudan

0.331

0.333

0.342

0.385

0.423

0.430

0.440

0.447

0.458

0.463

0.468

0.472

0.473

168 Haiti

0.352

0.392

0.413

0.433

0.447

0.450

0.455

0.458

0.463

0.462

0.466

0.469

0.471

169 Afghanistan

0.230

0.271

0.296

0.341

0.396

0.406

0.416

0.430

0.437

0.453

0.458

0.466

0.468

170 Djibouti

..

..

..

..

0.412

0.417

0.428

0.438

0.444

0.452

0.461

0.465

0.467

171 Côte d'Ivoire

0.377

0.378

0.380

0.393

0.407

0.414

0.422

0.427

0.433

0.439

0.443

0.448

0.452

172 Gambia

0.300

0.310

0.334

0.383

0.414

0.418

0.425

0.432

0.436

0.440

0.436

0.438

0.441

173 Ethiopia

..

..

..

0.284

0.339

0.356

0.378

0.394

0.403

0.409

0.422

0.429

0.435

174 Malawi

0.270

0.275

0.283

0.341

0.368

0.375

0.383

0.395

0.407

0.406

0.411

0.411

0.414

175 Liberia

..

..

..

0.339

0.335

0.350

0.364

0.374

0.386

0.393

0.402

0.407

0.412

176 Mali

0.208

0.213

0.232

0.309

0.359

0.367

0.377

0.385

0.393

0.398

0.405

0.406

0.407

177 Guinea-Bissau

..

..

..

..

0.387

0.393

0.395

0.397

0.397

0.401

0.402

0.396

0.396

178 Mozambique

0.246

0.205

0.216

0.285

0.343

0.348

0.359

0.366

0.375

0.380

0.384

0.389

0.393

179 Guinea

..

..

..

..

0.366

0.374

0.377

0.377

0.376

0.380

0.387

0.391

0.392

180 Burundi

0.230

0.270

0.291

0.290

0.319

0.339

0.350

0.362

0.372

0.381

0.384

0.386

0.389

181 Burkina Faso

..

..

..

..

0.321

0.328

0.338

0.349

0.357

0.367

0.376

0.385

0.388

182 Eritrea

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

0.373

0.377

0.380

0.381

183 Sierra Leone

0.276

0.279

0.263

0.297

0.329

0.335

0.340

0.346

0.350

0.353

0.360

0.368

0.374

184 Chad

..

..

..

0.301

0.324

0.325

0.331

0.338

0.343

0.349

0.365

0.370

0.372

185 Central African Republic

0.295

0.310

0.310

0.314

0.327

0.332

0.338

0.344

0.349

0.355

0.361

0.365

0.341

186 Congo (Democratic Republic of the)

0.336

0.348

0.319

0.274

0.292

0.297

0.301

0.307

0.313

0.319

0.323

0.333

0.338

187 Niger

0.191

0.197

0.218

0.262

0.293

0.297

0.303

0.309

0.312

0.323

0.328

0.335

0.337

.. South Sudan

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

.. Tuvalu

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

.. Somalia

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

.. San Marino

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

.. Nauru

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

.. Monaco

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

.. Marshall Islands

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

.. Korea (Democratic People's Rep. of)

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..


Footnotes

Symbols
.. Data not available
(.) Greater (or less) than zero but small enough to be rounded off to zero at the displayed number of decimal points
< Less than
- Not applicable
T Total