International Human Development Indicators


Accessed: 7/14/2014,2:09 PM from: http://hdr.undp.org

Change in forest area, 1990/2011 (%)

Percentage change in area under forest cover.

Source: HDRO calculations based on data on forest and total land area from FAO (2012). http://faostat.fao.org/site/377/default.aspx#ancor http://faostat.fao.org/site/377/default.aspx#ancor

Data in the tables are those available to the Human Development Report Office as of 15 November, 2013, unless otherwise specified.

HDI Rank Country 1980 1985 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
.. Very high human development .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
.. High human development .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
.. Medium human development .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
.. Low human development .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
1 Norway 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1
2 Australia -4.0 -4.0 -4.0 -4.0 -4.0 -4.0 -4.0 -4.0 -4.0 -4.0 -4.0 -4.0 -4.0
3 Switzerland 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1
4 Netherlands 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9
5 United States 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9
6 Germany 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3
7 New Zealand 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0
8 Canada 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
9 Singapore -4.3 -4.3 -4.3 -4.3 -4.3 -4.3 -4.3 -4.3 -4.3 -4.3 -4.3 -4.3 -4.3
10 Denmark 22.6 22.6 22.6 22.6 22.6 22.6 22.6 22.6 22.6 22.6 22.6 22.6 22.6
11 Ireland 60.8 60.8 60.8 60.8 60.8 60.8 60.8 60.8 60.8 60.8 60.8 60.8 60.8
12 Sweden 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4
13 Iceland 254.0 254.0 254.0 254.0 254.0 254.0 254.0 254.0 254.0 254.0 254.0 254.0 254.0
14 United Kingdom 10.6 10.6 10.6 10.6 10.6 10.6 10.6 10.6 10.6 10.6 10.6 10.6 10.6
15 Korea (Republic of) -0.8 -0.8 -0.8 -0.8 -0.8 -0.8 -0.8 -0.8 -0.8 -0.8 -0.8 -0.8 -0.8
15 Hong Kong, China (SAR) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
17 Japan 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
18 Liechtenstein 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2
19 Israel 16.5 16.5 16.5 16.5 16.5 16.5 16.5 16.5 16.5 16.5 16.5 16.5 16.5
20 France 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1
21 Luxembourg .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
21 Belgium .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
21 Austria 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1
24 Finland 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
25 Slovenia 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6
26 Italy 21.6 21.6 21.6 21.6 21.6 21.6 21.6 21.6 21.6 21.6 21.6 21.6 21.6
