Income index

Income index

GNI per capita (2005 PPP International $, using natural logarithm) expressed as an index using a minimum value of $100 and a maximum value $75,000.

Source:data on GNI per capita (2011 PPP$).

Data in the table are those available to the Human Development Report Office as of 15 May, 2014.

HDI Rank

Country

1980

1985

1990

2000

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

.. Very high human development

0.821

0.831

0.851

0.882

0.894

0.899

0.901

0.901

0.896

0.899

0.902

0.903

0.905

.. High human development

0.540

0.549

0.609

0.634

0.673

0.685

0.698

0.707

0.708

0.718

0.725

0.732

0.738

.. Medium human development

0.464

0.473

0.493

0.534

0.562

0.572

0.581

0.586

0.593

0.602

0.608

0.613

0.617

.. Low human development

0.467

0.455

0.437

0.439

0.468

0.475

0.484

0.486

0.489

0.494

0.500

0.505

0.509

1 Norway

0.874

0.897

0.911

0.960

0.975

0.976

0.978

0.976

0.973

0.973

0.972

0.976

0.976

2 Australia

0.817

0.832

0.848

0.881

0.895

0.896

0.900

0.903

0.903

0.904

0.905

0.909

0.911

3 Switzerland

0.901

0.912

0.926

0.939

0.947

0.950

0.944

0.933

0.942

0.951

0.944

0.948

0.950

4 Netherlands

0.841

0.846

0.863

0.905

0.909

0.917

0.921

0.917

0.911

0.913

0.917

0.915

0.914

5 United States

0.860

0.871

0.892

0.928

0.939

0.943

0.943

0.941

0.935

0.938

0.941

0.944

0.946

6 Germany

0.838

0.848

0.867

0.887

0.894

0.901

0.906

0.907

0.901

0.907

0.912

0.916

0.916

7 New Zealand

0.802

0.816

0.820

0.840

0.858

0.858

0.861

0.857

0.863

0.859

0.861

0.872

0.874

8 Canada

0.834

0.840

0.858

0.887

0.900

0.904

0.906

0.905

0.899

0.901

0.910

0.911

0.912

9 Singapore

0.797

0.842

0.878

0.941

0.958

0.971

0.978

0.971

0.964

0.989

0.993

0.991

0.995

10 Denmark

0.847

0.857

0.871

0.904

0.917

0.922

0.923

0.921

0.912

0.914

0.916

0.915

0.916

11 Ireland

0.775

0.771

0.793

0.879

0.902

0.909

0.911

0.905

0.887

0.886

0.884

0.885

0.878

12 Sweden

0.827

0.838

0.856

0.883

0.903

0.909

0.915

0.914

0.903

0.912

0.915

0.916

0.917

13 Iceland

0.824

0.832

0.852

0.876

0.898

0.898

0.905

0.875

0.869

0.865

0.875

0.882

0.885

14 United Kingdom

0.792

0.799

0.825

0.868

0.890

0.891

0.896

0.895

0.884

0.885

0.886

0.883

0.885

15 Korea (Republic of)

0.619

0.656

0.723

0.798

0.828

0.835

0.842

0.845

0.844

0.853

0.857

0.860

0.863

15 Hong Kong, China (SAR)

0.758

0.798

0.841

0.882

0.909

0.921

0.931

0.937

0.929

0.936

0.943

0.943

0.946

17 Japan

0.804

0.826

0.860

0.875

0.884

0.887

0.891

0.889

0.880

0.887

0.886

0.890

0.892

18 Liechtenstein

0.925

0.934

0.971

1.000

1.000

1.000

1.000

1.000

1.000

1.000

1.000

1.000

1.000

19 Israel

0.748

0.764

0.782

0.823

0.836

0.843

0.851

0.852

0.849

0.855

0.860

0.860

0.861

20 France

0.832

0.838

0.858

0.883

0.890

0.893

0.895

0.894

0.889

0.891

0.893

0.892

0.892

21 Luxembourg

0.877

0.916

0.957

0.999

1.000

0.997

1.000

1.000

0.967

0.972

0.969

0.963

0.963

21 Belgium

0.832

0.843

0.863

0.896

0.902

0.905

0.909

0.909

0.901

0.907

0.906

0.904

0.903

21 Austria

0.833

0.842

0.861

0.894

0.903

0.908

0.912

0.915

0.908

0.912

0.915

0.916

0.916

24 Finland

0.801

0.820

0.846

0.875

0.894

0.901

0.907

0.907

0.894

0.899

0.900

0.898

0.895

25 Slovenia

..

