Table 2: Human Development Index trends, 1980-2013

Download all data

Table 2: Human Development Index trends, 1980-2013

HDI rank Country Human Development Index (HDI) value, 1980 Human Development Index (HDI), 1990 Human Development Index (HDI) value, 2000 Human Development Index (HDI) value, 2005 Human Development Index (HDI) value, 2008 Human Development Index (HDI) value, 2010 Human Development Index (HDI) value, 2011 Human Development Index (HDI) value, 2012 Human Development Index (HDI) value, 2013 HDI rank, 2012 HDI rank change, 2008-2013 a Average annual HDI growth (%), 1980-1990 Average annual HDI growth (%), 1990-2000 Average annual HDI growth (%), 2000-2013
Very high human development
1 Norway 0.793 0.841 0.910 0.935 0.937 0.939 0.941 0.943 0.944 1 0 0.59 0.80 0.28
2 Australia 0.841 0.866 0.898 0.912 0.922 0.926 0.928 0.931 0.933 2 0 0.29 0.37 0.29
3 Switzerland 0.806 0.829 0.886 0.901 0.903 0.915 0.914 0.916 0.917 3 1 0.29 0.66 0.27
4 Netherlands 0.783 0.826 0.874 0.888 0.901 0.904 0.914 0.915 0.915 4 3 0.53 0.57 0.35
5 United States 0.825 0.858 0.883 0.897 0.905 0.908 0.911 0.912 0.914 5 -2 0.39 0.29 0.26
6 Germany 0.739 0.782 0.854 0.887 0.902 0.904 0.908 0.911 0.911 6 -1 0.57 0.89 0.51
7 New Zealand 0.793 0.821 0.873 0.894 0.899 0.903 0.904 0.908 0.910 7 1 0.35 0.62 0.32
8 Canada 0.809 0.848 0.867 0.892 0.896 0.896 0.900 0.901 0.902 8 1 0.48 0.21 0.31
9 Singapore .. 0.744 0.800 0.840 0.868 0.894 0.896 0.899 0.901 12 14 .. 0.72 0.92
10 Denmark 0.781 0.806 0.859 0.891 0.896 0.898 0.899 0.900 0.900 10 -1 0.31 0.63 0.37
11 Ireland 0.734 0.775 0.862 0.890 0.902 0.899 0.900 0.901 0.899 8 -6 0.54 1.08 0.32
12 Sweden 0.776 0.807 0.889 0.887 0.891 0.895 0.896 0.897 0.898 11 -1 0.38 0.98 0.08
13 Iceland 0.754 0.800 0.858 0.888 0.886 0.886 0.890 0.893 0.895 13 0 0.59 0.70 0.32
14 United Kingdom 0.735 0.768 0.863 0.888 0.890 0.895 0.891 0.890 0.892 14 -2 0.45 1.18 0.25
15 Hong Kong, China (SAR) 0.698 0.775 0.810 0.839 0.877 0.882 0.886 0.889 0.891 15 2 1.06 0.43 0.74
15 Korea (Republic of) 0.628 0.731 0.819 0.856 0.874 0.882 0.886 0.888 0.891 16 5 1.52 1.14 0.65
17 Japan 0.772 0.817 0.858 0.873 0.881 0.884 0.887 0.888 0.890 16 -2 0.57 0.48 0.28
18 Liechtenstein .. .. .. .. .. 0.882 0.887 0.888 0.889 16 .. .. .. ..
19 Israel 0.749 0.785 0.849 0.869 0.877 0.881 0.885 0.886 0.888 19 -1 0.48 0.78 0.34
20 France 0.722 0.779 0.848 0.867 0.875 0.879 0.882 0.884 0.884 20 0 0.76 0.85 0.33
21 Austria 0.736 0.786 0.835 0.851 0.868 0.877 0.879 0.880 0.881 21 3 0.67 0.61 0.41
21 Belgium 0.753 0.805 0.873 0.865 0.873 0.877 0.880 0.880 0.881 21 1 0.68 0.81 0.07
21 Luxembourg 0.729 0.786 0.866 0.876 0.882 0.881 0.881 0.880 0.881 21 -6 0.75 0.98 0.13
