Reports

2013
Country or Region:
Peru
Description:

El “Informe sobre Desarrollo Humano 2013 para el Perú” es uno de los productos emblemáticos del PNUD, pero aspiramos a que sea también un producto colectivo, el resultado de un esfuerzo compartido con las instituciones del gobierno, de la sociedad civil y del sector empresarial.

El carácter y el propósito fundamental del Informe: colocar en la agenda del debate nacional un tema clave para los destinos del país: los impactos del cambio climático sobre el desarrollo humano. El Informe muestra que el cambio climático ya se encuentra entre nosotros y que en el Perú afecta en múltiples formas a la gente, a su patrimonio, a las actividades económicas a la infraestructura y a los ecosistemas.

El Informe parte de constatar que el Perú ha crecido sostenidamente desde hace más de una década y al mismo tiempo ha realizado notables avances en la reducción de la pobreza y en el cumplimiento de los Objetivos del Milenio. Estos logros alcanzados con gran esfuerzo se encuentran, sin embargo, bajo una amenaza real y enorme: el cambio climático puede paralizar y revertir estos avances. Particularmente las crisis climáticas tienen la capacidad de erosionar o destruir las bases de sustento y las capacidades de los más pobres de la sociedad, con el riesgo de lanzarlos a una espiral descendente de largo plazo y que se transmite a las generaciones siguientes: son las trampas de desarrollo humano bajo que debemos prevenir y evitar.

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Type:
National
2017
Country or Region:
Brazil
Description:

The intrinsic value of sports and physical activities (SPAs) is already well-established, just like their relation to good health, sociability, cognition, productivity, and quality of life as a whole. Even so, most people are not involved with these practices. This National Human Development Report assumes that SPAs have the potential to enrich our lives and increase the freedom of choice of every individual—they are rights, not duties. As a result, we strongly advocate for governments to adopt public policies consistent with the importance of SPAs for human development, as well as prescribe similar initiatives for the private sector and civil society organizations.

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Type:
National
2016
Country or Region:
China
Description:

Social Innovation for Inclusive Human Development

The purpose of this Human Development Report entitled “Social Innovation for Inclusive Human Development” is to explore policy options to help address the upcoming challenges through innovations in social policies and public administration.

China’s unique national conditions make it difficult to use precedents as reference or to duplicate international experience. Thus this report, based on experience and lessons, especially the experience of social innovation, makes suggestions to improve human development that is more inclusive with a reduced level of inequality.

These suggestions include innovation of policy itself and recommendations for reform of the implementa­tion mechanisms and governance pattern in specific sectors. The ultimate goal is to help the government to: continue the development-oriented social policies towards more inclusiveness and fairness; enhance efficiency by changing orientation and management of public investment; and improve mechanisms and capacity of social participation.

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Type:
National
2016
Country or Region:
Kyrgyzstan
Description:

The report explores how trade, both domestic and foreign, promotes human development in various ways. Trade growth contributes to the overall growth of the gross domestic product. Foreign trade through export-oriented growth expands markets, leading to the specialization of the economy and positive effect of the economy of scale. Trade is the mechanism that provides strengths for a market economy, creates jobs, facilitates the adoption of new technologies and innovations, and provides additional sources of income. The report include a chapter on trade and environment, where “sustainability” and “affordability” of HDI at sub-national level is introduced and analysed. This NHDR also includes a sub-national Multidimensional Poverty Index.

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Type:
National