..

0.798

0.811

0.836

0.842

0.849

0.857

0.861

0.848

0.850

0.847

0.845

26 Italy

0.822

0.834

0.857

0.882

0.886

0.889

0.890

0.886

0.877

0.879

0.879

0.878

0.874

27 Spain

0.789

0.794

0.824

0.861

0.872

0.875

0.876

0.875

0.869

0.869

0.867

0.866

0.864

28 Czech Republic

..

..

0.801

0.793

0.820

0.829

0.833

0.841

0.830

0.832

0.835

0.833

0.831

29 Greece

0.808

0.799

0.808

0.830

0.855

0.861

0.864

0.863

0.859

0.850

0.841

0.837

0.832

30 Brunei Darussalam

1.000

1.000

1.000

1.000

1.000

1.000

1.000

0.997

0.992

0.993

0.995

0.996

0.991

31 Qatar

1.000

1.000

1.000

1.000

1.000

1.000

1.000

1.000

1.000

1.000

1.000

1.000

1.000

32 Cyprus

0.736

0.768

0.808

0.847

0.861

0.862

0.864

0.865

0.871

0.874

0.869

0.855

0.844

33 Estonia

..

..

0.760

0.747

0.801

0.814

0.823

0.819

0.800

0.800

0.814

0.822

0.824

34 Saudi Arabia

0.984

0.929

0.903

0.903

0.904

0.911

0.916

0.921

0.931

0.931

0.939

0.943

0.945

35 Poland

0.703

0.679

0.696

0.748

0.769

0.778

0.786

0.796

0.796

0.801

0.806

0.809

0.811

35 Lithuania

..

..

0.775

0.722

0.778

0.794

0.807

0.820

0.827

0.812

0.812

0.821

0.826

37 Slovakia

..

..

0.777

0.768

0.791

0.803

0.815

0.830

0.832

0.826

0.832

0.835

0.836

37 Andorra

0.870

0.850

0.850

0.867

0.882

0.887

0.896

0.899

0.908

0.918

0.912

0.909

0.907

39 Malta

0.738

0.757

0.782

0.841

0.838

0.838

0.842

0.848

0.853

0.840

0.844

0.842

0.846

40 United Arab Emirates

1.000

1.000

1.000

1.000

1.000

1.000

1.000

0.999

0.972

0.959

0.957

0.959

0.961

41 Portugal

0.748

0.746

0.794

0.831

0.835

0.835

0.838

0.837

0.831

0.835

0.833

0.831

0.829

41 Chile

0.657

0.636

0.676

0.749

0.764

0.761

0.769

0.780

0.778

0.784

0.793

0.801

0.806

43 Hungary

0.735

0.746

0.761

0.770

0.804

0.809

0.816

0.813

0.816

0.809

0.811

0.807

0.809

44 Cuba

0.691

0.739

0.738

0.709

0.745

0.762

0.772

0.779

0.781

0.785

0.789

0.795

0.799

44 Bahrain

0.958

0.877

0.839

0.875

0.878

0.876

0.876

0.873

0.868

0.867

0.865

0.867

0.872

46 Kuwait

1.000

1.000

1.000

1.000

1.000

1.000

1.000

1.000

1.000

1.000

1.000

1.000

1.000

47 Croatia

..

..

0.817

0.757

0.788

0.795

0.803

0.807

0.795

0.793

0.797

0.794

0.793

48 Latvia

..

..

0.789

0.714

0.775

0.793

0.807

0.822

0.824

0.808

0.801

0.809

0.816

49 Argentina

0.720

0.700

0.673

0.724

0.712

0.728

0.741

0.753

0.761

0.759

0.772

0.774

0.778

50 Uruguay

0.675

0.641

0.682

0.728

0.725

0.732

0.741

0.750

0.752

0.764

0.773

0.780

0.785

51 Montenegro

..

..