27 Spain 33.0 33.0 33.0 33.0 33.0 33.0 33.0 33.0 33.0 33.0 33.0 33.0 33.0
28 Czech Republic 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
29 Greece 19.2 19.2 19.2 19.2 19.2 19.2 19.2 19.2 19.2 19.2 19.2 19.2 19.2
30 Brunei Darussalam -8.4 -8.4 -8.4 -8.4 -8.4 -8.4 -8.4 -8.4 -8.4 -8.4 -8.4 -8.4 -8.4
31 Qatar .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
32 Cyprus 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5
33 Estonia 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7
34 Saudi Arabia 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
35 Poland 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5
35 Lithuania 11.5 11.5 11.5 11.5 11.5 11.5 11.5 11.5 11.5 11.5 11.5 11.5 11.5
37 Slovakia 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
37 Andorra 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
39 Malta 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
40 United Arab Emirates 29.9 29.9 29.9 29.9 29.9 29.9 29.9 29.9 29.9 29.9 29.9 29.9 29.9
41 Portugal 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0
41 Chile 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6
43 Hungary 12.3 12.3 12.3 12.3 12.3 12.3 12.3 12.3 12.3 12.3 12.3 12.3 12.3
44 Cuba 42.4 42.4 42.4 42.4 42.4 42.4 42.4 42.4 42.4 42.4 42.4 42.4 42.4
44 Bahrain 145.1 145.1 145.1 145.1 145.1 145.1 145.1 145.1 145.1 145.1 145.1 145.1 145.1
46 Kuwait 82.6 82.6 82.6 82.6 82.6 82.6 82.6 82.6 82.6 82.6 82.6 82.6 82.6
47 Croatia 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.9
48 Latvia 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0
49 Argentina -16.2 -16.2 -16.2 -16.2 -16.2 -16.2 -16.2 -16.2 -16.2 -16.2 -16.2 -16.2 -16.2
50 Uruguay 94.4 94.4 94.4 94.4 94.4 94.4 94.4 94.4 94.4 94.4 94.4 94.4 94.4
51 Montenegro 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
51 Bahamas 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
53 Belarus 11.4 11.4 11.4 11.4 11.4 11.4 11.4 11.4 11.4 11.4 11.4 11.4 11.4
54 Romania 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4
55 Libya 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
56 Oman 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
57 Russian Federation 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
58 Bulgaria 22.0 22.0 22.0 22.0 22.0 22.0 22.0 22.0 22.0 22.0 22.0 22.0 22.0
59 Barbados 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
60 Palau .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
61 Antigua and Barbuda -4.9 -4.9 -4.9 -4.9 -4.9 -4.9 -4.9 -4.9 -4.9 -4.9 -4.9 -4.9 -4.9
62 Malaysia -9.0 -9.0 -9.0 -9.0 -9.0 -9.0 -9.0 -9.0 -9.0 -9.0 -9.0 -9.0 -9.0
63 Mauritius -9.7 -9.7 -9.7 -9.7 -9.7 -9.7 -9.7 -9.7 -9.7 -9.7 -9.7 -9.7 -9.7