24 Finland 0.752 0.792 0.841 0.869 0.878 0.877 0.879 0.879 0.879 24 -7 0.52 0.60 0.34
25 Slovenia .. 0.769 0.821 0.855 0.871 0.873 0.874 0.874 0.874 25 -2 .. 0.66 0.48
26 Italy 0.718 0.763 0.825 0.858 0.868 0.869 0.872 0.872 0.872 26 -2 0.60 0.78 0.43
27 Spain 0.702 0.755 0.826 0.844 0.857 0.864 0.868 0.869 0.869 27 1 0.74 0.90 0.39
28 Czech Republic .. 0.762 0.806 0.845 0.856 0.858 0.861 0.861 0.861 28 1 .. 0.56 0.52
29 Greece 0.713 0.749 0.798 0.853 0.858 0.856 0.854 0.854 0.853 29 -2 0.49 0.64 0.51
30 Brunei Darussalam 0.740 0.786 0.822 0.838 0.843 0.844 0.846 0.852 0.852 30 2 0.60 0.46 0.27
31 Qatar 0.729 0.756 0.811 0.840 0.855 0.847 0.843 0.850 0.851 31 -1 0.35 0.71 0.37
32 Cyprus 0.661 0.726 0.800 0.828 0.844 0.848 0.850 0.848 0.845 32 -1 0.95 0.96 0.43
33 Estonia .. 0.730 0.776 0.821 0.832 0.830 0.836 0.839 0.840 33 0 .. 0.61 0.61
34 Saudi Arabia 0.583 0.662 0.744 0.773 0.791 0.815 0.825 0.833 0.836 34 13 1.28 1.17 0.90
35 Lithuania .. 0.737 0.757 0.806 0.827 0.829 0.828 0.831 0.834 36 1 .. 0.28 0.75
35 Poland 0.687 0.714 0.784 0.803 0.817 0.826 0.830 0.833 0.834 34 3 0.38 0.94 0.48
37 Andorra .. .. .. .. .. 0.832 0.831 0.830 0.830 37 .. .. .. ..
37 Slovakia .. 0.747 0.776 0.803 0.824 0.826 0.827 0.829 0.830 38 0 .. 0.39 0.51
39 Malta 0.704 0.730 0.770 0.801 0.809 0.821 0.823 0.827 0.829 39 4 0.36 0.53 0.57
40 United Arab Emirates 0.640 0.725 0.797 0.823 0.832 0.824 0.824 0.825 0.827 40 -5 1.25 0.95 0.28
41 Chile 0.640 0.704 0.753 0.785 0.805 0.808 0.815 0.819 0.822 42 3 0.96 0.67 0.68
41 Portugal 0.643 0.708 0.780 0.790 0.805 0.816 0.819 0.822 0.822 41 3 0.96 0.97 0.41
43 Hungary 0.696 0.701 0.774 0.805 0.814 0.817 0.817 0.817 0.818 43 -3 0.08 0.99 0.43
44 Bahrain 0.677 0.729 0.784 0.811 0.810 0.812 0.812 0.813 0.815 44 -2 0.75 0.72 0.30
44 Cuba 0.681 0.729 0.742 0.786 0.830 0.824 0.819 0.813 0.815 44 -9 0.68 0.17 0.73
46 Kuwait 0.702 0.723 0.804 0.795 0.800 0.807 0.810 0.813 0.814 44 1 0.29 1.08 0.09
47 Croatia .. 0.689 0.748 0.781 0.801 0.806 0.812 0.812 0.812 47 -1 .. 0.82 0.64
48 Latvia .. 0.710 0.729 0.786 0.813 0.809 0.804 0.808 0.810 48 -7 .. 0.26 0.82
49 Argentina 0.665 0.694 0.753 0.758 0.777 0.799 0.804 0.806 0.808 49 4 0.43 0.81 0.55
High human development
50 Uruguay 0.658 0.691 0.740 0.755 0.773 0.779 0.783 0.787 0.790 52 5 0.49 0.69 0.50
51 Bahamas .. .. 0.766 0.787 0.791 0.788 0.789 0.788 0.789 51 -3 .. .. 0.23
51 Montenegro .. .. .. 0.750 0.780 0.784 0.787 0.787 0.789 52 1 .. .. ..
53 Belarus .. .. .. 0.725 0.764 0.779 0.784 0.785 0.786 54 7 .. .. ..
54 Romania 0.685 0.703 0.706 0.750 0.781 0.779 0.782 0.782 0.785 55 -3 0.25 0.05 0.82