0.780

0.699

0.713

0.727

0.741

0.751

0.740

0.742

0.749

0.749

0.754

51 Bahamas

0.785

0.799

0.822

0.835

0.832

0.833

0.832

0.828

0.815

0.813

0.814

0.810

0.811

53 Belarus

..

..

0.667

0.652

0.712

0.727

0.739

0.753

0.752

0.764

0.770

0.769

0.770

54 Romania

0.704

0.730

0.714

0.693

0.739

0.752

0.763

0.778

0.771

0.770

0.774

0.774

0.780

55 Libya

0.920

0.851

0.834

0.828

0.847

0.853

0.859

0.862

0.863

0.868

0.723

0.830

0.812

56 Oman

0.794

0.843

0.852

0.888

0.898

0.904

0.913

0.930

0.927

0.928

0.917

0.910

0.913

57 Russian Federation

..

..

0.796

0.734

0.783

0.794

0.808

0.816

0.802

0.808

0.813

0.817

0.819

58 Bulgaria

0.624

0.650

0.678

0.680

0.732

0.738

0.742

0.757

0.752

0.754

0.755

0.759

0.761

59 Barbados

0.697

0.695

0.714

0.741

0.742

0.744

0.754

0.756

0.759

0.754

0.756

0.744

0.742

60 Palau

0.968

0.715

0.739

0.733

0.761

0.760

0.755

0.747

0.744

0.727

0.727

0.733

0.733

61 Antigua and Barbuda

0.599

0.649

0.720

0.750

0.783

0.792

0.809

0.821

0.819

0.804

0.790

0.790

0.791

62 Malaysia

0.654

0.681

0.692

0.752

0.777

0.785

0.793

0.795

0.792

0.798

0.804

0.808

0.814

63 Mauritius

0.598

0.593

0.652

0.714

0.730

0.736

0.747

0.751

0.753

0.761

0.765

0.770

0.774

64 Trinidad and Tobago

0.739

0.732

0.691

0.747

0.804

0.814

0.832

0.839

0.843

0.834

0.834

0.834

0.836

65 Panama

0.632

0.654

0.632

0.674

0.687

0.720

0.733

0.744

0.746

0.754

0.751

0.761

0.770

65 Lebanon

0.714

0.733

0.674

0.739

0.732

0.731

0.743

0.753

0.760

0.766

0.770

0.769

0.769

67 Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)

0.800

0.756

0.751

0.751

0.755

0.769

0.782

0.786

0.776

0.770

0.772

0.777

0.776

68 Costa Rica

0.615

0.626

0.643

0.676

0.703

0.714

0.719

0.723

0.716

0.723

0.729

0.734

0.735

69 Turkey

0.674

0.684

0.704

0.734

0.757

0.766

0.771

0.770

0.760

0.772

0.783

0.785

0.788

70 Kazakhstan

..

..

0.739

0.685

0.753

0.763

0.772

0.768

0.777

0.779

0.782

0.789

0.796

71 Seychelles

0.688

0.677

0.718

0.771

0.781

0.792

0.803

0.814

0.805

0.808

0.812

0.828

0.832

71 Mexico

0.707

0.716

0.723

0.749

0.753

0.758

0.761

0.761

0.752

0.759

0.762

0.765

0.765

73 Sri Lanka

0.485

0.518

0.529

0.587

0.613

0.622

0.631

0.636

0.642

0.652

0.662

0.674

0.684

73 Saint Kitts and Nevis

0.607

0.650

0.697

0.741

0.790

0.803

0.813

0.816

0.821

0.801

0.792

0.802

0.801

75 Iran (Islamic Republic of)

0.725

0.703

0.659

0.691

0.720

0.727

0.737

0.736

0.740

0.747

0.750

0.745

0.740

76 Azerbaijan

..

..

0.642

0.569

0.640

0.679

0.702

0.725

0.749

0.758

0.753

0.757

0.764

77 Serbia

..

..

0.749

0.658

0.697

0.703

0.711

0.716

0.713

0.714

0.716

0.710

0.714

77 Jordan

0.659

0.674

0.634

0.658

0.688

0.697

0.706

0.713

0.716

0.713

0.713

0.713

0.715

79 Grenada

0.568

0.584

0.637

0.675

0.693

0.723

0.717

0.722

0.723

0.713

0.713

0.699

0.701

79 Georgia

..