64 Trinidad and Tobago -6.2 -6.2 -6.2 -6.2 -6.2 -6.2 -6.2 -6.2 -6.2 -6.2 -6.2 -6.2 -6.2
65 Panama -14.6 -14.6 -14.6 -14.6 -14.6 -14.6 -14.6 -14.6 -14.6 -14.6 -14.6 -14.6 -14.6
65 Lebanon 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6
67 Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) -11.6 -11.6 -11.6 -11.6 -11.6 -11.6 -11.6 -11.6 -11.6 -11.6 -11.6 -11.6 -11.6
68 Costa Rica 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
69 Turkey 18.3 18.3 18.3 18.3 18.3 18.3 18.3 18.3 18.3 18.3 18.3 18.3 18.3
70 Kazakhstan -3.5 -3.5 -3.5 -3.5 -3.5 -3.5 -3.5 -3.5 -3.5 -3.5 -3.5 -3.5 -3.5
71 Seychelles 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
71 Mexico -8.0 -8.0 -8.0 -8.0 -8.0 -8.0 -8.0 -8.0 -8.0 -8.0 -8.0 -8.0 -8.0
73 Sri Lanka -21.5 -21.5 -21.5 -21.5 -21.5 -21.5 -21.5 -21.5 -21.5 -21.5 -21.5 -21.5 -21.5
73 Saint Kitts and Nevis 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
75 Iran (Islamic Republic of) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
76 Azerbaijan 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
77 Serbia 19.3 19.3 19.3 19.3 19.3 19.3 19.3 19.3 19.3 19.3 19.3 19.3 19.3
77 Jordan -0.6 -0.6 -0.6 -0.6 -0.6 -0.6 -0.6 -0.6 -0.6 -0.6 -0.6 -0.6 -0.6
79 Grenada 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
79 Georgia -1.4 -1.4 -1.4 -1.4 -1.4 -1.4 -1.4 -1.4 -1.4 -1.4 -1.4 -1.4 -1.4
79 Brazil -10.0 -10.0 -10.0 -10.0 -10.0 -10.0 -10.0 -10.0 -10.0 -10.0 -10.0 -10.0 -10.0
82 Peru -3.3 -3.3 -3.3 -3.3 -3.3 -3.3 -3.3 -3.3 -3.3 -3.3 -3.3 -3.3 -3.3
83 Ukraine 4.9 4.9 4.9 4.9 4.9 4.9 4.9 4.9 4.9 4.9 4.9 4.9 4.9
84 The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 10.8 10.8 10.8 10.8 10.8 10.8 10.8 10.8 10.8 10.8 10.8 10.8 10.8
84 Belize -12.8 -12.8 -12.8 -12.8 -12.8 -12.8 -12.8 -12.8 -12.8 -12.8 -12.8 -12.8 -12.8
86 Bosnia and Herzegovina -1.1 -1.1 -1.1 -1.1 -1.1 -1.1 -1.1 -1.1 -1.1 -1.1 -1.1 -1.1 -1.1
87 Armenia -25.7 -25.7 -25.7 -25.7 -25.7 -25.7 -25.7 -25.7 -25.7 -25.7 -25.7 -25.7 -25.7
88 Fiji 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8
89 Thailand -2.9 -2.9 -2.9 -2.9 -2.9 -2.9 -2.9 -2.9 -2.9 -2.9 -2.9 -2.9 -2.9
90 Tunisia 59.0 59.0 59.0 59.0 59.0 59.0 59.0 59.0 59.0 59.0 59.0 59.0 59.0
91 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.8
91 China 33.4 33.4 33.4 33.4 33.4 33.4 33.4 33.4 33.4 33.4 33.4 33.4 33.4
93 Dominica -11.2 -11.2 -11.2 -11.2 -11.2 -11.2 -11.2 -11.2 -11.2 -11.2 -11.2 -11.2 -11.2
93 Algeria -11.0 -11.0 -11.0 -11.0 -11.0 -11.0 -11.0 -11.0 -11.0 -11.0 -11.0 -11.0 -11.0
95 Albania -1.8 -1.8 -1.8 -1.8 -1.8 -1.8 -1.8 -1.8 -1.8 -1.8 -1.8 -1.8 -1.8
96 Jamaica -2.3 -2.3 -2.3 -2.3 -2.3 -2.3 -2.3 -2.3 -2.3 -2.3 -2.3 -2.3 -2.3
97 Saint Lucia 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.3
98 Ecuador -22.0 -22.0 -22.0 -22.0 -22.0 -22.0 -22.0 -22.0 -22.0 -22.0 -22.0 -22.0 -22.0
