Table 5: Gender-related development index (GDI)

Download all data

Table 5: Gender-related development index (GDI)

HDI rank Country Female to male ratio of HDI, 2013 GDI rank b HDI value, female, 2013 HDI value, male, 2013 Life expectancy at birth, female, 2013 Life expectancy at birth, male, 2013 Mean years of schooling, female, 2002-2012 c Mean years of schooling, male, 2002-2012 c Expected years of schooling, female, 2002-2012 c Expected years of schooling, male, 2002-2012 c Estimated GNI per capita (2011 PPP$), female, 2013 a Estimated GNI per capita (2011 PPP$), male, 2013 a
Very High Human Development
1 Norway 0.997 5 0.940 0.943 83.6 79.4 12.7 12.6 18.2 16.9 56,994 70,807
2 Australia 0.975 40 0.920 0.944 84.8 80.3 12.5 13.1 20.3 19.4 35,551 47,553
3 Switzerland 0.953 76 0.895 0.939 84.9 80.2 11.5 13.1 15.6 15.8 42,561 65,278
4 Netherlands 0.968 51 0.899 0.929 82.9 79.1 11.6 12.2 18.0 17.8 34,497 50,432
5 United States 0.995 7 0.911 0.915 81.3 76.5 13.0 12.9 17.4 15.7 41,792 63,163
6 Germany 0.962 61 0.892 0.928 83.1 78.3 12.6 13.3 16.2 16.4 33,028 53,445
7 New Zealand 0.971 47 0.896 0.923 83.0 79.2 12.5 12.6 20.2 18.5 26,695 38,656
8 Canada 0.986 24 0.893 0.906 83.6 79.3 12.3 12.2 16.2 15.4 34,612 49,272
9 Singapore 0.967 52 0.878 0.908 84.7 79.8 9.7 d 10.7 d 15.5 e 15.3 e 50,001 95,329 f
10 Denmark 0.989 17 0.895 0.906 81.5 77.3 11.9 12.3 17.6 16.3 37,106 48,742
11 Ireland 0.965 56 0.881 0.913 82.9 78.6 11.7 11.5 18.5 18.7 23,872 43,092
12 Sweden 1.004 6 0.898 0.894 83.9 79.7 11.8 d 11.4 d 16.6 15.1 38,071 48,365
13 Iceland 0.982 30 0.883 0.899 83.9 80.3 10.8 10.0 19.9 17.6 27,612 42,520
14 United Kingdom 0.993 13 0.887 0.894 82.5 78.6 12.8 11.8 16.7 15.8 27,589 42,632
15 Hong Kong, China (SAR) 0.969 49 0.874 0.902 86.4 80.4 9.8 10.3 15.3 15.4 40,051 66,417
15 Korea (Republic of) 0.940 85 0.860 0.915 84.8 78.1 11.1 12.5 16.1 17.8 21,795 38,990
17 Japan 0.951 79 0.863 0.907 87.0 80.1 11.2 11.8 15.1 15.4 22,384 51,906
18 Liechtenstein .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 13.8 16.4 .. ..
19 Israel 0.984 29 0.879 0.893 83.6 79.9 12.6 12.5 16.1 15.2 24,636 35,402
20 France 0.989 17 0.878 0.888 85.2 78.3 10.9 11.4 16.3 15.6 29,580 44,139
21 Austria 0.935 91 0.834 0.892 83.6 78.5 8.9 10.6 15.9 15.3 25,170 61,543
21 Belgium 0.977 38 0.866 0.887 83.1 78.0 10.5 d 10.7 d 16.5 16.0 30,213 49,077
21 Luxembourg 0.961 66 0.861 0.896 83.0 78.0 10.9 11.7 14.0 13.8 41,351 76,196 f
24 Finland 1.006 8 0.881 0.876 83.7 77.4 10.3 10.2 17.6 16.4 32,123 42,795
25 Slovenia 1.006 8 0.876 0.871 82.8 76.4 11.8 12.0 17.9 15.8 21,762 31,916
26 Italy 0.962 61 0.852 0.886 85.0 79.6 9.7 10.6 16.8 15.8 22,303 43,640
27 Spain 0.985 25 0.861 0.874 85.3 78.9 9.5 9.7 17.5 16.8 23,487 37,804
