Human Development Report 1994

New Dimensions of Human Security

The 1994 Report introduces a new concept of human security, which equates security with people rather than territories, with development rather than arms. It examines both the national and the global concerns of human security.

The Report seeks to deal with these concerns through a new paradigm of sustainable human development, capturing the potential peace dividend, a new form of development co-operation and a restructured system of global institutions.

It proposes that the World Summit for Social Development approve a world social charter, endorse a sustainable human development paradigm, create a global human security fund by capturing the future peace dividend, approve a 20:20 compact for human priority concerns, recommend global taxes for resource mobilization and establish an Economic Security Council.

Increasing human security entails:

  • Investing in human development, not in arms;
  • Engaging policy makers to address the emerging peace dividend;
  • Giving the United Nations a clear mandate to promote and sustain development;
  • Enlarging the concept of development cooperation so that it includes all flows, not just aid;
  • Agreeing that 20 percent of national budgets and 20 percent of foreign aid be used for human development; and
  • Establishing an Economic Security Council.
Human Security and Conflicts