Technology in developing countries: succeeding in a globalizing world
The new competitive setting
In this setting, industrial growth requires competing through ...
Large range of choices
possible, with different combinations of domestic and foreign technologies
Let us illustrate through analysing patterns of change in world trade and determinants of success -- and failure -- in developing countries
Technological patterns of exports
patterns of world trade
(% growth rates, 1985-98)
Industrial vs. developing countries, 1985-98
Regional shares of developing world exports (1998)
Top 12 exporters account for over 90% of total
Leading 12 high-tech exporters ($ billion)
To gauge local technological depth and contribution
To rank Asian capabilities in technological depth, diversity and flexibility ...
Technology strategies in the Four Asian Tigers
Korean strategy: Interventionist, nationalistic and high-tech
Taiwan: Building high-tech SMEs
Singapore: ‘Using’ MNCs
Hong Kong: Nearly Laissez Faire
Some outcomes & indicators ...
The ‘quality’ of
scientists & engineers in R&D (per million population)
General skill creation by region
Regional disparities in tertiary technical enrolments (as % of population)
"New competitiveness strategies focus on"