55 Libya 0.641 0.684 0.745 0.772 0.789 0.799 0.753 0.789 0.784 50 -5 0.65 0.85 0.40
56 Oman .. .. .. 0.733 0.714 0.780 0.781 0.781 0.783 56 6 .. .. ..
57 Russian Federation .. 0.729 0.717 0.750 0.770 0.773 0.775 0.777 0.778 57 0 .. -0.17 0.64
58 Bulgaria 0.658 0.696 0.714 0.749 0.766 0.773 0.774 0.776 0.777 58 0 0.57 0.25 0.66
59 Barbados 0.658 0.706 0.745 0.761 0.776 0.779 0.780 0.776 0.776 58 -5 0.71 0.54 0.31
60 Palau .. .. 0.741 0.771 0.772 0.768 0.770 0.773 0.775 60 -4 .. .. 0.34
61 Antigua and Barbuda .. .. .. .. .. 0.778 0.772 0.773 0.774 60 .. .. .. ..
62 Malaysia 0.577 0.641 0.717 0.747 0.760 0.766 0.768 0.770 0.773 62 1 1.05 1.12 0.58
63 Mauritius 0.558 0.621 0.686 0.722 0.741 0.753 0.759 0.769 0.771 63 9 1.07 1.01 0.90
64 Trinidad and Tobago 0.658 0.658 0.697 0.745 0.764 0.764 0.764 0.765 0.766 64 -3 0.00 0.58 0.73
65 Lebanon .. .. .. 0.741 0.750 0.759 0.764 0.764 0.765 65 2 .. .. ..
65 Panama 0.627 0.651 0.709 0.728 0.752 0.759 0.757 0.761 0.765 67 1 0.38 0.85 0.59
67 Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 0.639 0.644 0.677 0.716 0.758 0.759 0.761 0.763 0.764 66 -2 0.08 0.50 0.93
68 Costa Rica 0.605 0.652 0.705 0.721 0.744 0.750 0.758 0.761 0.763 67 1 0.76 0.79 0.60
69 Turkey 0.496 0.576 0.653 0.687 0.710 0.738 0.752 0.756 0.759 69 16 1.50 1.27 1.16
70 Kazakhstan .. 0.686 0.679 0.734 0.744 0.747 0.750 0.755 0.757 70 -1 .. -0.09 0.84
71 Mexico 0.595 0.647 0.699 0.724 0.739 0.748 0.752 0.755 0.756 70 2 0.84 0.78 0.60
71 Seychelles .. .. 0.743 0.757 0.766 0.763 0.749 0.755 0.756 70 -12 .. .. 0.14
73 Saint Kitts and Nevis .. .. .. .. .. 0.747 0.745 0.749 0.750 73 .. .. .. ..
73 Sri Lanka 0.569 0.620 0.679 0.710 0.725 0.736 0.740 0.745 0.750 75 5 0.87 0.91 0.77
75 Iran (Islamic Republic of) 0.490 0.552 0.652 0.681 0.711 0.725 0.733 0.749 0.749 73 10 1.19 1.69 1.07
76 Azerbaijan .. .. 0.639 0.686 0.724 0.743 0.743 0.745 0.747 75 4 .. .. 1.21
77 Jordan 0.587 0.622 0.705 0.733 0.746 0.744 0.744 0.744 0.745 77 -8 0.58 1.26 0.43
77 Serbia .. 0.726 0.713 0.732 0.743 0.743 0.744 0.743 0.745 78 -5 .. -0.19 0.34
79 Brazil 0.545 0.612 0.682 0.705 0.731 0.739 0.740 0.742 0.744 80 -4 1.16 1.10 0.67
79 Georgia .. .. .. 0.710 0.730 0.733 0.736 0.741 0.744 81 -3 .. .. ..
79 Grenada .. .. .. .. .. 0.746 0.747 0.743 0.744 78 .. .. .. ..
82 Peru 0.595 0.615 0.682 0.694 0.707 0.722 0.727 0.734 0.737 82 8 0.34 1.03 0.60
83 Ukraine .. 0.705 0.668 0.713 0.729 0.726 0.730 0.733 0.734 83 -5 .. -0.54 0.73
84 Belize 0.619 0.640 0.675 0.710 0.710 0.714 0.717 0.731 0.732 84 3 0.33 0.53 0.63
84 The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia .. .. .. 0.699 0.724 0.728 0.730 0.730 0.732 85 -3 .. .. ..
