Change in forest area, 1990/2011 (%)

Change in forest area, 1990/2011 (%)

Percentage change in area under forest cover.

Source: HDRO calculations based on data on forest and total land area from FAO (2012). http://faostat.fao.org/site/377/default.aspx#ancor

http://faostat.fao.org/site/377/default.aspx#ancor

Data in the tables are those available to the Human Development Report Office as of 15 November, 2013, unless otherwise specified.

HDI Rank

Country

1980

1985

1990

2000

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

.. Very high human development

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

.. High human development

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

.. Medium human development

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

.. Low human development

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

1 Norway

11.1

11.1

11.1

11.1

11.1

11.1

11.1

11.1

11.1

11.1

11.1

11.1

11.1

2 Australia

-4.0

-4.0

-4.0

-4.0

-4.0

-4.0

-4.0

-4.0

-4.0

-4.0

-4.0

-4.0

-4.0

3 Switzerland

8.1

8.1

8.1

8.1

8.1

8.1

8.1

8.1

8.1

8.1

8.1

8.1

8.1

4 Netherlands

5.9

5.9

5.9

5.9

5.9

5.9

5.9

5.9

5.9

5.9

5.9

5.9

5.9

5 United States

2.9

2.9

2.9

2.9

2.9

2.9

2.9

2.9

2.9

2.9

2.9

2.9

2.9

6 Germany

3.3

3.3

3.3

3.3

3.3

3.3

3.3

3.3

3.3

3.3

3.3

3.3

3.3

7 New Zealand

7.0

7.0

7.0

7.0

7.0

7.0

7.0

7.0

7.0

7.0

7.0

7.0

7.0

8 Canada

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

9 Singapore

-4.3

-4.3

-4.3

-4.3

-4.3

-4.3

-4.3

-4.3

-4.3

-4.3

-4.3

-4.3

-4.3

10 Denmark

22.6

22.6

22.6

22.6

22.6

22.6

22.6

22.6

22.6

22.6

22.6

22.6

22.6

11 Ireland

60.8

60.8

60.8

60.8

60.8

60.8

60.8

60.8

60.8

60.8

60.8

60.8

60.8

12 Sweden

3.4

3.4

3.4

3.4

3.4

3.4

3.4

3.4

3.4

3.4

3.4

3.4

3.4

13 Iceland

254.0

254.0

254.0

254.0

254.0

254.0

254.0

254.0

254.0

254.0

254.0

254.0

254.0

14 United Kingdom

10.6

10.6

10.6

10.6

10.6

10.6

10.6

10.6

10.6

10.6

10.6

10.6

10.6

15 Korea (Republic of)

-0.8

-0.8

-0.8

-0.8

-0.8

-0.8

-0.8

-0.8

-0.8

-0.8

-0.8

-0.8

-0.8

15 Hong Kong, China (SAR)

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

17 Japan

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.2

18 Liechtenstein

6.2

6.2

6.2

6.2

6.2

6.2

6.2

6.2

6.2

6.2

6.2

6.2

6.2

19 Israel

16.5

16.5

16.5

16.5

16.5

16.5

16.5

16.5

16.5

16.5

16.5

16.5

16.5

20 France

10.1

10.1

10.1

10.1

10.1

10.1

10.1

10.1

10.1

10.1

10.1

10.1

10.1

21 Luxembourg

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

21 Belgium

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

21 Austria

3.1

3.1

3.1

3.1

3.1

3.1

3.1

3.1

3.1

3.1

3.1

3.1

3.1

24 Finland

1.5

1.5

1.5

1.5

1.5

1.5

1.5

1.5

1.5

1.5

1.5

1.5

1.5

25 Slovenia

5.6

5.6

5.6

5.6

5.6

5.6

5.6

5.6

5.6

5.6

5.6

5.6

5.6

26 Italy

21.6

21.6

21.6

21.6

21.6

21.6

21.6

21.6

21.6

21.6

21.6

21.6

21.6

27 Spain

33.0

33.0

33.0

33.0

33.0

33.0

33.0

33.0

33.0

33.0

33.0

33.0

33.0

28 Czech Republic

1.2

1.2

1.2

1.2

1.2

1.2

1.2

1.2

1.2

1.2

1.2

