The sustainable development of Armenia, its future for 2030 (the time line for UN’s Sustainable Development Goals to which Armenia is signatory) and for 2050 (the time line for the Armenia Transformation Strategy now in the works) depends on how the energy, knowledge, skills and values of today’s young people turn into action. Action is what is needed, and the government, the private sector and the civil society can do a lot to help. The report hopefully offers a glimpse into how this can be done.
Armenia’s youth is as diverse as the country is and even more diverse with the amazing Diaspora youth living around the world. This diversity in lifestyles, values, outlook creates a unique opportunity but also a challenge - there is no “one size fits all” youth policy, as the report highlights, but there are many cues that the stories of the young people give as to how a flexible, government-wide youth policy might need to look like in the future, based on equal rights and opportunities.
The NHDR, in its new format, revisits the public policies dedicated to the process of strengthening the potential of young people, but also examines the way in which young people can influence economic and social life and contribute to the creation of wealth.This report is based, as usual, on UN definitions and practices and statistical measurement. Its main mission is to deliver a series of recommendations to policy makers. The ultimate goal is that these elements can take the form of an integrated framework that will strive to ensure greater coherence in the reduction of inequalities, ultimately aiming at a more sustainable development for the country.
At the time of publication, Montenegro remained in the throes of the pandemic, experiencing setbacks and new challenges in health, economic growth, and education. Rapidly rising from just a handful of confirmed cases in April 2020 to a peak of 957 new cases in a single day on 9 November 2020 the total number of cases per million inhabitants on 30 November 2020 was 56,146, and Montenegro ranked third in the world according this parameter. The pandemic risks a direct decline to human development not seen in a generation.
Digital transformation enters this scene as both a response and a challenge. From strong underpinnings in widespread internet connectivity, Montenegro holds the opportunity to transform its economic, educational and e-government foundations to leverage the potential of a renewed digital society to expand inclusive human development in the immediate and long-term future. Yet challenges persist in limited business environment, support to innovation, and to education reform that can significantly accelerate progress.
This Report charts a path to removing these obstacles.
Afghanistan has been afflicted by decades of conflict, but recent moves towards peace could create the opportunity for a new era of human development. The Government is committed to the 2030 Agenda and the Sustainable Development Goals. But how will the necessary investment be financed? An enticing option is to capitalize on the country’s extensive mineral wealth. This will be complex and difficult, but not impossible. This report assesses the country’s current state of human development, and the potential contribution – and risks – of the extractive industry.