Expected years of schooling, females (years)

Expected years of schooling, females (years)

Number of years of schooling that a child of school entrance age can expect to receive if prevailing patterns of age-specific enrolment rates persist throughout life disaggregated by sex..

Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (2013). Data Centre. Accessed November, 2013

http://stats.uis.unesco.org

Data in the tables are those available to the Human Development Report Office as of 15 November, 2013, unless otherwise specified.

HDI Rank

Country

2000

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

.. Very high human development

15.6

16.1

16.2

16.4

16.3

16.5

16.7

16.7

16.7

16.8

.. High human development

11.7

12.7

11.7

12.1

12.5

12.8

12.9

13.2

13.4

13.1

.. Medium human development

7.6

10.0

10.4

10.2

10.8

10.8

11.2

11.4

11.4

10.6

.. Low human development

6.5

6.9

7.1

7.2

7.3

7.7

8.2

7.8

8.3

8.1

1 Norway

18.2

18.2

18.3

18.2

18.0

18.0

18.2

18.2

18.2 1

18.2 1

2 Australia

20.5

20.2

19.0

19.1

19.2

19.5

19.9

20.3

20.3 1

20.3 1

3 Switzerland

14.8

14.9

15.0

15.1

15.2

15.3

15.5

15.6

15.6 1

15.6 1

4 Netherlands

16.5

16.3

16.5

16.6

16.7

16.8

17.1

18.0

18.0 1

18.0 1

5 United States

15.8

16.6

16.6

16.8

16.9

17.1

17.2

17.4

17.4 1

17.4 1

6 Germany

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

16.2

16.2 1

16.2 1

7 New Zealand

18.2

20.0

20.0

20.1

20.0

20.8

20.5

20.2

20.2 1

20.2 1

8 Canada

16.2

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

16.2 1

16.2 1

9 Singapore

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

15.5 1

15.5 1

10 Denmark

16.8

17.5

17.4

17.5

17.5

17.5

17.6

..

17.6 1

17.6 1

11 Ireland

17.2

17.8

17.8

18.1

18.1

18.5

18.7

18.5

18.5 1

18.5 1

12 Sweden

20.6

16.7

16.6

16.5

16.5

16.5

16.7

16.6

16.6 1

16.6 1

13 Iceland

17.8

19.2

19.4

19.5

19.7

19.7

19.9

19.9

19.9 1

19.9 1

14 United Kingdom

16.3

17.1

16.6

16.5

16.7

16.9

17.2

16.7

16.7 1

16.7 1

15 Korea (Republic of)

15.0

15.5

15.6

15.7

15.8

15.9

16.0

16.1

16.1 1

16.1 1

15 Hong Kong, China (SAR)

..

13.1

13.2

13.9

15.1

15.4

15.3

15.4

15.3 1

15.3 1

17 Japan

14.5

14.8

14.9

14.9

14.8

14.9

15.0

15.1

15.1 1

15.1 1

18 Liechtenstein

..

..

13.5

13.5

13.6

13.6

13.5

13.8

13.8 1

13.8 1

19 Israel

15.5

16.2

16.0

16.2

16.0

16.1

..

..

16.1 1

16.1 1

20 France

15.9

16.2

16.1

16.1

16.1

16.1

16.3

16.3

16.3 1

16.3 1

21 Luxembourg

..

..

13.6

..

13.5

..

14.0

..

14.0 1

14.0 1

21 Belgium

18.7

16.0

16.1

16.1

16.1

16.2

16.3

16.5

16.5 1

16.5 1

21 Austria

15.4

15.1

15.4

15.2

15.4

15.5

15.9

15.9

15.9 1

15.9 1

24 Finland

18.5

17.7

17.7

17.7

17.7

17.4

17.5

17.6

17.6 1

17.6 1

25 Slovenia

15.3

17.3

17.5

17.6

17.7

17.7

17.9

17.9

17.9 1

17.9 1

26 Italy

15.3

16.4

16.6

16.7

16.7

16.6

16.6

16.8

16.8 1

16.8 1

27 Spain

16.3

16.4

16.5

16.6

16.8

16.9

17.3

17.5

17.5 1

17.5 1

28 Czech Republic

14.0

15.1

15.3

15.7

15.9

16.5

16.8

16.9

16.9 1

16.9 1

29 Greece

14.5

17.0

17.3

16.6

..