1.2

1.2

29 Greece

19.2

19.2

19.2

19.2

19.2

19.2

19.2

19.2

19.2

19.2

19.2

19.2

19.2

30 Brunei Darussalam

-8.4

-8.4

-8.4

-8.4

-8.4

-8.4

-8.4

-8.4

-8.4

-8.4

-8.4

-8.4

-8.4

31 Qatar

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

32 Cyprus

7.5

7.5

7.5

7.5

7.5

7.5

7.5

7.5

7.5

7.5

7.5

7.5

7.5

33 Estonia

5.7

5.7

5.7

5.7

5.7

5.7

5.7

5.7

5.7

5.7

5.7

5.7

5.7

34 Saudi Arabia

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

35 Poland

5.5

5.5

5.5

5.5

5.5

5.5

5.5

5.5

5.5

5.5

5.5

5.5

5.5

35 Lithuania

11.5

11.5

11.5

11.5

11.5

11.5

11.5

11.5

11.5

11.5

11.5

11.5

11.5

37 Slovakia

0.6

0.6

0.6

0.6

0.6

0.6

0.6

0.6

0.6

0.6

0.6

0.6

0.6

37 Andorra

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

39 Malta

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

40 United Arab Emirates

29.9

29.9

29.9

29.9

29.9

29.9

29.9

29.9

29.9

29.9

29.9

29.9

29.9

41 Portugal

4.0

4.0

4.0

4.0

4.0

4.0

4.0

4.0

4.0

4.0

4.0

4.0

4.0

41 Chile

6.6

6.6

6.6

6.6

6.6

6.6

6.6

6.6

6.6

6.6

6.6

6.6

6.6

43 Hungary

12.3

12.3

12.3

12.3

12.3

12.3

12.3

12.3

12.3

12.3

12.3

12.3

12.3

44 Cuba

42.4

42.4

42.4

42.4

42.4

42.4

42.4

42.4

42.4

42.4

42.4

42.4

42.4

44 Bahrain

145.1

145.1

145.1

145.1

145.1

145.1

145.1

145.1

145.1

145.1

145.1

145.1

145.1

46 Kuwait

82.6

82.6

82.6

82.6

82.6

82.6

82.6

82.6

82.6

82.6

82.6

82.6

82.6

47 Croatia

3.9

3.9

3.9

3.9

3.9

3.9

3.9

3.9

3.9

3.9

3.9

3.9

3.9

48 Latvia

6.0

6.0

6.0

6.0

6.0

6.0

6.0

6.0

6.0

6.0

6.0

6.0

6.0

49 Argentina

-16.2

-16.2

-16.2

-16.2

-16.2

-16.2

-16.2

-16.2

-16.2

-16.2

-16.2

-16.2

-16.2

50 Uruguay

94.4

94.4

94.4

94.4

94.4

94.4

94.4

94.4

94.4

94.4

94.4

94.4

94.4

51 Montenegro

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

51 Bahamas

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

53 Belarus

11.4

11.4

11.4

11.4

11.4

11.4

11.4

11.4

11.4

11.4

11.4

11.4

11.4

54 Romania

3.4

3.4

3.4

3.4

3.4

3.4

3.4

3.4

3.4

3.4

3.4

3.4

3.4

55 Libya

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

56 Oman

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

57 Russian Federation

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

58 Bulgaria

22.0

22.0

22.0

22.0

22.0

22.0

22.0

22.0

22.0

22.0

22.0

22.0

22.0

59 Barbados

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

60 Palau

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

61 Antigua and Barbuda

-4.9

-4.9

-4.9

-4.9

-4.9

-4.9

-4.9

-4.9

-4.9

-4.9

-4.9

-4.9

-4.9

62 Malaysia

-9.0

-9.0

-9.0

-9.0

-9.0

-9.0

-9.0

-9.0

-9.0

-9.0

-9.0

-9.0

-9.0

63 Mauritius

-9.7

-9.7

-9.7

-9.7

-9.7

-9.7

-9.7

-9.7

-9.7

-9.7

-9.7

-9.7

-9.7

64 Trinidad and Tobago

-6.2

-6.2

-6.2

-6.2

-6.2

-6.2

-6.2

-6.2

-6.2

-6.2

-6.2

-6.2

-6.2

65 Panama

-14.6

-14.6

-14.6

-14.6

-14.6

-14.6

-14.6

-14.6

-14.6

-14.6

-14.6

-14.6

-14.6

65 Lebanon

4.6

4.6

4.6

4.6

4.6

4.6

4.6

4.6

4.6

4.6

4.6

4.6

4.6

67 Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)

