The 1996 Guyana NHDR looks into the population, geography, natural resource and environmental context in Guyana. Data on Guyana’s HDI and ranking are reviewed, and the three components of the HDI are examined.
The third HDR on Costa Rica enlarges upon the subjects treated in previous reports, disaggregating the analysis to identify equity gaps. As with previous reports, the authors find Costa Rica to be a society in the midst of rapid and far-reaching changes.
The main focus of the report is the decentralization process in Chile and its implications for the geographic equity of human development. The authors note a strong inequality among the Chilean regions and municipalities.
The series of national and sub-national Human Development
Reports has led to path breaking initiatives in Brazil. In 1997, leading
think tanks completed an Atlas of Human Development focusing on conditions of life in the state of Minas Gerais, further disaggregating
The Human Development Index has been applied for the first time in Venezuela as a result of the fifth anniversary of the UN. Their results are an important information source for planning and for restructuring and modernization of state processes.
The main message of the 1995 HDR is that it is necessary that Human Development incorporate gender issues. If the purpose of development is to enlarge everybody’s opportunities, the ongoing exclusion of women from many opportunities of life distorts the development process totally.