98 Colombia -3.4 -3.4 -3.4 -3.4 -3.4 -3.4 -3.4 -3.4 -3.4 -3.4 -3.4 -3.4 -3.4
100 Tonga 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
100 Suriname -0.1 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1
102 Dominican Republic 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
103 Turkmenistan 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
103 Mongolia -13.7 -13.7 -13.7 -13.7 -13.7 -13.7 -13.7 -13.7 -13.7 -13.7 -13.7 -13.7 -13.7
103 Maldives 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
106 Samoa 31.5 31.5 31.5 31.5 31.5 31.5 31.5 31.5 31.5 31.5 31.5 31.5 31.5
107 Palestine, State of 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
108 Indonesia -20.9 -20.9 -20.9 -20.9 -20.9 -20.9 -20.9 -20.9 -20.9 -20.9 -20.9 -20.9 -20.9
109 Botswana -18.1 -18.1 -18.1 -18.1 -18.1 -18.1 -18.1 -18.1 -18.1 -18.1 -18.1 -18.1 -18.1
110 Egypt 60.5 60.5 60.5 60.5 60.5 60.5 60.5 60.5 60.5 60.5 60.5 60.5 60.5
111 Paraguay -17.7 -17.7 -17.7 -17.7 -17.7 -17.7 -17.7 -17.7 -17.7 -17.7 -17.7 -17.7 -17.7
112 Gabon 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
113 Bolivia (Plurinational State of) -9.4 -9.4 -9.4 -9.4 -9.4 -9.4 -9.4 -9.4 -9.4 -9.4 -9.4 -9.4 -9.4
114 Moldova (Republic of) 22.5 22.5 22.5 22.5 22.5 22.5 22.5 22.5 22.5 22.5 22.5 22.5 22.5
115 El Salvador -25.0 -25.0 -25.0 -25.0 -25.0 -25.0 -25.0 -25.0 -25.0 -25.0 -25.0 -25.0 -25.0
116 Uzbekistan 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4
117 Philippines 17.5 17.5 17.5 17.5 17.5 17.5 17.5 17.5 17.5 17.5 17.5 17.5 17.5
118 Syrian Arab Republic 33.7 33.7 33.7 33.7 33.7 33.7 33.7 33.7 33.7 33.7 33.7 33.7 33.7
118 South Africa 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
120 Iraq 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3
121 Viet Nam 56.3 56.3 56.3 56.3 56.3 56.3 56.3 56.3 56.3 56.3 56.3 56.3 56.3
121 Guyana 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
123 Cape Verde 46.7 46.7 46.7 46.7 46.7 46.7 46.7 46.7 46.7 46.7 46.7 46.7 46.7
124 Micronesia (Federated States of) -0.4 -0.4 -0.4 -0.4 -0.4 -0.4 -0.4 -0.4 -0.4 -0.4 -0.4 -0.4 -0.4
125 Kyrgyzstan 16.1 16.1 16.1 16.1 16.1 16.1 16.1 16.1 16.1 16.1 16.1 16.1 16.1
125 Guatemala -24.2 -24.2 -24.2 -24.2 -24.2 -24.2 -24.2 -24.2 -24.2 -24.2 -24.2 -24.2 -24.2
127 Namibia -17.6 -17.6 -17.6 -17.6 -17.6 -17.6 -17.6 -17.6 -17.6 -17.6 -17.6 -17.6 -17.6
128 Timor-Leste -24.3 -24.3 -24.3 -24.3 -24.3 -24.3 -24.3 -24.3 -24.3 -24.3 -24.3 -24.3 -24.3
129 Morocco 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
129 Honduras -37.7 -37.7 -37.7 -37.7 -37.7 -37.7 -37.7 -37.7 -37.7 -37.7 -37.7 -37.7 -37.7
131 Vanuatu 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
132 Nicaragua -32.6 -32.6 -32.6 -32.6 -32.6 -32.6 -32.6 -32.6 -32.6 -32.6 -32.6 -32.6 -32.6