-11.6

-11.6

-11.6

-11.6

-11.6

-11.6

-11.6

-11.6

-11.6

-11.6

-11.6

-11.6

-11.6

68 Costa Rica

2.5

2.5

2.5

2.5

2.5

2.5

2.5

2.5

2.5

2.5

2.5

2.5

2.5

69 Turkey

18.3

18.3

18.3

18.3

18.3

18.3

18.3

18.3

18.3

18.3

18.3

18.3

18.3

70 Kazakhstan

-3.5

-3.5

-3.5

-3.5

-3.5

-3.5

-3.5

-3.5

-3.5

-3.5

-3.5

-3.5

-3.5

71 Seychelles

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

71 Mexico

-8.0

-8.0

-8.0

-8.0

-8.0

-8.0

-8.0

-8.0

-8.0

-8.0

-8.0

-8.0

-8.0

73 Sri Lanka

-21.5

-21.5

-21.5

-21.5

-21.5

-21.5

-21.5

-21.5

-21.5

-21.5

-21.5

-21.5

-21.5

73 Saint Kitts and Nevis

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

75 Iran (Islamic Republic of)

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

76 Azerbaijan

0.7

0.7

0.7

0.7

0.7

0.7

0.7

0.7

0.7

0.7

0.7

0.7

0.7

77 Serbia

19.3

19.3

19.3

19.3

19.3

19.3

19.3

19.3

19.3

19.3

19.3

19.3

19.3

77 Jordan

-0.6

-0.6

-0.6

-0.6

-0.6

-0.6

-0.6

-0.6

-0.6

-0.6

-0.6

-0.6

-0.6

79 Grenada

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

79 Georgia

-1.4

-1.4

-1.4

-1.4

-1.4

-1.4

-1.4

-1.4

-1.4

-1.4

-1.4

-1.4

-1.4

79 Brazil

-10.0

-10.0

-10.0

-10.0

-10.0

-10.0

-10.0

-10.0

-10.0

-10.0

-10.0

-10.0

-10.0

82 Peru

-3.3

-3.3

-3.3

-3.3

-3.3

-3.3

-3.3

-3.3

-3.3

-3.3

-3.3

-3.3

-3.3

83 Ukraine

4.9

4.9

4.9

4.9

4.9

4.9

4.9

4.9

4.9

4.9

4.9

4.9

4.9

84 The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

10.8

10.8

10.8

10.8

10.8

10.8

10.8

10.8

10.8

10.8

10.8

10.8

10.8

84 Belize

-12.8

-12.8

-12.8

-12.8

-12.8

-12.8

-12.8

-12.8

-12.8

-12.8

-12.8

-12.8

-12.8

86 Bosnia and Herzegovina

-1.1

-1.1

-1.1

-1.1

-1.1

-1.1

-1.1

-1.1

-1.1

-1.1

-1.1

-1.1

-1.1

87 Armenia

-25.7

-25.7

-25.7

-25.7

-25.7

-25.7

-25.7

-25.7

-25.7

-25.7

-25.7

-25.7

-25.7

88 Fiji

6.8

6.8

6.8

6.8

6.8

6.8

6.8

6.8

6.8

6.8

6.8

6.8

6.8

89 Thailand

-2.9

-2.9

-2.9

-2.9

-2.9

-2.9

-2.9

-2.9

-2.9

-2.9

-2.9

-2.9

-2.9

90 Tunisia

59.0

59.0

59.0

59.0

59.0

59.0

59.0

59.0

59.0

59.0

59.0

59.0

59.0

91 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

5.8

5.8

5.8

5.8

5.8

5.8

5.8

5.8

5.8

5.8

5.8

5.8

5.8

91 China

33.4

33.4

33.4

33.4

33.4

33.4

33.4

33.4

33.4

33.4

33.4

33.4

33.4

93 Dominica

-11.2

-11.2

-11.2

-11.2

-11.2

-11.2

-11.2

-11.2

