Education index

Education index

Source: Calculated using Mean Years of Schooling and Expected Years of Schooling.

Data in the tables are those available to the Human Development Report Office as of 15 November, 2013, unless otherwise specified.

HDI Rank

Country

1980

1985

1990

2000

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

1 Norway 0.728 0.733 0.778 0.972 0.972 0.978 0.972 0.961 0.961 0.972 0.978 0.978 0.978
2 Australia 0.967 0.967 0.967 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000
3 Switzerland 0.689 0.706 0.744 0.844 0.844 0.850 0.850 0.850 0.856 0.867 0.872 0.872 0.872
4 Netherlands 0.717 0.722 0.811 0.928 0.911 0.917 0.928 0.933 0.933 0.944 0.994 0.994 0.994
5 United States 0.783 0.800 0.844 0.850 0.883 0.883 0.894 0.900 0.906 0.911 0.917 0.917 0.917
6 Germany 0.800 0.800 0.756 0.875 0.889 0.892 0.894 0.897 0.897 0.897 0.906 0.906 0.906
7 New Zealand 0.750 0.767 0.806 0.967 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000
8 Canada 0.867 0.867 0.928 0.878 0.883 0.883 0.883 0.883 0.883 0.883 0.883 0.883 0.883
9 Singapore .. .. 0.706 0.706 0.772 0.783 0.789 0.800 0.806 0.844 0.844 0.844 0.856
10 Denmark 0.744 0.756 0.783 0.906 0.939 0.933 0.933 0.933 0.933 0.939 0.939 0.939 0.939
11 Ireland 0.633 0.661 0.700 0.928 0.972 0.972 0.994 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000
12 Sweden 0.711 0.694 0.717 1.000 0.883 0.878 0.872 0.872 0.872 0.883 0.878 0.878 0.878
13 Iceland 0.700 0.750 0.789 0.950 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000
14 United Kingdom 0.717 0.733 0.756 0.894 0.922 0.894 0.889 0.900 0.911 0.933 0.900 0.900 0.900
15 Hong Kong, China (SAR) 0.611 0.670 0.684 0.713 0.739 0.744 0.783 0.844 0.856 0.850 0.856 0.867 0.867
15 Korea (Republic of) 0.644 0.728 0.761 0.889 0.917 0.922 0.928 0.933 0.933 0.939 0.944 0.944 0.944
17 Japan 0.733 0.733 0.739 0.811 0.828 0.833 0.833 0.833 0.839 0.839 0.850 0.850 0.850
18 Liechtenstein .. .. .. .. 0.811 0.811 0.811 0.822 0.817 0.817 0.839 0.839 0.839
19 Israel 0.700 0.725 0.706 0.839 0.878 0.872 0.878 0.867 0.872 0.872 0.872 0.872 0.872
20 France 0.689 0.711 0.789 0.867 0.883 0.878 0.878 0.878 0.878 0.883 0.889 0.889 0.889
21 Austria 0.689 0.706 0.772 0.856 0.833 0.839 0.833 0.844 0.850 0.867 0.867 0.867 0.867
21 Belgium 0.717 0.744 0.783 1.000 0.878 0.878 0.878 0.878 0.883 0.889 0.900 0.900 0.900
21 Luxembourg 0.550 0.594 0.611 0.744 0.750 0.750 0.750 0.750 0.761 0.772 0.772 0.772 0.772
24 Finland 0.739 0.783 0.833 0.983 0.950 0.956 0.950 0.950 0.933 0.939 0.944 0.944 0.944
25 Slovenia .. 0.644 0.667 0.817 0.922 0.928 0.933 0.933 0.933 0.944 0.933 0.933 0.933
