Table 3: Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index

Download all data

Table 3: Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index

HDI rank Country Human Development Index (HDI) Value, 2013 Inequality-adjusted HDI (IHDI) Value, 2013 Inequality-adjusted HDI (IHDI) Overall loss, % Inequality-adjusted HDI (IHDI) Difference from HDI rank, 2013 b Coefficient of human inequality Value, 2013 Inequality in life expectancy %, 2013 Inequality-adjusted life expectancy index Value, 2013 Inequality in education %, 2013 a,c Inequality-adjusted education index Value, 2013 Inequality in income %, 2013a,c Inequality-adjusted income index Value, 2013 Quintile ratio, 2003-2012 Palma ratio, 2003-2012 Gini coefficient, 2003-2012
Very high human development
1 Norway 0.944 0.891 5.6 0 5.5 3.4 0.914 2.4 0.888 10.7 0.871 .. .. 25.8
2 Australia 0.933 0.860 7.8 0 7.5 4.2 0.921 1.8 0.910 16.6 0.760 .. .. ..
3 Switzerland 0.917 0.847 7.7 -1 7.6 3.9 0.926 5.8 0.795 13.2 0.824 .. .. 33.7
4 Netherlands 0.915 0.854 6.7 1 6.6 3.9 0.902 4.1 0.857 11.8 0.806 5.1 .. 30.9
5 United States 0.914 0.755 17.4 -23 16.2 6.2 0.851 6.7 0.830 35.6 0.609 .. .. 40.8
6 Germany 0.911 0.846 7.1 1 7.0 3.7 0.900 2.4 0.863 14.8 0.781 .. .. 28.3
7 New Zealand 0.910 .. .. .. .. 4.8 0.895 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
8 Canada 0.902 0.833 7.6 -2 7.5 4.6 0.902 4.0 0.816 13.9 0.785 .. .. 32.6
9 Singapore 0.901 .. .. .. .. 2.8 0.932 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
10 Denmark 0.900 0.838 6.9 0 6.8 4.0 0.877 3.1 0.846 13.3 0.794 .. .. ..
11 Ireland 0.899 0.832 7.5 -1 7.4 3.7 0.899 5.2 0.841 13.3 0.761 .. .. 34.3
12 Sweden 0.898 0.840 6.5 3 6.4 3.1 0.922 3.6 0.800 12.4 0.803 .. .. 25.0
13 Iceland 0.895 0.843 5.7 5 5.6 2.8 0.928 2.5 0.826 11.6 0.783 .. .. ..
14 United Kingdom 0.892 0.812 8.9 -4 8.6 4.5 0.890 2.6 0.838 18.8 0.719 7.2 .. 36.0
15 Hong Kong, China (SAR) 0.891 .. .. .. .. 2.8 0.948 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
15 Korea (Republic of) 0.891 0.736 17.4 -20 16.8 3.9 0.910 28.1 0.622 18.4 0.704 .. .. ..
17 Japan 0.890 0.779 12.4 -6 12.2 3.2 0.947 19.8 0.648 13.5 0.772 .. .. ..
18 Liechtenstein 0.889 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
19 Israel 0.888 0.793 10.7 -4 10.4 3.8 0.915 7.9 0.786 19.6 0.693 .. .. 39.2
20 France 0.884 0.804 9.0 -2 8.9 4.0 0.913 8.6 0.745 14.2 0.765 .. .. ..
21 Austria 0.881 0.818 7.2 4 7.1 3.7 0.906 3.7 0.765 13.8 0.789 .. .. 29.2
21 Belgium 0.881 0.806 8.5 0 8.5 3.9 0.895 9.2 0.738 12.3 0.792 .. .. 33.0
21 Luxembourg 0.881 0.814 7.6 3 7.5 3.3 0.901 6.0 0.716 13.1 0.837 .. .. 30.8
