The Lithuanian Human Development Report 1998
(LHDR-98)is the fourth in a series of annual national
reports financed and conceptually supported by the
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)in
Lithuania since 1995.Its theme has been inspired by
the 50th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of
Human Rights. Human rights and sustainable human
development are both dynamic, interdependent and
mutually reinforcing concepts. The report covers a wide
range of human development issues based on the
human rights approach.
The theme of the Latvia Human Development Report 1998 is promoting people-centered development, in other words, development whose purpose and point of reference is human welfare. The report analyzes the connection between economic and social processes, raises issues concerning Latvia’s human development priorities and provides concrete policy recommendations. It acknowledges that reforms associated with transition have not only broadened people’s opportunities, but also led to such negative results as poverty, unemployment, and the stratification of society, thus retarding human development. The report pays special attention to co-operative mechanisms that could limit these negative results and instill greater dynamism in the process of human development. Therefore, the report examines “the main players” — the individual, the state, and the private sector – and analyzes how to promote their harmonious interaction and joint efforts to achieve the goals of human development. Thus the concept of a partnership between the individual, the state, and the private sector is at the center of the report.
The main questions addressed by Kyrgyzstan's 1998 report are the following: how effective has the state been in organizing and managing the transition from the previous command economy to a more pluralistic market-based economy?
This report assembels and analyses information about the realities of 1998 and future trends; offers suggestions and raises options for actions in Kazakhstan.