28 Czech Republic 0.969 49 0.844 0.871 80.7 74.6 12.1 12.5 16.9 15.9 16,233 33,098
29 Greece 0.959 69 0.833 0.868 83.1 78.4 9.9 10.4 16.6 16.4 17,791 31,707
30 Brunei Darussalam 0.981 31 0.839 0.856 80.5 76.7 8.6 8.8 14.9 14.2 52,831 88,468
31 Qatar 0.979 32 0.838 0.856 79.5 77.8 10.1 8.7 14.0 13.9 45,863 141,468 f
32 Cyprus 0.940 85 0.817 0.869 81.8 77.9 10.7 12.6 14.0 13.9 19,787 33,461
33 Estonia 1.042 70 0.856 0.821 79.6 69.1 12.3 11.7 17.5 15.5 19,410 27,985
34 Saudi Arabia 0.897 112 0.773 0.861 77.6 73.9 8.0 9.2 15.9 15.4 16,197 78,689
35 Lithuania 1.036 58 0.848 0.818 78.2 66.0 12.3 12.4 17.3 16.0 19,588 28,607
35 Poland 1.010 14 0.837 0.828 80.5 72.3 11.9 11.7 16.3 14.7 16,462 26,871
37 Andorra .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
37 Slovakia 1.000 1 0.829 0.829 79.2 71.5 11.6 g 11.5 g 15.6 14.5 19,450 31,554
39 Malta 0.954 75 0.807 0.846 82.0 77.5 9.5 10.3 14.7 14.3 18,832 35,217
40 United Arab Emirates 0.958 70 0.800 0.835 78.2 76.1 10.2 8.7 13.9 g 12.9 g 23,903 72,659
41 Chile 0.962 61 0.803 0.835 82.7 77.1 9.6 9.9 15.3 15.0 14,339 27,410
41 Portugal 0.970 48 0.808 0.833 82.9 76.9 8.0 8.5 16.5 16.1 17,846 30,817
43 Hungary 0.998 4 0.816 0.818 78.6 70.5 11.2 d 11.4 d 15.7 15.1 17,233 25,663
44 Bahrain 0.961 66 0.798 0.831 77.5 75.9 9.1 9.6 15.1 h 13.7 h 24,531 36,660
44 Cuba 0.962 61 0.796 0.827 81.3 77.3 10.1 g 10.3 g 15.1 13.9 13,302 26,319
46 Kuwait 0.987 22 0.801 0.812 75.5 73.5 7.9 6.8 15.2 14.2 43,134 114,532 f
47 Croatia 0.987 22 0.807 0.818 80.4 73.7 10.5 11.6 15.2 13.9 15,777 22,509
48 Latvia 1.033 52 0.823 0.797 77.5 66.7 11.5 d 11.5 d 16.3 14.8 18,624 26,415
49 Argentina 1.001 2 0.806 0.805 79.9 72.6 10.0 9.6 17.5 15.4 11,975 22,849
High human development
50 Uruguay 1.015 25 0.793 0.781 80.6 73.7 8.7 8.2 16.6 14.4 13,789 22,730
51 Bahamas .. .. .. .. 78.2 72.1 11.1 11.1 .. .. 17,934 25,047
51 Montenegro .. .. .. .. 77.2 72.5 9.9 i 11.2 i 15.5 14.8 .. ..
53 Belarus 1.021 32 0.793 0.777 75.8 64.2 11.4 i 11.7 i 16.3 15.2 12,655 20,730
54 Romania 0.973 43 0.771 0.793 77.5 70.3 10.4 11.0 14.5 13.7 12,005 23,148
55 Libya 0.931 93 0.749 0.805 77.3 73.5 7.5 7.5 16.4 15.9 10,649 32,678
56 Oman .. .. .. .. 79.0 74.8 .. .. 13.9 13.4 17,346 56,424
57 Russian Federation 1.038 61 0.792 0.763 74.4 61.8 11.7 11.8 14.5 13.5 18,228 27,741
58 Bulgaria 0.994 8 0.775 0.779 77.3 70.0 10.6 d 10.5 d 14.5 14.1 12,539 18,430
59 Barbados 1.021 32 0.784 0.767 77.8 73.0 9.5 9.2 17.2 13.8 11,165 16,054
60 Palau .. .. .. .. .. .. 12.2 12.6 14.6 12.9 .. ..
61 Antigua and Barbuda .. .. .. .. 78.3 73.5 .. .. 13.7 13.8 .. ..
62 Malaysia 0.935 91 0.743 0.794 77.4 72.7 9.2 9.9 12.7 12.7 13,187 30,984
63 Mauritius 0.957 72 0.750 0.784 77.1 70.3 8.0 9.1 15.9 15.2 10,980 22,726
