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This Report builds on cumulative contributions over close to three decades that started with the seminal 1994 Human Development Report (led by Mahbub ul Haq), which popularized the concept of human security, continuing with the groundbreaking work of the Human Security Commission, led by Sadako Ogata and Amartya Sen, published in 2003.

The preparation of this Report would not have been possible without the support, ideas and advice from numerous individuals and organizations.

The Report benefited deeply from the intellectual advice, guidance and continuous encouragement provided by the High-Level Advisory Panel of Eminent Experts. We are particularly grateful to Co-Chairs Laura Chinchilla and Keizo Takemi for their intellectual leadership, commitment and hard work through countless sessions (virtual, hybrid and in person) throughout 2021. The other members of the Advisory Board were Amat Al Alim Alsoswa, Kaushik Basu, Abdoulaye Mar Dieye, Ilwad Elman, María Fernanda Espinosa Garcés, Haishan Fu, Toomas Hendrik Ilves, Amy Jadesimi, Jennifer Leaning and Belinda Reyers.

We are grateful to the participants of the virtual sympo- sium, A New Generation of Human Security, held 8–11 June 2021, including Vaqar Ahmed, Michael Barnett, Lincoln C. Chen, Alison Fahey, Andreas Feldmann, James Foster, Des Gasper*, Rachel Gisselquist, Anne-Marie Goetz, Oscar A. Gómez*†, Toshiya Hoshino*†, Mary Kaldor, Raúl Katz, Erika Kraemer-Mbula, Staffan Lindberg, Koji Makino, Vivienne Ming, Joana Monteiro, Toby Ord, Racha Ramadan, Uma Rani, Pablo Ruiz Hiebra, Siri Aas Rustad*, Joaquin Salido Marcos, Anne-Marie Slaughter, Dan Smith, Frances Stewart, Shahrbanou Tadjbakhsh, Tildy Stokes, Yukio Takasu, Ambrose Otau Talisuna and Shen Xiaomeng.

We are thankful for especially close collaborations with our partners: the Climate Impact Lab (a consortium formed by the University of California, Berkeley; the Energy Policy Institute at the University of Chicago; the Rhodium Group; and Rutgers University), the Human Development and Capability Association, the International Labour Organization, the Japan International Cooperation Agency, the Migration Policy Institute, the Peace Research Institute Oslo, the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, the United Nations Children’s Fund, the United Nations Human Security Unit, the United Nations Office for South-South Cooperation and the World Bank Group.

We also extended our appreciation for all the data, written inputs, background papers and peer reviews of draft chapters to the Report, including those by Faisal Abbas, Enrico Calandro, Cedric de Coning, Andrew Crabtree, Karen Eggleston, Erle C. Ellis, Andreas Feldman, Juliana de Paula Filleti, Pamina Firchow, Rana Gautam, Jose Gómez, Daniela S. Gorayeb, Martin Hilbert, Daniel M. Hofling, Florian Krampe, Martin Medina, John Morrissey, Ryutaro Murotani, Ilwa Nuzul Rahma, Ilse Oosterlaken, Monika Peruffo, Thomas Probert, Sanjana Ravi, Diego Sánchez-Ancochea, Tobias Schillings, Parita Shah, Amrikha Singh, Mirjana Stankovic, Behnam Taebi, Jeroen Van Den Hoven and Yuko Yokoi.

Several virtual consultations with thematic and regional experts were held between October and December 2021. We are grateful for inputs during these consultations. Further support was also extended by others too numerous to mention here. Consultations are listed at new-gen-human-security. Contributions, support and assistance from partnering institutions, including UNDP regional bureaus and country offices, are also acknowledged with much gratitude.

Our deep appreciation to Hajime Kishimori and Hiroshi Kuwata for their strategic and logistical support throughout the process leading to this Report. Many UNDP colleagues provided advice, support for consultations and encouragement. We are grateful to Ludo Bok, Khalida Bouzar, Cecilia Calderón, Michele Candotti, Christine Chan, Joseph D’Cruz, Mandeep Dhaliwal, Keiko Egusa, Almudena Fernández, Ayako Hatano, Tatsuya Hayase, Boyan Konstantinov, Raquel Lagunas, Luis Felipe López-Calva, Tasneem Mirza, Ulrika Modeer, Paola Pagliani, Maria Nathalia Ramirez, Noella Richard, Isabel Saint Malo, Ben Slay, Mirjana Spoljaric Egger, Maria Stage, Bishwa Tiwari, Hisae Toyoshima, Swarnim Wagle, Kanni Wignaraja, Lesley Wright, Yoko Yoshihara and Yanchun Zhang.

The preparation of this Report is part of the work leading to the 2021/2022 Human Development Report. The Human Development Report Office extends its sincere gratitude for the financial contributions from the Government of Japan, the Republic of Korea and the Government of Sweden.

We are grateful for the highly professional work of Stronger Stories on strategic narratives and of the editors and layout artists at Communications Development Incorporated led by Bruce Ross Larson with Joe Caponio, Mike Crumplar, Christopher Trott and Elaine Wilson. A special word of gratitude to Bruce, who brought unparalleled scrutiny and wisdom and a bridge to history, as the editor of both the 1994 Human Development Report and the 2003 Ogata-Sen report.

To conclude, we are extremely grateful to UNDP Administrator Achim Steiner, for giving us the space, encouragement and support to write this report on human security and for pushing us to make sense of the insecurities faced by people everywhere in our interconnected planet, which we hope will help set the foundations for a new generation of human security strategies.


* Also author of a background paper.

† Also a peer reviewer.