24 Finland 0.879 0.830 5.5 9 5.5 3.5 0.899 2.1 0.798 10.8 0.798 .. .. 26.9
25 Slovenia 0.874 0.824 5.8 9 5.7 3.8 0.882 2.7 0.840 10.6 0.755 4.8 .. 31.2
26 Italy 0.872 0.768 11.9 -1 11.6 3.4 0.927 11.7 0.697 19.8 0.701 .. .. 36.0
27 Spain 0.869 0.775 10.9 1 10.5 3.9 0.918 5.4 0.751 22.1 0.673 .. .. 34.7
28 Czech Republic 0.861 0.813 5.6 9 5.5 3.7 0.855 1.4 0.854 11.3 0.737 .. .. ..
29 Greece 0.853 0.762 10.6 0 10.5 4.0 0.898 11.3 0.707 16.2 0.697 .. .. 34.3
30 Brunei Darussalam 0.852 .. .. .. .. 4.4 0.861 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
31 Qatar 0.851 .. .. .. .. 6.0 0.844 .. .. .. .. 13.3 .. 41.1
32 Cyprus 0.845 0.752 11.0 -3 10.9 3.7 0.887 14.0 0.668 14.9 0.719 .. .. ..
33 Estonia 0.840 0.767 8.7 3 8.5 5.6 0.791 2.5 0.837 17.4 0.681 6.4 .. 36.0
34 Saudi Arabia 0.836 .. .. .. .. 8.7 0.779 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
35 Lithuania 0.834 0.746 10.6 -3 10.4 6.6 0.749 6.1 0.823 18.6 0.673 6.7 1.6 37.6
35 Poland 0.834 0.751 9.9 -2 9.7 5.7 0.818 5.6 0.779 17.9 0.666 5.2 1.3 32.7
37 Andorra 0.830 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
37 Slovakia 0.830 0.778 6.3 9 6.2 5.6 0.805 1.5 0.790 11.5 0.740 3.6 0.9 26.0
39 Malta 0.829 0.760 8.3 5 8.2 4.8 0.875 5.7 0.691 14.1 0.727 .. .. ..
40 United Arab Emirates 0.827 .. .. .. .. 5.5 0.826 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
41 Chile 0.822 0.661 19.6 -16 18.5 5.9 0.868 13.7 0.644 36.0 0.516 13.5 3.5 52.1
41 Portugal 0.822 0.739 10.1 0 9.8 3.9 0.886 5.7 0.686 19.9 0.664 .. .. ..
43 Hungary 0.818 0.757 7.4 7 7.3 5.4 0.795 3.5 0.777 13.1 0.703 4.8 1.2 31.2
44 Bahrain 0.815 .. .. .. .. 6.3 0.816 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
44 Cuba 0.815 .. .. .. .. 5.1 0.865 11.0 0.661 .. .. .. .. ..
46 Kuwait 0.814 .. .. .. .. 7.2 0.775 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
47 Croatia 0.812 0.721 11.2 -2 11.1 5.2 0.832 10.4 0.690 17.6 0.653 5.2 1.4 33.7
48 Latvia 0.810 0.725 10.6 0 10.3 7.6 0.741 3.6 0.784 19.8 0.654 6.0 1.4 34.8
49 Argentina 0.808 0.680 15.8 -4 15.3 9.3 0.786 8.6 0.716 28.1 0.560 11.3 2.4 44.5
High human development
50 Uruguay 0.790 0.662 16.1 -8 15.7 9.2 0.799 10.9 0.635 27.1 0.573 10.3 2.5 45.3
51 Bahamas 0.789 0.676 14.3 -3 14.0 9.4 0.770 8.0 0.657 24.5 0.612 .. .. ..
51 Montenegro 0.789 0.733 7.2 5 7.1 7.6 0.779 2.5 0.754 11.3 0.669 4.3 1.0 28.6
53 Belarus 0.786 0.726 7.6 6 7.5 6.8 0.716 4.8 0.781 11.1 0.685 3.8 0.9 26.5
54 Romania 0.785 0.702 10.5 4 10.4 8.8 0.755 5.0 0.710 17.3 0.645 4.1 1.0 27.4
55 Libya 0.784 .. .. .. .. 10.1 0.765 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