64 Trinidad and Tobago 0.994 8 0.763 0.767 73.6 66.4 10.9 10.6 12.5 12.1 19,079 31,713
65 Lebanon 0.900 110 0.715 0.794 82.3 78.1 7.6 i 8.2 i 13.0 13.3 7,199 25,038
65 Panama 0.978 36 0.753 0.770 80.5 74.8 9.6 g 9.2 g 12.9 11.9 10,798 21,850
67 Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 0.999 2 0.759 0.760 77.7 71.7 8.7 8.4 15.3 13.1 11,924 22,180
68 Costa Rica 0.973 43 0.751 0.772 82.2 77.8 8.4 8.3 13.9 13.2 9,719 16,204
69 Turkey 0.884 118 0.704 0.796 78.7 71.8 6.4 8.7 13.8 15.0 8,813 28,318
70 Kazakhstan 1.015 25 0.762 0.751 72.3 61.0 10.2 g 10.5 g 15.4 14.7 14,369 24,902
71 Mexico 0.940 85 0.728 0.775 79.8 75.1 8.1 8.8 12.9 12.6 10,060 22,020
71 Seychelles .. .. .. .. 78.1 69.0 9.4 i 9.4 i 12.1 11.1 .. ..
73 Saint Kitts and Nevis .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 13.4 12.4 .. ..
73 Sri Lanka 0.961 66 0.720 0.749 77.4 71.2 10.7 g 9.4 g 13.9 13.4 5,078 13,616
75 Iran (Islamic Republic of) 0.847 128 0.672 0.793 76.1 72.2 7.1 8.6 15.0 15.3 4,159 22,631
76 Azerbaijan 0.952 77 0.723 0.759 73.9 67.6 10.5 i 11.2 i 11.6 11.9 10,968 20,541
77 Jordan 0.842 130 0.658 0.781 75.6 72.3 9.4 10.4 13.5 13.1 2,875 19,459
77 Serbia .. .. .. .. 76.9 71.3 9.2 g 9.9 g 14.1 13.2 .. ..
79 Brazil .. .. .. .. 77.6 70.4 7.3 g 7.2 g .. .. 10,851 17,813
79 Georgia 0.941 84 0.713 0.758 77.8 70.5 11.9 j 12.4 j 12.8 12.8 4,231 9,871
79 Grenada .. .. .. .. 75.3 70.3 .. .. 16.3 15.3 .. ..
82 Peru 0.957 72 0.720 0.753 77.6 72.2 8.5 9.6 13.2 13.1 8,942 13,607
83 Ukraine 1.012 21 0.738 0.729 74.4 62.8 11.2 11.4 15.3 14.9 6,450 10,279
84 Belize 0.963 60 0.714 0.742 77.1 70.9 9.2 g 9.3 g 14.1 13.3 6,163 12,571
84 The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 0.944 83 0.708 0.750 77.5 72.9 7.9 j 8.5 j 13.4 13.2 7,913 15,563
86 Bosnia and Herzegovina .. .. .. .. 78.9 73.8 7.2 i 9.5 i .. .. 6,381 12,628
87 Armenia 0.994 8 0.725 0.729 78.0 71.3 10.8 g 10.8 g 13.6 11.2 5,486 10,282
88 Fiji 0.937 89 0.679 0.725 73.0 67.0 9.8 10.0 14.1 13.7 4,100 10,214
89 Thailand 0.990 14 0.718 0.725 77.8 71.1 7.0 7.7 13.4 12.7 11,728 15,069
90 Tunisia 0.891 116 0.669 0.751 78.3 73.6 5.5 7.5 15.0 14.0 4,751 16,226
91 China 0.939 88 0.696 0.740 76.7 74.1 6.9 8.2 13.0 12.8 9,288 13,512
91 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines .. .. .. .. 74.7 70.4 .. .. 13.4 13.1 7,541 13,085
93 Algeria 0.843 129 0.629 0.746 72.7 69.4 5.9 7.8 14.2 13.8 3,695 21,219
93 Dominica .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
95 Albania 0.957 72 0.694 0.725 80.6 74.6 9.1 9.5 10.3 10.3 6,704 11,734
96 Jamaica 0.989 17 0.703 0.711 76.1 71.0 9.8 9.2 12.4 11.5 6,406 9,990
97 Saint Lucia .. .. .. .. 77.5 72.2 .. .. 12.5 11.8 7,597 10,966
98 Colombia 0.972 46 0.697 0.718 77.7 70.4 7.0 7.1 13.5 12.9 7,698 15,485
98 Ecuador .. .. .. .. 79.4 73.7 7.4 7.8 g .. .. 7,045 12,951
