Sources of data used

By generously sharing data, the following organizations made it possible for the Human Development Reports to publish the important human development statistics appearing in the indicator tables. Many of our indicators can be obtained directly from: data.undp.org.

Barro-Lee Dataset set provides data on educational attainment for 146 countries in 5-year intervals from 1950 to 2010, updated in September 2011.
Professor Jong-Wha Lee
Economic Department Korea University, Seoul
Tel: 82-2-3290
Fax: 82-2-928-4948
Email: webmaster@barrolee.com
Website: http://www.barolee.com

Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) is a data and analysis centre of the US Department of Energy, focuses on the greenhouse effect and global climate change. It is the source of data on carbon dioxide emissions.

CDIAC
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
PO Box 2008
TN, 37831-6335
USA
Tel: (865) 574-0390
Fax: (865) 574-2232
Data and Information Requests: (865) 574-3645
Email: cdiac@ornl.gov
Website: http://cdiac.esd.ornl.gov/

Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED ) : Since 1988 the WHO Collaborating CRED has been maintaining an Emergency Events Database EM-DAT. EM-DAT was created with the initial support of the WHO and the Belgian Government.

Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters - CRED
School of Public Health
Université catholique de Louvain
30.94, Clos Chapelle-aux-Champs
1200 Brussels, Belgium
Phone: +32 (0)2.764.33.27
Fax: +32 (0)2.764.34.41
Website: http://www.emdat.be

Demographic and Household Surveys (DHS) is a program that has collected, analyzed and disseminated data on population, health, HIV, and nutrition in over 75 countries. DHS is the source for data on inequalities in access to basic services by quintile of wealth published in the Human Development Report as well as for other country specific analysis developed in the Report.

MEASURE DHS

Macro International Inc.
11785 Beltsville Drive, Suite 300
Calverton, MD 20705
USA
Tel: (301) 572-0456
Fax: (301) 572-0999

For general questions about the MEASURE DHS Project, please contact:
Tel: (301) 572-0456
Email: info@measuredhs.com
Website: http://www.measuredhs.com/pubs/

Development Research Centre on Migration, Globalisation and Poverty (Migration DRC) examines migration flows in which poor people themselves are most represented and how migration impacts variously on their livelihoods, rights and levels of social protection.

The Migration DRC database extends the basic stock data on international migration that is published by the United Nations (http://www.un.org/esa/population/publications/migstock/2003TrendsMigstock.pdf) and is subject to the weaknesses that characterize all stock data derived from censuses.

DRC Migration, Globalisation and Poverty
Arts C
University of Sussex
Brighton BN1 9SJ
United Kingdom
Tel: +44 1273 877 568
Fax: +44 1273 673 563
Email: migration@sussex.ac.uk
Website: http://www.migrationdrc.org

Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) collects, analyses and disseminates data and information on food and agriculture. It is the source of data on food insecurity indicators.

FAO Headquarters
Viale delle Terme di Caracalla
00100 Rome, Italy
Telephone: (+39) 06 5705 5727
Fax: (+39) 06 5705 3152
Email: FAO-HQ@fao.org; publications-sales@fao.org
Website: http://www.fao.org/

Gallup World Poll is a global leader in behavioral economic research. Gallup conducts surveys in more than 150 countries and is committed to doing so for the entire century. Employing gold-standard methodology, this initiative provides a scientific window into the thoughts and behaviors of 98% of the Earth's population through nationally representative samples.

Methodology: gallup.com

Global Footprint Network is an international think tank working to advance sustainability through use of the Ecological Footprint, a resource accounting tool that measures how much nature we have, how much we use and who uses what.

Global Footprint Network
Headquarters
312 Clay Street, Suite 300
Oakland, CA 94607-3510
USA
Tel. +1-510-839-8879
Fax +1-510-251-2410
Website: http://www.footprintnetwork.org

ICF Macro Demographic and Health Surveys : Since 1984, the Monitoring and Evaluation to Assess and Use Results Demographic and Health Surveys (MEASURE DHS) project has provided technical assistance to more than 260 surveys in over 90 developing countries, advancing global understanding of health and population trends in developing countries.

Demographic and Health Surveys are main source of distributional data for computation of the Multidimensional Poverty Index and Inequality-Adjusted HDI.

MEASURE DHS Office
ICF Macro
11785 Beltsville Drive, Suite 300
Calverton, MD 20705 USA
Tel: (301) 572-0456
Fax: (301) 572-0999
Email: info@measuredhs.com
Website: http://www.measuredhs.com

Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) provides data on trends in political participation and structures of democracy. The Human Development Report Office relies on the IPU for data relating to elections and information on women’s political representation.