..

0.705

0.538

0.580

0.591

0.605

0.621

0.622

0.616

0.622

0.634

0.639

79 Brazil

0.682

0.669

0.692

0.706

0.717

0.722

0.730

0.736

0.734

0.744

0.747

0.747

0.749

82 Peru

0.703

0.676

0.602

0.634

0.651

0.655

0.667

0.682

0.682

0.692

0.699

0.709

0.714

83 Ukraine

..

..

0.708

0.581

0.646

0.657

0.670

0.675

0.649

0.657

0.664

0.666

0.666

84 The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

..

..

0.696

0.678

0.687

0.697

0.699

0.711

0.710

0.714

0.717

0.716

0.720

84 Belize

0.577

0.554

0.591

0.656

0.679

0.652

0.647

0.649

0.655

0.659

0.661

0.686

0.686

86 Bosnia and Herzegovina

..

..

0.410

0.635

0.662

0.670

0.680

0.689

0.685

0.684

0.685

0.685

0.687

87 Armenia

..

..

0.541

0.514

0.604

0.624

0.644

0.656

0.630

0.636

0.646

0.657

0.661

88 Fiji

0.614

0.605

0.608

0.625

0.647

0.659

0.653

0.653

0.653

0.652

0.646

0.643

0.646

89 Thailand

0.547

0.574

0.625

0.676

0.701

0.709

0.717

0.720

0.716

0.727

0.727

0.736

0.739

90 Tunisia

0.588

0.608

0.603

0.647

0.672

0.679

0.686

0.691

0.694

0.697

0.693

0.700

0.702

91 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

0.511

0.536

0.575

0.620

0.676

0.680

0.693

0.699

0.702

0.699

0.692

0.698

0.701

91 China

0.292

0.350

0.408

0.540

0.606

0.624

0.644

0.658

0.669

0.683

0.695

0.706

0.716

93 Dominica

0.494

0.548

0.582

0.614

0.656

0.656

0.667

0.677

0.690

0.687

0.690

0.682

0.684

93 Algeria

0.699

0.709

0.696

0.686

0.712

0.718

0.719

0.725

0.726

0.725

0.729

0.728

0.730

95 Albania

0.524

0.524

0.526

0.596

0.640

0.650

0.659

0.668

0.669

0.675

0.681

0.681

0.683

96 Jamaica

0.617

0.598

0.632

0.662

0.667

0.667

0.672

0.673

0.663

0.663

0.665

0.665

0.665

97 Saint Lucia

0.565

0.596

0.621

0.671

0.683

0.678

0.692

0.695

0.701

0.703

0.698

0.687

0.684

98 Ecuador

0.661

0.631

0.637

0.636

0.662

0.667

0.667

0.676

0.675

0.678

0.687

0.692

0.696

98 Colombia

0.638

0.635

0.650

0.667

0.680

0.687

0.695

0.697

0.698

0.701

0.708

0.713

0.717

100 Tonga

0.475

0.505

0.509

0.585

0.597

0.596

0.596

0.589

0.591

0.594

0.597

0.599

0.600

100 Suriname

0.685

0.672

0.684

0.658

0.687

0.694

0.733

0.742

0.745

0.747

0.751

0.753

0.758

102 Dominican Republic

0.564

0.569

0.577

0.639

0.652

0.666

0.676

0.683

0.686

0.697

0.701

0.705

0.708

103 Turkmenistan

..

..