56 Oman 0.783 .. .. .. .. 7.0 0.809 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
57 Russian Federation 0.778 0.685 12.0 3 11.6 9.8 0.666 2.1 0.764 22.9 0.631 7.3 1.9 40.1
58 Bulgaria 0.777 0.692 11.0 5 10.8 7.9 0.759 5.8 0.706 18.8 0.618 4.3 1.0 28.2
59 Barbados 0.776 .. .. .. .. 8.1 0.783 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
60 Palau 0.775 .. .. .. .. .. .. 12.0 0.692 23.0 0.565 .. .. ..
61 Antigua and Barbuda 0.774 .. .. .. .. 8.0 0.792 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
62 Malaysia 0.773 .. .. .. .. 4.9 0.805 .. .. .. .. 11.3 2.6 46.2
63 Mauritius 0.771 0.662 14.2 -2 14.1 9.2 0.749 13.2 0.623 19.8 0.621 .. .. ..
64 Trinidad and Tobago 0.766 0.649 15.2 -6 15.0 16.4 0.641 6.6 0.654 21.9 0.653 .. .. ..
65 Lebanon 0.765 0.606 20.8 -17 20.3 6.7 0.861 24.1 0.479 30.0 0.538 .. .. ..
65 Panama 0.765 0.596 22.1 -18 21.4 12.1 0.778 16.3 0.550 35.8 0.494 17.1 3.6 51.9
67 Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 0.764 0.613 19.7 -10 19.4 12.2 0.738 17.6 0.562 28.4 0.556 11.5 2.4 44.8
68 Costa Rica 0.763 0.611 19.9 -11 19.1 7.3 0.855 15.7 0.551 34.3 0.483 14.5 3.3 50.7
69 Turkey 0.759 0.639 15.8 -3 15.6 11.0 0.757 14.1 0.560 21.8 0.616 8.3 1.9 40.0
70 Kazakhstan 0.757 0.667 11.9 9 11.8 16.7 0.596 5.9 0.717 12.7 0.695 4.2 1.1 29.0
71 Mexico 0.756 0.583 22.9 -13 22.3 10.9 0.788 21.4 0.501 34.6 0.500 10.7 2.7 47.2
71 Seychelles 0.756 .. .. .. .. 7.9 0.754 .. .. .. .. 18.8 6.4 65.8
73 Saint Kitts and Nevis 0.750 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
73 Sri Lanka 0.750 0.643 14.3 1 14.2 8.3 0.766 14.6 0.630 19.6 0.550 5.8 1.6 36.4
75 Iran (Islamic Republic of) 0.749 0.498 33.6 -34 32.1 12.5 0.728 37.3 0.429 46.6 0.395 7.0 1.7 38.3
76 Azerbaijan 0.747 0.659 11.8 7 11.5 21.7 0.611 8.3 0.642 4.5 0.730 5.3 1.4 33.7
77 Jordan 0.745 0.607 18.6 -5 18.5 11.9 0.730 22.4 0.543 21.1 0.564 5.7 1.5 35.4
77 Serbia 0.745 0.663 10.9 12 10.9 8.5 0.761 10.7 0.621 13.5 0.618 4.6 1.1 29.6
79 Brazil 0.744 0.542 27.0 -16 26.3 14.5 0.709 24.7 0.498 39.7 0.452 20.6 4.3 54.7
79 Georgia 0.744 0.636 14.5 4 14.0 12.9 0.728 3.3 0.745 25.9 0.474 9.5 2.1 42.1
79 Grenada 0.744 .. .. .. .. 8.4 0.744 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
82 Peru 0.737 0.562 23.7 -9 23.4 13.9 0.726 25.6 0.494 30.6 0.495 13.5 2.9 48.1
83 Ukraine 0.734 0.667 9.2 18 9.1 10.4 0.669 6.1 0.747 10.9 0.593 3.6 0.9 25.6
84 Belize 0.732 .. .. .. .. 11.4 0.734 .. .. 37.9 0.426 17.6 .. 53.1
84 The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 0.732 0.633 13.6 7 13.3 7.6 0.785 10.6 0.574 21.8 0.563 10.0 2.3 43.6
