The next NHDR in Burundi will deal with HIV/AIDS. The HIV prevalence rate in Burundi has reached very high levels : 10,5% in peri-urban areas, 9,4% in urban zones and 2,5% in rural areas. The report will support a massive strategy of communication on the reality of the disease in the country. It will be the first major publication releasing the results of the latest HIV/AIDS national survey updating the results of the 1990 survey. For the first time, it will highlight the influence of cultural factors on the dissemination of the disease. The report should ultimately impact on policy making and help policy makers to prepare effective fighting-HIV/AIDS programs.