0.695

0.608

0.625

0.634

0.654

0.668

0.683

0.689

0.696

0.705

0.717

103 Mongolia

0.503

0.480

0.506

0.558

0.592

0.604

0.614

0.624

0.618

0.615

0.637

0.657

0.670

103 Maldives

0.422

0.493

0.501

0.584

0.664

0.654

0.678

0.669

0.686

0.682

0.687

0.694

0.697

106 Samoa

0.563

0.527

0.584

0.544

0.578

0.572

0.575

0.572

0.584

0.577

0.579

0.583

0.582

107 Palestine, State of

0.539

0.540

0.539

0.601

0.560

0.548

0.552

0.558

0.564

0.573

0.586

0.590

0.596

108 Indonesia

0.510

0.532

0.561

0.596

0.623

0.630

0.638

0.645

0.650

0.658

0.666

0.673

0.679

109 Botswana

0.589

0.619

0.659

0.690

0.703

0.714

0.726

0.733

0.724

0.732

0.746

0.751

0.755

110 Egypt

0.560

0.559

0.615

0.659

0.671

0.680

0.688

0.696

0.699

0.701

0.701

0.701

0.702

111 Paraguay

0.604

0.609

0.621

0.604

0.597

0.608

0.622

0.631

0.619

0.636

0.644

0.638

0.654

112 Gabon

0.771

0.788

0.786

0.756

0.759

0.750

0.757

0.754

0.760

0.757

0.761

0.769

0.776

113 Bolivia (Plurinational State of)

0.594

0.519

0.540

0.566

0.572

0.577

0.581

0.588

0.590

0.593

0.597

0.600

0.607

114 Moldova (Republic of)

..

..

0.611

0.478

0.546

0.554

0.556

0.568

0.552

0.567

0.576

0.579

0.592

115 El Salvador

0.777

0.694

0.570

0.622

0.635

0.641

0.646

0.648

0.641

0.643

0.645

0.645

0.647

116 Uzbekistan

..

..

0.516

0.483

0.516

0.523

0.535

0.556

0.561

0.569

0.578

0.589

0.598

117 Philippines

0.572

0.554

0.555

0.566

0.584

0.588

0.596

0.601

0.600

0.609

0.611

0.620

0.628

118 Syrian Arab Republic

0.603

0.606

0.566

0.598

0.620

0.623

0.627

0.627

0.631

0.630

0.624

0.624

0.613

118 South Africa

0.692

0.695

0.688

0.684

0.701

0.708

0.711

0.715

0.712

0.715

0.718

0.720

0.720

120 Iraq

0.595

0.508

0.488

0.709

0.690

0.743

0.731

0.730

0.744

0.741

0.742

0.745

0.747

121 Viet Nam

0.356

0.376

0.400

0.493

0.534

0.542

0.550

0.556

0.560

0.569

0.575

0.581

0.588

121 Guyana

0.475

0.421

0.389

0.502

0.495

0.511

0.587

0.598

0.602

0.605

0.613

0.620

0.627

123 Cape Verde

0.434

0.446

0.483

0.554

0.577

0.585

0.597

0.606

0.609

0.611

0.619

0.628

0.627

124 Micronesia (Federated States of)

0.516

0.486

0.525

0.522

0.532

0.537

0.537

0.536

0.531

0.538

0.539

0.543

0.544

125 Kyrgyzstan

..

..

0.524

0.447

0.471

0.477

0.488

0.496

0.498

0.492

0.496

0.501

0.515

125 Guatemala

0.623

0.599

0.597

0.624

0.627

0.631

0.636

0.637

0.634

0.634

0.636

0.637

0.639

127 Namibia

0.636

0.620

0.610

0.627

0.650

0.660

0.664

0.666

0.663

0.665

0.673

0.678

0.683

128 Timor-Leste

..

..

..

0.457

0.513

0.526

0.591

0.641

0.672

0.666

0.660

0.683

0.691

129 Morocco

0.537

0.537

0.553

0.567

0.598

0.608

0.611

0.617

0.621

0.625

0.630

0.635

0.640

129 Honduras

0.520

0.504

0.511

0.532

0.548

0.554

0.563

0.567

0.561

0.561

0.561

0.562

0.562

131 Vanuatu

0.410

0.464

0.462

0.488

0.475

0.476

0.486

0.490

0.507

0.505

0.504

0.500

0.495

132 Nicaragua

0.580

0.583

0.508

0.525

0.540

0.545

0.550

0.553

0.547

0.551

0.557

0.562

0.567

133 Tajikistan

..

..