86 Bosnia and Herzegovina .. .. .. 0.716 0.727 0.726 0.729 0.729 0.731 86 -7 .. .. ..
87 Armenia .. 0.632 0.648 0.693 0.722 0.720 0.724 0.728 0.730 87 -4 .. 0.26 0.92
88 Fiji 0.587 0.619 0.674 0.694 0.712 0.721 0.722 0.722 0.724 88 -4 0.53 0.86 0.55
89 Thailand 0.503 0.572 0.649 0.685 0.704 0.715 0.716 0.720 0.722 89 3 1.28 1.27 0.83
90 Tunisia 0.484 0.567 0.653 0.687 0.706 0.715 0.716 0.719 0.721 90 1 1.60 1.42 0.77
91 China 0.423 0.502 0.591 0.645 0.682 0.701 0.710 0.715 0.719 93 10 1.72 1.66 1.52
91 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines .. .. .. .. .. 0.717 0.715 0.717 0.719 91 .. .. .. ..
93 Algeria 0.509 0.576 0.634 0.675 0.695 0.709 0.715 0.715 0.717 93 5 1.25 0.96 0.95
93 Dominica .. .. 0.691 0.708 0.712 0.717 0.718 0.716 0.717 92 -8 .. .. 0.29
95 Albania 0.603 0.609 0.655 0.689 0.703 0.708 0.714 0.714 0.716 97 -1 0.10 0.74 0.69
96 Jamaica 0.614 0.638 0.671 0.700 0.710 0.712 0.714 0.715 0.715 93 -8 0.38 0.51 0.49
97 Saint Lucia .. .. .. .. .. 0.717 0.718 0.715 0.714 93 .. .. .. ..
98 Colombia 0.557 0.596 0.655 0.680 0.700 0.706 0.710 0.708 0.711 98 -2 0.68 0.94 0.63
98 Ecuador 0.605 0.643 0.658 0.687 0.697 0.701 0.705 0.708 0.711 98 -1 0.61 0.24 0.59
100 Suriname .. .. .. 0.672 0.694 0.698 0.701 0.702 0.705 101 0 .. .. ..
100 Tonga 0.602 0.631 0.672 0.695 0.696 0.701 0.702 0.704 0.705 100 -2 0.49 0.62 0.37
102 Dominican Republic 0.527 0.589 0.645 0.668 0.684 0.691 0.695 0.698 0.700 102 -1 1.12 0.91 0.63
Medium human development
103 Maldives .. .. 0.599 0.659 0.675 0.688 0.692 0.695 0.698 103 1 .. .. 1.19
103 Mongolia 0.515 0.552 0.580 0.637 0.665 0.671 0.682 0.692 0.698 106 3 0.71 0.50 1.43
103 Turkmenistan .. .. .. .. .. 0.687 0.690 0.693 0.698 104 .. .. .. ..
106 Samoa .. .. 0.654 0.681 0.683 0.688 0.690 0.693 0.694 104 -3 .. .. 0.45
107 Palestine, State of .. .. .. 0.649 0.672 0.671 0.679 0.683 0.686 107 1 .. .. ..
108 Indonesia 0.471 0.528 0.609 0.640 0.654 0.671 0.678 0.681 0.684 108 4 1.16 1.44 0.90
109 Botswana 0.470 0.583 0.560 0.610 0.656 0.672 0.678 0.681 0.683 108 2 2.18 -0.40 1.54
110 Egypt 0.452 0.546 0.621 0.645 0.667 0.678 0.679 0.681 0.682 108 -4 1.91 1.30 0.72
111 Paraguay 0.550 0.581 0.625 0.648 0.661 0.669 0.672 0.670 0.676 111 -3 0.55 0.73 0.61
112 Gabon 0.540 0.619 0.632 0.644 0.654 0.662 0.666 0.670 0.674 111 0 1.37 0.21 0.50
113 Bolivia (Plurinational State of) 0.494 0.554 0.615 0.636 0.649 0.658 0.661 0.663 0.667 113 2 1.17 1.04 0.63
114 Moldova (Republic of) .. 0.645 0.598 0.639 0.652 0.652 0.656 0.657 0.663 116 0 .. -0.76 0.80
115 El Salvador 0.517 0.529 0.607 0.640 0.648 0.652 0.657 0.660 0.662 115 1 0.22 1.38 0.67
116 Uzbekistan .. .. .. 0.626 0.643 0.648 0.653 0.657 0.661 116 2 .. .. ..
117 Philippines 0.566 0.591 0.619 0.638 0.648 0.651 0.652 0.656 0.660 118 -1 0.45 0.46 0.49
118 South Africa 0.569 0.619 0.628 0.608 0.623 0.638 0.646 0.654 0.658 119 2 0.86 0.14 0.36