100 Suriname 0.974 41 0.693 0.711 74.3 67.9 7.3 8.0 12.9 11.2 9,874 20,329
100 Tonga 0.966 54 0.682 0.706 75.7 69.8 9.2 d 9.5 d 14.0 13.4 3,983 6,642
102 Dominican Republic .. .. .. .. 76.7 70.4 7.7 7.2 .. .. 7,514 14,172
Medium human development
103 Maldives 0.936 90 0.673 0.718 79.0 76.9 5.4 d 6.2 d 12.8 12.5 7,504 12,608
103 Mongolia 1.021 32 0.705 0.691 71.6 63.7 8.5 8.2 15.6 14.4 7,299 9,654
103 Turkmenistan .. .. .. .. 69.8 61.4 .. .. .. .. 7,714 15,479
106 Samoa 0.948 81 0.670 0.707 76.5 70.2 10.3 10.3 13.3 k 12.5 k 2,868 6,436
107 Palestine, State of 0.974 41 0.612 0.628 75.0 71.5 8.4 i 9.3 i 14.0 12.5 1,651 8,580
108 Indonesia 0.923 98 0.654 0.709 72.9 68.8 6.9 8.1 12.8 12.7 5,873 12,030
109 Botswana 0.964 58 0.669 0.694 66.8 62.1 8.7 9.0 11.7 11.6 11,491 18,054
110 Egypt 0.855 125 0.617 0.722 73.6 68.8 5.3 7.5 12.7 13.3 4,225 16,522
111 Paraguay 0.966 54 0.664 0.687 74.6 70.1 7.5 7.9 12.2 11.7 5,984 9,150
112 Gabon .. .. .. .. 64.5 62.4 8.4 6.4 .. .. 14,003 19,919
113 Bolivia (Plurinational State of) 0.931 93 0.642 0.690 69.5 65.1 8.4 g 10.0 g 12.9 13.4 4,406 6,701
114 Moldova (Republic of) 0.990 14 0.659 0.666 72.8 65.0 9.6 g 10.0 g 12.1 11.6 4,196 5,979
115 El Salvador 0.965 56 0.648 0.672 77.1 67.8 6.1 6.9 12.0 12.3 5,383 9,302
116 Uzbekistan 0.945 82 0.637 0.674 71.7 65.0 9.5 j 9.9 j 11.3 11.7 3,579 6,893
117 Philippines 0.989 17 0.652 0.659 72.2 65.4 8.8 d 8.5 d 11.5 11.1 4,987 7,771
118 South Africa .. .. .. .. 58.8 54.7 9.8 10.1 .. .. 8,539 15,233
118 Syrian Arab Republic 0.851 127 0.588 0.691 77.8 71.8 6.1 7.1 12.0 12.1 1,922 9,478
120 Iraq 0.802 137 0.556 0.693 73.2 65.9 4.4 6.7 8.7 11.4 4,246 23,555
121 Guyana 0.985 25 0.629 0.638 68.9 63.6 9.0 g 8.1 g 11.7 9.9 3,993 8,613
121 Viet Nam .. .. .. .. 80.5 71.3 5.2 5.7 .. .. 4,147 5,655
123 Cape Verde .. .. .. .. 78.8 71.1 .. .. 13.6 12.9 4,266 8,480
124 Micronesia (Federated States of) .. .. .. .. 69.9 68.0 5.6 9.2 .. .. .. ..
125 Guatemala 0.910 104 0.596 0.655 75.6 68.5 5.0 6.4 10.3 11.1 4,456 9,397
125 Kyrgyzstan 0.976 39 0.618 0.633 71.9 63.4 9.3 g 9.3 g 12.7 12.3 2,228 3,837
127 Namibia 0.978 36 0.616 0.631 67.1 61.7 6.3 6.1 11.4 11.3 7,288 11,196
128 Timor-Leste 0.875 122 0.574 0.656 69.1 66.0 3.6 l 5.3 l 11.3 12.0 5,634 13,582
129 Honduras 0.929 95 0.590 0.634 76.2 71.5 5.3 5.7 12.1 11.2 2,474 5,800
129 Morocco 0.828 132 0.545 0.658 72.7 69.1 3.2 5.6 10.6 11.6 3,215 10,692
131 Vanuatu 0.900 110 0.581 0.646 73.8 69.7 8.0 10.0 10.2 10.9 2,022 3,264
132 Nicaragua 0.912 102 0.583 0.639 77.9 71.8 4.8 6.7 10.8 10.3 2,821 5,743
133 Kiribati .. .. .. .. 71.8 66.1 .. .. 12.7 11.9 .. ..
133 Tajikistan 0.952 77 0.591 0.621 70.8 64.1 10.0 g 9.7 g 10.4 12.0 1,939 2,906
135 India 0.828 132 0.519 0.627 68.3 64.7 3.2 5.6 11.3 11.8 2,277 7,833