..

..

..

16.6 1

16.6 1

30 Brunei Darussalam

13.5

14.5

14.7

14.5

14.4

14.5

14.3

14.4

14.9 1

14.9 1

31 Qatar

..

14.0

..

..

..

..

..

..

14.0 1

14.0 1

32 Cyprus

12.6

13.7

13.7

13.9

14.2

14.6

13.9

14.0

14.0 1

14.0 1

33 Estonia

15.7

17.5

17.5

17.5

17.4

17.5

17.5

..

17.5 1

17.5 1

34 Saudi Arabia

..

12.5

..

..

13.0

13.5

14.5

15.1

15.9 1

15.9 1

35 Poland

15.2

15.7

15.6

15.7

15.7

15.8

16.2

16.3

16.3 1

16.3 1

35 Lithuania

15.1

17.2

17.4

17.5

17.6

17.8

17.6

17.3

17.3 1

17.3 1

37 Slovakia

13.4

14.6

14.9

15.3

15.6

15.7

15.7

15.6

15.6 1

15.6 1

37 Andorra

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

39 Malta

12.5

14.1

..

14.1

14.1

14.2

14.6

14.7

14.7 1

14.7 1

40 United Arab Emirates

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

13.9 1 2

13.9 1

41 Portugal

16.0

15.7

15.7

15.9

16.1

16.3

16.5

..

16.5 1

16.5 1

41 Chile

12.8

13.9

13.9

14.4

14.6

14.7

15.0

15.3

15.3 1

15.3 1

43 Hungary

14.5

15.7

15.8

15.8

15.8

15.7

15.8

15.7

15.7 1

15.7 1

44 Cuba

12.4

15.4

16.8

18.4

18.9

18.7

17.3

16.3

15.1 1

15.1 1

44 Bahrain

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

15.1 1 3

15.1 1

46 Kuwait

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

15.2 1

15.2 1

47 Croatia

12.4

14.2

14.3

14.4

14.5

14.5

15.1

15.2

15.2 1

15.2 1

48 Latvia

15.1

17.3

17.3

17.5

17.7

17.3

16.8

16.3

16.3 1

16.3 1

49 Argentina

15.3

16.1

16.4

16.5

16.8

17.1

17.5

..

17.5 1

17.5 1

50 Uruguay

15.0

16.2

16.3

16.5

16.7

16.6

16.6

..

16.6 1

16.6 1

51 Montenegro

..

13.5

14.0

14.5

15.4

15.3

15.5

..

15.5 1

15.5 1

51 Bahamas

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

53 Belarus

..

..

..

..

15.9

16.0

16.0

16.2

16.3 1

16.3 1

54 Romania

11.9

13.7

13.9

14.2

14.7

15.0

14.7

14.5

14.5 1

14.5 1

55 Libya

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

16.4 1

16.4 1

56 Oman

..

11.1

11.0

11.4

..

12.9

..

13.9

13.9 1

13.9 1

57 Russian Federation

..

14.2

14.2

14.2

14.3

14.5

..

..

14.5 1

14.5 1

58 Bulgaria

13.2

13.5

13.6

13.9

14.1

14.2

14.5

14.5

14.5 1

14.5 1

59 Barbados

15.5

..

..

16.8

..

17.7

17.2

17.2

17.2 1

17.2 1

60 Palau

14.6

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

14.6 1

14.6 1

61 Antigua and Barbuda

..

..

..

14.9

..

14.2

14.1

13.7

13.7 1

13.7 1

62 Malaysia

12.2

12.7

..

..

..

..

..

..

12.7 1

12.7 1

63 Mauritius

12.1

13.6

13.9

14.2

14.4

14.7

14.9

15.1

15.9 1

15.9 1

64 Trinidad and Tobago

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

12.5 1

12.5 1

65 Panama

12.8

13.4

13.4

13.2

13.1

13.1

13.1

12.9

12.9 1

12.9 1

65 Lebanon

15.4

13.1

12.6

12.8

12.9

12.9

12.9

13.0

13.0 1

13.0 1

67 Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)

11.0

..