133 Tajikistan 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
133 Kiribati 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
135 India 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.3
136 Cambodia -23.0 -23.0 -23.0 -23.0 -23.0 -23.0 -23.0 -23.0 -23.0 -23.0 -23.0 -23.0 -23.0
136 Bhutan 31.5 31.5 31.5 31.5 31.5 31.5 31.5 31.5 31.5 31.5 31.5 31.5 31.5
138 Ghana -35.2 -35.2 -35.2 -35.2 -35.2 -35.2 -35.2 -35.2 -35.2 -35.2 -35.2 -35.2 -35.2
139 Lao People's Democratic Republic -9.5 -9.5 -9.5 -9.5 -9.5 -9.5 -9.5 -9.5 -9.5 -9.5 -9.5 -9.5 -9.5
140 Congo -1.4 -1.4 -1.4 -1.4 -1.4 -1.4 -1.4 -1.4 -1.4 -1.4 -1.4 -1.4 -1.4
141 Zambia -6.6 -6.6 -6.6 -6.6 -6.6 -6.6 -6.6 -6.6 -6.6 -6.6 -6.6 -6.6 -6.6
142 Sao Tome and Principe 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
142 Bangladesh -3.7 -3.7 -3.7 -3.7 -3.7 -3.7 -3.7 -3.7 -3.7 -3.7 -3.7 -3.7 -3.7
144 Equatorial Guinea -13.2 -13.2 -13.2 -13.2 -13.2 -13.2 -13.2 -13.2 -13.2 -13.2 -13.2 -13.2 -13.2
145 Nepal -24.7 -24.7 -24.7 -24.7 -24.7 -24.7 -24.7 -24.7 -24.7 -24.7 -24.7 -24.7 -24.7
146 Pakistan -34.9 -34.9 -34.9 -34.9 -34.9 -34.9 -34.9 -34.9 -34.9 -34.9 -34.9 -34.9 -34.9
147 Kenya -6.8 -6.8 -6.8 -6.8 -6.8 -6.8 -6.8 -6.8 -6.8 -6.8 -6.8 -6.8 -6.8
148 Swaziland 20.2 20.2 20.2 20.2 20.2 20.2 20.2 20.2 20.2 20.2 20.2 20.2 20.2
149 Angola -4.3 -4.3 -4.3 -4.3 -4.3 -4.3 -4.3 -4.3 -4.3 -4.3 -4.3 -4.3 -4.3
150 Myanmar -19.7 -19.7 -19.7 -19.7 -19.7 -19.7 -19.7 -19.7 -19.7 -19.7 -19.7 -19.7 -19.7
151 Rwanda 39.9 39.9 39.9 39.9 39.9 39.9 39.9 39.9 39.9 39.9 39.9 39.9 39.9
152 Nigeria -49.9 -49.9 -49.9 -49.9 -49.9 -49.9 -49.9 -49.9 -49.9 -49.9 -49.9 -49.9 -49.9
152 Cameroon -19.0 -19.0 -19.0 -19.0 -19.0 -19.0 -19.0 -19.0 -19.0 -19.0 -19.0 -19.0 -19.0
154 Yemen 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
155 Madagascar -8.7 -8.7 -8.7 -8.7 -8.7 -8.7 -8.7 -8.7 -8.7 -8.7 -8.7 -8.7 -8.7
156 Zimbabwe -31.0 -31.0 -31.0 -31.0 -31.0 -31.0 -31.0 -31.0 -31.0 -31.0 -31.0 -31.0 -31.0
157 Solomon Islands -5.0 -5.0 -5.0 -5.0 -5.0 -5.0 -5.0 -5.0 -5.0 -5.0 -5.0 -5.0 -5.0
157 Papua New Guinea -9.3 -9.3 -9.3 -9.3 -9.3 -9.3 -9.3 -9.3 -9.3 -9.3 -9.3 -9.3 -9.3
159 Tanzania (United Republic of) -20.4 -20.4 -20.4 -20.4 -20.4 -20.4 -20.4 -20.4 -20.4 -20.4 -20.4 -20.4 -20.4
159 Comoros -78.3 -78.3 -78.3 -78.3 -78.3 -78.3 -78.3 -78.3 -78.3 -78.3 -78.3 -78.3 -78.3
161 Mauritania -42.9 -42.9 -42.9 -42.9 -42.9 -42.9 -42.9 -42.9 -42.9 -42.9 -42.9 -42.9 -42.9
162 Lesotho 10.5 10.5 10.5 10.5 10.5 10.5 10.5 10.5 10.5 10.5 10.5 10.5 10.5
163 Senegal -9.8 -9.8 -9.8 -9.8 -9.8 -9.8 -9.8 -9.8 -9.8 -9.8 -9.8 -9.8 -9.8
164 Uganda -39.0 -39.0 -39.0 -39.0 -39.0 -39.0 -39.0 -39.0 -39.0 -39.0 -39.0 -39.0 -39.0
