(AGI) - Rome, Nov.27 - The industrialised countries must "give a feat of leadership" and reduce GHG emissions by at least 80 pct - compared with 1990 figures - by 2050. If that is not done, floods, desertification and other disasters due to global warming risk dragging the poorer countries "into a descending whirlpool", in which hundreds of millions of people would suffer "malnutrition, lack of water, ecologic risks and loss of means of sustenance". That's the message that comes from the latest Report on Human Development by the UNDP, called "Resisting Climate Change". The document also suggests a series of taxes on emissions, stricter systems to curb emissions and emission trading. UNDP experts reckon the approach to the problem is twofold: on the one hand, measures "to keep global warming in the 21st century within a 2-degree limit", on the other "strengthen cooperation" on climate adaptation, to help reduce emissions in developing countries by 20 pct by 2050 (compared with 1990 levels). Despite these states account for an increasing share of global emissions, rich countries are still accountable for the accumulation of the carbon debt. The 450-page document proves this, pointing out that "if each poor country on the planet were to generate the emissions of an average European country, we would need four planets to fight off pollution".
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