26 Italy 0.678 0.672 0.706 0.833 0.889 0.894 0.900 0.900 0.894 0.894 0.906 0.906 0.906
27 Spain 0.700 0.733 0.789 0.883 0.889 0.889 0.894 0.906 0.911 0.933 0.950 0.950 0.950
28 Czech Republic .. 0.678 0.661 0.772 0.828 0.833 0.856 0.861 0.889 0.906 0.911 0.911 0.911
29 Greece 0.650 0.706 0.667 0.789 0.933 0.944 0.917 0.917 0.917 0.917 0.917 0.917 0.917
30 Brunei Darussalam 0.633 0.642 0.676 0.744 0.783 0.800 0.794 0.783 0.789 0.778 0.783 0.806 0.806
31 Qatar 0.661 0.694 0.656 0.697 0.767 0.767 0.767 0.767 0.767 0.767 0.767 0.767 0.767
32 Cyprus 0.483 0.489 0.511 0.689 0.750 0.756 0.767 0.789 0.817 0.778 0.778 0.778 0.778
33 Estonia .. .. 0.728 0.833 0.917 0.911 0.911 0.906 0.906 0.917 0.917 0.917 0.917
34 Saudi Arabia 0.331 0.407 0.484 0.636 0.694 0.703 0.711 0.728 0.761 0.811 0.844 0.867 0.867
35 Lithuania .. .. 0.711 0.806 0.911 0.917 0.922 0.933 0.944 0.939 0.928 0.928 0.928
35 Poland 0.667 0.672 0.683 0.822 0.839 0.839 0.839 0.839 0.844 0.856 0.861 0.861 0.861
37 Andorra 0.600 0.600 0.600 0.600 0.600 0.601 0.621 0.621 0.648 0.648 0.648 0.648 0.648
37 Slovakia .. .. 0.656 0.739 0.794 0.806 0.822 0.828 0.833 0.839 0.833 0.833 0.833
39 Malta 0.694 0.689 0.678 0.694 0.783 0.775 0.767 0.772 0.794 0.817 0.806 0.806 0.806
40 United Arab Emirates 0.478 0.533 0.567 0.656 0.699 0.707 0.715 0.724 0.732 0.741 0.741 0.741 0.741
41 Chile 0.628 0.667 0.713 0.717 0.778 0.778 0.806 0.817 0.817 0.828 0.839 0.839 0.839
41 Portugal 0.583 0.634 0.656 0.872 0.850 0.850 0.867 0.883 0.894 0.906 0.906 0.906 0.906
43 Hungary 0.628 0.667 0.617 0.794 0.844 0.850 0.850 0.850 0.850 0.861 0.856 0.856 0.856
44 Bahrain 0.578 0.722 0.746 0.757 0.822 0.800 0.800 0.800 0.800 0.800 0.800 0.800 0.800
44 Cuba 0.672 0.661 0.683 0.678 0.811 0.878 0.939 0.967 0.961 0.900 0.856 0.806 0.806
46 Kuwait 0.622 0.678 0.578 0.861 0.811 0.811 0.811 0.811 0.811 0.811 0.811 0.811 0.811
47 Croatia .. .. 0.594 0.683 0.772 0.778 0.783 0.783 0.783 0.800 0.806 0.806 0.806
48 Latvia 0.739 0.750 0.700 0.789 0.900 0.900 0.906 0.911 0.894 0.878 0.861 0.861 0.861
49 Argentina 0.628 0.700 0.731 0.817 0.844 0.861 0.861 0.872 0.894 0.911 0.911 0.911 0.911
50 Uruguay 0.672 0.676 0.717 0.789 0.850 0.856 0.872 0.861 0.861 0.861 0.861 0.861 0.861
51 Bahamas 0.711 0.678 0.672 0.606 0.687 0.687 0.698 0.698 0.698 0.698 0.698 0.698 0.698
51 Montenegro .. .. .. .. 0.728 0.756 0.783 0.811 0.833 0.844 0.844 0.844 0.844
53 Belarus 0.656 0.694 0.711 0.757 0.815 0.827 0.838 0.850 0.856 0.856 0.867 0.872 0.872
54 Romania 0.667 0.667 0.672 0.650 0.744 0.750 0.767 0.794 0.806 0.789 0.783 0.783 0.783
55 Libya 0.694 0.726 0.777 0.880 0.894 0.894 0.894 0.894 0.894 0.894 0.894 0.894 0.894
