Sources of data used

By generously sharing data, the following organizations made it possible for the Human Development Reports to publish the important human development statistics appearing in the indicator tables. Many of our indicators can be obtained directly from:

Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED ) : Since 1988 the WHO Collaborating CRED has been maintaining an Emergency Events Database EM-DAT. EM-DAT was created with the initial support of the WHO and the Belgian Government.

Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters - CRED
School of Public Health
Université catholique de Louvain
30.94, Clos Chapelle-aux-Champs
1200 Brussels, Belgium
Phone: +32 (0)2.764.33.27
Fax: +32 (0)2.764.34.41

Demographic and Household Surveys (DHS) is a program that has collected, analyzed and disseminated data on population, health, HIV, and nutrition in over 75 countries. DHS is the source for data on inequalities in access to basic services by quintile of wealth published in the Human Development Report as well as for other country specific analysis developed in the Report.


Macro International Inc.
11785 Beltsville Drive, Suite 300
Calverton, MD 20705
Tel: (301) 572-0456
Fax: (301) 572-0999

For general questions about the MEASURE DHS Project, please contact:
Tel: (301) 572-0456
Email: [email protected]

Development Research Centre on Migration, Globalisation and Poverty (Migration DRC) examines migration flows in which poor people themselves are most represented and how migration impacts variously on their livelihoods, rights and levels of social protection.

The Migration DRC database extends the basic stock data on international migration that is published by the United Nations ( and is subject to the weaknesses that characterize all stock data derived from censuses.

DRC Migration, Globalisation and Poverty
Arts C
University of Sussex
Brighton BN1 9SJ
United Kingdom
Tel: +44 1273 877 568
Fax: +44 1273 673 563
Email: [email protected]

Gallup World Poll is a global leader in behavioral economic research. Gallup conducts surveys in more than 150 countries and is committed to doing so for the entire century. Employing gold-standard methodology, this initiative provides a scientific window into the thoughts and behaviors of 98% of the Earth's population through nationally representative samples.


Global Footprint Network is an international think tank working to advance sustainability through use of the Ecological Footprint, a resource accounting tool that measures how much nature we have, how much we use and who uses what.

Global Footprint Network
312 Clay Street, Suite 300
Oakland, CA 94607-3510
Tel. +1-510-839-8879
Fax +1-510-251-2410

ICF Macro Demographic and Health Surveys : Since 1984, the Monitoring and Evaluation to Assess and Use Results Demographic and Health Surveys (MEASURE DHS) project has provided technical assistance to more than 260 surveys in over 90 developing countries, advancing global understanding of health and population trends in developing countries.

Demographic and Health Surveys are main source of distributional data for computation of the Multidimensional Poverty Index and Inequality-Adjusted HDI.

ICF Macro
11785 Beltsville Drive, Suite 300
Calverton, MD 20705 USA
Tel: (301) 572-0456
Fax: (301) 572-0999
Email: [email protected]

Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) provides data on trends in political participation and structures of democracy. The Human Development Report Office relies on the IPU for data relating to elections and information on women’s political representation.

Inter-Parliamentary Union
5, chemin du Pommier
Case postale 330
CH-1218 Le Grand-Saconnex / Geneva
Telephone: (4122) 919 41 50
Fax: (4122) 919 41 60
Email: [email protected]

Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC) is the leading international body monitoring conflict-induced internal displacement worldwide. Its IDP database provides frequently updated information and analysis on conflict-induced internal displacement around the globe. It is the only provider of comprehensive information on all situations of conflict-induced internal displacement worldwide.

Chemin de Balexert, 7-9
1219 Chatelaine
Geneva, Switzerland
Tel: +41 (22) 799 07 00
Fax: +41 (22) 799 07 01

International Labour Organization (ILO) maintains an extensive statistical publication programme, with the Yearbook of Labour Statistics and the Key Indicators of the Labour Market its most comprehensive collection of labour market data. The ILO is the source of data on wages, employment and occupations and information on the ratification status of labour rights conventions.

International Labour Office
4 route des Morillons
CH-1211 Geneva 22
Tel: +41 22 799 6111
Fax: +41 22 798 8685
Email: [email protected] ; [email protected]

International Monetary Fund (IMF) has an extensive programme for developing and compiling statistics on international financial transactions and balance of payments. Much of the financial data provided to the Human Development Report Office by other agencies originates from the IMF.

International Monetary Fund
700 19th Street, N.W.
Washington, D.C. 20431
Publication Services
Tel: (202) 623-7430
Fax: (202) 623-7201
Email: [email protected]

International Telecommunication Union (ITU) is a specialized UN agency which among other activities maintains an extensive collection of statistics on information and communications. The data on trends in telecommunications come from its World Telecommunication Indicators database.

International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
Place des Nations
1211 Geneva 20
Tel: +41 22 730 5111 (ITU Switchboard)
Fax: +41 22 733 7256
Email: [email protected]

International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) helps the world find pragmatic solutions to our most pressing environment and development challenges. It supports scientific research, manages field projects all over the world and brings governments, non-government organizations, United Nations agencies, companies and local communities together to develop and implement policy, laws and best practice. It built and maintains regularly its red list of threatened Species.