165 Benin -21.7 -21.7 -21.7 -21.7 -21.7 -21.7 -21.7 -21.7 -21.7 -21.7 -21.7 -21.7 -21.7
166 Togo -61.0 -61.0 -61.0 -61.0 -61.0 -61.0 -61.0 -61.0 -61.0 -61.0 -61.0 -61.0 -61.0
166 Sudan -27.9 -27.9 -27.9 -27.9 -27.9 -27.9 -27.9 -27.9 -27.9 -27.9 -27.9 -27.9 -27.9
168 Haiti -13.6 -13.6 -13.6 -13.6 -13.6 -13.6 -13.6 -13.6 -13.6 -13.6 -13.6 -13.6 -13.6
169 Afghanistan 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
170 Djibouti 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
171 Côte d'Ivoire 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
172 Gambia 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0
173 Ethiopia -20.0 -20.0 -20.0 -20.0 -20.0 -20.0 -20.0 -20.0 -20.0 -20.0 -20.0 -20.0 -20.0
174 Malawi -17.8 -17.8 -17.8 -17.8 -17.8 -17.8 -17.8 -17.8 -17.8 -17.8 -17.8 -17.8 -17.8
175 Liberia -12.8 -12.8 -12.8 -12.8 -12.8 -12.8 -12.8 -12.8 -12.8 -12.8 -12.8 -12.8 -12.8
176 Mali -11.8 -11.8 -11.8 -11.8 -11.8 -11.8 -11.8 -11.8 -11.8 -11.8 -11.8 -11.8 -11.8
177 Guinea-Bissau -9.2 -9.2 -9.2 -9.2 -9.2 -9.2 -9.2 -9.2 -9.2 -9.2 -9.2 -9.2 -9.2
178 Mozambique -10.5 -10.5 -10.5 -10.5 -10.5 -10.5 -10.5 -10.5 -10.5 -10.5 -10.5 -10.5 -10.5
179 Guinea -10.4 -10.4 -10.4 -10.4 -10.4 -10.4 -10.4 -10.4 -10.4 -10.4 -10.4 -10.4 -10.4
180 Burundi -41.1 -41.1 -41.1 -41.1 -41.1 -41.1 -41.1 -41.1 -41.1 -41.1 -41.1 -41.1 -41.1
181 Burkina Faso -18.4 -18.4 -18.4 -18.4 -18.4 -18.4 -18.4 -18.4 -18.4 -18.4 -18.4 -18.4 -18.4
182 Eritrea -5.8 -5.8 -5.8 -5.8 -5.8 -5.8 -5.8 -5.8 -5.8 -5.8 -5.8 -5.8 -5.8
183 Sierra Leone -13.2 -13.2 -13.2 -13.2 -13.2 -13.2 -13.2 -13.2 -13.2 -13.2 -13.2 -13.2 -13.2
184 Chad -12.7 -12.7 -12.7 -12.7 -12.7 -12.7 -12.7 -12.7 -12.7 -12.7 -12.7 -12.7 -12.7
185 Central African Republic -2.7 -2.7 -2.7 -2.7 -2.7 -2.7 -2.7 -2.7 -2.7 -2.7 -2.7 -2.7 -2.7
186 Congo (Democratic Republic of the) -4.1 -4.1 -4.1 -4.1 -4.1 -4.1 -4.1 -4.1 -4.1 -4.1 -4.1 -4.1 -4.1
187 Niger -38.7 -38.7 -38.7 -38.7 -38.7 -38.7 -38.7 -38.7 -38.7 -38.7 -38.7 -38.7 -38.7
.. South Sudan .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
.. Tuvalu 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
.. Somalia -19.5 -19.5 -19.5 -19.5 -19.5 -19.5 -19.5 -19.5 -19.5 -19.5 -19.5 -19.5 -19.5
.. San Marino .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
.. Nauru .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
.. Monaco .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
.. Marshall Islands .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
.. Korea (Democratic People's Rep. of) -32.5 -32.5 -32.5 -32.5 -32.5 -32.5 -32.5 -32.5 -32.5 -32.5 -32.5 -32.5 -32.5

Footnotes

Symbols
.. Data not available
(.) Greater (or less) than zero but small enough to be rounded off to zero at the displayed number of decimal points
< Less than
- Not applicable
T Total