This Special Edition of the China National Human Development Report marks multiple anniversaries: the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic of China, the 40th anniversary of China’s Reform and Opening Up, the 40th anniversary of UNDP and UN’s presence in China as well as the 20th anniversary of the production of National Human Development Reports in China. China has made extraordinary strides in human development from its founding in 1949 and especially since the beginning of the Reform and Opening Up. China’s Human Development Index (HDI) value increased from 0.410 in 1978 to 0.752 in 2017. It is the only country to have moved from the low human development category to the high human development category since UNDP first began analyzing global HDI trends in 1990.
As Cambodia continues its transition to a higher level of development, it faces a historic opportunity to manage its natural resources for the benefit of both people and the environment. Cambodia can mitigate mounting pressure on forests and other essential natural resources by diversifying patterns of access and use, while building the foundation for an economy that continues to be strong and fair, and, crucially, more sustainable.
The NHDR argues that democracy has made Bhutanese citizens more conscious of their fundamental rights as well as their duties as citizens. While the people were entirely dependent on the King for their welfare and wellbeing and even happiness, they are now empowered to be active in governance and human development and the national vision of Gross National Happiness.
The Report considers the priority development issues in the context of the unfolding new technological revolution: the triad of "science, technology, innovation" (hereinafter - STI) as a tool for the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals, the relationship of human capital and scientific and technological progress, funding for research and development, promising technologies for the Russian economy, adaptation of international experience in the field of STI.
В Докладе рассмотрены приоритетные вопросы развития в контексте разворачивающейся новой технологической революции: триада «наука, технологии, инновации» (далее — НТИ) как инструмент для реализации Целей устойчивого развития, взаимосвязь человеческого капитала и научно-технического прогресса, финансирование исследований и разработок, перспективные технологии для российской экономики, адаптация международного опыта в сфере НТИ.