86 Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.731 0.653 10.6 13 10.4 6.7 0.809 5.2 0.621 19.2 0.555 6.5 1.5 36.2
87 Armenia 0.730 0.655 10.4 15 10.2 12.7 0.733 3.7 0.675 14.3 0.567 4.6 1.2 31.3
88 Fiji 0.724 0.613 15.3 6 15.1 12.3 0.672 10.5 0.686 22.6 0.500 8.0 2.2 42.8
89 Thailand 0.722 0.573 20.7 -2 20.0 9.8 0.755 16.1 0.510 34.0 0.488 6.9 1.8 39.4
90 Tunisia 0.721 .. .. .. .. 10.6 0.768 .. .. .. .. 6.4 1.5 36.1
91 China 0.719 .. .. .. .. 9.8 0.768 .. .. 29.5 0.505 10.1 2.1 42.1
91 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0.719 .. .. .. .. 12.9 0.703 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
93 Algeria 0.717 .. .. .. .. 16.7 0.654 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
93 Dominica 0.717 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
95 Albania 0.716 0.620 13.4 11 13.4 9.9 0.796 11.9 0.536 18.3 0.558 5.3 1.4 34.5
96 Jamaica 0.715 0.579 19.0 1 18.6 15.0 0.700 10.6 0.598 30.1 0.465 9.6 .. 45.5
97 Saint Lucia 0.714 .. .. .. .. 9.9 0.760 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
98 Colombia 0.711 0.521 26.7 -10 25.7 13.5 0.719 22.1 0.469 41.5 0.420 20.1 4.5 55.9
98 Ecuador 0.711 0.549 22.7 -3 22.4 13.4 0.752 21.6 0.466 32.1 0.472 12.5 3.1 49.3
100 Suriname 0.705 0.534 24.2 -6 23.5 13.6 0.678 19.5 0.474 37.3 0.475 17.9 .. 52.9
100 Tonga 0.705 .. .. .. .. 13.7 0.699 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
102 Dominican Republic 0.700 0.535 23.6 -4 23.4 16.9 0.683 24.0 0.449 29.3 0.500 11.3 2.7 47.2
Medium human development
103 Maldives 0.698 0.521 25.4 -7 24.2 8.1 0.819 41.2 0.322 23.2 0.535 6.8 .. 37.4
103 Mongolia 0.698 0.618 11.5 16 11.4 16.6 0.610 5.2 0.658 12.3 0.588 6.2 1.6 36.5
103 Turkmenistan 0.698 .. .. .. .. 26.0 0.517 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
106 Samoa 0.694 .. .. .. .. 13.3 0.709 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
107 Palestine, State of 0.686 0.606 11.7 13 11.7 13.1 0.711 6.9 0.617 15.0 0.507 5.8 1.5 35.5
108 Indonesia 0.684 0.553 19.2 5 19.1 16.4 0.654 23.2 0.463 17.7 0.559 6.3 1.7 38.1
109 Botswana 0.683 0.422 38.2 -21 36.5 21.9 0.533 32.1 0.420 55.5 0.336 .. .. ..
110 Egypt 0.682 0.518 24.0 -5 22.8 13.4 0.682 40.9 0.339 14.2 0.602 4.4 1.2 30.8
111 Paraguay 0.676 0.513 24.1 -5 23.7 19.2 0.650 17.2 0.486 34.6 0.428 17.3 3.7 52.4
112 Gabon 0.674 0.512 24.0 -5 24.0 28.0 0.482 23.5 0.451 20.4 0.617 7.8 2.0 41.5
113 Bolivia (Plurinational State of) 0.667 0.470 29.6 -10 29.4 24.5 0.549 27.6 0.488 36.1 0.388 27.8 4.8 56.3
114 Moldova (Republic of) 0.663 0.582 12.2 16 12.0 11.0 0.670 6.1 0.614 18.9 0.480 5.3 1.3 33.0
