The Egypt Human Development Report 2021 is of particular significance, coming a decade after the publication of the previous Human Development Report in 2010. As a result, the new Report covers an unprecedented period in Egypt’s history, from 2011 to 2020, which includes two revolutions.
These upheavals changed the course of the development process in Egypt. The 2021 Report aims to provide an in-depth analysis of a set of key human development issues that significantly affect work to achieve the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The Report provides an analytical review of the policies adopted and implemented during this period and their impact on Egyptians. Building on those findings and on the Government Action Programme, it puts forward a set of policies for the future that would further boost the process of human development that Egypt has initiated.
The third Rwanda National Human Development Report (NHDR) was inspired by the impressive progress that Rwanda has made over 15 years in the spheres of good governance, economic growth and human development, particularly considering the post-genocide challenges. HGSs have served as a catalyst towards achieving this progress. Hence, this Report, Policy Innovations and Human Development: Rwanda’s home-grown solutions aims to analyse and document the contribution of HGSs to human development progress.
This Report analyses the contribution of home-grown solutions (HGSs), which are locally designed or adapted policy innovations to the progress made by Rwanda in human development. The Report is based on three fundamental premises: innovative policies contribute to achieving rapid economic growth and improvement in human development outcomes; citizens need to participate effectively to economic transformation to positively affect human development; and interventions must be tailored to citizens’ specific needs, aspirations and socio-cultural circumstances for citizens to effectively participate in and own these development processes. Finally, HGSs, which are developed and refined locally, can effectively ensure economic transformation is inclusive, sustainable and benefits human development.
Enhancing human capital lies at the heart of the development process. Human resources are the major drivers of development, and therefore, human capital formation is deemed key for the socioeconomic transformation of the country. The Nepal Human Development Report 2020: Beyond Graduation: Productive Transformation and Prosperity comes in the context of the upcoming graduation of Nepal from the least developed country category. Nepal has been committed to attaining a smooth, sustainable, meaningful and irreversible graduation, recognizing that for more inclusive development, it is important to look beyond the economic yardsticks and towards more ingrained social and environmental factors of development.
The sustainable development of Armenia, its future for 2030 (the time line for UN’s Sustainable Development Goals to which Armenia is signatory) and for 2050 (the time line for the Armenia Transformation Strategy now in the works) depends on how the energy, knowledge, skills and values of today’s young people turn into action. Action is what is needed, and the government, the private sector and the civil society can do a lot to help. The report hopefully offers a glimpse into how this can be done.
Armenia’s youth is as diverse as the country is and even more diverse with the amazing Diaspora youth living around the world. This diversity in lifestyles, values, outlook creates a unique opportunity but also a challenge - there is no “one size fits all” youth policy, as the report highlights, but there are many cues that the stories of the young people give as to how a flexible, government-wide youth policy might need to look like in the future, based on equal rights and opportunities.