KATHMANDU, Aug 17: At a time
when the country is passing through political transition, a county
report has stressed on political transformation to eliminate exclusion,
increase participation and improve the quality of people’s lives.
‘Human Development Report 2009 on State Transformation and Human Development’, jointly produced by United Nations Development Program (UNDP) and the government of Nepal outlined the need for proper representation and participation of people – mainly women, various caste and ethnic groups and those living in remote regions – to restore sustainable peace and human development through state transformation.
However, the report also acknowledged that equitable representation alone can’t solve problems of exclusion unless those who represent can influence policy decisions through direct and active participation.
“Only increasing representation of excluded groups doesn’t yield any result without their meaningful and influential presence in decision making level in state restructuring process,” said Bishwa Nath Tiwari, lead author of the report, presenting the report on Monday.
Tiwari stressed that proper electoral system through internal democracy within political parties and federalism based on equal justice are the key factors for increasing equitable participation in state restructuring.
Releasing the report, Yubaraj Khatiwada, vice-chair of National Planning Commission, apex policy making body of the government, also underlined the need to ensure internal democracy among political parties, proper participation in policy making and access of women and people from marginalized sectors to state resources to end injustice and exclusion which are main obstacles for human development.
Robert Piper, UNDP resident representative, was of the view that equal participation of all the people in state restructuring has to be ensured for promoting human development in the country.
“Human development report insists that everyone has the right to an equal opportunity—to participate, to be heard, to benefit from gains development can offer, to pursue their talents and aspirations,” said Piper.
Sapana Malla Pradhan, member of Constitution Assembly, said that in the course of state restructuring, economic and political transformation be given equal importance to yield real social transformation for human development.
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