115 El Salvador 0.662 0.485 26.7 -7 26.2 14.5 0.692 30.2 0.386 34.0 0.427 14.3 3.0 48.3
116 Uzbekistan 0.661 0.556 15.8 14 15.3 24.3 0.562 1.4 0.642 20.1 0.478 6.2 1.6 36.7
117 Philippines 0.660 0.540 18.1 10 18.0 15.2 0.635 13.5 0.528 25.2 0.470 8.3 2.2 43.0
118 South Africa 0.658 .. .. .. .. 25.7 0.422 18.1 0.569 .. .. 25.3 7.1 63.1
118 Syrian Arab Republic 0.658 0.518 21.2 4 20.8 12.6 0.734 31.5 0.379 18.3 0.500 5.7 .. 35.8
120 Iraq 0.642 0.505 21.4 0 21.2 17.6 0.626 29.8 0.328 16.1 0.626 4.6 1.2 30.9
121 Guyana 0.638 0.522 18.2 10 18.0 19.2 0.575 10.5 0.521 24.4 0.474 .. .. ..
121 Viet Nam 0.638 0.543 14.9 15 14.9 12.1 0.757 18.0 0.421 14.6 0.502 5.9 1.5 35.6
123 Cape Verde 0.636 0.511 19.7 4 19.4 12.0 0.746 18.2 0.395 28.0 0.452 .. .. 50.5
124 Micronesia (Federated States of) 0.630 .. .. .. .. 19.8 0.604 .. .. 63.1 0.201 .. .. 61.1
125 Guatemala 0.628 0.422 32.8 -8 32.0 17.4 0.662 36.1 0.309 42.5 0.367 19.6 4.5 55.9
125 Kyrgyzstan 0.628 0.519 17.2 10 16.9 20.0 0.585 6.6 0.613 24.1 0.391 5.4 1.3 33.4
127 Namibia 0.624 0.352 43.6 -22 39.3 21.7 0.536 27.8 0.376 68.3 0.216 21.8 .. 63.9
128 Timor-Leste 0.620 0.430 30.7 -3 29.4 22.8 0.565 47.6 0.248 17.8 0.568 .. .. ..
129 Honduras 0.617 0.418 32.2 -6 31.1 17.0 0.687 29.6 0.356 46.8 0.299 29.7 5.2 57.0
129 Morocco 0.617 0.433 29.7 0 28.5 16.8 0.652 45.8 0.254 23.0 0.493 7.3 2.0 40.9
131 Vanuatu 0.616 .. .. .. .. 15.4 0.672 .. .. 18.5 0.404 .. .. ..
132 Nicaragua 0.614 0.452 26.4 4 25.8 13.2 0.732 33.3 0.323 31.0 0.391 7.6 1.9 40.5
133 Kiribati 0.607 0.416 31.5 -4 30.1 20.6 0.597 21.4 0.473 48.4 0.255 .. .. ..
133 Tajikistan 0.607 0.491 19.2 9 18.8 29.3 0.514 12.2 0.561 15.0 0.409 4.7 1.2 30.8
135 India 0.586 0.418 28.6 0 27.7 25.0 0.536 42.1 0.274 16.1 0.500 5.0 1.4 33.9
136 Bhutan 0.584 0.465 20.4 9 20.2 22.2 0.578 13.3 0.365 25.1 0.477 6.8 1.7 38.1
136 Cambodia 0.584 0.440 24.7 7 24.6 25.3 0.597 28.3 0.355 20.3 0.401 5.6 1.5 36.0
138 Ghana 0.573 0.394 31.3 -1 31.2 30.8 0.438 35.6 0.356 27.2 0.392 9.3 2.2 42.8
139 Lao People's Democratic Republic 0.569 0.430 24.5 8 24.1 21.5 0.583 34.1 0.287 16.8 0.474 5.9 1.6 36.7
140 Congo 0.564 0.391 30.7 0 30.6 36.0 0.382 25.4 0.381 30.3 0.410 10.7 2.8 47.3
141 Zambia 0.561 0.365 35.0 -4 34.5 37.2 0.368 23.8 0.451 42.6 0.292 17.4 4.8 57.5
142 Bangladesh 0.558 0.396 29.1 4 28.7 20.1 0.623 37.8 0.278 28.3 0.357 4.7 1.3 32.1
142 Sao Tome and Principe 0.558 0.384 31.2 0 30.4 26.9 0.521 20.0 0.375 44.2 0.290 .. .. 50.8
144 Equatorial Guinea 0.556 .. .. .. .. 44.4 0.283 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Low human development
145 Nepal 0.540 0.384 28.8 3 27.8 21.1 0.588 44.0 0.253 18.3 0.381 5.0 1.3 32.8