56 Oman 0.194 0.328 0.439 0.603 0.622 0.617 0.633 0.661 0.728 0.742 0.756 0.756 0.756
57 Russian Federation 0.678 0.700 0.706 0.689 0.756 0.756 0.761 0.767 0.778 0.778 0.778 0.778 0.778
58 Bulgaria 0.622 0.650 0.672 0.717 0.750 0.750 0.767 0.767 0.772 0.789 0.794 0.794 0.794
59 Barbados 0.678 0.733 0.717 0.789 0.817 0.825 0.833 0.853 0.872 0.861 0.856 0.856 0.856
60 Palau .. .. .. 0.761 0.761 0.761 0.761 0.761 0.761 0.761 0.761 0.761 0.761
61 Antigua and Barbuda .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.800 0.792 0.783 0.778 0.767 0.767 0.767
62 Malaysia 0.500 0.544 0.539 0.661 0.706 0.706 0.706 0.706 0.706 0.706 0.706 0.706 0.706
63 Mauritius 0.506 0.539 0.583 0.678 0.761 0.772 0.778 0.789 0.806 0.811 0.822 0.867 0.867
64 Trinidad and Tobago 0.600 0.611 0.619 0.657 0.683 0.683 0.683 0.683 0.683 0.683 0.683 0.683 0.683
65 Lebanon 0.661 0.606 0.649 0.833 0.739 0.717 0.722 0.722 0.728 0.728 0.739 0.733 0.733
65 Panama 0.617 0.606 0.589 0.678 0.706 0.706 0.700 0.700 0.694 0.700 0.689 0.689 0.689
67 Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 0.556 0.583 0.583 0.583 0.697 0.728 0.758 0.789 0.789 0.789 0.789 0.789 0.789
68 Costa Rica 0.533 0.511 0.544 0.635 0.661 0.676 0.691 0.706 0.720 0.735 0.750 0.750 0.750
69 Turkey 0.417 0.461 0.494 0.617 0.661 0.683 0.700 0.694 0.722 0.772 0.800 0.800 0.800
70 Kazakhstan 0.661 0.697 0.700 0.706 0.833 0.839 0.833 0.833 0.822 0.817 0.828 0.833 0.833
71 Mexico 0.567 0.614 0.589 0.644 0.678 0.678 0.683 0.694 0.700 0.706 0.711 0.711 0.711
71 Seychelles 0.511 0.650 0.675 0.706 0.756 0.750 0.744 0.739 0.639 0.728 0.644 0.644 0.644
73 Saint Kitts and Nevis 0.656 0.650 0.708 0.720 0.718 0.718 0.718 0.717 0.717 0.717 0.717 0.717 0.717
73 Sri Lanka 0.556 0.583 0.628 0.693 0.724 0.731 0.737 0.743 0.743 0.756 0.756 0.756 0.756
75 Iran (Islamic Republic of) 0.481 0.481 0.513 0.656 0.639 0.661 0.683 0.711 0.722 0.728 0.756 0.844 0.844
76 Azerbaijan 0.628 0.641 0.594 0.571 0.623 0.634 0.644 0.644 0.650 0.650 0.656 0.656 0.656
77 Jordan 0.661 0.667 0.650 0.706 0.767 0.761 0.761 0.772 0.758 0.744 0.739 0.739 0.739
77 Serbia .. .. 0.756 0.756 0.756 0.756 0.756 0.761 0.761 0.756 0.756 0.756 0.756
79 Brazil 0.552 0.614 0.676 0.792 0.789 0.806 0.823 0.851 0.845 0.846 0.844 0.844 0.844
79 Georgia 0.711 .. 0.689 0.650 0.700 0.694 0.728 0.711 0.733 0.733 0.733 0.733 0.733
79 Grenada 0.672 0.654 0.700 0.794 0.840 0.850 0.859 0.868 0.878 0.878 0.878 0.878 0.878
82 Peru 0.606 0.650 0.667 0.754 0.711 0.717 0.719 0.722 0.725 0.728 0.728 0.728 0.728
83 Ukraine 0.667 0.678 0.683 0.700 0.789 0.800 0.806 0.811 0.817 0.817 0.828 0.839 0.839