IUCN Headquarters
IUCN Conservation Centre
Rue Mauverney 28
1196, Gland, Switzerland
Tel: +41 (22) 999-0000
Fax: +41 (22) 999-0002

Luxembourg Income Study (LIS) is a cooperative research project with 25 member countries. The LIS focuses on poverty and policy issues. It is the source of income poverty estimates for many OECD countries.

17, rue des Pommiers
426 Eggers Hall
L-2343 Luxembourg
Tel: 352 26 00 30 20
Fax: 352 26 00 30 30

Syracuse University
Syracuse, NY 13244-1020 USA
Tel: 315 443-4526
Fax: 315 443-1081

National Bureau of Economic Research publishes the Barro, RJ and J-W Lee panel data set on educational attainment, which has been updated for 146 countries from 1950 to 2010. The data are disaggregated by sex and by 5-year age intervals.

A New Data Set of Educational Attainment in the World, 1950–2010
NBER Working Paper No. 15902 - Issued in April 2010

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) publishes data on a variety of social and economic trends in its member countries as well as on flows of aid. This year’s Report presents data from the OECD on aid, energy, employment and education.

2, rue André Pascal
F-75775 Paris Cedex 16
Tel: +33 1 45 24 82 00

Penn World Table (PWT) is produced by the Center for International Comparisons at the University of Pennsylvania (CICUP). PWT provides purchasing power parity and national income accounts converted to international prices for 188 countries for some or all of the years 1950-2004. The Human Development Report uses GDP data from the PWT for countries for which the World Bank does not report data.

Center for International Comparisons
University of Pennsylvania
3718 Locust Walk
Philadelphia, PA 19104-6297
Tel: 1 215 898-7624
E-mail: [email protected]

United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) monitors the wellbeing of children and provides a wide array of data. Its State of the World’s Children report as well as its Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys are important sources of data for the Report.

3 United Nations Plaza
New York, New York 10017 U.S.A.
Tel: 1 212 326-7000
Fax: 887 7465

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) provides trade and economic statistics through a number of publications, including the World Investment Report. It is the original source of data on investment flows that the Human Development Report Office receives from other agencies.

Palais des Nations
8-14, Avenue de la Paix
1211 Geneva 10
Tel: +41 22 907 1234
Fax: +41 22 907 0043
Email: [email protected]

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) is the source of data relating to education. The Human Development Report Office relies on data in UNESCO’s statistical publications as well as data received directly from its Institute for Statistics.

UNESCO Institute for Statistics
C.P. 6128
Succursale Centre-ville
Montreal, Quebec, H3C 3J7 Canada
Tel: (1-514) 343-6880
Fax: (1-514) 343-6882

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) is the UN organization that provides data on refugees through its Statistical Yearbook or other on-line statistical publications.

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
Case Postale 2500
CH-1211 Geneva 2 Dépôt
Tel: +41 22 739 8111

United Nations Multilateral Treaties Deposited with the Secretary General (UN Treaty Section) compiles information on the status of major international human rights instruments and environmental treaties based on the database maintained by this UN office


United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) carries out international comparative research to support to fight against illicit drugs and international crime. It provides data on crime victims from the International Crime Victims Surveys, on human trafficking and related conventions.

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime
Vienna International Centre
PO Box 500
A-1400 Vienna
Tel: +43 1 26060 0
Fax: +43 1 26060 5866
Email: [email protected]

United Nations Population Division (UNPOP) produces international data on population trends. The Human Development Report Office relies on World Population Prospects and World Urbanization Prospects, two of the main publications of UNPOP, and its other publications and databases, for demographic estimates and projections.

Population Division
United Nations
2 United Nations Plaza
Rm. DC2-1950
New York, NY 10017 USA
Tel: + 1 212 963-3179
Fax: + 1 212 963-2147

United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD) provides a wide range of statistical outputs and services. Much of the national accounts data provided to the Human Development Report Office by other agencies originates from the UNSD. Some of the energy indicators in the Report as well as the data for the Millennium Development Goals indicators are provided by UNSD.

Statistics Division
United Nations
New York, NY 10017 United States of America
Fax: +1 212 963 4116
Email: [email protected]

The World Bank produces and compiles data on economic trends as well as a broad array of other indicators. Its World Development Indicators is the primary source for many indicators in the Report, including economic indicators such as GDP and remittances.

Development Data Group
The World Bank
1818 H Street, N.W.
Room MC2-812
Washington, DC 20433 USA
Tel: 800 590-1906
Fax: 202 477-6391
Email: [email protected]

World Health Organization (WHO) maintains a large array of data series on health issues, the source for the health related indicators in the Report.

Avenue Appia 20
1211 Geneva 27
Tel: 41 22 791 21 11
Fax: 41 22 791 3111

World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) promotes the protection of intellectual property rights throughout the world through different kinds of cooperative efforts. It is the source of data relating to patents.

Information Center
World Intellectual Property Organization
34, chemin des Colombettes, Geneva
Tel: 41 22 338 9111
Email: [email protected]

Research and Program Director
Yale Center for Environmental Law & Policy
195 Prospect St.
New Haven, CT, 06511
Tel: +1-203-432-6065
[email protected]