..

..

15.3

..

..

..

15.3 1

15.3 1

68 Costa Rica

..

12.1

..

..

..

..

..

13.9

13.9 1

13.9 1

69 Turkey

..

11.0

11.5

11.8

11.8

12.4

13.3

13.8

13.8 1

13.8 1

70 Kazakhstan

13.0

15.4

15.5

15.5

15.4

15.1

15.1

15.3

15.4 1

15.4 1

71 Seychelles

13.2

13.9

..

14.0

14.1

11.8

11.7

12.1

12.1 1

12.1 1

71 Mexico

11.4

12.1

12.2

12.4

12.6

12.7

12.9

12.9

12.9 1

12.9 1

73 Sri Lanka

..

..

..

..

..

..

13.9

13.9

13.9 1

13.9 1

73 Saint Kitts and Nevis

..

..

..

..

13.4

..

..

..

13.4 1

13.4 1

75 Iran (Islamic Republic of)

11.2

11.4

11.9

12.3

12.8

12.9

12.9

13.4

15.0 1

15.0 1

76 Azerbaijan

..

..

..

11.4

11.5

11.8

11.5

11.6

11.6 1

11.6 1

77 Serbia

..

..

..

14.0

14.1

14.1

14.0

14.0

14.1 1

14.1 1

77 Jordan

13.0

13.9

14.0

14.0

14.1

..

13.5

13.5

13.5 1

13.5 1

79 Grenada

..

..

..

..

..

16.3

..

..

16.3 1

16.3 1

79 Georgia

11.7

12.6

12.8

..

12.8

..

..

..

12.8 1

12.8 1

79 Brazil

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

82 Peru

..

12.8

12.9

..

..

..

13.2

..

13.2 1

13.2 1

83 Ukraine

12.8

14.4

14.7

14.9

15.0

15.1

15.1

15.1

15.3 1

15.3 1

84 The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

11.6

11.8

..

12.2

13.1

13.2

13.4

..

13.4 1

13.4 1

84 Belize

..

13.1

13.8

13.9

13.9

13.6

13.6

13.7

14.1 1

14.1 1

86 Bosnia and Herzegovina

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

87 Armenia

11.5

..

..

13.4

13.1

13.6

..

..

13.6 1

13.6 1

88 Fiji

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

14.1 1

14.1 1

89 Thailand

..

12.5

12.5

13.2

13.2

13.4

..

..

13.4 1

13.4 1

90 Tunisia

..

14.5

14.6

..

14.9

14.9

15.0

..

15.0 1

15.0 1

91 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

13.3

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

13.4 1

13.4 1

91 China

..

..

11.0

11.5

12.0

12.4

12.6

13.0

13.0 1

13.0 1

93 Dominica

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

93 Algeria

..

12.1

12.2

12.5

..

13.3

13.8

14.2

14.2 1

14.2 1

95 Albania

10.0

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

10.3 1

10.3 1

96 Jamaica

11.2

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

12.4 1

12.4 1

97 Saint Lucia

..

13.1

13.3

13.0

13.5

13.6

13.0

13.2

12.5 1

12.5 1

98 Ecuador

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

98 Colombia

11.7

12.7

13.1

13.4

13.5

13.9

13.9

13.8

13.5 1

13.5 1

100 Tonga

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

14.0 1

14.0 1

100 Suriname

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

12.9 1

12.9 1

102 Dominican Republic

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

103 Turkmenistan

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

103 Mongolia

10.3

13.5

13.8

..

..

15.0

15.3

15.4

15.6 1

15.6 1

103 Maldives

12.4

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

12.8 1

12.8 1

106 Samoa

12.4

..

13.3 4

..

..

..

..

..

13.3 1

13.3 1

107 Palestine, State of

11.6

13.1

13.4

13.9

14.0

14.0

14.1

14.1

14.0 1

14.0 1

108 Indonesia

..

..

11.1

11.8

11.8

12.3

12.6

12.8

12.8 1

12.8 1

109 Botswana

11.8

12.1

11.7

..

..

..

..

..

11.7 1

11.7 1

110 Egypt

..

..

..

..

..

12.5

12.7

..

12.7 1

12.7 1

111 Paraguay

11.8

12.0

..