84 Belize 0.592 0.592 0.592 0.619 0.722 0.750 0.750 0.750 0.739 0.733 0.739 0.761 0.761
84 The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia .. .. 0.589 0.644 0.650 0.661 0.672 0.728 0.733 0.739 0.739 0.739 0.739
86 Bosnia and Herzegovina .. .. 0.728 0.728 0.728 0.728 0.728 0.739 0.739 0.744 0.756 0.756 0.756
87 Armenia .. .. 0.594 0.617 0.622 0.650 0.683 0.661 0.683 0.683 0.683 0.683 0.683
88 Fiji 0.600 0.583 0.674 0.732 0.787 0.801 0.815 0.829 0.844 0.858 0.872 0.872 0.872
89 Thailand 0.439 0.478 0.467 0.622 0.689 0.683 0.717 0.717 0.728 0.728 0.728 0.728 0.728
90 Tunisia 0.461 0.550 0.578 0.728 0.783 0.789 0.794 0.800 0.800 0.806 0.811 0.811 0.811
91 China 0.467 0.444 0.489 0.515 0.593 0.611 0.639 0.661 0.683 0.694 0.717 0.717 0.717
91 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0.650 0.650 0.669 0.711 0.739 0.739 0.739 0.739 0.739 0.739 0.739 0.739 0.739
93 Algeria 0.522 0.522 0.528 0.594 0.667 0.672 0.683 0.708 0.733 0.756 0.778 0.778 0.778
93 Dominica 0.582 0.611 0.611 0.722 0.722 0.722 0.722 0.703 0.703 0.703 0.703 0.703 0.703
95 Albania 0.628 0.583 0.583 0.561 0.600 0.600 0.600 0.600 0.600 0.600 0.600 0.600 0.600
96 Jamaica 0.617 0.606 0.625 0.606 0.694 0.694 0.694 0.694 0.694 0.694 0.694 0.694 0.694
97 Saint Lucia 0.572 0.639 0.700 0.704 0.689 0.711 0.700 0.722 0.722 0.700 0.711 0.711 0.711
98 Colombia 0.489 0.494 0.514 0.639 0.694 0.711 0.728 0.739 0.756 0.750 0.756 0.733 0.733
98 Ecuador 0.656 0.700 0.667 0.631 0.682 0.682 0.682 0.682 0.682 0.682 0.682 0.682 0.682
100 Suriname 0.567 0.689 0.639 0.662 0.667 0.667 0.667 0.667 0.667 0.667 0.667 0.667 0.667
100 Tonga 0.772 0.756 0.758 0.733 0.817 0.817 0.817 0.817 0.817 0.817 0.817 0.817 0.817
102 Dominican Republic 0.527 0.613 0.631 0.652 0.683 0.683 0.683 0.683 0.683 0.683 0.683 0.683 0.683
103 Maldives .. .. .. 0.689 0.706 0.706 0.706 0.706 0.706 0.706 0.706 0.706 0.706
103 Mongolia 0.572 0.570 0.567 0.522 0.706 0.722 0.746 0.770 0.794 0.811 0.822 0.833 0.833
103 Turkmenistan .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.699 0.699 0.699 0.699
106 Samoa 0.633 0.641 0.651 0.667 0.707 0.715 0.715 0.715 0.715 0.715 0.715 0.715 0.715
107 Palestine, State of .. .. .. 0.639 0.717 0.722 0.750 0.750 0.744 0.744 0.739 0.733 0.733
108 Indonesia 0.483 0.553 0.567 0.594 0.622 0.622 0.661 0.661 0.689 0.694 0.706 0.706 0.706
109 Botswana 0.411 0.472 0.554 0.650 0.667 0.650 0.650 0.650 0.650 0.650 0.650 0.650 0.650
110 Egypt 0.422 0.500 0.539 0.661 0.684 0.691 0.698 0.704 0.711 0.722 0.722 0.722 0.722
111 Paraguay 0.456 0.472 0.472 0.656 0.667 0.661 0.656 0.661 0.672 0.661 0.661 0.661 0.661