-11.2

-11.2

-11.2

-11.2

-11.2

93 Algeria

-11.0

-11.0

-11.0

-11.0

-11.0

-11.0

-11.0

-11.0

-11.0

-11.0

-11.0

-11.0

-11.0

95 Albania

-1.8

-1.8

-1.8

-1.8

-1.8

-1.8

-1.8

-1.8

-1.8

-1.8

-1.8

-1.8

-1.8

96 Jamaica

-2.3

-2.3

-2.3

-2.3

-2.3

-2.3

-2.3

-2.3

-2.3

-2.3

-2.3

-2.3

-2.3

97 Saint Lucia

7.3

7.3

7.3

7.3

7.3

7.3

7.3

7.3

7.3

7.3

7.3

7.3

7.3

98 Ecuador

-22.0

-22.0

-22.0

-22.0

-22.0

-22.0

-22.0

-22.0

-22.0

-22.0

-22.0

-22.0

-22.0

98 Colombia

-3.4

-3.4

-3.4

-3.4

-3.4

-3.4

-3.4

-3.4

-3.4

-3.4

-3.4

-3.4

-3.4

100 Tonga

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

100 Suriname

-0.1

-0.1

-0.1

-0.1

-0.1

-0.1

-0.1

-0.1

-0.1

-0.1

-0.1

-0.1

-0.1

102 Dominican Republic

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

103 Turkmenistan

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

103 Mongolia

-13.7

-13.7

-13.7

-13.7

-13.7

-13.7

-13.7

-13.7

-13.7

-13.7

-13.7

-13.7

-13.7

103 Maldives

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

106 Samoa

31.5

31.5

31.5

31.5

31.5

31.5

31.5

31.5

31.5

31.5

31.5

31.5

31.5

107 Palestine, State of

1.0

1.0

1.0

1.0

1.0

1.0

1.0

1.0

1.0

1.0

1.0

1.0

1.0

108 Indonesia

-20.9

-20.9

-20.9

-20.9

-20.9

-20.9

-20.9

-20.9

-20.9

-20.9

-20.9

-20.9

-20.9

109 Botswana

-18.1

-18.1

-18.1

-18.1

-18.1

-18.1

-18.1

-18.1

-18.1

-18.1

-18.1

-18.1

-18.1

110 Egypt

60.5

60.5

60.5

60.5

60.5

60.5

60.5

60.5

60.5

60.5

60.5

60.5

60.5

111 Paraguay

-17.7

-17.7

-17.7

-17.7

-17.7

-17.7

-17.7

-17.7

-17.7

-17.7

-17.7

-17.7

-17.7

112 Gabon

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

113 Bolivia (Plurinational State of)

-9.4

-9.4

-9.4

-9.4

-9.4

-9.4

-9.4

-9.4

-9.4

-9.4

-9.4

-9.4

-9.4

114 Moldova (Republic of)

22.5

22.5

22.5

22.5

22.5

22.5

22.5

22.5

22.5

22.5

22.5

22.5

22.5

115 El Salvador

-25.0

-25.0

-25.0

-25.0

-25.0

-25.0

-25.0

-25.0

-25.0

-25.0

-25.0

-25.0

-25.0

116 Uzbekistan

7.4

7.4

7.4

7.4

7.4

7.4

7.4

7.4

7.4

7.4

7.4

7.4

7.4

117 Philippines

17.5

17.5

17.5

17.5

17.5

17.5

17.5

17.5

17.5

17.5

17.5

17.5

17.5

118 Syrian Arab Republic

33.7

33.7

33.7

33.7

33.7

33.7

33.7

33.7

33.7

33.7

33.7

33.7

33.7

118 South Africa

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

120 Iraq

3.3

3.3

3.3

3.3

3.3

3.3

3.3

