Le Niger, à l’instar des autres pays du monde s’est engagé à élaborer régulièrement un rapport sur le développement humain. A chaque fois, les rapports nationaux sur le développement humain analysent un thème bien précis en rapport avec la situation du moment ou avec le thème annuel du rapport mondial sur le développement humain. A cet égard, le rapport national de cette année retient comme thème d’analyse un aspect aussi important que d’actualité, à savoir : «la protection sociale au Niger». C’est pourquoi, ce rapport placera au centre du débat la question de la protection sociale à un moment où de plus en plus de voix s’élèvent en faveur de l’équité et de la protection des couches sociales les plus vulnérables.
This regional Human Development Report makes the case for the integration of risks and for strategies to reduce disaster risks by incorporating the role that people play, both as victims/survivors of disasters and as agents
of change, within development interventions. This proactive approach can be summarized as reducing risks for people and by people. The implications of such a paradigm shift are paramount for the countries of the Western
Balkans, prone as they are to natural and human-made hazards and given their willingness to build on the human potential within their societies. It would help countries safeguard existing and future investment, protect
lives and livelihoods and empower people so that they are able to contribute to risk reduction.
The 2015 National Human Development Report “Growth that works for all” examines how a policy framework based on inclusive growth can offer a pathway to advance human development in Viet Nam - as it enters a new and challenging stage of its development. Using the lens of human development, this report takes a people-centered approach, examining Vietnamese people’s inclusion in the country’s development process since the late 1980s. The report finds that in the early and mid Doi Moi years Viet Nam performed well on both human development and economic growth. Economic expansion was inclusive, with benefits widely distributed and opportunities shared. Yet in recent years, the report finds that Viet Nam’s strong performance has waned, and especially after the 2008 global financial crisis. Growth has fallen and disparities between regions, provinces and population groups have not been closed. While the past growth has brought significant social transformation, evident in the shrinking population shares of the poor and near poor, and the rapid expansion of the lower middle class, those in the middle are far from secure, and those still in poverty are harder to reach, particularly within remote ethnic minority communities.
This edition of the National Report on Human Development is published at a time when the world is about to enter a new era of multilateral cooperation, crucial for the future of the planet for the next fifteen years. In September 2015, on the occasion of the 70th session of the General Assembly of the United Nations, UN member states adopted in New York a new international agenda for sustainable development, including 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs ) ambitious and integrated, aimed in particular the eradication of poverty and hunger worldwide by 2030. Called to take over the Millennium development Goals (MDGs) from 1 January 2016, ODD carry with them unprecedented innovations. Universal, these objectives apply to all. Cross, they integrate the three dimensions of sustainable development: economic, social and environmental. They reflect a transformative vision of the economy to sustainable patterns of production and consumption.