136 Bhutan .. .. .. .. 68.7 68.0 .. .. 12.5 12.3 5,419 7,942
136 Cambodia 0.909 105 0.533 0.587 74.5 69.1 3.2 g 5.0 g 10.3 11.5 2,410 3,220
138 Ghana 0.884 118 0.537 0.607 62.1 60.2 5.9 8.1 10.9 12.1 2,937 4,138
139 Lao People's Democratic Republic 0.897 112 0.537 0.599 69.7 66.9 3.8 5.4 9.5 10.8 3,806 4,902
140 Congo 0.928 96 0.543 0.585 60.2 57.4 5.5 6.7 10.9 11.3 4,222 5,597
141 Zambia 0.913 101 0.534 0.585 60.0 56.3 5.8 7.2 13.0 13.9 2,344 3,455
142 Bangladesh 0.908 107 0.528 0.582 71.5 69.9 4.6 5.6 10.3 9.7 1,928 3,480
142 Sao Tome and Principe 0.894 115 0.524 0.586 68.3 64.3 4.0 l 5.5 l 11.4 11.2 2,001 4,248
144 Equatorial Guinea .. .. .. .. 54.6 51.7 .. .. 6.9 10.0 17,769 25,977
Low human development
145 Nepal 0.912 102 0.514 0.564 69.6 67.3 2.4 4.2 12.5 12.2 1,857 2,554
146 Pakistan 0.750 145 0.447 0.596 67.5 65.7 3.3 6.1 6.9 8.4 1,707 7,439
147 Kenya 0.908 107 0.508 0.560 63.6 59.8 5.4 g 7.1 g 10.7 11.3 1,763 2,554
148 Swaziland 0.877 121 0.493 0.562 48.3 49.6 7.4 6.8 10.9 11.8 3,738 7,384
149 Angola .. .. .. .. 53.4 50.4 .. .. 8.7 14.0 5,080 7,587
150 Myanmar .. .. .. .. 67.2 63.1 4.1 3.8 .. .. 3,362 4,673
151 Rwanda 0.950 80 0.463 0.487 65.7 62.4 3.1 3.6 10.3 10.2 1,263 1,550
152 Cameroon 0.872 123 0.468 0.537 56.2 53.9 5.1 6.7 9.5 11.2 2,062 3,052
152 Nigeria 0.839 131 0.458 0.546 52.8 52.2 4.2 l 6.3 l 8.2 9.8 4,068 6,594
154 Yemen 0.738 146 0.415 0.562 64.5 61.8 1.2 3.8 7.7 10.6 1,775 6,080
155 Madagascar 0.917 99 0.476 0.519 66.2 63.2 4.8 k 5.6 k 10.2 10.5 1,102 1,566
156 Zimbabwe 0.909 105 0.468 0.515 60.8 58.8 6.7 g 7.8 g 9.1 9.5 1,124 1,496
157 Papua New Guinea .. .. .. .. 64.6 60.4 3.2 8.4 .. .. 2,140 2,754
157 Solomon Islands .. .. .. .. 69.2 66.3 .. .. 8.8 9.7 940 1,816
159 Comoros .. .. .. .. 62.3 59.5 .. .. 12.3 13.2 798 2,201
159 Tanzania (United Republic of) 0.916 100 0.466 0.509 62.9 60.2 4.5 5.8 9.0 9.3 1,501 1,903
161 Mauritania 0.801 138 0.425 0.530 63.1 60.0 2.6 4.9 8.1 8.3 1,362 4,592
162 Lesotho 0.973 43 0.474 0.488 49.5 49.2 6.8 d 4.6 d 11.6 10.6 2,217 3,395
163 Senegal 0.864 124 0.449 0.520 64.9 61.9 3.4 g 5.6 g 7.8 8.1 1,642 2,717
164 Uganda 0.896 114 0.456 0.509 60.4 58.0 4.3 6.4 10.6 10.9 1,167 1,502
165 Benin 0.822 134 0.428 0.520 60.7 57.9 2.0 4.4 9.4 12.7 1,455 1,999
166 Sudan .. .. .. .. 63.9 60.3 2.5 3.8 .. .. 1,692 5,153
166 Togo 0.803 136 0.401 0.499 57.4 55.6 3.3 6.7 8.5 11.9 998 1,263
168 Haiti .. .. .. .. 65.0 61.2 3.2 6.7 .. .. 1,349 1,930
169 Afghanistan 0.602 148 0.330 0.549 62.2 59.7 1.2 5.1 7.2 11.3 503 3,265
170 Djibouti .. .. .. .. 63.4 60.2 .. .. 5.9 6.9 1,907 4,300
171 Côte d'Ivoire .. .. .. .. 51.6 50.0 3.1 5.4 .. .. 1,866 3,648
172 Gambia .. .. .. .. 60.2 57.5 2.0 3.6 .. .. 1,309 1,811