146 Pakistan 0.537 0.375 30.1 2 28.7 29.9 0.502 45.2 0.204 11.0 0.516 4.2 1.2 30.0
147 Kenya 0.535 0.360 32.8 0 32.7 31.5 0.440 30.7 0.357 36.0 0.297 11.0 2.8 47.7
148 Swaziland 0.530 0.354 33.3 -2 33.1 35.0 0.290 26.8 0.404 37.6 0.378 14.0 3.5 51.5
149 Angola 0.526 0.295 44.0 -17 43.6 46.2 0.264 34.6 0.310 50.0 0.313 9.0 2.2 42.7
150 Myanmar 0.524 .. .. .. .. 27.1 0.507 19.4 0.299 .. .. .. .. ..
151 Rwanda 0.506 0.338 33.2 -4 33.1 30.2 0.473 29.4 0.338 39.6 0.241 11.0 3.2 50.8
152 Cameroon 0.504 0.339 32.8 -2 32.4 39.4 0.327 34.8 0.317 23.1 0.377 6.9 1.8 38.9
152 Nigeria 0.504 0.300 40.3 -14 40.2 40.8 0.296 45.2 0.233 34.5 0.394 12.2 3.0 48.8
154 Yemen 0.500 0.336 32.8 -2 31.7 30.3 0.462 47.2 0.179 17.6 0.457 6.3 1.7 37.7
155 Madagascar 0.498 0.346 30.5 2 30.3 24.8 0.517 30.1 0.320 36.1 0.250 9.3 2.3 44.1
156 Zimbabwe 0.492 0.358 27.2 7 26.8 26.8 0.449 17.8 0.411 35.8 0.249 .. .. ..
157 Papua New Guinea 0.491 .. .. .. .. 26.5 0.480 11.5 0.333 .. .. .. .. ..
157 Solomon Islands 0.491 0.374 23.8 11 23.8 22.3 0.570 22.8 0.313 26.3 0.293 .. .. ..
159 Comoros 0.488 .. .. .. .. 34.2 0.414 47.4 0.237 .. .. 26.7 .. 64.3
159 Tanzania (United Republic of) 0.488 0.356 27.1 8 26.9 30.4 0.445 29.5 0.300 20.9 0.339 6.6 1.7 37.6
161 Mauritania 0.487 0.315 35.3 -2 34.6 36.6 0.405 45.9 0.191 21.2 0.404 7.8 1.9 40.5
162 Lesotho 0.486 0.313 35.6 -2 34.9 33.5 0.301 24.3 0.382 47.0 0.267 19.0 3.9 52.5
163 Senegal 0.485 0.326 32.9 3 32.3 29.5 0.471 44.6 0.204 22.7 0.359 7.7 1.9 40.3
164 Uganda 0.484 0.335 30.8 5 30.8 33.8 0.399 31.2 0.329 27.3 0.285 8.7 2.3 44.3
165 Benin 0.476 0.311 34.6 0 34.2 37.0 0.381 42.0 0.240 23.6 0.329 6.6 1.8 38.6
166 Sudan 0.473 .. .. .. .. 32.8 0.435 .. .. .. .. 6.2 1.4 35.3
166 Togo 0.473 0.317 32.9 4 32.6 36.8 0.355 37.6 0.321 23.5 0.280 7.6 1.8 39.3
168 Haiti 0.471 0.285 39.5 -3 38.9 27.9 0.478 40.4 0.223 48.4 0.218 .. .. 59.2
169 Afghanistan 0.468 0.321 31.4 7 30.0 34.3 0.414 45.0 0.201 10.8 0.397 4.0 1.0 27.8
170 Djibouti 0.467 0.306 34.6 2 33.7 32.5 0.434 47.0 0.162 21.7 0.406 .. .. 40.0
171 Côte d'Ivoire 0.452 0.279 38.3 -2 37.9 40.2 0.283 45.4 0.213 28.1 0.361 8.5 2.0 41.5
172 Gambia 0.441 .. .. .. .. 34.8 0.389 .. .. 26.9 0.303 11.0 2.8 47.3
173 Ethiopia 0.435 0.307 29.4 5 28.0 30.2 0.469 44.3 0.176 9.5 0.351 5.3 1.4 33.6
174 Malawi 0.414 0.282 31.9 1 31.6 40.0 0.326 30.2 0.307 24.6 0.224 8.9 2.3 43.9
175 Liberia 0.412 0.273 33.8 -1 32.8 33.1 0.417 46.4 0.197 19.0 0.247 7.0 1.7 38.2
176 Mali 0.407 .. .. .. .. 45.6 0.293 36.9 0.193 .. .. 5.2 1.3 33.0
177 Guinea-Bissau 0.396 0.239 39.6 -4 39.4 45.3 0.289 40.3 0.194 32.5 0.244 .. .. 35.5
