Since 1980 Nepal has made the greatest strides in improving human development, according to the UN’s annual Human Development Index (HDI). The index consists of three sub-indices covering wealth, health and education. The countries whose HDI has improved the most since 1980 are mainly in Asia and Africa. China and India have been helped by rapid GDP growth, but even slower-growing countries like Nepal and Bangladesh have fostered human development by making progress in health and education. Adjustments for the unevenness in the distribution of wealth, health and education among a country’s people reduce countries’ HDI score by 22% on average.
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