The Report focuses on poverty with the aim of contributing to the current debate within Georgia on the government's new poverty-reduction strategy. The Report explores different definitions and ways of measuring poverty, finding that the official 'poverty line' is considered unrealistically low by the general public, making it difficult for them to accept the poverty-reduction strategy as a whole. The Report therefore suggests an alternative method to calculate the 'poverty line' and includes, for the first time, a disaggregation of HDI at the regional level. The report goes on to investigate the causes of poverty to reveal the obstacles families face in securing a decent standard of living. These include lack of education, exorbitant healthcare costs, and unequal income distribution. The Report concludes with suggestions on how to improve the government's proposal, including more responsible spending, rooting out mismanagement in government, and improving the business environment. Finally, good governance is highlighted as one of the most crucial aspects in the fight against poverty.
The report provides an overview of the historical development in Korea starting at the end of the Korea war. Results in terms of socio-economic indicators are analysed and a set of policies is suggested to obtain equal distribution of welfare.
The Human Development Strategy, while providing people with opportunities to develop their capacities, must place people at its center and, as such, give high priority to gender equality since gender equality really represents a keystone of human development that stresses sustainable productivity, equality and empowerment of all people.
The Kosovo HDR 2012 focuses on the linkages between human development and private sector expansion showing that private sector growth is intricately connected with Kosovo's social context and that it needs to be built from a much wider and fairer base than currently to unleash the real potential of Kosovo's market place. A new survey on Enterprise Barriers was prepared and conducted by Riinvest with a representative sample of 600 business owners across the reach of Kosovo, and results tested through focus groups with wider audiences.
* In line with UNSCR 1244 (1999)