11.9

12.1

12.4

12.2

..

12.2 1

12.2 1

112 Gabon

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

113 Bolivia (Plurinational State of)

..

..

..

12.9

..

..

..

..

12.9 1

12.9 1

114 Moldova (Republic of)

11.7

12.5

12.6

12.6

12.5

12.3

12.2

12.2

12.1 1

12.1 1

115 El Salvador

10.6

11.7

11.7

12.4

11.7

11.7

11.8

12.0

12.0 1

12.0 1

116 Uzbekistan

10.6

11.3

11.3

11.4

11.3

11.3

..

11.3

11.3 1

11.3 1

117 Philippines

..

11.9

11.7

..

11.9

11.5

..

..

11.5 1

11.5 1

118 Syrian Arab Republic

..

11.2

11.3

11.5

11.6

11.6

11.7

12.0

12.0 1

12.0 1

118 South Africa

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

120 Iraq

7.4

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

8.7 1

8.7 1

121 Viet Nam

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

121 Guyana

..

11.9

..

11.1

11.2

11.1

11.4

11.7

11.7 1

11.7 1

123 Cape Verde

..

11.8

12.7

12.6

12.7

12.9

13.2

13.6

13.6 1

13.6 1

124 Micronesia (Federated States of)

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

125 Kyrgyzstan

11.9

12.9

13.0

13.1

12.9

12.7

12.5

12.7

12.7 1

12.7 1

125 Guatemala

..

..

..

10.3

..

..

..

..

10.3 1

10.3 1

127 Namibia

11.7

11.5

11.4

..

..

..

..

..

11.4 1

11.4 1

128 Timor-Leste

..

..

..

..

..

11.0

11.3

..

11.3 1

11.3 1

129 Morocco

7.6

9.3

9.4

9.7

9.9

10.1

10.6

..

10.6 1

10.6 1

129 Honduras

..

..

..

..

11.9

..

12.1

..

12.1 1

12.1 1

131 Vanuatu

10.1

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

10.2 1

10.2 1

132 Nicaragua

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

10.8 1

10.8 1

133 Tajikistan

8.8

9.7

9.8

9.9

10.2

10.3

10.3

10.4

10.4 1

10.4 1

133 Kiribati

11.0

12.9

12.7

12.7

12.7

..

..

..

12.7 1

12.7 1

135 India

7.4

..

..

10.0

..

10.5

10.8

11.3

11.3 1

11.3 1

136 Cambodia

6.8

..

9.9

10.2

10.3

..

..

..

10.3 1

10.3 1

136 Bhutan

..

9.3

9.8

10.3

10.8

11.5

12.0

12.5

12.5 1

12.5 1

138 Ghana

7.5

8.2

8.7

9.4

10.0

10.1

..

10.8

10.9 1

10.9 1

139 Lao People's Democratic Republic

7.0

7.9

8.0

8.2

8.5

8.8

9.1

9.5

9.5 1

9.5 1

140 Congo

7.3

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

10.9 1

10.9 1

141 Zambia

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

13.0 1

13.0 1

142 Sao Tome and Principe

..

10.0

..

10.6

10.3

11.0

10.8

..

11.4 1

11.4 1

142 Bangladesh

..

8.5

8.7

8.8

8.6

9.1

..

10.3

10.3 1

10.3 1

144 Equatorial Guinea

6.9

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

6.9 1

6.9 1

145 Nepal

7.9

9.2

9.8

..

10.4

11.0

12.1

12.5

12.5 1

12.5 1

146 Pakistan

..

5.6

5.6

6.2

6.3

6.6

..

6.7

6.9 1

6.9 1

147 Kenya

8.2

9.4

9.6

10.0

..

10.7

..

..

10.7 1

10.7 1

148 Swaziland

9.0

9.7

10.2

..

..

..

..

10.9

10.9 1

10.9 1

149 Angola

..

..

..

..

..

..

8.9

8.7

8.7 1

8.7 1

150 Myanmar

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

151 Rwanda

..

..

..

..

..

9.2

9.5

10.0

10.3 1

10.3 1

152 Nigeria

7.1

8.2

..

..

..

..

..

..

8.2 1

8.2 1

152 Cameroon

..

