National Human Development Report 2016 ‘Trade and Human Development Kyrgyz Republic’
The report explores how trade, both domestic and foreign, promotes human development in various ways. Trade growth contributes to the overall growth of the gross domestic product. Foreign trade through export-oriented growth expands markets, leading to the specialization of the economy and positive effect of the economy of scale. Trade is the mechanism that provides strengths for a market economy, creates jobs, facilitates the adoption of new technologies and innovations, and provides additional sources of income. The report include a chapter on trade and environment, where “sustainability” and “affordability” of HDI at sub-national level is introduced and analysed. This NHDR also includes a sub-national Multidimensional Poverty Index.