112 Gabon 0.606 0.654 0.663 0.683 0.683 0.683 0.683 0.683 0.683 0.683 0.683 0.683 0.683
113 Bolivia (Plurinational State of) 0.525 0.577 0.628 0.744 0.753 0.743 0.733 0.733 0.733 0.733 0.733 0.733 0.733
114 Moldova (Republic of) .. .. 0.667 0.633 0.667 0.678 0.672 0.672 0.661 0.656 0.661 0.656 0.656
115 El Salvador 0.433 0.454 0.486 0.594 0.656 0.650 0.683 0.650 0.656 0.661 0.672 0.672 0.672
116 Uzbekistan .. .. 0.617 0.600 0.644 0.644 0.644 0.639 0.639 0.639 0.639 0.639 0.639
117 Philippines 0.572 0.583 0.600 0.633 0.644 0.633 0.639 0.644 0.628 0.628 0.628 0.628 0.628
118 South Africa 0.617 0.617 0.633 0.726 0.726 0.726 0.728 0.728 0.728 0.728 0.728 0.728 0.728
118 Syrian Arab Republic 0.517 0.572 0.572 0.563 0.633 0.639 0.644 0.656 0.650 0.656 0.667 0.667 0.667
120 Iraq 0.583 0.544 0.533 0.483 0.561 0.561 0.561 0.561 0.561 0.561 0.561 0.561 0.561
121 Guyana 0.539 0.544 0.575 0.594 0.639 0.619 0.600 0.594 0.583 0.583 0.594 0.594 0.594
121 Viet Nam 0.478 0.458 0.433 0.569 0.611 0.619 0.628 0.636 0.644 0.653 0.661 0.661 0.661
123 Cape Verde 0.647 0.647 0.647 0.650 0.650 0.689 0.683 0.694 0.700 0.711 0.733 0.733 0.733
124 Micronesia (Federated States of) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.634 0.634 0.634 0.634
125 Guatemala 0.333 0.339 0.373 0.485 0.563 0.579 0.594 0.594 0.594 0.594 0.594 0.594 0.594
125 Kyrgyzstan .. .. 0.656 0.656 0.700 0.706 0.706 0.700 0.689 0.683 0.694 0.694 0.694
127 Namibia 0.617 0.617 0.617 0.644 0.633 0.628 0.628 0.628 0.628 0.628 0.628 0.628 0.628
128 Timor-Leste .. .. .. 0.539 0.574 0.592 0.609 0.627 0.644 0.650 0.650 0.650 0.650
129 Honduras 0.428 0.483 0.479 0.554 0.600 0.609 0.619 0.628 0.636 0.644 0.644 0.644 0.644
129 Morocco 0.328 0.369 0.361 0.467 0.556 0.556 0.572 0.583 0.594 0.617 0.644 0.644 0.644
131 Vanuatu .. .. .. 0.561 0.589 0.589 0.589 0.589 0.589 0.589 0.589 0.589 0.589
132 Nicaragua 0.439 0.411 0.422 0.540 0.583 0.583 0.583 0.583 0.583 0.583 0.583 0.583 0.583
133 Kiribati 0.628 0.622 0.583 0.589 0.694 0.683 0.672 0.683 0.683 0.683 0.683 0.683 0.683
133 Tajikistan .. .. 0.667 0.539 0.594 0.606 0.600 0.617 0.617 0.622 0.622 0.622 0.622
135 India 0.356 0.406 0.424 0.472 0.553 0.568 0.583 0.600 0.600 0.617 0.650 0.650 0.650
136 Bhutan 0.220 0.220 0.220 0.422 0.533 0.561 0.583 0.606 0.639 0.667 0.689 0.689 0.689
136 Cambodia 0.372 0.372 0.372 0.422 0.575 0.589 0.600 0.606 0.606 0.606 0.606 0.606 0.606
138 Ghana 0.417 0.419 0.656 0.444 0.483 0.511 0.544 0.578 0.583 0.603 0.622 0.639 0.639
139 Lao People's Democratic Republic 0.350 0.344 0.372 0.444 0.489 0.494 0.500 0.511 0.528 0.539 0.567 0.567 0.567