118 Syrian Arab Republic 0.528 0.570 0.605 0.653 0.658 0.662 0.662 0.662 0.658 114 -8 0.76 0.60 0.65
120 Iraq 0.500 0.508 0.606 0.621 0.632 0.638 0.639 0.641 0.642 120 -1 0.17 1.77 0.45
121 Guyana 0.516 0.505 0.570 0.584 0.621 0.626 0.632 0.635 0.638 121 0 -0.22 1.22 0.87
121 Viet Nam 0.463 0.476 0.563 0.598 0.617 0.629 0.632 0.635 0.638 121 2 0.28 1.70 0.96
123 Cape Verde .. .. 0.573 0.589 0.613 0.622 0.631 0.635 0.636 121 1 .. .. 0.81
124 Micronesia (Federated States of) .. .. .. .. .. 0.627 0.627 0.629 0.630 124 .. .. .. ..
125 Guatemala 0.445 0.483 0.551 0.576 0.601 0.613 0.620 0.626 0.628 125 3 0.82 1.34 1.01
125 Kyrgyzstan .. 0.607 0.586 0.605 0.617 0.614 0.618 0.621 0.628 126 -2 .. -0.34 0.52
127 Namibia 0.550 0.577 0.556 0.570 0.598 0.610 0.616 0.620 0.624 127 3 0.48 -0.36 0.89
128 Timor-Leste .. .. 0.465 0.505 0.579 0.606 0.606 0.616 0.620 129 5 .. .. 2.25
129 Honduras 0.461 0.507 0.558 0.584 0.604 0.612 0.615 0.616 0.617 129 -2 0.95 0.96 0.78
129 Morocco 0.399 0.459 0.526 0.569 0.588 0.603 0.612 0.614 0.617 131 3 1.41 1.37 1.23
131 Vanuatu .. .. .. .. 0.608 0.617 0.618 0.617 0.616 128 -5 .. .. ..
132 Nicaragua 0.483 0.491 0.554 0.585 0.599 0.604 0.608 0.611 0.614 132 -3 0.17 1.22 0.79
133 Kiribati .. .. .. .. .. 0.599 0.599 0.606 0.607 133 .. .. .. ..
133 Tajikistan .. 0.610 0.529 0.572 0.591 0.596 0.600 0.603 0.607 134 -2 .. -1.42 1.07
135 India 0.369 0.431 0.483 0.527 0.554 0.570 0.581 0.583 0.586 135 1 1.58 1.15 1.49
136 Bhutan .. .. .. .. .. 0.569 0.579 0.580 0.584 136 .. .. .. ..
136 Cambodia 0.251 0.403 0.466 0.536 0.564 0.571 0.575 0.579 0.584 137 -1 4.83 1.47 1.75
138 Ghana 0.423 0.502 0.487 0.511 0.544 0.556 0.566 0.571 0.573 138 1 1.73 -0.30 1.26
139 Lao People's Democratic Republic 0.340 0.395 0.473 0.511 0.533 0.549 0.560 0.565 0.569 139 3 1.51 1.83 1.44
140 Congo 0.542 0.553 0.501 0.525 0.548 0.565 0.549 0.561 0.564 140 -2 0.19 -0.98 0.92
141 Zambia 0.422 0.407 0.423 0.471 0.505 0.530 0.543 0.554 0.561 143 7 -0.37 0.39 2.19
142 Bangladesh 0.336 0.382 0.453 0.494 0.515 0.539 0.549 0.554 0.558 143 2 1.29 1.71 1.62
142 Sao Tome and Principe .. .. 0.495 0.520 0.537 0.543 0.548 0.556 0.558 141 -1 .. .. 0.92
144 Equatorial Guinea .. .. 0.476 0.517 0.543 0.559 0.553 0.556 0.556 141 -4 .. .. 1.21
Low human development
145 Nepal 0.286 0.388 0.449 0.477 0.501 0.527 0.533 0.537 0.540 145 4 3.09 1.47 1.42
146 Pakistan 0.356 0.402 0.454 0.504 0.536 0.526 0.531 0.535 0.537 146 -1 1.22 1.21 1.30
147 Kenya 0.446 0.471 0.455 0.479 0.508 0.522 0.527 0.531 0.535 147 -1 0.55 -0.34 1.25
148 Swaziland 0.477 0.538 0.498 0.498 0.518 0.527 0.530 0.529 0.530 148 -5 1.20 -0.77 0.48
149 Angola .. .. 0.377 0.446 0.490 0.504 0.521 0.524 0.526 149 2 .. .. 2.60
150 Myanmar 0.328 0.347 0.421 0.472 0.500 0.514 0.517 0.520 0.524 150 0 0.59 1.94 1.69
