Enhancing human capital lies at the heart of the development process. Human resources are the major drivers of development, and therefore, human capital formation is deemed key for the socioeconomic transformation of the country. The Nepal Human Development Report 2020: Beyond Graduation: Productive Transformation and Prosperity comes in the context of the upcoming graduation of Nepal from the least developed country category. Nepal has been committed to attaining a smooth, sustainable, meaningful and irreversible graduation, recognizing that for more inclusive development, it is important to look beyond the economic yardsticks and towards more ingrained social and environmental factors of development.
The sustainable development of Armenia, its future for 2030 (the time line for UN’s Sustainable Development Goals to which Armenia is signatory) and for 2050 (the time line for the Armenia Transformation Strategy now in the works) depends on how the energy, knowledge, skills and values of today’s young people turn into action. Action is what is needed, and the government, the private sector and the civil society can do a lot to help. The report hopefully offers a glimpse into how this can be done.
Armenia’s youth is as diverse as the country is and even more diverse with the amazing Diaspora youth living around the world. This diversity in lifestyles, values, outlook creates a unique opportunity but also a challenge - there is no “one size fits all” youth policy, as the report highlights, but there are many cues that the stories of the young people give as to how a flexible, government-wide youth policy might need to look like in the future, based on equal rights and opportunities.
The NHDR, in its new format, revisits the public policies dedicated to the process of strengthening the potential of young people, but also examines the way in which young people can influence economic and social life and contribute to the creation of wealth.This report is based, as usual, on UN definitions and practices and statistical measurement. Its main mission is to deliver a series of recommendations to policy makers. The ultimate goal is that these elements can take the form of an integrated framework that will strive to ensure greater coherence in the reduction of inequalities, ultimately aiming at a more sustainable development for the country.
At the time of publication, Montenegro remained in the throes of the pandemic, experiencing setbacks and new challenges in health, economic growth, and education. Rapidly rising from just a handful of confirmed cases in April 2020 to a peak of 957 new cases in a single day on 9 November 2020 the total number of cases per million inhabitants on 30 November 2020 was 56,146, and Montenegro ranked third in the world according this parameter. The pandemic risks a direct decline to human development not seen in a generation.
Digital transformation enters this scene as both a response and a challenge. From strong underpinnings in widespread internet connectivity, Montenegro holds the opportunity to transform its economic, educational and e-government foundations to leverage the potential of a renewed digital society to expand inclusive human development in the immediate and long-term future. Yet challenges persist in limited business environment, support to innovation, and to education reform that can significantly accelerate progress.
This Report charts a path to removing these obstacles.