0.543

0.367

0.425

0.432

0.442

0.452

0.453

0.459

0.467

0.474

0.482

133 Kiribati

0.513

0.434

0.437

0.502

0.500

0.496

0.487

0.491

0.494

0.484

0.480

0.493

0.495

135 India

0.384

0.408

0.436

0.491

0.528

0.540

0.552

0.556

0.566

0.578

0.586

0.591

0.595

136 Cambodia

0.309

0.299

0.335

0.391

0.443

0.456

0.469

0.475

0.473

0.480

0.486

0.495

0.504

136 Bhutan

0.357

0.386

0.491

0.541

0.575

0.583

0.604

0.606

0.612

0.622

0.632

0.630

0.637

138 Ghana

0.465

0.431

0.445

0.470

0.486

0.493

0.498

0.507

0.509

0.515

0.530

0.534

0.538

139 Lao People's Democratic Republic

0.357

0.516

0.406

0.469

0.507

0.511

0.523

0.529

0.540

0.543

0.551

0.561

0.570

140 Congo

0.651

0.729

0.683

0.617

0.603

0.615

0.592

0.614

0.633

0.632

0.562

0.585

0.588

141 Zambia

0.491

0.471

0.488

0.463

0.465

0.462

0.446

0.470

0.501

0.484

0.498

0.505

0.509

142 Sao Tome and Principe

0.549

0.496

0.478

0.464

0.485

0.472

0.489

0.501

0.497

0.497

0.503

0.516

0.519

142 Bangladesh

0.351

0.360

0.362

0.403

0.433

0.443

0.452

0.461

0.468

0.476

0.484

0.492

0.499

144 Equatorial Guinea

0.523

0.503

0.471

0.609

0.750

0.785

0.796

0.827

0.814

0.868

0.827

0.826

0.815

145 Nepal

0.358

0.366

0.382

0.416

0.430

0.434

0.437

0.444

0.450

0.454

0.458

0.464

0.467

146 Pakistan

0.479

0.504

0.518

0.529

0.557

0.563

0.567

0.567

0.570

0.571

0.573

0.578

0.580

147 Kenya

0.438

0.430

0.444

0.433

0.441

0.446

0.452

0.451

0.451

0.455

0.458

0.460

0.464

148 Swaziland

0.581

0.602

0.602

0.610

0.627

0.620

0.625

0.623

0.619

0.613

0.611

0.604

0.606

149 Angola

0.526

0.511

0.503

0.461

0.553

0.592

0.610

0.625

0.598

0.615

0.625

0.625

0.626

150 Myanmar

0.295

0.319

0.289

0.372

0.459

0.476

0.492

0.506

0.520

0.534

0.541

0.549

0.557

151 Rwanda

0.331

0.332

0.320

0.302

0.341

0.350

0.358

0.369

0.374

0.380

0.388

0.395

0.399

152 Nigeria

0.567

0.524

0.496

0.498

0.551

0.555

0.574

0.573

0.578

0.582

0.589

0.596

0.601

152 Cameroon

0.469

0.496

0.489

0.464

0.477

0.480

0.479

0.481

0.482

0.482

0.485

0.486

0.490

154 Yemen

..

..