178 Mozambique 0.393 0.277 29.5 2 28.9 40.2 0.278 18.2 0.304 28.4 0.250 9.8 2.5 45.7
179 Guinea 0.392 0.243 38.0 -1 37.8 40.3 0.332 42.0 0.171 31.1 0.253 7.3 1.8 39.4
180 Burundi 0.389 0.257 33.9 2 32.6 43.6 0.296 41.0 0.218 13.2 0.264 4.8 1.3 33.3
181 Burkina Faso 0.388 0.252 35.0 2 34.6 41.1 0.329 38.5 0.154 24.2 0.318 7.0 1.9 39.8
182 Eritrea 0.381 .. .. .. .. 24.7 0.496 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
183 Sierra Leone 0.374 0.208 44.3 -3 43.6 51.2 0.192 48.7 0.156 31.0 0.302 5.6 1.5 35.4
184 Chad 0.372 0.232 37.8 1 36.8 46.1 0.259 43.4 0.145 21.0 0.332 7.4 1.8 39.8
185 Central African Republic 0.341 0.203 40.4 -2 39.9 45.7 0.252 45.9 0.172 28.1 0.192 18.0 4.5 56.3
186 Congo (Democratic Republic of the) 0.338 0.211 37.6 1 36.8 49.9 0.231 29.4 0.262 31.2 0.155 9.3 2.4 44.4
187 Niger 0.337 0.228 32.4 3 31.8 37.9 0.367 39.5 0.120 17.9 0.269 5.3 1.4 34.6
Other countries or territories
Korea (Democratic People's Rep. of) .. .. .. .. .. 15.4 0.651 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Marshall Islands .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 70.0 .. ..
Monaco .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Nauru .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
San Marino .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Somalia .. .. .. .. .. 42.1 0.312 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
South Sudan .. .. .. .. .. 40.8 0.321 .. .. .. .. .. .. 45.5
Tuvalu .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 10.5 .. .. .. .. .. ..
Human Development Index groups
Very high human development 0.890 0.780 12.3 12.0 4.9 0.881 8.7 0.769 22.4 0.702
High human development 0.735 0.590 19.7 19.3 10.7 0.749 17.4 0.531 29.9 0.517
Medium human development 0.614 0.457 25.6 25.2 21.9 0.575 35.1 0.331 18.6 0.502
Low human development 0.493 0.332 32.6 32.4 35.0 0.394 38.2 0.241 23.9 0.387
Regions
Arab States 0.682 0.512 24.9 24.2 17.4 0.639 38.0 0.334 17.3 0.629
East Asia and the Pacific 0.703 0.564 19.7 19.5 11.7 0.734 19.7 0.477 27.0 0.513
Europe and Central Asia 0.738 0.639 13.3 13.2 14.2 0.676 8.6 0.639 16.9 0.605
Latin America and the Caribbean 0.740 0.559 24.5 23.9 13.2 0.733 22.2 0.502 36.3 0.474
South Asia 0.588 0.419 28.7 28.0 24.4 0.549 41.6 0.274 18.0 0.489
Sub-Saharan Africa 0.502 0.334 33.6 33.5 36.6 0.359 35.7 0.276 28.1 0.375
Least developed countries 0.487 0.336 31.0 30.9 32.3 0.433 35.6 0.253 24.7 0.348
Small island developing states 0.665 0.497 25.3 24.9 18.5 0.626 22.1 0.433 34.2 0.452
World 0.702 0.541 22.9 22.8 17.3 0.647 27.0 0.433 24.1 0.564

