The report is unique in another respect; it approaches the European integration aspirations of the country through the lens of human development; and it seeks to describe the intricate relationship and mutual influence between the two processes. Such an approach will improve understanding of the complexity of the integration process and its impact on human development, of the society’s capacity to ensure that all people are able to live and work decently, and to fulfill their potential in an environment where opportunities are preserved and created. The European integration aspirations of the country cannot be seen outside the current development context. The report examines the main obstacles and opportunities, placing them in a wider context of the political, economic and social transformations the country is going through. Like any social process, European integration cannot have a linear trajectory and is not a one-way street.