7.4

7.2

7.9

8.3

8.9

9.2

9.5

9.5 1

9.5 1

154 Yemen

..

6.7

..

..

7.0

..

7.3

7.7

7.7 1

7.7 1

155 Madagascar

..

8.8

9.0

9.1

9.5

10.0

..

..

10.2 1

10.2 1

156 Zimbabwe

9.5

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

9.1 1

9.1 1

157 Solomon Islands

6.2

8.0

8.6

8.8

..

..

..

..

8.8 1

8.8 1

157 Papua New Guinea

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

159 Tanzania (United Republic of)

..

..

..

..

..

..

9.1

..

9.0 1

9.0 1

159 Comoros

8.6

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

12.3 1

12.3 1

161 Mauritania

..

7.1

7.3

7.4

7.1

7.6

7.7

7.7

8.1 1

8.1 1

162 Lesotho

10.9

11.0

11.0

..

..

..

..

..

11.6 1

11.6 1

163 Senegal

..

..

6.4

..

7.3

..

7.8

..

7.8 1

7.8 1

164 Uganda

10.1

..

9.9

10.0

10.4

10.6

..

..

10.6 1

10.6 1

165 Benin

4.9

7.0

..

..

..

..

..

9.4

9.4 1

9.4 1

166 Togo

7.5

8.6

9.0

8.5

..

..

..

..

8.5 1

8.5 1

166 Sudan

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

168 Haiti

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

169 Afghanistan

..

..

..

..

..

6.3

..

7.2

7.2 1

7.2 1

170 Djibouti

2.4

3.7

3.9

4.4

4.8

5.0

..

5.9

5.9 1

5.9 1

171 Côte d'Ivoire

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

172 Gambia

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

173 Ethiopia

3.4

5.7

..

..

7.4

7.5

7.6

7.9

8.0 1

8.0 1

174 Malawi

9.8

9.5

9.6

9.4

..

..

10.6

10.8

10.8 1

10.8 1

175 Liberia

8.9

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

8.9 1

8.9 1

176 Mali

4.1

..

..

6.4

6.7

6.9

7.2

7.5

7.6 1

7.6 1

177 Guinea-Bissau

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

178 Mozambique

4.9

7.3

7.7

8.3

8.7

8.9

..

8.9

8.9 1

8.9 1

179 Guinea

..

5.8

6.3

6.7

6.8

6.8

..

7.3

7.4 1

7.4 1

180 Burundi

..

5.3

6.7

..

..

..

9.6

..

9.6 1

9.6 1

181 Burkina Faso

2.8

4.0

4.3

4.8

5.3

5.7

6.2

6.7

7.0 1

7.0 1

182 Eritrea

3.5

..

..

..

..

3.7

3.7

..

3.7 1

3.7 1

183 Sierra Leone

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

6.1 1

6.1 1

184 Chad

3.4

4.1

..

..

4.8

5.1

5.2

5.9

5.9 1

5.9 1

185 Central African Republic

..

..

..

..

..

5.4

..

..

5.9 1

5.9 1

186 Congo (Democratic Republic of the)

..

..

..

6.6

7.4

7.6

..

8.0

8.4 1

8.4 1

187 Niger

..

3.1

3.2

3.3

3.6

3.9

4.2

4.5

4.8 1

4.8 1

.. South Sudan

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

.. Tuvalu

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

11.4 1

11.4 1

.. Somalia

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

.. San Marino

..

..

..

..

..

..

16.5

15.9

15.9 1

15.9 1

.. Nauru

9.9

10.7

10.4

9.3

9.9

..

..

..

9.9 1

9.9 1

.. Monaco

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

.. Marshall Islands

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

12.0 1

12.0 1

.. Korea (Democratic People's Rep. of)

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..


Footnotes
1. Data refer to the most recent year available during the period specified.
2. Based on data from UNESCO Institute for Statistics (2011).
3. Based on data on school life expectancy from UNESCO Institute for Statistics, Data Center. Accessed in May 2013.
4. HDRO estimate based on 2006 Census.

Symbols
.. Data not available
(.) Greater (or less) than zero but small enough to be rounded off to zero at the displayed number of decimal points
< Less than
- Not applicable
T Total