The Estonian Human Development Report is a biennially published collection of articles reflecting and interpreting the current socio-economic situation in Estonia and possible future developments.
Produced as a collaboration involving acclaimed scientists and experts, the in-depth report contributes to knowledge-based perspectives and policymaking, and helps make research accessible.
The Estonian human development reports follow the model of the international human development index and reports published by the United Nations.
The Estonian human development reports have been published since 1995, and since 2006, by the Estonian Cooperation Assembly. The digital version of the report uses open data and open source code.
Please click on the link below to visit the report website.
Afghanistan has been afflicted by decades of conflict, but recent moves towards peace could create the opportunity for a new era of human development. The Government is committed to the 2030 Agenda and the Sustainable Development Goals. But how will the necessary investment be financed? An enticing option is to capitalize on the country’s extensive mineral wealth. This will be complex and difficult, but not impossible. This report assesses the country’s current state of human development, and the potential contribution – and risks – of the extractive industry.
In the last decade or so the Republic of Moldova has made important positive progress in terms of human development, yet the country continues to face a number of very complex challenges that require a collaborative effort and action by all stakeholders involved. Some of these challenges are intensifying in their complexity, such as migration (both internal and outmigration) and the connected brain drain. Depopulation and the demographic context are worsening as well. Several groups within the population are either excluded or at high risk of social exclusion, including women, ethnic minorities, youth not in employment or any formal training, people with disabilities and the elderly. While income inequalities are relatively low, our analysis demonstrates the risks of new non-income inequalities emerging, such as inequalities in accessing food and energy. Moldova’s progress is at risk particularly in the urban settlements throughout the country, and especially in the context of the high urbanization and growth of the capital city. Increasing pollution and continuous degradation of the environment also add a negative impact to the generally challenging situation.
In Kazakhstan, as in many other nations around our planet, more and more citizens are choosing to live in cities, as they often offer more diverse services and greater opportunity for personal development and economic advancement than rural areas do.
At the same time, the shift to cities creates mounting challenges of pollution, congestion, threats to public health, overburdened infrastructure and public services, and so on. Based on both quantitative and qualitative data, the 2019 National Report on Human Development in the Republic of Kazakhstan shows that, with good governance and sound design, urbanization can help secure social welfare and equity, mitigate environmental impact, and support economic growth. The report concludes with policy recommendations for sustainable urban development, covering 12 strategic directions.