0.467

0.487

0.508

0.511

0.511

0.515

0.522

0.529

0.549

0.553

0.555

155 Madagascar

0.487

0.416

0.408

0.394

0.388

0.391

0.394

0.400

0.406

0.396

0.393

0.392

0.391

156 Zimbabwe

0.476

0.483

0.456

0.451

0.392

0.386

0.378

0.344

0.355

0.373

0.383

0.386

0.388

157 Solomon Islands

0.415

0.426

0.481

0.487

0.421

0.424

0.428

0.447

0.429

0.398

0.409

0.396

0.397

157 Papua New Guinea

0.428

0.421

0.420

0.445

0.421

0.436

0.430

0.452

0.458

0.461

0.466

0.480

0.483

159 Tanzania (United Republic of)

0.398

0.380

0.346

0.353

0.382

0.389

0.396

0.401

0.406

0.412

0.417

0.422

0.428

159 Comoros

0.397

0.442

0.435

0.416

0.412

0.415

0.414

0.411

0.409

0.408

0.407

0.407

0.410

161 Mauritania

0.481

0.461

0.465

0.474

0.489

0.502

0.504

0.507

0.503

0.500

0.497

0.507

0.513

162 Lesotho

0.477

0.486

0.476

0.461

0.483

0.482

0.483

0.489

0.490

0.495

0.492

0.495

0.503

163 Senegal

0.462

0.448

0.436

0.443

0.458

0.458

0.462

0.464

0.462

0.464

0.463

0.463

0.465

164 Uganda

0.320

0.280

0.280

0.326

0.348

0.359

0.367

0.375

0.380

0.384

0.388

0.388

0.391

165 Benin

0.392

0.394

0.387

0.409

0.418

0.418

0.418

0.421

0.424

0.423

0.422

0.426

0.430

166 Togo

0.423

0.395

0.383

0.378

0.368

0.370

0.370

0.356

0.357

0.357

0.360

0.362

0.366

166 Sudan

0.518

0.486

0.461

0.475

0.471

0.471

0.482

0.483

0.497

0.509

0.524

0.533

0.534

168 Haiti

0.491

0.477

0.468

0.424

0.416

0.414

0.417

0.416

0.419

0.408

0.415

0.418

0.422

169 Afghanistan

0.489

0.513

0.486

0.328

0.366

0.376

0.383

0.402

0.404

0.426

0.428

0.443

0.445

170 Djibouti

0.562

0.546

0.521

0.461

0.482

0.487

0.492

0.498

0.504

0.507

0.511

0.516

0.519

171 Côte d'Ivoire

0.556

0.499

0.475

0.496

0.470

0.474

0.480

0.480

0.481

0.483

0.484

0.495

0.502

172 Gambia

0.414

0.377

0.396

0.408

0.408

0.404

0.406

0.410

0.414

0.419

0.407

0.410

0.415

173 Ethiopia

..

..

0.280

0.272

0.299

0.310

0.323

0.334

0.343

0.356

0.369

0.377

0.388

174 Malawi

0.275

0.263

0.237

0.256

0.295

0.294

0.304

0.312

0.319

0.298

0.300

0.294

0.297

175 Liberia

..

..

..

0.226

0.199

0.218

0.236

0.249

0.264

0.273

0.288

0.297

0.305

176 Mali

0.375

0.362

0.363

0.374

0.398

0.400

0.408

0.409

0.413

0.412

0.418

0.411

0.409

177 Guinea-Bissau

0.247

0.216

0.220

0.281

0.369

0.372

0.374

0.378

0.376

0.383

0.385

0.364

0.361

178 Mozambique

0.268

0.172

0.212

0.247

0.291

0.291

0.300

0.306

0.319

0.328

0.334

0.343

0.349

179 Guinea

0.367

0.363

0.359

0.378

0.384

0.382

0.370

0.360

0.353

0.354

0.362

0.368

0.368

180 Burundi

0.337

0.331

0.344

0.301

0.290

0.294

0.296

0.299

0.297

0.298

0.299

0.301

0.304

181 Burkina Faso

0.322

0.319

0.320

0.357

0.382

0.388

0.389

0.393

0.393

0.400

0.402

0.412

0.419

182 Eritrea

..

..

..

0.403

0.390

0.383

0.380

0.359

0.360

0.358

0.366

0.371

0.369

183 Sierra Leone

0.406

0.348

0.374

0.344

0.366

0.370

0.374

0.382

0.386

0.390

0.397

0.418

0.438

184 Chad

0.289

0.352

0.371

0.355

0.392

0.376

0.381

0.386

0.377

0.393

0.409

0.419

0.421

185 Central African Republic

0.332

0.327

0.350

0.343

0.326

0.327

0.330

0.333

0.332

0.332

0.335

0.338

0.268

186 Congo (Democratic Republic of the)

0.392

0.408

0.303

0.170

0.185

0.190

0.193

0.192

0.198

0.204

0.208

0.217

0.225

187 Niger

0.389

0.329

0.335

0.324

0.321

0.321

0.322

0.322

0.314

0.321

0.318

0.327

0.327

.. South Sudan

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

0.452

0.510

0.473

0.509

0.378

0.404

.. Tuvalu

0.461

0.451

0.513

0.576

0.597

0.592

0.591

0.609

0.607

0.615

0.595

0.594

0.595

.. Somalia

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

.. San Marino

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

.. Nauru

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

.. Monaco

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

.. Marshall Islands

0.539

0.539

0.551

0.550

0.572

0.576

0.576

0.574

0.569

0.565

0.567

0.566

0.565

.. Korea (Democratic People's Rep. of)

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..


Footnotes

Symbols
.. Data not available
(.) Greater (or less) than zero but small enough to be rounded off to zero at the displayed number of decimal points
< Less than
- Not applicable
T Total