151 Rwanda 0.291 0.238 0.329 0.391 0.432 0.453 0.463 0.502 0.506 151 17 -2.01 3.31 3.35
152 Cameroon 0.391 0.440 0.433 0.457 0.477 0.493 0.498 0.501 0.504 152 2 1.19 -0.15 1.18
152 Nigeria .. .. .. 0.466 0.483 0.492 0.496 0.500 0.504 153 1 .. .. ..
154 Yemen .. 0.390 0.427 0.462 0.471 0.484 0.497 0.499 0.500 154 2 .. 0.90 1.22
155 Madagascar .. .. 0.453 0.470 0.487 0.494 0.495 0.496 0.498 155 -3 .. .. 0.73
156 Zimbabwe 0.437 0.488 0.428 0.412 0.422 0.459 0.473 0.484 0.492 160 16 1.12 -1.30 1.08
157 Papua New Guinea 0.323 0.363 0.423 0.441 0.467 0.479 0.484 0.490 0.491 156 1 1.19 1.53 1.17
157 Solomon Islands .. .. 0.475 0.483 0.506 0.489 0.494 0.489 0.491 157 -10 .. .. 0.25
159 Comoros .. .. .. 0.464 0.474 0.479 0.483 0.486 0.488 158 -4 .. .. ..
159 Tanzania (United Republic of) 0.377 0.354 0.376 0.419 0.451 0.464 0.478 0.484 0.488 160 5 -0.64 0.59 2.04
161 Mauritania 0.347 0.367 0.433 0.455 0.466 0.475 0.475 0.485 0.487 159 -2 0.55 1.67 0.91
162 Lesotho 0.443 0.493 0.443 0.437 0.456 0.472 0.476 0.481 0.486 163 0 1.06 -1.06 0.72
163 Senegal 0.333 0.384 0.413 0.451 0.474 0.483 0.483 0.484 0.485 160 -6 1.44 0.72 1.25
164 Uganda 0.293 0.310 0.392 0.429 0.458 0.472 0.477 0.480 0.484 164 -4 0.55 2.38 1.63
165 Benin 0.287 0.342 0.391 0.432 0.454 0.467 0.471 0.473 0.476 165 -2 1.78 1.33 1.52
166 Sudan 0.331 0.342 0.385 0.423 0.447 0.463 0.468 0.472 0.473 166 -1 0.33 1.20 1.59
166 Togo 0.405 0.404 0.430 0.442 0.447 0.460 0.467 0.470 0.473 167 -1 -0.03 0.63 0.74
168 Haiti 0.352 0.413 0.433 0.447 0.458 0.462 0.466 0.469 0.471 168 -8 1.61 0.46 0.66
169 Afghanistan 0.230 0.296 0.341 0.396 0.430 0.453 0.458 0.466 0.468 169 1 2.56 1.42 2.46
170 Djibouti .. .. .. 0.412 0.438 0.452 0.461 0.465 0.467 170 -3 .. .. ..
171 Côte d'Ivoire 0.377 0.380 0.393 0.407 0.427 0.439 0.443 0.448 0.452 171 0 0.10 0.33 1.08
172 Gambia 0.300 0.334 0.383 0.414 0.432 0.440 0.436 0.438 0.441 172 -4 1.08 1.37 1.08
173 Ethiopia .. .. 0.284 0.339 0.394 0.409 0.422 0.429 0.435 173 2 .. .. 3.35
174 Malawi 0.270 0.283 0.341 0.368 0.395 0.406 0.411 0.411 0.414 174 0 0.46 1.88 1.50
175 Liberia .. .. 0.339 0.335 0.374 0.393 0.402 0.407 0.412 175 3 .. .. 1.52
176 Mali 0.208 0.232 0.309 0.359 0.385 0.398 0.405 0.406 0.407 176 0 1.14 2.89 2.13
177 Guinea-Bissau .. .. .. 0.387 0.397 0.401 0.402 0.396 0.396 177 -4 .. .. ..
178 Mozambique 0.246 0.216 0.285 0.343 0.366 0.380 0.384 0.389 0.393 179 1 -1.31 2.84 2.49
179 Guinea .. .. .. 0.366 0.377 0.380 0.387 0.391 0.392 178 -2 .. .. ..
180 Burundi 0.230 0.291 0.290 0.319 0.362 0.381 0.384 0.386 0.389 180 0 2.37 -0.03 2.29
181 Burkina Faso .. .. .. 0.321 0.349 0.367 0.376 0.385 0.388 181 0 .. .. ..
182 Eritrea .. .. .. .. .. 0.373 0.377 0.380 0.381 182 .. .. .. ..
183 Sierra Leone 0.276 0.263 0.297 0.329 0.346 0.353 0.360 0.368 0.374 184 0 -0.49 1.23 1.79
184 Chad .. .. 0.301 0.324 0.338 0.349 0.365 0.370 0.372 183 1 .. .. 1.66