173 Ethiopia 0.853 126 0.401 0.470 65.3 62.0 1.4 l 3.6 l 8.0 9.0 1,090 1,515
174 Malawi 0.891 116 0.389 0.437 55.4 55.1 3.4 g 5.1 g 10.8 10.7 652 777
175 Liberia 0.786 140 0.379 0.482 61.5 59.6 2.3 5.6 8.9 12.4 634 868
176 Mali 0.771 143 0.350 0.455 54.9 55.1 1.4 d 2.6 d 7.6 9.6 914 2,076
177 Guinea-Bissau .. .. .. .. 55.8 52.8 1.4 j 3.4 j .. .. 907 1,275
178 Mozambique 0.879 120 0.343 0.391 51.0 49.3 0.8 l 1.7 l 8.9 10.1 939 1,086
179 Guinea 0.785 141 0.344 0.439 56.9 55.3 0.8 l 2.6 l 7.4 10.1 913 1,370
180 Burundi 0.904 109 0.370 0.410 56.1 52.2 2.2 3.3 9.6 10.7 685 815
181 Burkina Faso 0.924 97 0.376 0.407 56.9 55.7 1.9 j 1.1 j 7.0 8.0 1,335 1,871
182 Eritrea .. .. .. .. 65.2 60.5 .. .. 3.7 4.6 986 1,309
183 Sierra Leone 0.799 139 0.329 0.412 45.8 45.3 2.0 3.8 6.1 8.4 1,617 2,016
184 Chad 0.762 144 0.319 0.419 52.1 50.3 0.6 2.3 5.9 8.9 1,289 1,953
185 Central African Republic 0.776 142 0.296 0.382 52.1 48.3 2.3 4.9 5.9 8.6 482 698
186 Congo (Democratic Republic of the) 0.822 134 0.304 0.369 51.8 48.2 2.1 4.1 8.4 10.9 390 499
187 Niger 0.714 147 0.275 0.385 58.6 58.3 0.8 2.1 4.8 6.1 471 1,268
Other countries or territories
Korea (Democratic People's Rep. of) .. .. .. .. 73.4 66.4 .. .. .. .. .. ..
Marshall Islands .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 12.0 11.4 .. ..
Monaco .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Nauru .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 9.9 8.9 .. ..
San Marino .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 15.9 14.7 .. ..
Somalia .. .. .. .. 56.7 53.4 .. .. .. .. .. ..
South Sudan .. .. .. .. 56.3 54.2 .. .. .. .. .. ..
Tuvalu .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 11.4 10.3 .. ..
Human Development Groups
Very high human development 0.975 0.874 0.896 83.0 77.4 11.6 11.8 16.7 15.8 26,677 53,683
High human development 0.946 0.710 0.750 76.8 72.3 7.5 8.5 13.4 13.1 9,426 16,966
Medium human development 0.875 0.565 0.646 70.0 65.9 4.7 6.4 11.4 11.8 3,199 8,619
Low human development 0.834 0.446 0.535 60.5 58.2 3.1 5.1 8.3 9.8 2,011 3,789
Regions
Arab States 0.866 0.626 0.722 72.2 68.4 4.9 6.7 12.1 12.8 6,991 23,169
East Asia and the Pacific 0.943 0.682 0.724 75.8 72.3 6.8 7.9 12.8 12.6 8,154 12,488
Europe and Central Asia 0.938 0.705 0.752 75.4 67.3 8.8 9.8 13.4 13.8 7,287 17,867
Latin America and the Caribbean 0.963 0.716 0.744 78.0 71.8 7.7 8.0 13.6 13.0 8,962 18,732
South Asia 0.830 0.522 0.629 68.9 65.7 3.5 5.8 10.8 11.4 2,384 7,852
Sub-Saharan Africa 0.867 0.460 0.531 58.0 55.6 3.7 5.4 8.8 10.1 2,492 3,812
Least developed countries 0.859 0.447 0.520 62.8 60.3 2.9 4.5 9.0 10.1 1,576 2,629
Small island developing states .. .. .. 72.4 67.7 .. .. 13.5 12.8 6,993 12,017
World 0.920 0.655 0.712 73.0 68.8 6.0 7.4 12.0 12.3 8,956 18,277