Notes

  • a. See http://hdr.undp.org for the list of surveys used to estimate inequalities.
  • b. Based on countries for which the Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index is calculated.
  • c. Data refer to 2013 or the most recent year available.

Definitions

Human Development Index (HDI): A composite index measuring average achievement in three basic dimensions of human development—a long and healthy life, knowledge and a decent standard of living. See Technical note 1 at http://hdr.undp.org/en for details on how the HDI is calculated.

Inequality-adjusted HDI (IHDI): HDI value adjusted for inequalities in the three basic dimensions of human development. See Technical note 2 at http://hdr.undp.org/en for details on how the IHDI is calculated.

Overall loss: Percentage difference between the IHDI and the HDI.

Difference from HDI rank: Difference in ranks on the IHDI and the HDI, calculated only for countries for which the IHDI is calculated.

Coefficient of human inequality: Average inequality in three basic dimensions of human development. See Technical note 2 at http://hdr.undp.org/en.

Inequality in life expectancy: Inequality in distribution of expected length of life based on data from life tables estimated using the Atkinson inequality index.

Inequality-adjusted life expectancy index: The HDI life expectancy index adjusted for inequality in distribution of expected length of life based on data from life tables listed in Main data sources.

Inequality in education: Inequality in distribution of years of schooling based on data from household surveys estimated using the Atkinson inequality index.

Inequality-adjusted education index: The HDI education index adjusted for inequality in distribution of years of schooling based on data from household surveys listed in Main data sources.

Inequality in income: Inequality in income distribution based on data from household surveys estimated using the Atkinson inequality index.

Inequality-adjusted income index: The HDI income index adjusted for inequality in income distribution based on data from household surveys listed in Main data sources.

Quintile ratio: Ratio of the average income of the richest 20% of the population to the average income of the poorest 20% of the population.

Palma ratio: Ratio of the richest 10% of the population's share of gross national income (GNI) divided by the poorest 40%'s share. It is based on the work of Palma (2011), who found that middle class incomes almost always account for about half of GNI and that the other half is split between the richest 10% and poorest 40%, though their shares vary considerably across countries.

Gini coefficient: Measure of the deviation of the distribution of income among individuals or households within a country from a perfectly equal distribution. A value of 0 represents absolute equality, a value of 100 absolute inequality.

Main data sources

Column 1: HDRO calculations based on data from UNDESA (2013a), Barro and Lee (2013), UNESCO Institute for Statistics (2013), UN Statistics Division(2014), World Bank (2014) and IMF (2014).

Column 2: Calculated as the geometric mean of the values in columns 7, 9 and 11 using the methodology in Technical note 2 at http://hdr.undp.org/en.

Column 3: Calculated based on data in columns 1 and 2.

Column 4: Calculated based on data in column 2 and recalculated HDI ranks for countries for which the IHDI is calculated.

Column 5: Calculated as the arithmetic mean of the values in columns 6, 8 and 10 using the methodology in Technical note 2 http://hdr.undp.org/en.

Column 6: Calculated based on abridged life tables from UNDESA (2013a).

Column 7: Calculated based on data in column 6 and the unadjusted life expectancy index.

Columns 8 and 10: Calculated based on data from the Luxembourg Income Study database, Eurostat's European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions, the World Bank's International Income Distribution Database, United Nations Children's Fund Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys, and ICF Macro Demographic and Health Surveys using the methodology in Technical note 2 http://hdr.undp.org/en.

Column 9: Calculated based on data in column 8 and the unadjusted education index.

Column 11: Calculated based on data in column 10 and the unadjusted income index.

Columns 12 and 13: HDRO calculations based on data from World Bank (2013a).

Column 14: World Bank (2013a).