We aim to shift the focus of development economics from national income accounting to people-centered policies

Read more about HDI and human development composite indices and indicators >>

The HDI simplifies and captures only part of what human development entails; it does not reflect on sustainability, inequalities, poverty, empowerment, etc. The 2016 Human Development Report introduced a set of dashboards including Sustainable Development Dashboard which focuses on sustainability in the environmental, economic and social realms.

The HDI, when supplemented with data from dashboards, can provide valuable insights. Sustainable energy is central to economic growth, social progress, and environmental sustainability, as recognized by the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Renewable energy consumption per capita and Carbon dioxide emissions data show a contrasting picture between very high and low human development countries. However, there is an important difference in the type of renewable energy available in these countries.
In very high human development countries renewable energy technologies include solar, wind and hydro.
On the other hand, in low human development countries the use of clean renewable energy technologies is at the beginning. The high share of renewable sources should also be looked in the context of low electrification rates, particularly in rural areas, where the energy source is mostly based on biomass (burning wood in households), which have negative implications on environment and health.

HDI (value)

The levels of human development have improved all over the world. Every developing region’s HDI value increased considerably between 1990 and 2015, although progress has been slowing since 2010. This reflects important advances not only in income, but also in health and education.

Between 1990 and 2015 the aggregate HDI value of the least developed countries increased 46 percent, and the aggregate HDI value for low human development countries increased 40 percent.

HDI (value)

People in rural areas are far more likely to be multidimensionally poor (29 percent versus 11 percent), though there is variation across regions. Nearly half of people in rural areas worldwide lack access to improved sanitation facilities, compared with a sixth of people in urban areas. And twice as many rural children as urban children are out of school.

At the same time, slumdwellers account for 48 percent of the urban population in developing countries and are deprived of many services and opportunities–the very benefits that many deprived people migrated from rural areas to obtain.

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Our goal is to place people at the center of the development process in terms of research and analysis, economic debate, policy options and advocacy

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