Notes

  • a. Because disaggregated income data are not available, data are crudely estimated. See Definitions and Technical note 4 at http://hdr.undp.org/en/ for details on the methodology.
  • b. Countries are ranked by absolute deviation from gender parity in HDI.
  • c. Data refer to the most recent year available during the period specified.
  • d. HDRO updates based on data on educational attainment from UNESCO Institute for Statistics (2013) and Barro and Lee (2013) methodology.
  • e. Calculated by the Singapore Ministry of Education.
  • f. For the purpose of calculating the HDI for men, estimated earned income is capped at $75,000.
  • g. Based on 2011 Global Education Digest, UNESCO Institute for Statistics
  • h. Based on data on school life expectancy from the UNESCO Institute for Statistics, Data Center. Accessed in May 2013.
  • i. Based on the UNESCO Institute for Statistics (2013) estimate of educational attainment distribution.
  • j. HDRO calculations based on recent MICS data.
  • k. HDRO calculations based on the 2011 Population Census data from Samoa Bureau of Statistics (2013).
  • l. HDRO estimate based on country's most recent DHS data.

Definitions

Female to male ratio: Ratio of female to male Human Development Index (HDI) value (see also definition of HDI).

Human Development Index (HDI): A composite index measuring average achievement in three basic dimensions of human development—a long and healthy life, knowledge and a decent standard of living. See Technical note 1 http://hdr.undp.org/en/ for details on the methodology.

Life expectancy at birth: Number of years a newborn infant could expect to live if prevailing patterns of age-specific mortality rates at the time of birth stay the same throughout the infant’s life.

Mean years of schooling: Average number of years of education received by people ages 25 and older, converted from educational attainment levels using official durations of each level.

Expected years of schooling: Number of years of schooling that a child of school entrance age can expect to receive if prevailing patterns of age-specific enrolment rates persist throughout the child’s life.

Estimated earned income Gross national income (GNI) per capita: Derived on the basis of the ratio of female to male wage, female and male shares of economically active population, and GNI (constant 2011 PPP$). For details of the estimation see Technical Note 3.

Main Data Sources

Column 1: Calculated based on data from columns 3 and 4.

Columns 2-4: HDRO calculations based on data from UNDESA (2013a), Barro and Lee (2013), UNESCO Institute for Statistics (2013), UN Statistics Division(2014), World Bank (2014) and IMF (2014).

Columns 5 and 6: UNDESA (2013a).

Columns 7 and 8:Column 3: Barro and Lee (2013), UNESCO Institute for Statistics (2013) and HDRO estimates based on data on educational attainment from UNESCO Institute for Statistics (2013) and on methodology from Barro and Lee (2013).

Columns 9 and 10: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (2013).

Columns 11 and 12: HDRO calculated based on ILO (2013a), UNDESA (2013a) and World Bank (2014).