140 Congo 0.717 0.711 0.622 0.450 0.530 0.543 0.555 0.567 0.580 0.592 0.604 0.617 0.617
141 Zambia 0.417 0.456 0.439 0.580 0.651 0.665 0.679 0.693 0.708 0.722 0.736 0.750 0.750
142 Bangladesh 0.272 0.278 0.311 0.415 0.467 0.472 0.478 0.472 0.500 0.528 0.556 0.556 0.556
142 Sao Tome and Principe 0.444 0.448 0.455 0.501 0.561 0.572 0.583 0.572 0.606 0.600 0.614 0.628 0.628
144 Equatorial Guinea .. .. .. 0.472 0.472 0.472 0.472 0.472 0.472 0.472 0.472 0.472 0.472
145 Nepal 0.267 0.328 0.433 0.517 0.550 0.578 0.578 0.594 0.628 0.672 0.689 0.689 0.689
146 Pakistan 0.206 0.229 0.244 0.304 0.361 0.356 0.383 0.389 0.406 0.411 0.417 0.428 0.428
147 Kenya 0.517 0.511 0.504 0.467 0.539 0.544 0.578 0.594 0.611 0.611 0.611 0.611 0.611
148 Swaziland 0.472 0.511 0.531 0.517 0.550 0.583 0.592 0.601 0.610 0.619 0.628 0.628 0.628
149 Angola 0.233 0.233 0.228 0.303 0.435 0.461 0.488 0.514 0.540 0.567 0.633 0.633 0.633
150 Myanmar 0.333 0.344 0.328 0.418 0.459 0.469 0.478 0.478 0.478 0.478 0.478 0.478 0.478
151 Rwanda 0.272 0.306 0.317 0.406 0.461 0.517 0.511 0.500 0.517 0.528 0.550 0.733 0.733
152 Cameroon 0.389 0.417 0.444 0.394 0.456 0.444 0.483 0.511 0.539 0.567 0.578 0.578 0.578
152 Nigeria 0.372 0.478 0.372 0.444 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500
154 Yemen .. .. 0.418 0.440 0.489 0.485 0.481 0.478 0.483 0.489 0.511 0.511 0.511
155 Madagascar 0.433 0.439 0.356 0.452 0.500 0.517 0.522 0.539 0.567 0.569 0.570 0.572 0.572
156 Zimbabwe 0.361 0.633 0.544 0.550 0.517 0.517 0.517 0.517 0.517 0.517 0.517 0.517 0.517
157 Papua New Guinea 0.228 0.233 0.261 0.353 0.416 0.429 0.442 0.454 0.467 0.480 0.492 0.492 0.492
157 Solomon Islands 0.294 0.313 0.333 0.367 0.467 0.500 0.511 0.511 0.511 0.511 0.511 0.511 0.511
159 Comoros .. .. 0.439 0.522 0.614 0.628 0.642 0.656 0.669 0.683 0.697 0.711 0.711
159 Tanzania (United Republic of) 0.406 0.328 0.306 0.345 0.421 0.436 0.451 0.466 0.466 0.466 0.511 0.511 0.511
161 Mauritania 0.211 0.211 0.211 0.364 0.400 0.417 0.417 0.400 0.428 0.428 0.433 0.456 0.456
162 Lesotho 0.456 0.517 0.533 0.572 0.594 0.594 0.598 0.602 0.606 0.609 0.613 0.617 0.617
163 Senegal 0.200 0.228 0.251 0.289 0.356 0.372 0.378 0.400 0.422 0.431 0.439 0.439 0.439
164 Uganda 0.222 0.317 0.317 0.594 0.575 0.561 0.567 0.589 0.600 0.600 0.600 0.600 0.600
165 Benin 0.244 0.300 0.293 0.367 0.483 0.505 0.526 0.547 0.569 0.590 0.611 0.611 0.611
166 Sudan 0.206 0.213 0.218 0.250 0.335 0.352 0.369 0.386 0.403 0.403 0.403 0.403 0.403
166 Togo 0.517 0.400 0.422 0.522 0.572 0.594 0.567 0.594 0.622 0.650 0.678 0.678 0.678
168 Haiti 0.281 0.359 0.388 0.405 0.414 0.415 0.417 0.419 0.422 0.422 0.422 0.422 0.422