185 Central African Republic 0.295 0.310 0.314 0.327 0.344 0.355 0.361 0.365 0.341 185 -1 0.50 0.13 0.61
186 Congo (Democratic Republic of the) 0.336 0.319 0.274 0.292 0.307 0.319 0.323 0.333 0.338 187 1 -0.53 -1.52 1.64
187 Niger 0.191 0.218 0.262 0.293 0.309 0.323 0.328 0.335 0.337 186 -1 1.34 1.86 1.95
Other countries or territories
Korea (Democratic People's Rep. of) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Marshall Islands .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Monaco .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Nauru .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
San Marino .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Somalia .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
South Sudan .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Tuvalu .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Human Development Index groups
Very high human development 0.757 0.798 0.849 0.870 0.879 0.885 0.887 0.889 0.890 0.52 0.62 0.37
High human development 0.534 0.593 0.643 0.682 0.710 0.723 0.729 0.733 0.735 1.04 0.81 1.04
Medium human development 0.420 0.474 0.528 0.565 0.587 0.601 0.609 0.612 0.614 1.22 1.09 1.17
Low human development 0.345 0.367 0.403 0.444 0.471 0.479 0.486 0.490 0.493 0.64 0.95 1.56
Regions
Arab States 0.492 0.551 0.611 0.644 0.664 0.675 0.678 0.681 0.682 1.14 1.05 0.85
East Asia and the Pacific 0.457 0.517 0.595 0.641 0.671 0.688 0.695 0.699 0.703 1.23 1.42 1.29
Europe and Central Asia .. 0.651 0.665 0.700 0.716 0.726 0.733 0.735 0.738 .. 0.21 0.80
Latin America and the Caribbean 0.579 0.627 0.683 0.705 0.726 0.734 0.737 0.739 0.740 0.79 0.87 0.62
South Asia 0.382 0.438 0.491 0.533 0.560 0.573 0.582 0.586 0.588 1.37 1.16 1.39
Sub-Saharan Africa 0.382 0.399 0.421 0.452 0.477 0.488 0.495 0.499 0.502 0.44 0.52 1.37
Least developed countries 0.319 0.345 0.391 0.429 0.457 0.472 0.480 0.484 0.487 0.79 1.26 1.70
Small island developing states 0.545 0.587 0.613 0.637 0.658 0.662 0.663 0.663 0.665 0.75 0.43 0.62
World 0.559 0.597 0.639 0.667 0.685 0.693 0.698 0.700 0.702 0.66 0.67 0.73

Note

  • a. A positive value indicates an improvement in rank.

Definitions

Human Development Index (HDI): A composite index measuring average achievement in three basic dimensions of human development—a long and healthy life, knowledge and a decent standard of living. See Technical note 1 (http://hdr.undp.org/en) for details on how the HDI is calculated.

Average annual HDI growth: A smoothed annualized growth of the HDI in a given period, calculated as the annual compound growth rate.

Main data sources

Columns 1-9: HDRO calculations based on data from UNDESA (2013a), Barro and Lee (2013), UNESCO Institute for Statistics (2013), UN Statistics Division(2014), World Bank (2014) and IMF (2014).

Columns 10-14: Calculated based on data in columns 1-9.