3.3

3.3

3.3

3.3

3.3

3.3

121 Viet Nam

56.3

56.3

56.3

56.3

56.3

56.3

56.3

56.3

56.3

56.3

56.3

56.3

56.3

121 Guyana

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

123 Cape Verde

46.7

46.7

46.7

46.7

46.7

46.7

46.7

46.7

46.7

46.7

46.7

46.7

46.7

124 Micronesia (Federated States of)

-0.4

-0.4

-0.4

-0.4

-0.4

-0.4

-0.4

-0.4

-0.4

-0.4

-0.4

-0.4

-0.4

125 Kyrgyzstan

16.1

16.1

16.1

16.1

16.1

16.1

16.1

16.1

16.1

16.1

16.1

16.1

16.1

125 Guatemala

-24.2

-24.2

-24.2

-24.2

-24.2

-24.2

-24.2

-24.2

-24.2

-24.2

-24.2

-24.2

-24.2

127 Namibia

-17.6

-17.6

-17.6

-17.6

-17.6

-17.6

-17.6

-17.6

-17.6

-17.6

-17.6

-17.6

-17.6

128 Timor-Leste

-24.3

-24.3

-24.3

-24.3

-24.3

-24.3

-24.3

-24.3

-24.3

-24.3

-24.3

-24.3

-24.3

129 Morocco

1.8

1.8

1.8

1.8

1.8

1.8

1.8

1.8

1.8

1.8

1.8

1.8

1.8

129 Honduras

-37.7

-37.7

-37.7

-37.7

-37.7

-37.7

-37.7

-37.7

-37.7

-37.7

-37.7

-37.7

-37.7

131 Vanuatu

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

132 Nicaragua

-32.6

-32.6

-32.6

-32.6

-32.6

-32.6

-32.6

-32.6

-32.6

-32.6

-32.6

-32.6

-32.6

133 Tajikistan

0.5

0.5

0.5

0.5

0.5

0.5

0.5

0.5

0.5

0.5

0.5

0.5

0.5

133 Kiribati

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

135 India

7.3

7.3

7.3

7.3

7.3

7.3

7.3

7.3

7.3

7.3

7.3

7.3

7.3

136 Cambodia

-23.0

-23.0

-23.0

-23.0

-23.0

-23.0

-23.0

-23.0

-23.0

-23.0

-23.0

-23.0

-23.0

136 Bhutan

31.5

31.5

31.5

31.5

31.5

31.5

31.5

31.5

31.5

31.5

31.5

31.5

31.5

138 Ghana

-35.2

-35.2

-35.2

-35.2

-35.2

-35.2

-35.2

-35.2

-35.2

-35.2

-35.2

-35.2

-35.2

139 Lao People's Democratic Republic

-9.5

-9.5

-9.5

-9.5

-9.5

-9.5

-9.5

-9.5

-9.5

-9.5

-9.5

-9.5

-9.5

140 Congo

-1.4

-1.4

-1.4

-1.4

-1.4

-1.4

-1.4

-1.4

-1.4

-1.4

-1.4

-1.4

-1.4

141 Zambia

-6.6

-6.6

-6.6

-6.6

-6.6

-6.6

-6.6

-6.6

-6.6

-6.6

-6.6

-6.6

-6.6

142 Sao Tome and Principe

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

142 Bangladesh

-3.7

-3.7

-3.7

-3.7

-3.7

-3.7

-3.7

-3.7

-3.7

-3.7

-3.7

-3.7

-3.7

144 Equatorial Guinea

-13.2

-13.2

-13.2

-13.2

-13.2

-13.2

-13.2

-13.2

-13.2

-13.2

-13.2

-13.2

-13.2

145 Nepal

-24.7

-24.7

-24.7

-24.7

-24.7

-24.7

-24.7

-24.7

-24.7

-24.7

-24.7

-24.7

-24.7

146 Pakistan

-34.9

-34.9

-34.9

-34.9

-34.9

-34.9

-34.9

-34.9

-34.9

