Which data sources are used in the MPI?

The MPI relies on two main databases that are publicly available and comparable for most developing countries: the ICF Macro Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) and the UNICEF’s Multiple Indicators Cluster Survey (MICS). For several countries, national household surveys with the same or similar content and questionnaires are used: Brazil, 2015 Pesquisa Nacional por Amostra de Domicílios (PNAD); China, 2014 China Family Panel Studies; Ecuador, 2013-2014 Encuesta de Condiciones de Vida (ECV); Jamaica, 2014 Jamaica Survey of Living Conditions (JSLC); Libya, 2014 Pan Arab Population and Family Health Survey (PAPFAM); Mexico, 2016 Encuesta Nacional de Salud y Nutricion (ENSANUT); Morocco, 2011 Pan Arab Population and Family Health Survey (PAPFAM); South Africa, 2014-2015 National Income Dynamics Study (NIDS); and Syrian Arab Republic, 2009 Pan Arab Population and Family Health Survey (PAPFAM).

Table 6 of the 2018 Statistical Update indicates for each country if data come from the DHS, MICS or from a national survey.