Inter-Parliamentary Union
5, chemin du Pommier
Case postale 330
CH-1218 Le Grand-Saconnex / Geneva
Switzerland
Telephone: (4122) 919 41 50
Fax: (4122) 919 41 60
Email: postbox@mail.ipu.org
Website: http://www.ipu.org/

Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC) is the leading international body monitoring conflict-induced internal displacement worldwide. Its IDP database provides frequently updated information and analysis on conflict-induced internal displacement around the globe. It is the only provider of comprehensive information on all situations of conflict-induced internal displacement worldwide.

IDMC
Chemin de Balexert, 7-9
1219 Chatelaine
Geneva, Switzerland
Tel: +41 (22) 799 07 00
Fax: +41 (22) 799 07 01
Website: http://www.internal-displacement.org

International Energy Agency (IEA) is an autonomous organization which works to ensure reliable, affordable and clean energy for its 28 member countries and beyond. It is a main source of data on energy production and consumption.

From within France: 01 40 57 65 00
From outside France: +33 1 40 57 65 00
Fax: +33 1 40 57 65 09
Email: info@iea.org
Website: http://data.iea.org

International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) is an independent centre for research, information and debate on the problems of conflicts, the IISS maintains an extensive military database. The data on armed forces are from its publication The Military Balance.

Arundel House
13–15 Arundel Street, Temple Place London WC2R 3DX
Tel: +44 (0) 20 7379 7676
Fax: +44 (0) 20 7836 3108
Email: iiss@iiss.org
Website: http://www.iiss.org/

International Labour Organization (ILO) maintains an extensive statistical publication programme, with the Yearbook of Labour Statistics and the Key Indicators of the Labour Market its most comprehensive collection of labour market data. The ILO is the source of data on wages, employment and occupations and information on the ratification status of labour rights conventions.

International Labour Office
4 route des Morillons
CH-1211 Geneva 22
Switzerland
Tel: +41 22 799 6111
Fax: +41 22 798 8685
Email: publns@ilo.org ; ilo@ilo.org
Website: http://www.ilo.org/

International Monetary Fund (IMF) has an extensive programme for developing and compiling statistics on international financial transactions and balance of payments. Much of the financial data provided to the Human Development Report Office by other agencies originates from the IMF.

International Monetary Fund
700 19th Street, N.W.
Washington, D.C. 20431
Publication Services
Tel: (202) 623-7430
Fax: (202) 623-7201
Email: pub-web@imf.org
Website: http://www.imf.org/

International Telecommunication Union (ITU) is a specialized UN agency which among other activities maintains an extensive collection of statistics on information and communications. The data on trends in telecommunications come from its World Telecommunication Indicators database.

International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
Place des Nations
1211 Geneva 20
Switzerland
Tel: +41 22 730 5111 (ITU Switchboard)
Fax: +41 22 733 7256
Email: itumail@itu.int
Website: http://www.itu.int

International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) helps the world find pragmatic solutions to our most pressing environment and development challenges. It supports scientific research, manages field projects all over the world and brings governments, non-government organizations, United Nations agencies, companies and local communities together to develop and implement policy, laws and best practice. It built and maintains regularly its red list of threatened Species.

IUCN Headquarters
IUCN Conservation Centre
Rue Mauverney 28
1196, Gland, Switzerland
Tel: +41 (22) 999-0000
Fax: +41 (22) 999-0002
Website: http://www.iucnredlist.org

Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) monitors the spread of HIV/AIDS and provides regular updates. The Report on the Global HIV/AIDS Epidemic, a joint publication of UNAIDS and the World Health Organization, is the primary source of data on HIV/AIDS.

UNAIDS
20, avenue Appia
CH-1211 Geneva 27
Switzerland
Tel: +41 22 791 3666
Fax: +41 22 791 4187
Email: unaids@unaids.org
Website: http://www.unaids.org

Luxembourg Income Study (LIS) is a cooperative research project with 25 member countries. The LIS focuses on poverty and policy issues. It is the source of income poverty estimates for many OECD countries.

17, rue des Pommiers
426 Eggers Hall
L-2343 Luxembourg
Tel: 352 26 00 30 20
Fax: 352 26 00 30 30

Syracuse University
Syracuse, NY 13244-1020 USA
Tel: 315 443-4526
Fax: 315 443-1081
Website: http://www.lisproject.org

National Bureau of Economic Research publishes the Barro, RJ and J-W Lee panel data set on educational attainment, which has been updated for 146 countries from 1950 to 2010. The data are disaggregated by sex and by 5-year age intervals.

A New Data Set of Educational Attainment in the World, 1950–2010
NBER Working Paper No. 15902 - Issued in April 2010
Website: http://www.nber.org/papers/w15902

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) publishes data on a variety of social and economic trends in its member countries as well as on flows of aid. This year’s Report presents data from the OECD on aid, energy, employment and education.

OECD
2, rue André Pascal
F-75775 Paris Cedex 16
France
Tel: +33 1 45 24 82 00
Website: http://www.oecd.org

Penn World Table (PWT) is produced by the Center for International Comparisons at the University of Pennsylvania (CICUP). PWT provides purchasing power parity and national income accounts converted to international prices for 188 countries for some or all of the years 1950-2004. The Human Development Report uses GDP data from the PWT for countries for which the World Bank does not report data.

