The Regional Human Development Reports serve as an advocacy tool to advance the development of a common approach to the national and regional dimensions of governance in the SADC Bloc. This report examines the state of human development in the SADC region and highlights common governance issues, as well as opportunities, challenges and threats to SADC regional co-operation and integration. The historical section presents a clear picture of the links between migration, the mining industry and land tenure in the region. The report presents HDI, GDI, and GEM indexes. It also builds a Human Deprivation Measure (HDM).