Reports and Publications
Human Development Report 2021-22
Uncertain Times, Unsettled Lives: Shaping our Future in a Transforming World
The 2021/2022 Human Development Report unites and extends discussions from the 2019 and 2020 HDR's and the 2022 Special Report on Human Security, under the theme of uncertainty—how it is changing, what it means for human development and how we can thrive in the face of it. The central message of this year’s Report is straightforward: to turn new uncertainties from a threat to an opportunity, we must double down on human development to unleash our creative and cooperative capacities.
Find Reports and Publications
Human Development Report 2020The Next Frontier: Human Development and the AnthropoceneThe 2020 Human Development Report (HDR) doubles down on the belief that people’s agency and empowerment can bring about the action we need if we are to live in balance with the planet in a fairer world. It shows that we are at an unprecedented moment in history, in which human activity has become a dominant force shaping the planet.
Human Development Perspectives
COVID-19 and Human Development: Exploring global preparedness and vulnerability
COVID-19 crisis is more than a global health emergency; it is a systemic human development crisis, reflecting our interaction with the ecosystem we are part of, which is already affecting the economic and social dimensions of development in unprecedented ways. Policies to reduce vulnerabilities and build capacities to tackle crises, both in the short and long term, are vital to enable individuals and societies to better weather and recover from these shocks.
Climate Change: Policies to Manage Its Macroeconomic and Financial EffectsIt is increasingly recognized that climate change generates major macroeconomic and financial risks. There are physical risks associated with the disasters generated by hydrometeorological events, and gradual but persistent changes in temperatures that have structural impacts on economic activity, productivity and incomes.
Inequality, Social Mobility and Career LaddersThis paper advances three related claims. First, raising social mobility and enhancing equality of opportunity are important for dealing with rising inequality. Second, promoting broad human development and raising individuals’ advanced capabilities is a necessary (but not sufficient) condition for raising social mobility.
Global South Shapers of Norms, Human Development and SustainabilityThis study looks at how human development and sustainability norms are generated and which norm makers from the South have played a role in their emergence and diffusion. It identifies specific norm entrepreneurs from the South, explores their diverse backgrounds and policy experiences, and assesses their roles in shaping sustainable development priorities and bringing environmental concerns into focus.
National Human Development Report 2020: RwandaPolicy Innovations and Human Development: Rwanda’s home grown solutionsThe third Rwanda National Human Development Report (NHDR) was inspired by the impressive progress that Rwanda has made over 15 years in the spheres of good governance, economic growth and human development, particularly considering the post-genocide challenges. HGSs have served as a catalyst towards achieving this progress.
Human Development Perspectives
2020 Global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI)Charting pathways out of multidimensional poverty: Achieving the SDGsLaunched in 2010 by the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative at the University of Oxford and the Human Development Report Office of the United Nations Development Programme for the flagship Human Development Reports, the global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) measures the complexities of poor people’s lives, individually and collectively, each year. This report released 10 years after that launch focuses on how multidimensional poverty has declined.
National Human Development Report 2020: MontenegroAt the time of publication, Montenegro remained in the throes of the pandemic, experiencing setbacks and new challenges in health, economic growth, and education. Rapidly rising from just a handful of confirmed cases in April 2020 to a peak of 957 new cases in a single day on 9 November 2020 the total number of cases per million inhabitants on 30 November 2020 was 56,146, and Montenegro ranked third in the world according this parameter.