169 Afghanistan 0.100 0.129 0.144 0.311 0.430 0.443 0.457 0.470 0.483 0.500 0.517 0.517 0.517
170 Djibouti 0.128 0.154 0.152 0.161 0.239 0.250 0.278 0.300 0.311 0.333 0.356 0.356 0.356
171 Côte d'Ivoire 0.322 0.322 0.328 0.388 0.436 0.446 0.456 0.465 0.475 0.485 0.494 0.494 0.494
172 Gambia 0.279 0.279 0.300 0.379 0.458 0.474 0.490 0.506 0.506 0.506 0.506 0.506 0.506
173 Ethiopia 0.178 0.172 0.172 0.239 0.367 0.396 0.426 0.456 0.456 0.456 0.467 0.472 0.472
174 Malawi 0.267 0.256 0.294 0.572 0.533 0.539 0.528 0.548 0.569 0.589 0.600 0.600 0.600
175 Liberia 0.242 0.305 0.367 0.472 0.472 0.472 0.472 0.472 0.472 0.472 0.472 0.472 0.472
176 Mali 0.133 0.111 0.122 0.272 0.367 0.387 0.406 0.428 0.444 0.456 0.467 0.478 0.478
177 Guinea-Bissau 0.194 0.194 0.212 0.389 0.478 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500
178 Mozambique 0.267 0.228 0.206 0.322 0.456 0.472 0.506 0.528 0.539 0.533 0.528 0.528 0.528
179 Guinea 0.206 0.200 0.161 0.288 0.400 0.428 0.450 0.456 0.456 0.467 0.478 0.483 0.483
180 Burundi 0.100 0.183 0.244 0.251 0.333 0.406 0.444 0.486 0.528 0.561 0.561 0.561 0.561
181 Burkina Faso 0.067 0.106 0.139 0.194 0.261 0.272 0.300 0.328 0.350 0.372 0.400 0.417 0.417
182 Eritrea .. .. .. 0.228 0.261 0.256 0.250 0.244 0.239 0.228 0.228 0.228 0.228
183 Sierra Leone 0.261 0.311 0.256 0.384 0.400 0.400 0.400 0.400 0.400 0.400 0.417 0.417 0.417
184 Chad 0.139 0.139 0.177 0.272 0.306 0.320 0.335 0.350 0.372 0.372 0.411 0.411 0.411
185 Central African Republic 0.283 0.317 0.289 0.307 0.344 0.351 0.358 0.365 0.372 0.386 0.400 0.400 0.400
186 Congo (Democratic Republic of the) 0.406 0.400 0.375 0.399 0.431 0.438 0.444 0.489 0.494 0.506 0.517 0.539 0.539
187 Niger 0.089 0.103 0.122 0.163 0.211 0.217 0.228 0.239 0.250 0.272 0.289 0.300 0.300
.. Korea (Democratic People's Rep. of) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
.. Marshall Islands .. .. .. .. 0.650 0.650 0.650 0.650 0.650 0.650 0.650 0.650 0.650
.. Monaco .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
.. Nauru .. .. .. 0.489 0.572 0.561 0.494 0.517 0.517 0.517 0.517 0.517 0.517
.. San Marino .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.867 0.850 0.850 0.850
.. Somalia .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
.. South Sudan .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
.. Tuvalu .. .. .. 0.602 0.600 0.600 0.600 0.600 0.600 0.600 0.600 0.600 0.600

Footnotes

Symbols
.. Data not available
(.) Greater (or less) than zero but small enough to be rounded off to zero at the displayed number of decimal points
< Less than
- Not applicable
T Total