-34.9

-34.9

-34.9

-34.9

147 Kenya

-6.8

-6.8

-6.8

-6.8

-6.8

-6.8

-6.8

-6.8

-6.8

-6.8

-6.8

-6.8

-6.8

148 Swaziland

20.2

20.2

20.2

20.2

20.2

20.2

20.2

20.2

20.2

20.2

20.2

20.2

20.2

149 Angola

-4.3

-4.3

-4.3

-4.3

-4.3

-4.3

-4.3

-4.3

-4.3

-4.3

-4.3

-4.3

-4.3

150 Myanmar

-19.7

-19.7

-19.7

-19.7

-19.7

-19.7

-19.7

-19.7

-19.7

-19.7

-19.7

-19.7

-19.7

151 Rwanda

39.9

39.9

39.9

39.9

39.9

39.9

39.9

39.9

39.9

39.9

39.9

39.9

39.9

152 Nigeria

-49.9

-49.9

-49.9

-49.9

-49.9

-49.9

-49.9

-49.9

-49.9

-49.9

-49.9

-49.9

-49.9

152 Cameroon

-19.0

-19.0

-19.0

-19.0

-19.0

-19.0

-19.0

-19.0

-19.0

-19.0

-19.0

-19.0

-19.0

154 Yemen

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

155 Madagascar

-8.7

-8.7

-8.7

-8.7

-8.7

-8.7

-8.7

-8.7

-8.7

-8.7

-8.7

-8.7

-8.7

156 Zimbabwe

-31.0

-31.0

-31.0

-31.0

-31.0

-31.0

-31.0

-31.0

-31.0

-31.0

-31.0

-31.0

-31.0

157 Solomon Islands

-5.0

-5.0

-5.0

-5.0

-5.0

-5.0

-5.0

-5.0

-5.0

-5.0

-5.0

-5.0

-5.0

157 Papua New Guinea

-9.3

-9.3

-9.3

-9.3

-9.3

-9.3

-9.3

-9.3

-9.3

-9.3

-9.3

-9.3

-9.3

159 Tanzania (United Republic of)

-20.4

-20.4

-20.4

-20.4

-20.4

-20.4

-20.4

-20.4

-20.4

-20.4

-20.4

-20.4

-20.4

159 Comoros

-78.3

-78.3

-78.3

-78.3

-78.3

-78.3

-78.3

-78.3

-78.3

-78.3

-78.3

-78.3

-78.3

161 Mauritania

-42.9

-42.9

-42.9

-42.9

-42.9

-42.9

-42.9

-42.9

-42.9

-42.9

-42.9

-42.9

-42.9

162 Lesotho

10.5

10.5

10.5

10.5

10.5

10.5

10.5

10.5

10.5

10.5

10.5

10.5

10.5

163 Senegal

-9.8

-9.8

-9.8

-9.8

-9.8

-9.8

-9.8

-9.8

-9.8

-9.8

-9.8

-9.8

-9.8

164 Uganda

-39.0

-39.0

-39.0

-39.0

-39.0

-39.0

-39.0

-39.0

-39.0

-39.0

-39.0

-39.0

-39.0

165 Benin

-21.7

-21.7

-21.7

-21.7

-21.7

-21.7

-21.7

-21.7

-21.7

-21.7

-21.7

-21.7

-21.7

166 Togo

-61.0

-61.0

-61.0

-61.0

-61.0

-61.0

-61.0

-61.0

-61.0

-61.0

-61.0

-61.0

-61.0

166 Sudan

-27.9

-27.9

-27.9

-27.9

-27.9

-27.9

-27.9

-27.9

-27.9

-27.9

-27.9

-27.9

-27.9

168 Haiti

-13.6

-13.6

-13.6

-13.6

-13.6

-13.6

-13.6

-13.6

-13.6

-13.6

-13.6

-13.6

-13.6

169 Afghanistan

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

170 Djibouti

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

171 Côte d'Ivoire

1.8

1.8

1.8

1.8

1.8

1.8

1.8

1.8

1.8

1.8

1.8

1.8

1.8

172 Gambia

9.0

9.0

9.0

9.0