Center for International Comparisons
University of Pennsylvania
3718 Locust Walk
Philadelphia, PA 19104-6297
U.S.A.
Tel: 1 215 898-7624
E-mail: pwt@econ.upenn.edu
Website: http://pwt.econ.upenn.edu/php_site/pwt_index.php

Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) conducts research on international peace and security. The SIPRI Yearbook: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security is the published source of data on military expenditure and arms transfers.

Stockholm International Peace Research Institute
Signalistgatan 9
SE-169 70 Solna
Sweden
Tel: +46-8-655 97 00
Fax: +46-8-655 97 33
Email: sipri@sipri.org
Website: http://www.sipri.org

United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) monitors the wellbeing of children and provides a wide array of data. Its State of the World’s Children report as well as its Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys are important sources of data for the Report.

UNICEF House
3 United Nations Plaza
New York, New York 10017 U.S.A.
Tel: 1 212 326-7000
Fax: 887 7465
Website: http://www.unicef.org

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) provides trade and economic statistics through a number of publications, including the World Investment Report. It is the original source of data on investment flows that the Human Development Report Office receives from other agencies.

UNCTAD
Palais des Nations
8-14, Avenue de la Paix
1211 Geneva 10
Switzerland
Tel: +41 22 907 1234
Fax: +41 22 907 0043
Email: info@unctad.org
Website: http://www.unctad.org/

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) is the source of data relating to education. The Human Development Report Office relies on data in UNESCO’s statistical publications as well as data received directly from its Institute for Statistics.

UNESCO Institute for Statistics
C.P. 6128
Succursale Centre-ville
Montreal, Quebec, H3C 3J7 Canada
Tel: (1-514) 343-6880
Fax: (1-514) 343-6882
Website: http://www.unesco.org/

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) is the UN organization that provides data on refugees through its Statistical Yearbook or other on-line statistical publications.

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
Case Postale 2500
CH-1211 Geneva 2 Dépôt
Switzerland
Tel: +41 22 739 8111
Website: http://www.unhcr.ch/

United Nations Multilateral Treaties Deposited with the Secretary General (UN Treaty Section) compiles information on the status of major international human rights instruments and environmental treaties based on the database maintained by this UN office

Website: http://untreaty.un.org/English/treaty.asp

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) carries out international comparative research to support to fight against illicit drugs and international crime. It provides data on crime victims from the International Crime Victims Surveys, on human trafficking and related conventions.

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime
Vienna International Centre
PO Box 500
A-1400 Vienna
Austria
Tel: +43 1 26060 0
Fax: +43 1 26060 5866
Email: unodc@unodc.org
Website: http://www.unodc.org/

United Nations Population Division (UNPOP) produces international data on population trends. The Human Development Report Office relies on World Population Prospects and World Urbanization Prospects, two of the main publications of UNPOP, and its other publications and databases, for demographic estimates and projections.

Population Division
United Nations
2 United Nations Plaza
Rm. DC2-1950
New York, NY 10017 USA
Tel: + 1 212 963-3179
Fax: + 1 212 963-2147
Website: http://www.un.org

United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD) provides a wide range of statistical outputs and services. Much of the national accounts data provided to the Human Development Report Office by other agencies originates from the UNSD. Some of the energy indicators in the Report as well as the data for the Millennium Development Goals indicators are provided by UNSD.

Statistics Division
United Nations
New York, NY 10017 United States of America
Fax: +1 212 963 4116
Email: statistics@un.org
Website: http://unstats.un.org/unsd

The World Bank produces and compiles data on economic trends as well as a broad array of other indicators. Its World Development Indicators is the primary source for many indicators in the Report, including economic indicators such as GDP and remittances.

Development Data Group
The World Bank
1818 H Street, N.W.
Room MC2-812
Washington, DC 20433 USA
Tel: 800 590-1906
Fax: 202 477-6391
Email: data@worldbank.org
Website: http://www.worldbank.org

World Health Organization (WHO) maintains a large array of data series on health issues, the source for the health related indicators in the Report.

Avenue Appia 20
1211 Geneva 27
Switzerland
Tel: 41 22 791 21 11
Fax: 41 22 791 3111
Website: http://www.who.int/

World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) promotes the protection of intellectual property rights throughout the world through different kinds of cooperative efforts. It is the source of data relating to patents.

Information Center
World Intellectual Property Organization
34, chemin des Colombettes, Geneva
Tel: 41 22 338 9111
Email: information.center@wipo.int
Website:

Research and Program Director
Yale Center for Environmental Law & Policy
195 Prospect St.
New Haven, CT, 06511
Tel: +1-203-432-6065
Email:
epi@yale.edu
Website: http://www.epi.yale.edu