Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States

The Report concludes with a number of observations which indicate that while progress is being made, the transition process in Lithuania has met with a number of problems:

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The Latvia Human Development Report 1995 provides an inventory of the situation regarding social development in Latvia and a basis for monitoring subsequent progress.

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The report urges the need for a continued change in the mentality of people and organizations to reduce dependency on the state, combat a lack of initiative and to promote an entrepreneurial spirit.

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The report looks at the current social welfare crisis and identifies nine emerging crisis zones, considered as direct consequences of the significant changes which have taken place in the political and economic fields during the previous six to eight years.

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The report finds that Georgia’s current level of national income is among the lowest in the world. Until now, armed conflict and collapse of the economy have reduced both population and government to a state of penury, which has precluded social action.

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The Report urges that despite difficulties, Estonia should elaborate its own strategy of sustainable human development and start its implementation.

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The NHDR provides an analysis of human development in Bulgaria and finds that the Bulgarian people have proved to be unprepared to cope with the transition from a society with restricted but clearly formulated opportunities for choice, to a society in which personal realization requires great per

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The report makes a large number of recommendations for advancing human development in Belarus.

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The 1995 Report emphasises the necessity to ensure proportional development in different areas of the economy during the transition, in order to avoid the 'Dutch Disease' in the future.

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The NHDR reveals a dramatic decline in the Human Development Index for Armenia, which moved it from the group of countries with a high HDI to those with an average one. For instance, between 1993 and 1994 alone, it fell from 0.801 (ranking of 53) to 0.739 (ranking of 82).

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