9.0

9.0

9.0

9.0

9.0

9.0

9.0

9.0

9.0

173 Ethiopia

-20.0

-20.0

-20.0

-20.0

-20.0

-20.0

-20.0

-20.0

-20.0

-20.0

-20.0

-20.0

-20.0

174 Malawi

-17.8

-17.8

-17.8

-17.8

-17.8

-17.8

-17.8

-17.8

-17.8

-17.8

-17.8

-17.8

-17.8

175 Liberia

-12.8

-12.8

-12.8

-12.8

-12.8

-12.8

-12.8

-12.8

-12.8

-12.8

-12.8

-12.8

-12.8

176 Mali

-11.8

-11.8

-11.8

-11.8

-11.8

-11.8

-11.8

-11.8

-11.8

-11.8

-11.8

-11.8

-11.8

177 Guinea-Bissau

-9.2

-9.2

-9.2

-9.2

-9.2

-9.2

-9.2

-9.2

-9.2

-9.2

-9.2

-9.2

-9.2

178 Mozambique

-10.5

-10.5

-10.5

-10.5

-10.5

-10.5

-10.5

-10.5

-10.5

-10.5

-10.5

-10.5

-10.5

179 Guinea

-10.4

-10.4

-10.4

-10.4

-10.4

-10.4

-10.4

-10.4

-10.4

-10.4

-10.4

-10.4

-10.4

180 Burundi

-41.1

-41.1

-41.1

-41.1

-41.1

-41.1

-41.1

-41.1

-41.1

-41.1

-41.1

-41.1

-41.1

181 Burkina Faso

-18.4

-18.4

-18.4

-18.4

-18.4

-18.4

-18.4

-18.4

-18.4

-18.4

-18.4

-18.4

-18.4

182 Eritrea

-5.8

-5.8

-5.8

-5.8

-5.8

-5.8

-5.8

-5.8

-5.8

-5.8

-5.8

-5.8

-5.8

183 Sierra Leone

-13.2

-13.2

-13.2

-13.2

-13.2

-13.2

-13.2

-13.2

-13.2

-13.2

-13.2

-13.2

-13.2

184 Chad

-12.7

-12.7

-12.7

-12.7

-12.7

-12.7

-12.7

-12.7

-12.7

-12.7

-12.7

-12.7

-12.7

185 Central African Republic

-2.7

-2.7

-2.7

-2.7

-2.7

-2.7

-2.7

-2.7

-2.7

-2.7

-2.7

-2.7

-2.7

186 Congo (Democratic Republic of the)

-4.1

-4.1

-4.1

-4.1

-4.1

-4.1

-4.1

-4.1

-4.1

-4.1

-4.1

-4.1

-4.1

187 Niger

-38.7

-38.7

-38.7

-38.7

-38.7

-38.7

-38.7

-38.7

-38.7

-38.7

-38.7

-38.7

-38.7

.. South Sudan

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

.. Tuvalu

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

.. Somalia

-19.5

-19.5

-19.5

-19.5

-19.5

-19.5

-19.5

-19.5

-19.5

-19.5

-19.5

-19.5

-19.5

.. San Marino

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

.. Nauru

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

.. Monaco

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

.. Marshall Islands

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

.. Korea (Democratic People's Rep. of)

-32.5

-32.5

-32.5

-32.5

-32.5

-32.5

-32.5

-32.5

-32.5

-32.5

-32.5

-32.5

-32.5


Footnotes

Symbols
.. Data not available
(.) Greater (or less) than zero but small enough to be rounded off to zero at the displayed number of decimal points
< Less than
- Not applicable
T Total